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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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Journal DOI :
Korean Institute of Interior Design
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Measurement of Visual Privacy in the Royal Palaces focusing on the Prospect and Refuge - A case of Gyeongbokgung and Changdeokgung -
Hwang, Ji-Hyoun ; Lee, Hyunsoo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 3~10
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.003
The unexpected expansion of the built environment has allowed for high-density and high-rise buildings. As high-density dwellings compromise privacy, the requirements for balancing between interacting with others and protecting privacy are increasing. In this respect, Korean traditional architecture provides privacy through a proper balance of openness and closure in the courtyard garden. However, it is difficult to analyze privacy quantitatively, as it depends on the individual experience and psychology. The analyzing for visual privacy is a significant issue to resolve a conflict with others and enhance human`s comfort. Therefore, this paper addresses the assumption that visual privacy could ultimately be quantified based on the concept of prospect and refuge, one of the design strategies for psychological wellbeing. The purpose of this study is to examine visual privacy in the royal palace in Korea, Gyeongbokgung and Changdeokgung. It measures spatial configuration in each buildings using space syntax, and the area ratio of prospect and refuge through an image analysis with Adobe Photoshop CS6. The mathematical properties of connectivity, depth, control value, integration and the area ratio of prospect and refuge are partially available for quantifying visual privacy in buildings.
A Study on the Organization of Space Analysis of Usonian Houses of Frank Lloyd Wright Using the Space Syntax - Concentrated on the Usonian House Floor Plans -
Hwang, Yong-Woon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 11~20
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.011
The aim of this study is to analyze the organization of ithe internal space of Usonian houses that were designed by Frank Lloyd Wright between the 1930s and the 1950s. The Space Syntax Program was used to analyze spatial structure of these Usonian houses. The research range has been done on 9 case studies of Usonian house floor plans, which were designed from the 1930s to the 1950s. The shape of unit floor plans of Usonian house are usually in various L types, - types and transformed types etc.. The research results are as follows : 1) The service space(Kitchen etc.)is located at the center of house and it plays a role in separating the private space(bedroom etc.) and public space(living room etc.). 2) All of the bedrooms of Usonian houses have common characteristic : they are connected by a galley(corridor). 3) The organization of the inside space of most of these houses showed a tendency segregation space. 4) The galley inside space of Usonian house is the most integrated space in the house 5) The living room of the 1930s houses was analyzed as segregation space but it of 1940s and 1950s houses was analyzed as integration space 6) Although bedrooms are connected by galley, which is the highest integrated space of the inside space, this space is analyzed as a segregated space.
A Study on Characteristics of Sensory Richness Towards Healing Environments at the Lobby of Geriatric Hospital Using Biophilic Design Approach
Lee, Dami ; Lee, Hyunsoo ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 21~30
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.021
For the elderly with declining sensory due to aging, various sense stimulation factors provided in indoor environment is desirable healing environment. This study aims to propose the direction of sensory healing environment by adapting the richness of natural environment in indoor place based on the biophilic design theory with implementation method of sensory richness environment. The healing environment was limited to the ward in the beginning, but it has widened its range to the whole place, and the lobby is considered quiet important to healing. Therefore, this study selected lobby space of geriatric hospital as study subject. As for the study method, we deducted the analytic matrix focusing on the property and elements of the direct and indirect experience of nature appearing in the biophilic design theory, and analyzed the field investigation of subject space. Also, this study paid attention to point where the hotel lobby leads the change of emotional environment, and conducted analysis and comparison by deciding this is what the hotel and geriatric hospital should direct to. As the result, the biophilic design factor of hotel is actively expressed by complex direction of various factors, but as for the geriatric hospital, it was rather passive and simple in expression. The adaptation ratio between hotel and geriatric hospital was almost more than twice times difference in average.
A Study on the Possibility to Use Christopher Alexander`s Pattern Language by Using Network Analysis Tool
Jung, Sung-Wook ; Kim, Moon-Duck ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 31~39
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.031
This study is aimed to increase the possibility of using the Christopher Alexander`s pattern language. The methodology of this study is (i) to analyze the pattern language by using the network analysis tool in order to understand the complicate network structure of the pattern language, and (ii) to apply the Alexander`s method of using the pattern language by using the network analysis tool (Gephi) and to examine the feasibility of the network analysis tool as a tool for using the pattern language. Firstly, as a result of analysing the pattern language, (i) the pattern language classified by pattern number is distinguished by the patterns of towns, buildings and construction, among which the pattern of buildings plays a key function in the networks; (ii) the buildings functions a medium connecting between the towns and the construction; and (iii) the pattern language is divided into 6 sub-modules, through which the user can select a pattern. Secondly, the result of using the network analysis tool as a tool for using the pattern language (i) suggests the new method of using the pattern language by using the network analysis tool (Gephi); (ii) makes it possible to easily figure out the characteristics of the links between the patterns; and (iii) increases the completeness of the pattern language by making it easy to find out the sub-patterns in selecting a pattern.
Spatial characteristics of the Mise en scéne in Peter Zumthor`s Architecture
Park, Ju-Seok ; Kim, Dong-Jin ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 40~50
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.040
The purpose of this study is to investigate the mise-en-
characteristics to direct an emotional atmosphere. It also analyzed whether these characteristics are reflected in how the work of Peter Zumthor. First, a theoretical consideration base on the distinction between montage and mise-en-
, the research on space directing techniques in film. In particular, research on the mise-en-
around the technique of deep focus, long-take, charade. It also examines the mise-en-
tendencies that appear in the painting art, philosophy and psychology to deepen understanding. It should understand the mechanism by going to complete the meaning. Based on this, in terms of mise-en-
to analyze the space directing of Peter Zumthor. And the features of mise-en-
has its significance in having a look at whether there is any correlation in the `Atmospheres` directing of Zumthor. As a result, the mise-en-
is active, multi-layered, ambiguous, uncertain, becoming and enables an open interpretation in terms of audience.
Study on the Starting Time of Attention for Convergent Exploration of Visual Information
Kim, Jong-Ha ; Jung, Jae-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.051
The technique for Eye-tracking is to trace the movements of pupils so that the eye`s exploration response to be digitized. The procedure of Observation Experiment shows a mutual environmental characteristics between men and measuring devices. In order to improve the reliability and to secure the objectivity of the data acquired from eye-tracking, it is very important to analyze the procedures for the experiment to be prepared and the test data to be saved. Based on this viewpoint, the convergent exploration activities at the observation experiment with the objects of sport images were examined to find out what influences the context effect given by experimental environments have on this experiment. In addition, the starting time of attention affecting the reliability of observation data has been estimated. When the observation time is to be subdivided by the unit of second. The attention disperses for the individual characteristics to be appreciated. However, in case of analysis by the overall average, there was the problem that the section of attention dispersed to make it difficult to analyze the subjects` observation features. The study results made it possible to understand the physiological characteristics which were near unconsciousness, when there was an intensive attention for the first 3 seconds and the observation data were shown to be in ordinary range after 4 seconds. The analysis of observation with the focus of the intensive attention enabled the analysis with the first 3 seconds excepted so that it might approach the ordinary range of observation data. The distribution of attention for the first 3 seconds showed the intensive attention, which was on the center. The emergence of intensive attention and the overlapping of the centers can be considered as a context effect due to the correction for the preparing process of experiment. Accordingly, it is thought to be helpful to the security of objectivity and the construction of reliability of eye-tracking data to analyze the observation features shown after the deletion of the data for the first 3 seconds.
A Study on the Visual Concentration and EEG Concentration on Cafe Facade
Kim, Sang-Hee ; Lee, Jeong-Ho ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 60~69
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.060
This experimental study measures the emotional and physiological responses of customers as to cafe facade design. It is done through eye-tracking and EEG response experiments. Specifically, their visual concentration and EEG concentration are analyzed in line with their facade preferences. The findings are as follows. First, the correlation between their facade preferences and visual concentration on facades is as follows: Highly preferable facades have a lower visual concentration frequency than the less preferable facades. Second, an analysis of
lattice division of facades shows that all facades have a high visual concentration for signs. The exceptions are F(6), F(7), F(8), and F(10). There is no correlation between the facade preferences and visual concentration behaviors for particular facade elements. Third, an analysis of prefrontal lobe`s facade concentration shows that there is no correlation between the preferences and EEG concentration. However, there are big differences in the prefrontal lobe activity of 12 subjects depending on the facade. In particular, nine of them (3, 9, 13, 14, 15, 28, 36, 38, 43) show an activated prefrontal lobe as to the highly preferable facades-F(1), F(2), F(3), and F(4). However, such activation is not detected on the less preferable facades-F(9), F(10), F(11), and F(12).
A Study on the Type of Playable Furniture for Emotional Development of Preschool Children
Kim, Ja Kyung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 70~81
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.070
Nowadays the preschool children spend much of the day playing indoors. Therefore, it needs the indoor environment that helps a variety of fun activities and physical development, and it requires the space configuration and playable furniture considering the emotional development for mental health. However, the furniture for fast growing preschoolers has not various types because the domestic furniture market for children is mostly baby beds and the furniture for the education of children. Therefore, this study presents the concepts and types of the playable furniture reflecting emotional design for preschool children`s healthy emotion and suggests the most appropriate type of playable furniture considering play behavior by age. In this study, we investigated the physical, cognitive, social, emotional and linguistic development characteristics and play behavior of preschoolers, and derived the right type of playground equipment and furniture, and examined the types of playable furniture to help the emotional development. We derived the items to be checked for developing the playable furniture by age for emotional development, and classified preschoolers` playable furniture into the use of learning, relaxation and storage, and suggested its basic type focusing on the cases of various playable furniture developed at home and abroad. As a result, the playable furniture was divided into three types. The first is the self-play type making possible self amusement, the second is module built-up-type that consists of furniture and modules or units and creates various patterns and can be modified through the self-assembly and disassembly, and the third is IT game type grafting IT skills and a variety of electronic games to furniture. We sorted these types into three classes (1-3 years old, 4-5, 6-7) according to age and presented the type of play for each age, the play element and representative image that can be introduced to this furniture. In this study, we provided the basic design types of age-specific emotional playable furniture by analyzing these results.
A Study on the Repair Method and the Damage Status of Wooden Architectural Heritages - Focused on the wooden architectural heritages in Jecheon -
Lee, Wan-Geon ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 82~89
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.082
This study investigated the preservation status of wooden architectural heritages, designated as Chungcheongbuk-do designated heritage in Jecheon. The purpose of this paper is to find the damage cause and the preservation method of wooden architectural heritages. It was conducted using the research methods of the existing literature and field survey to compare a current status of wooden architectural heritages. The result are as followings. Firstly, it was found the problems of a break, a damage, etc. in the platform and the problems of a cracking, an exfoliation, a corrosion, a warp, etc. in the wall. And, it was found a cracking of the beam(梁) and a roof tile(瓦), a falling of Angto(仰土), a sagging roof, etc. in the roof. Secondly, the damage causes of wooden architectural heritages were mostly caused by the physical limitations of the materials. And, it was caused by a rainwater, a subsidence of ground settlement, a destruction of waterproof membrane, etc. Lastly, the repair methods are making a quicklime layer in the soil mound on a cracking and an exfoliation part, a resin treatment or strut operation on a corrosion part of column, etc.
Anaysis on Management about the Intergenerational Homeshare by Senior-Young Student - Focusing on 4 Districts in Seoul, Korea -
Lee, Mi-Suk ; Suh, Kuee-Sook ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 90~101
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.090
The Homeshare program, which was introduced in 2012, has been implemented with the purpose of reduction of housing costs for young students and economic support for the senior to prevent isolation and help themselves. Nonetheless, the program has not being activated and the research about it has not progressed well. Therefore, this study as a basic research of the program aims to analyze and evaluate the program in progress in district offices to push it forward. This study was undertaken on documentary research and interviews, which analyzed advanced researches and open materials from the websites of district offices. The interviews were conducted in 4 gu-district offices (Nowon-gu, Gwangjin-gu, Seodaemun-gu, and Seongdong-gu) and did interviews with officials in charge on July in 2015. The result of this study is as follows. First, the Homeshare is being activated around the university town, which has advantage of housing welfare aspects for young students and social welfare aspects for the senior. Second, the support structures of the Homeshare can be categorized as the gu-districts offices, local resources and different structures funded by the Seoul City. Third, the process of the Homeshare takes 5 steps consisted of advertisement, reception/counseling, matching, contract, follow-up management. Fourth, the matching makes it a rule to match the same gender considering safety. In the case of the participation of the official in charge, it has a advantage of solving problems that can occur when the matching, which can lead to smooth progress. Fifth, joint consultation is divided into the contract among participants and the contract between participants and the gu-district office. Sixth, the follow-up management takes rather passive approaches such as calls once or twice a month and visits when necessary. For the activation of the Homeshare, it is required to improve it through the various methods such as regular visits, satisfaction researches and so on. This study resulted from investigating and analyzing the Homeshare operation system between generations will be considered to be a reference to the underlying management.
A Research Trends for Domestic Public Design by Meta Analysis
Hwang, Mee-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 102~111
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.102
There are various form of public elements in modern urban space. These public elements mingle with sociocultural elements which consist of each city, determining urban environment`s image. Especially, since the social value of design becomes important, the social role of public design has been emphasized as an effective value for public interest and environment. It is just about 10 years since design mind in the public sector has been made domestically. Even though domestic public design has been studied not so long, it has developed with radical change of social culture and science technology. This study targets public environment in modern dense urban space. Also, it grasps the trend of public design studies through analysing and documentary survey of the existing studies, and based on that result, aims at presenting the direction that domestic public design studies should progress. This study selected 253 theses(1989.6~2015.11) by collecting primary, secondary data about public design studies, and implemented overall meta-analysing about the trend of domestic public design studies. As a result, public design has been studied intensively in the field of design about environment, architecture, etc. The trend analyzing of study purpose and keyword has a tendency which is weighted towards exploratory study focused on suggestion and development about object and realm of public design. The trend analyzing of study area tends to study overall part of public space or public facility rather than specific area and object. The most parts of studies analyze domestic area, especially Seoul metropolitan area. Also, the study method weighted in favor of some qualitative analysis has been utilized.
A Study on the Environmental Color of New Genre Public Art in Luzinterruptus` Work
Kim, Sun-Young ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 112~120
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.112
The purpose of the thesis is to explore ways of improving the quality of urban life by analyzing the Luzinterruptus`s work looking for a new perspective on the relationship between environmental color and society. The street artist Luzinterruptus was born in Spain, is a leader in the field of New Genre Public Art brush on a canvas of light in the night. They should seek the views of other common color system and color environments. The method of research is urban design, we consider the concept of the public good understanding, and New Genre Public Art. It also analyzes the environmental color of Luzinterruptus to take advantage of the phenomenology by David Katz color classification. The scope of the thesis is focused on the analysis of the works featured in their website and webzine. Then select a sculpture installation information is stated on the environmental color of their work. The role of environmental color in their work is not an aesthetic experience of harmonious urban landscape was seeking Public Art. The citizens of the area and the installation work themselves. Also it listed as demolition after the exhibition to realize the difference with other people and take advantage to environmental color. Therefore, they the contemporary agenda in many part of narrative takes in the garbage or disposables that you can easily look at our surroundings, In addition, citizens are directly experiencing the fantastic custom-made lights and colors and objects of the oversize as a potential recalls memories. Thus, the use of environmental color comfortable life there is horizontal participation and communication of the `citizens` critical perspective of the 21st century cumulative cities.
A Study on Interior Design Expressional Tendency of Korean style Apartments introducing Traditional Hanok Factors - Focusing on the Cases applied to Korean Brand-name Apartments -
Lim, Bo-Ra ; Choi, Sang-Hun ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.121
Focusing on the cases applied to korean brand-name apartments In 1960s, economical growth and introduction of western-type cultures led to a boom of apartment construction. After internationalization`in 1980s through Olympic games in 1988, korean culture has attracted attention and individual life quality has been improved. Since 1990s, changes in personal life style has affected the housing culture and the construction companies started moving from quantitative supply to developing their own differential characteristics. Differentiation scheme triggered by construction companies since mid-1990s mainly focused on various ideas for space deployment. Space plans include such things as a private ground, a kitchen in the south, etc. while interior plans include to provide selection of the korean traditional style, natural or casual one. `korean traditional style` apartment is one of such theme of the brand-named apartment. Interests on `Tradition` can be broken down into a social trend and media trend. Firstly, the former includes the designation of Bukchon as a reserving area, one of the governmental `Hanok Survival Program`, and traditional building promotion scheme on the basis of construction policy plans. Secondly, the latter covers the interests which attract through the media showing oriental cosmetics, korean culture export via Hallyu, popularity of korean dramas, etc. Thus, it seems worth studying on the apartments with traditional factors. And also, this study aims to setup the concept and trends of korean traditional style apartments through the interior expression on the korean-factor space developed by brand-name apartments so that it could correct such false knowledge out of misunderstood concept of traditional space which results from simple decoration or structure type not accompanying Korean emotion or spirit rendered by some misleading media.
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design of Underground Parking in Commercial Facilities - Field survey of Underground Parking Spaces in Department stores, Large Discount Mart and Mixed Used Commercial Facilities -
Min, Young Hee ; Kwon, Ju-Young ; Ha, Mi-Kyoung ;
Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal, volume 25, issue 3, 2016, Pages 129~137
DOI : 10.14774/JKIID.2016.25.3.129
Dark and desolate underground parking spaces in commercial facilities are optimal spaces for crime. First, this study reviewed 15 precedent CPTED guidelines and related literatures, and as a result extracted 45 CPTED planning criteria for underground parking facilities. Secondly by field survey, we investigated six parking spaces in commercial facilities whether they were planned properly based on 45 checklist items, in six categories of CPTED principles. In result, target facilities showed average 46.8% relevance ratio, which means less than a half of 45 items of CPTED planning factors were not applied. Guidelines suggest desirable illuminance level of more than 100 lux, however the measurement of illuminance levels in some parking spaces showed below 50 lux. Relatively department stores were keeping CPTED guidelines better than large discount mart and mixed used facilities. Definition of territory of loading dock and customer area should be clarified, clear signage and color scheme in different zones should be represented with higher level of territorial responsibilities and surveillance in mixed used facilities for further improvement.