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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
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A Case Study on Spatial Characteristics in Collectivehouse for the Activation of the Community - Focused on Common Space -
Lee, Ha-Yeon ; Moon, Jeong-Min ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 3~12
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.003
This study analyses characteristics of space to facilitate community centering on cases of collective houses in Japan and uses the results as basic data to activate collective houses as an alternative form of housing in our country. To identify the characteristics of space for active communities with collective living space, this study conducted a theoretical examination on collective houses and housing, derived territoriality, accessibility, comfort and safety as factors of community activation and analysed various cases, and the results are presented as follows: First, territoriality is a necessary condition for formation of community, and a confined and physical space. It indicates the proper size of a space and diverse spacial areas which meet the needs of residents with the proper size and amount of space (space which can accommodate diverse generations including women, the aged and the young, flexible space which changes according to the purposes and program, space which supports leisure and hobby activities, and space which can accommodate outsiders). Second, accessibility indicates an environment which supports residents' easy use of space. As the more accessible it is, the higher the frequency of its use, spatial factors (piloti, backyards, benches and tables) should be provided, community space should be arranged in a central or decentralized way and community living space should be made for each floor. As for exits, accessibility should be considered in every way; entrances connected with community spaces, open entrances and entrances accessible from outside or individual living spaces. Third, comfort satisfies the physical and mental needs of residents through separation of floors and flows between the community and individual spaces for privacy and formation of eco-friendly spaces including vegetable gardens, gardens and plant arrangements. Fourth, safety should be considered for a higher quality environment with psychological stability and comfort, for which the following are recommended: installation of hand-rails, removal of thresholds, spacial design for the socially weak, duplex and open type structures for community space, open stages and halls, as well as indoor and outdoor openness through the use of windows.
The Metonymic Realism of the 2014 Venice Biennale of Architecture
Park, YoungTae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 13~23
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.013
2014 Venice Biennale of Architecture, presented by general director Rem Koolhaas, has shown the distinct difference between his present displays and past displays. Under the theme of FUNDAMENTALS and ABSORBING MODERNITY, Rem Koolhaas has developed his own unique way which is a research-oriented display technique to explain the difference at the exhibition. The purpose of this study is to define a research-oriented display technique as realism rhetoric for the opened dialectic and identify its aspect of a methodic approach. This report investigated not only Rem Koolhaas's thought and theoretical approach through his work but also the comparison of between his present and past displays. His display is based on the constellation of Central Pavilion, National Pavilions, and Arsenale display and reflected the reality of architecture in self-deception through the metonymical interaction of various facts and records. Rem Koolhaas called it the composition of contradiction. In his work, the spatial situation which is the present has been made with the intervention of historical events and has revived the reality of architecture. Also, the present is a montage of the strict control of architecture, the isolation from the architecture itself, and the autonomic communication with other fields. Finally, as a result of his work, Rem Koolhaas has shown that his display is not the end of phase but a phase of creation.
A Study on the Digital Materiality in Office dA's Architectural Design Process
Yu, Yong-Hyun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 24~34
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.024
The notion of materiality in architecture has existed throughout its history, and it has begun to discussed in earnest as an important architectural discourse since early twentieth century, when the Industrial Revolution and its consequent mass-production system has fundamentally changed the means and methods of architectural production. However, this traditional notion of materiality is not fully engaged with today's digital paradigm, and not able to inquire into the complex aspects of contemporary architectural process, because their theoretical and perceptional bases are still remaining in modern era. In this shifting context, this study is intended to develop a new concept of digital materiality which corresponding to contemporary digital and material culture. This paper speculates and argues digital materiality as an active ingredients of contemporary design process as well as a comprehensive logical system that negotiate with various geometric conditions. The purpose of this study is to analyze and investigates the distinctive characteristics of Office dA's architectural design process in the digital realm.
Comparison of "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" and Deconstructive Architecture in the Expressionist Characteristics
Choi, Hyo-Sik ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 35~46
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.035
The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of expressionism in the space of deconstructive architecture by comparing the spaces of "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" video with the expressionist characteristics of film narrative structure and expressionist architecture and making an expansion based on the results. The findings were as follows: first, the "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" is divided into two set spaces: one has the perspective representation distorted in the viewpoint of a mad person applied to it, and the other reflects the viewpoint of a normal person from medieval paintings with no perspective. Second, the expressionist buildings did not reflect the expressionist characteristics in the interior spaces as fully as in the exterior ones. Third, the incomplete combination of Signifiant and
, which were the theoretical basis of deconstructive architecture, showed a tendency of binary opposition like the double narrative structure of "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari." Fourth, deconstructive architecture seems to embody the exterior form and interior space of "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" and its set spaces in the phenomenal aspect but exhibits its limitations with the realization of dynamics, one of the characteristics of expressionism. Finally, the Seattle Public Library presents the best embodiment of expressionist characteristics found in the set spaces of "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" while seeking after the combination of horizontal and vertical paths of action through the spiral ramps and inclined slabs.
Exploring the Relationship Between Architecture, Fashion, and an Extended Autonomy through Rem Koolhaas' Prada Epicenter in New York
Paek, Seung-han ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 47~55
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.047
This article explores an extended sense of autonomy in contemporary architecture activated through the practice of fashion, by taking architect Rem Koolhaas' work Prada Epicenter in New York as a case. In doing so, it argues that throughout the work Koolhaas sets up a world in which the corporate and the individual are entangled together in complex ways. Instead of considering Prada Epicenter to be the exemplar illustrating that the global company-Prada-institutionalizes the designed commercial space in a top-down manner, this article claims that such a space imbricates a multiplicity of meaning that is generated at the intersections of the local and the global, the ordinary and the spectacular, and the individual and the institutional. In this respect French philosopher Gilles Lipovetsky's fashion theory works as a critical point: his claim that the ambivalence of fashion-both as corporate power and individual freedom-is a threshold encouraging us to better understand the operativity of late capitalism in daily life is extended to Koolhaas' case. In other words, Koolhaas' Prada Epicenter brings forth possibilities that the ostensibly technocratic and institutionalized space in fact works as a resillient field where senses of individual autonomy arise in the aid of corporative practice of branding.
Preference Difference for Interior Style of Residential Space Depending on the Elderly' Characteristics and Cognitive Ages - Focused on Bedroom and Living room -
Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 56~64
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.056
Housing for the elderly should be planned on the base of elder's needs and preferences as well as their physical, emotional, and socio-psychological characteristics. This study examined the interior style of bedroom and living room the elderly preferred and these preferences are significantly different depending on their characteristics and cognitive ages, or not. This study was carried out by face to face interview with a questionnaire and 6 colored printed 3D images. The subjects were 202 old aged who lives in Busan. The interior style of bedroom and living room were classified into 3 styles; Korean traditional style, Western classical style, and modern style. The subjects made a choice their preferred interior style among three 3D images per each room and answered the reasons. Also, they answered their cognitive ages and general characteristics, and their preferences for the layout of living room-dining room-kitchen, use pattern, floor finishes, and furniture of bedroom and living room. The results were as follows; 1) The subjects preferred bed in bedroom and sofa in living room. Also, they wanted to finish the floor of bedroom and living room by using synthetic material, traditional floor paper, and wood. 2) The elderly preferred Western classical style of bedroom. The reasons were general mood such as warm, comfort, or bright, and the color. 3) These preferred styles were not any significant differences according to their characteristics and cognitive ages. 4) They preferred Korean traditional style, Western classical style, and modern style, in order. They preferred them for their general mood and window. 5) Their preferred styles were significantly different according to their housing types and cognitive ages.
Participatory Behaviors and Interactive Experiences at a Science Museum
Cho, Myung Eun ; Kim, Mi Jeong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 65~72
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.065
In allowing visitors to manipulate objects or models with their hands, science museums can become informal education institutions. However, little research has been conducted analyzing the specific interactions of visitors at museums and the effects that specific characteristics of interactive exhibit have on visitors. This research classified exhibits according to the three characteristics: the presentation of concepts, interaction with exhibits and concept levels. Further, relationships among engagement behaviors, visitors'attraction to exhibits, and the holding power of exhibits were analyzed. Using the three characteristics, 55 exhibits were classified into five styles. The results suggest that intriguing content and novel interfaces, maximizing information on science and technology, should be developed for the educational purpose of encouraging visitors to engage in active learning with interactive exhibits. The results of this study provide useful data that planners, designers, and instructors of science museums can use to maximize visitors' participatory learning and interactions.
A Study on the Priorities of Urban Street Environment Components - Focusing on An Analysis of AOI (Area of Interest) Setup through An Eye-tracking Experiment -
Lee, Sun Hwa ; Lee, Chang No ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 73~80
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.073
Street is the most fundamental component of city and place to promote diverse actions of people. Pedestrians gaze at various street environments. A visual gaze means that there are interesting elements and these elements need to be preferentially improved in the street environment improvement project. Therefore, this study aims to set up the priorities of street environment components by analyzing eye movements from a pedestrian perspective. In this study, street environment components were classified into road, street facility, building(facade) and sky and as street environment images, three "Streets of Youth" situated in Gwangbok-ro, Seomyeon and Busan University of Busan were selected. The experiment targeted 30 males and females in their twenties to forties. After setting the angle of sight through a calibration test, an eye-tracking experiment regarding the three images was conducted. Lastly, the subjects were asked to fill in questionnaires. The following three conclusions were obtained from the results of the eye-tracking experiment and the survey. First, building was the top priority of street environment components and it was followed by street facility, road and sky. Second, as components to be regarded as important, fast 'Sequence', many 'Fixation Counts' and 'Visit Counts', short 'Time to First Fixation' and long 'Fixation Duration' and 'Visit Duration' were preferred. Third, after voluntary eye movements, the subjects recognized the objects with the highest gaze frequency and the lowest gaze frequency.
An Analysis of the Repetition Pattern in Green facade focusing on the Biophilic Design
Jung, HeeYoung ; Lee, Hyunsoo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 81~92
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.081
Within green facades, the greening side of the wall is first recognized by people, leaving a visually lasting impression. As facades play a crucial factor in forming street image, their design can be considered most important. In modern days, 'patterns,' one of the popular elements of design, has developed into becoming a method of expressing architects' emotions or images as well as ways of seeking satisfaction. As opposed to recent overseas movement where patterned green facades have been widely utilized, the domestic trend still remains in outdoor green facades without patterns. This study, focusing on overseas patterned green facades, classifies the facade pattern's expressive methods into two greater parts, and four categories. Furthermore, among the elements and properties from Biophilic pattern guidelines, we specifically focus on 'Repetition Pattern,' which corresponds to 'Complexity & Order.' Biophilic design has the notion of pursuing an environment that aids modern people's comfort and well being. Providing information on patterned green facades that have largely gained popularity, this study also presents its aesthetic directions that may be applicable domestically in the future.
A Study on Establishment of the Directions of Granting Incentives by Long-life Housing-related parties
Kim, Eun-Young ; Jang, Soon-Gak ; Hwang, Eun-Kyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 93~100
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.093
Long-life housing means a housing which structural members (Support) such as columns and floor are maintained for a long period of time and the housing can be used for approximately 100 years by replacing components (Infill) such as walls and furniture. The government established "Certification standards of long-life housing construction" on December 24, 2014, requiring the long-life housing certification for construction of apartment houses for over 1,000 households. However, it is necessary to prepare an incentive measure which could be granted to construction related personnel and housing owners due to the effectiveness of such system and recognition that the initial construction cost of long-life housing is high. The purpose of this study is as follows. First, the reasons and necessity of long-life housing cost increase for each construction company, housing owner, infill component manufacturer and designer which are long-life housing related personnel are determined. The direction of incentive grant for supplying long-life housing based on the determined items is established. The result of this study is as follows. First, a special treatment which is higher than the alleviation of construction standards according to the previous ordinance is necessary for construction companies to secure the business feasibility. Also, incentives such as the provision of service space and wide balcony are necessary to improve the preference level of parceling out. Second, financial incentives such as financial support for housing purchase, reduction and exemption of tax (acquisition tax and registration tax), and support of maintenance cost are required for house owners. Third, it is essential to increase opportunities to participate in the market for infill component manufacturers by applying additional points for PQ. Fourth, it is needed to provide compensation for additional human resource and time at the time of designing to designers by preparing the long-life housing design cost standards.
The Style of Categories of Poetry and Seclusive Thinking of Korean Traditional Architecture
Rhee, Joo-Hee ; Lee, Jeong-Wook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 101~114
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.101
In the center of our ancestor's culture, there were poetry, calligraphy, and painting. Above all, poetry was the heart of the culture involved in everyday life. The beauty of poetry was not limited to appreciation of the poetry but it influenced calligraphy, painting, seals, music, architecture and even how the ancestors viewed their lives. Categories of poetry(詩品, CP hereafter) is the poetry written to deliberate the style of poems and its influence went beyond the fields of calligraphy and painting. Even now, our architecture reflects the sentimental influences and values of CP. In order to understand the attitude, mind, and the world view of the architects in the past, comprehensive and deep understanding of their philosophy as well as their cultural and social norms is needed. In this paper, CP is used as the means to investigate and develop such understanding of our ancestors' philosophy and culture. This paper also intends to investigate how the seclusive thinking of Neo-Confucianism is reflected in CP and the overall literature. In addition, this paper aims to examine the trace of CP in traditional architecture as well as the relationships and the flow among various styles of CP. This study therefore serves as an important base in understanding the ancestor's philosophy that pursued balance between life and art, reason and emotion, study and practice, and their architectural expression. It is also expected that this study would work as the groundwork to regain our traditional culture identity.
A Study on the generative background and Characteristics of Gesamtkunstwerk Design Theory advocated by Wiener Werkstätte and Josef Hoffmann
Kim, Hong-Ki ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 115~123
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.115
In the turn of the twentieth century, Vienna emerged as a great cultural centre that stood at the forefront of developments in music, psychology, and the natural sciences. Equally influential, and still tremendously popular today, are the designs of the Wiener
a group that was at the heart of the city's cultural scene and whose collaborators included such luminaries as the architect Josef Hoffman and the designer Koloman Moser under the slogan of Gesamtkunstwerk. The term "Gesamtkunstwerk" was introduced in the romantic period. It describes the desire for and practice of combining various art forms into a whole, such as performances that combine text, visual arts, various design and architecture. Richard Wagner was one of the early theorists of the concept, inspiring many modernist artists. As a co-founder of the Wiener
, Josef Hoffmann had a decisive influence on modern Viennese architecture and Interior design on the basis of the concept of Gesamtkunstwerk. In this view point, this study is to analyze about the generative background and design characteristics of gesamtkunstwerk advocated Wiener
. Josef Hoffmann was by all accounts a very successful architect and Interior designer in Vienna. His influence would undoubtedly have been felt simply because of his talent and energy. His special ability to range across multiple domains, coupled with a willingness to collaborate with other artists has created a synthesis and synergy that is compelling to this day.
A Study on the Community of Facilities Comparison Analysis Between Public Rental Apartments and Public Sales Apartments - Concentrated on the Public Rental Housing and Public Sales Apartments in Pan-Kyo Area -
Kang, Hee-Seon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 124~131
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.124
This study focuses on the proposal of the basic data for the design guideline on the coming design, through the comparison analysis of the community facility's layout type inside housing complex, the space configuration and the characteristic of space program for the achievement and improvement of the physical space to cultivate the sense of community. This study investigate interviews with designers, administrators, residents, and site survey. The result of study shows that the community facilities in the public rental apartments have changed to include various programs and to increase the area like the public sales apartments, but there are spacial transformation if the community facilities do not apply the residents characteristic.
Comparative Analysis of Rural and Urban Residential Interior Elements Affecting Physically Disabled's Independence
Park, Ji-Young ; Jang, Mi-Seon ; Lee, Yeun-Sook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 132~141
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.132
For those with disabilities, the residential area is the primary place to adapt the disabilities. Since the quality of the area gives a critical impact on their quality of life, it is essential to finding the measures to create the residential environment that supports their independence. In this regard, this study aimed to compare and analyze the interior elements of the houses that hinder the independence of the physically handicapped in the rural and urban areas, and conducted a survey on a total of 80 physically challenged in Seoul and Yeongwol (40 for each area). As a result, the respondents answered that the houses where they are currently living are hindering their independence regardless of area, and there were regional differences in the level of inconvenience with the size of living room, size of utility room, location of room, lighting and heating environment, ventilation system, deteriorated wallpapers and finishing materials, threshold and floor level difference and humidity control. This study has significance by providing the realistic measures to improve the housing environment of the physically challenged living in the rural and urban areas to be customized to them to increase their quality of life.
A Study on the College Students' Awareness and Preference about House Sharing
Han, Jeong-Won ; Jung, Su-Jin ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 142~150
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.142
This study examined the general housing awareness and awareness on house sharing of college students who are present residents as well as potential residents of shared houses. To achieve this purpose, structured questionnaires were used as a survey tool to understand students' awareness on housing and opinions on house sharing including a range of space sharing, preferences on house mates, and demands on services and facilities. The survey was conducted of college students in Busan, and the data were analyzed by the PASW Statistics 18.0 program. The findings of this study are as follows: 1) The housing awareness was categorized into seven factors by factor analysis. The subjects valued 'personality factor' in the housing awareness. 2) Regarding preference of house mate type, participants preferred a person who has similar lifestyle and in the same gender. 3) As for the space sharing, the subjects didn't want to share a bathroom and shower. Also, they preferred medium or large scale dormitory layout type to small sized apartment type. 4) The most positive aspect of house sharing was 'Reduction of rental and maintenance cost'. On the other hand, 'Difference of daily life pattern' was the most negative aspect of house sharing. 5) In case of services and community spaces, they preferred 'delivery storage service' and 'coin-operated laundry facility'.
A COEX mall Case study on the Correlation between Circulation system and Environmental elements for a Better Wayfinding design in Mixed-use buildings
Park, MinJi ; Lee, Hyunsoo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 151~162
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.151
Various mixed-use buildings have been developed in the process of resolving the issue of 'urban regeneration' in the modern city. In this urban regeneration process, the size of the mixed-use buildings and the level of their functional complexity have been increased. It requires a quantitative and systematic approach in order to analyze the internal circulation flow within the large-scale commercial mixed-use buildings. Circulation system and environmental factors, respectively, have been vital criteria for the effectiveness of a Wayfinding design within the mixed-use buildings. The circulation system in this paper consists of 1) the number of the incoming paths at each node, and 2) the angle of directional transition from the incoming paths at the node. The environmental factors include 1) color tone, 2) materials, 3) lighting, and 4) pattern of the interior design of the mixed-use buildings. In this paper, the author develops a method of investigating the influence of the correlation between the circulation system and the environmental factors on the design of Wayfinding on the view of the remodeled COEX MALL interior design.
The Characteristics of Chinese Traditionality Expression in View of Spatial Elements at Restaurants in Beijing Area
Yuan, DanDan ; Oh, Hye Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 163~171
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.163
The objectives of this study is to analyze the characteristics of Chinese traditionality expression at restaurants in Beijing area. 12 restaurants were selected and visited for the investigation research. The results were as follows. First, traditional reproduction was found mainly manifested through the reproduction of traditional ornaments, in particular, the facade and interior element ornaments. Second, Traditional transformation was mainly manifested in replacement material while changing the shape slightly, or to stretch or shorten prototype shape and other negative deformation methods which did not largely out of the scope of traditional reproduction. Third, Traditional reinterpretation was expressed by abstract, symbol or metaphor on designs, usually people can not directly recognize the traditional archetype. When compare with traditional reproduction or traditional transformation, traditional reinterpretation was relatively fewer, however, in this study the traditional reinterpretation and traditional transformation have same numerical result. Reinterpretation as a positive performance method of traditional modernized, it was encouraging the phenomenon, especially in the ceiling design. Chinese traditional cloud patterns have been three-dimensional and diversification of use. And in the wall design, traditional elements have been extremely simplistic or adopted a wide variety of traditional elements, it may be preferred in diversity. In addition, furniture was tinge traditional elements in modern form, lighting was added symbolize color or picture on the traditional lighting which shape was simplified to emphasize space's traditional. But the facade, sign board, floor, and window element seems the range of variation was not wild, promote more use the positive traditional reinterpretation method.
The Evaluation of Application for Universal Design Principles in Local Government's Public Service Center - Focusing on Five District's Public Service Centers in Gwangju Metropolitan City -
Choe, Ah jin ; Kim, Mi Hee ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 172~180
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.172
This study aimed to evaluate how universal design principles are embodied in the Public Service Center. It will be used for planning the basic materials of the interior environmental design for Public Service Center facilities and for developing ways to improve interior environments in order for them to be conveniently used. In studying a method, we conducted an Universal Design check list to evaluate interior environment, targeting five Public Service Center facilities located in Gwangju Metropolitan city. This study investigated the Universal Design suitability of center interior Public Service Center on the basis of the tools for Universal Design check list which was composed of supportive design, adaptable design, communicability, safety-oriented design, and accessible design. Through theoretically considering the services of Gwangju's old city hall public service center, which got divided into common space, public service space, waiting space and informative material space. Evaluation on universal design application level showed that those with best universal design application are supportiveness and safety in public service space, communication efficacy and safety in waiting space and safety and accessibility in informative material space and acceptability in waiting space had the lowest application level.
A Study on the Affordance of Façade design in Domestic Five-star Hotels
Kim, Su-Hee ; Kim, Bong-Ae ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 181~191
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.181
The purpose of this study is to analyze affordance of façade design by extracting analysis elements of affordance in façade design domestic five-star hotels. The subjects of this study were 88 domestic five-star hotels; we selected literature review and case study as methodology. The analysis elements included mass forms, exterior colors, window frame patterns, exterior characteristics, and door types based on the visual perception factors of façade design from the concept of affordance. The results of the study were as follows. First, the mass forms were divided into stackable, integral, and connection types, and stackable type was most frequent. Second, exterior colors were divided into achromatic, red, yellow, and opaque color parts, and the achromatic parts were most frequent. Third, the window frame patterns were divided into grid, irregular, full, horizontal, and vertical windows, and grid windows were most frequent. Fourth, the exterior characteristics were divided into formative mass, horizontal partition, design contrast, tiled roof, and facility connection, and the formative mass was most frequent. Fifth, the door types were divided into porch, piloti, and wall type, and porch was most frequent. The results of this study showed that the façade design elements such as mass forms, exterior colors, window frame patterns, exterior characteristics, and door types intentionally contained affordance.
User Evaluation for User-Oriented Children's Hospital Design - Focused on the Mothers of Child Inpatients and the Nurses -
Ha, Ji-Min ; Park, Soo-Been ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 192~200
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.192
This study aims to design user-oriented children's hospital by examining the user needs, especially the mothers of child inpatients and the nurses. The subjects participated in a questionnaire survey including the user's characteristics, awareness of patient's room, the preference on ward size, demands, satisfaction and hospital environment assessment. The survey was conducted of the mothers of child inpatients and the nurses in A children's hospital, and the data were analyzed by the SPSS WIN 18.0 Version software. A total of 115 copies of the questionnaire were finally analyzed. The results and conclusions are as follows. 1) The mothers' demand on family-centered space and private spaces were higher than the nurses. 2) The mothers preferred 1-bed-room to 4-bed-room due to safety and privacy. 3) The items of hospital environment assessment was categorized into four factors; 'Aesthetics', 'Accessibility', 'Comfort', and 'Lighting'. The most positive factor was 'Aesthetics', whereas 'Comfort' was the negative factor. 4) The mother's satisfaction was lower than the nurse's. The most influential factors on the satisfaction was 'Accessibility'. To improve the satisfaction of the mothers of child inpatients and the nurses, safety, privacy, accessibility should be considered.
A Study on Deriving Evaluation Factors for Housing Satisfaction of the Physically Handicapped
Park, Mi-Young ; Soh, Jun-Yoong ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 1, 2016, Pages 201~212
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.1.201
This study is a literature study aimed to derive the evaluation factors for the survey of housing satisfaction of the physically handicapped. To attain the objective, the present study compared the influential factors of housing satisfaction for normal people and those for the physically handicapped found in the precedent researches, and analyzed them to draw out the evaluation factors for housing satisfaction of the physically handicapped. And then it drew out sub-factors and elements for the housing satisfaction of the physically handicapped. The evaluation factors for housing satisfaction of the physically handicapped are divided mainly into physical, social-psychological and economic factors. First, physical factor consists of 'functionality (usability)', 'safety', 'convenience', 'comfort', 'aesthetics', 'accessibility (mobility)', 'identifiability (recognition)'. Of them, 'functionality (usability)' factor consists of 3 sub-factors and 8 elements. 'Safety' was subdivided into securing safety and public order/crime prevention. and structural safety, and 7 elements were drawn out from 'safety'. 'Convenience' is sub-categorized into convenient usage and simple operation, and 9 elements were derived. 'Comfort' was classified into 2 sub-factors and 9 elements. 'Aesthetics' was classified into 2 sub-factors and elements. 'Accessibility (mobility)' was divided into 2 sub-factors and elements. 'Identifiability (recognition)' was classified into 2 sub-factors and 5 elements. Second, social-psychological factor includes 'sociality' and 'independence' factor. One sub-factor and one element were drawn from each of both factors. Third, 'economic factor' consists of 'economy'. One sub-factor and elements were drawn out from the factor. It is expected that the 10 evaluation factors, their sub-factors and elements that have been derived from this study can be used as the basic data and/or reference in designing residential space for the physically handicapped and making policy for it after verifying them in following studies. The present study finds itself significance in that the findings here can ultimately improve the housing welfare and life quality of the physically handicapped.