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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Nov 1996
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Aug 1996
Volume 23, Issue 2 - May 1996
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NERVE DISTRIBUTION OF DENTAL PULP IN HUMAN PRIMARY AND YOUNG PERMANENT TEETH
Lee, In-Jeong ; Lee, Jae-Mun ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Hyun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 291~305
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of nerves in the dental pulp of early extracted primary teeth, normal exfoliated primary teeth, partially-erupted, nonfunctional, premolars, and erupted, functional, premolars. Numbers of sample were 10 teeth in each group. The distribution of nerves in the dental pulp were investigated by means of immunohisto chemistry for detection of neurofilament protein(NFP). The results were as follows: The early extracted primary teeth exhibited patterns of innervation similar to those observed for young permanent teeth. The plexiform arrangement of fibers was not evident in the primary teeth. Most nerves appear to terminate about the odontoblasts. As primary teeth began to undergo root resorption, degenerative changes such as vesicles and fragmentation appear in the nerves. The quantity of neural tissue also decreased. In teeth in which the roots were almost completely resorbed only a small number of nerves remain. There was a decrease in the number of terminal branches in the pulp of the partially erupted, nonfunctional, premolars and those present reached the pulpo-odontoblastic border. The nerve terminals in the pulp of the erupted, functional, premolars were traced to the dentinal tubule and a few nerve fibers formed loops in the predentin.
ASSESSMENT OF THE INFLUENCE OF APPLICATION TIME OF DIFFERENT APF AGENTS ON THE ENAMEL FLUORIDE UPTAKE AND ANTICARIOGENICITY
Kwon, Soon-Won ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 306~326
The purpose of this study was to compare the enamel fluoride uptake and anticariogenic effect following topical application with different physical form of fluoride and application time. The results can be summarized as follows: 1. While the 4-minute applicaton increased the enamel fluoride uptake significantly than 1-minute application regardless of physical form of applied topical fluoride agents, no siginificant difference could be found between foam and gel type when applied for the identical period of time. 2. The application time or the physical form of topical agents had no singificant influence on the reduction of caries lesion. 3. Based upon the above-mentioned results of this study, it cannot be concluded that the amount of enamel fluoride uptake has an absolute impact on the change of lesion depth. Therefore, the clinical application of 1-minute topical fluoride application which appears to have a similar anticariogenic efficacy to 4-minute fluoride application may be encouraged.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS IN POLYMERIZATION OF COMPOSITE RESIN CURED WITH VISIBLE LIGHT AND ARGON LASER SOURCE
Jun, Sang-Eun ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 327~346
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strengths, microhardness, compressive strength and contraction gap at the resin-tooth interface of two types of composite resins polymerized with visible light and argon laser sourse. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows ; 1. Resin samples polymerized either by argon laser or visible light did not show significant difference in their physical properties tested(p>.05). 2. The contraction gap at the resin tooth interface was found to be present in all samples but any significant difference between groups could not be established due to their variability. Although the superiority of argon laser over visible light in enhancing the physical properties of resin could not be elucidated in the present study, continous efforts are deemed to be worthwhile to investigate this area using different conditions and materials of experiment.
A STUDY ON THE BOND STRENGTH OF REPAIRED GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS
Seo, Su-Jeong ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 347~355
The purpose of this study was to compare the bond strengths of different kinds of glass ionomer cements (GIC), which is recently increasing the clinical application in the field of pediatric dentistry and measure the repaired bond strengths in order to examine the clinical applicabilty of partial repaired cases. By using one kind of the light cured type GIC and three kinds of the chemical cured type GIC, the bond strengths of the followings were compared : unrepaired group as control, repaired conditioning group, which was treated the repaired surface using 25% polyacrylic acid and repaired non-conditioning group without surface treatment. Three point bending test was performed under Universal Testing Machine in order to measure the compressive bond strengths. The results were as follows : 1. Light cured GIC had higher bond strength than chemical cured type GIC in both of repaired and unrepaired groups. 2. In repaired cases, all of the materials decreased the bond strength when compared to the control group. In the light cured type, the bond strength of repaired conditioning group decreased 31.6%, repaired non-conditioning group decreased 40.8%. In chemical cured types, the bond strength of repaired conditining group decreased 11.8%, repaired non-conditioning group decreased 20.9%. 3. All the materials, in the case of the chemical treatment on the repaired surface using 25% polyacrylic acid had higher bond strength than untreated but, lower than control group.
A STUDY ON THE BOND STRENGTHS OF LIGHT-CURING GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS TO DENTAL AMALGAM
Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 357~364
The purpose of this study was to asses the shear bond strengths of 3 types of light-curing Glass Ionomer cement to dental amalgam with or without an intermediary agent. 60 amalgam adherent specimens were prepared and aged in water at
for 3 days. Before bonding, the amalgam surfaces were finished flat on 600-grit silicon carbide paper. 30 specimens among 60 were used for bonding in this condition, and the other 30 were covered with a thin layer of light-curing intermediary agent. Shear bond strengths were measured with universal testing machine (Instron, Model 4301) and statistically processed by ANOVA and t-test. On completion of bond test, the fracture surfaces were examined under light microscope so that the mode of bond failure could be assessed The results were as follows : 1. Bond strength of Fuji II LC group showed the hightest value and was followed by Vitremer, Vitrebond groups (p<0.05). 2. The bond strengths achieved without an intermediary agent were higher than those obtained with intermediary agent (p<0.05). 3. For the specimens bonded with intermediary agent, bond failures occured mostly at the agent-amalgam interface. So, the use of intermediary bonding agent was thought not recommendable at glass ionomer-amalgam interface.
A STATISTICAL STUDY ON THE PLASTER CAST ANALYSIS OF THE CHILDREN AMONG HEALTHY DENTITION CONTESTANTS II
Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 365~374
The prupose of this study was to obtain standard measurements of the tooth size, Bolton ratio, width and length of dental arch and basal arch, overbite and overjet of the children who have normal dentition. The plaster cast of 97 children(47 boys and 50 girls) among the contestants in 1992, 1994, 1995 Healthy Dentition contest in Seoul were measured and following results were obtained. 1. Means and standard deviations of the mesio-distal maximum width of the permanent teeth, Bolton ratio, width and length of the dental arch and basal arch of the upper and lower dentition and overbite and overjet of the children were obtained. 2. Mesio-distal width of the teeth, width and length of the dental arch and basal arch of the upper and lower dentition of the boys were larger than those of the girls. 3. Bolton Overall ratio, Anterior ratio and overjet of the boys were larger than those of the girls and overbite of the boys were smaller than those of the girls, but no significant differences were noted between the boys and the girls(p>0.05). 4. In the comparision of the Healthy Dentition Contestants with Korean adults of Shur, all teeth of the Contestants were larger than those of Korean adults, especially upper and lower bicuspids(p<0.01). In the comparision of the Healthy Dentition Contestants with Caucasians, all teeth except upper and lower central incisor and upper first molar of the contestants were larger than those of Caucasians(p<0.05).
AN ACOUSTIC ANALYSIS OF ABNORMAL PRONUNCIATION IN CHILDREN WITH ANTERIOR CROSSBITE
Park, Jeong-Sam ; Jang, Ki-Jaeg ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Shon, Dong-Su ; Kim, Jin-Tae ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 375~388
It has widely known for speech problem in patients with malocclusion, but there have been insufficient studies on degrees of severity. Patients with openbite and Cl III malocclusion usually have speech problem. It has widely known that fricative /s/is pronunciated most abnormally in Cl III malocclusion than any other consonant. Therefore 20 children with anterior crossbite were selected for study groups and 40 children with normal anterior occlusion were selected for control group. 7 sounds such as / 사(sa), 서(
), 소(so), 수(su), 스(
), 시(si), 세(se) / were recorded, and the formants and formants ratios were measured by using Sensimetric Speech Station, which is speech analyzing program in IBM PC. The results were as follows : 1. In anterior crossbite group, F1 of all 7 sounds were significantly higher than normal anterior relationship group(p<0.05). 2. There were no significant difference in F2 between two groups except / 소(so), 수(su)/(p>0.05). 3. In anterior crossbite group, F2/F1 ratio of all 7 sounds were significantly smaller than normal anterior relationship group(p<0.05). 4. There were no significant difference in accordance with tongue position(p>0.05).
A STUDY ON MARGINAL ADAPTATION OF READY-MADE STAINLESS STEEL CROWN TO THE PRIMARY MOLAR
Lee, Sun-Kyung ; Lee, Gwang-Su ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 389~400
In Class II amalgam restoration in deciduous molar, failure rate and incidence of recurrent caries are high as children become older. In order to preserve deciduous molars till the physiologic exfoliation time, stainless steel crown is a choice of the treatment. As a result of a careless treatment, such as overhanging margin, poor marginal adaptation, poor proximal contour and inadequate mesiodistal width give rise to interfering eruption of the adjacent teeth, recurrent caries and chronic gingival irritation and insufficient arch length respectively. In this study, 252 s.s. crowned teeth extracted due to physiologic exfoliation or periapical lesion. The purpose of this study is to analyze the marginal adaptation of stainless steel crown to the deciduous molar in order to obtain better clinical result. The results were as follows : 1. Between the length of s.s. crown and the marginal gap of crown, positive correlations were shown. 2. Largest amount of marginal gap was shown at buccal side in upper deciduous molars and lower first deciduous molar, lingual side in lower second deciduous molar. But no significant diffrence were found statistically compared to second most largest one. 3. Incidence of exposed restoration and recurrent caries were higher in proximal surface than buccal/lingual surface. And extension of restoration below the margin of s.s. crown gives rise to higher rate of recurrent caries. 4. Defect of contour was found in 34%, frequently found in lower 1st deciduous molar and upper 1st deciduous molar. 5. Marginal polishing defects were found in 23%. 6. Ledge was formed in 10% especially in lower 1st deciduous molar and lower 2nd deciduous molar. 7. 16% of the teeth had wear facet due to traumatic occlusion, 7% of them had occlusal perforation.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR MICROLEAKAGE OF AMALGAM USING RESIN ADHESIVE LINERS IN PRIMARY MOLAR TOOTH
Kim, Jong-Tae ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 401~414
The purpose of this study was to compare the marginal leakage of resin liner which was used as a liner to amalgam restoration. Control group composed of no liner group, copalite group and experimental group composed of All-bond 2, Vitrebond, Superbond D-liner applied groups were evaluated. Cl.V preparation with a size of
on 70 extracted primary molars were made and applied appropriate liners for each groups. After amalgam filling and polishing, polished specimens underwent temperature changed from
a thousand times. After thermocycling, specimens were placed in 2% methylene blue dye solution for 72 hours in an incubator set at
. The teeth were sectioned buccolingually and the degree of dye penetration was observed with a spectroscopy. (
) The following results were obtained. 1. Vitrebond, All-bond 2, Superbond D-liner group exhibited a statistically significant lower degree of dye penetration than no liner and copalite group. (Kruskal-Wallis analysis, P<0.05) 2. No liner group and copalite group exhibited a similar degree of dye penetration. (Mann-Whitney analysis, P>0.05) 3. All-bond 2 group exhibited a statistically significant lower degree of dye penetration than Vitrebond group, (Mann-Whitney analysis, P<0.05) Superbond D-liner group also exhibited a lower degree of dye penetration than Vitrebond group but was statistically insignificant. (Mann-Whitney analysis, P>0.05)
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SALIVARY PROTEINS IN THE CHILDREN WITH RAMPANT DENTAL CARIES
Yang, Ho-Jeong ; Chang, Hee-Soon ; Lee, Sung-Ill ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 415~427
As a part of host factors of dental caries, saliva has been well known for its important role in relation to dental caries. The studies on its physical and chemical characteristics on development and progress of dental caries has been conducted. Recently, various comparisons between saliva of caries-susceptable individuals and caries-free individuals has been done and the efforts to understand the mechanisms of salivary intervention of development and progress of dental caries is actively in progress. In this study, 15 children with rampant dental caries and 15 caries free children without any systemic diseases from the ages of 2 to 5 were chosen for the experiment and the whole saliva and parotid saliva from each individuals were collected and protein compositions were compared using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE). As results of this study, in parotid saliva, there was no difference in protein compositions between the rampant dental caries and the caries free children. While electrophoresis was done with the whole saliva, protein with 120 KDa was found in children with rampant dental caries. However, this protein was not found or unclear, if any for the caries free group. (Exceptionally, clear protein band was present for one person.) Protein compositions of whole saliva of rampant dental caries group was compared before and after the caries control and thick and clear protein bands of about 120 KDa were found in both cases. Protein compostions of caries free children and adults were identical. Quantitative analysis of protein was done for the rampant dental caries group and the control group and no significant difference was found. Taken all together, protein with molecular weight of 120 KDa, found in rampant dental caries group, was still present when the treatment for the dental caries was done so it can be assumed that this protein has no interrelation with the presence of active carious lesions during saliva collecting. It can also be presumed that this specific salivary protein with the molecular weight of 120 KDa found in rampant dental caries group has effect on development and progress of dental caries. Identification on this protein with the molecular-weight of 120 KDa and the role of this protein against dental caries remain to be solved.
A STUDY ON PREVALENCE AND PATTERN OF DENTAL ANOMALIES
Jean, Seung-June ; Lee, Jae-Ha ; Chai, Hyung-Jun ; Shan, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 429~449
An objective definition of the anomaly is not avaliable and most investigators define the term differently or fail to describe their criterion. Because dental anomaly may lead to many complications, early detection and diagnosis of dental anomalies are essential steps in the evaluation of the child patient and in treatment planning. These procedures require detailed medical and dental histories, through clinical examination and the use of radiographs. So, this study was designed to find out the prevalence of dental anomalies. The clinical and roentgenographic examination was undertaken for 8,054 children at age from 0 to 15 years and statistical analysis was done. The results were as follows : 1. Among the examined subjects, 2,134 subjects(26.5%) showed dental anomalies. The prevalence of individual dental anomalies were as follows : supernumerary teeth 15.6%, congenitally missing teeth 6.6%, fusion 2.2%, odontoma 0.35%, microdontia 1.2%, macrodontia 0.05%, gemination 0.22%, talon cusp 0.36%, dens evaginatus 0.24%, dens invaginatus 0.15%, dilaceration 0.27%, taurodontism 0.09%, abnormal tooth position 1.7%, natal & neonatal teeth 0.92%, amelogenesis imperfecta 0.01%. 2. Significant correlations between the groups with individual dental anomalies were as follows : between group I and other groups, there was negative correlation, especially group I and group II. And the correlation coefficient between male and female showed differences. 3. For the supernumerary teeth group, the prevalence of male was higher than female(p<0.001). While for the congenitally missing teeth, macrodontia, microdontia, abnormal tooth position group, the prevalence of female was greater than male(p<0.001). 4. For the congenitally missing teeth group, the mandibular primary lateral incisor showed the highest incidence in primary dentiton, while mandibular lateral incisor in permanent dentition. In the mandible(72.5%), this site showed higher prevalence than in maxilla. In the case with deciduous congenitally missing teeth, the prevalence of successive permanent congenitally missing teeth was about 33.9%, the incidence was highest in mandibular lateral incisors. 5. Most supernumerary teeth existed on middle area and showed inverted position and unerupted state. In addition, supernumerary teeth showed higher incidence on maxilla (99.3%). 6. In the case with deciduous fused teeth, the prevalence of successive permanent congenitally missing teeth was 39.9%, while that of successive permanent fused teeth was 2.7%. And the highest rate of the prevalence (40.3%) appeared in fusion of mandibular deciduous lateral incisor and canine. 7. In the case of odontoma, the prevalence was higher in maxilla(78.6%) and anterior region(82.7%) than mandible and posterior region.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY FOR SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF COMPOISTE RESIN USING SEVERAL DENTIN BONDING AGENTS AND LIGHT CURED GLASS IONOMER CEMENT
Kwon, Byung-Ryul ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 450~460
The purpose of this study was to compare shear bond strength of composite resin using several dentin bonding agents and light cured glass ionomer cement(Fuji II LC). 40 Bovine primary anterior teeth were used for this experiment. Labial surface of teeth were flattened. It were divided into four groups. Each group was composed of 10 teeth. The material used for this experiment were Scotchbond Multipurpose-Z-100, Allbond 2-Aelitefil, Gluma-Pekalux, light cured glass ionomer cement(Fuji II LC). Each of the materials was applied to the exposed surfaces of 10 teeth by insertion into a cylindrical shaped matrix which is 3mm diameter and 3mm in height. The completed specimens were stored at
under 100% humidity for 24 hours : the shear bond strength of each material to dentin surface were measured with INSTRON universal testing machine. The results were as follows : 1. Shear bond strength to dentin surface increased in order of light cured glass ionomer cement(Fuji II LC), Gluma, Allbond 2, Scotchbond Multipurpose. 2. Between shear bond strength of light cured glass ionomer cement(Fuji II LC) and Allbond 2, there was statistical significace(p<0.05) 3. Between shear bond strength of light cured glass ionomer cement(Fuji II LC) and Scotchbond Multipurpose, between shear bond strength of Gluma and Scotchbond Multipurpose, there was statistical significance.(p<0.01) The shear bond strength of dentin bonding agents were higher than light cured glass ionomer cement. The reason is that materials and quality of dentin bonding agent were enhanced. Further investigation is necessary to improve shear bond strength of light cured glass ionomer cement.
EFFECT OF DENTAL EXPERIENCE ON ATTITUDE OF CHILDREN TOWARD THE DENTIST AND DENTAL TREATMENT
Moon, Pill-Sung ; Hur, Yong-Wook ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 461~476
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dental experience on the attitude of children toward the dentist and the dental treatment. The subjects of the study were 1,090 children from second grade to forth grade of three elementary schools of the Iksan city. The children were investigated by the questionnaire which consisted of seven items about the attitude toward the dentist, the attitude toward the dental treatment, the dental reatment experience, the number of times of dental treatment, the last time of the dental visit, pain of dental treatment, and fear of dental treatment. There were significant differences among the grades in the attitude toward the dental treatment and in the attitude toward the dentist (P<0.01). Second grade children had the most negative attitudes. But, there were no differences between boys and girls. Girls felt more pain and fear than boys (P<0.01). There were significant relationships between the pain and the attitude toward the dentist, between the pain and the attitude toward the dental treatment, between the fear and the attitude toward the dentist, and between the fear and the attitude toward the dental treatment (P<0.01, all). The number of dental visit had significant relationship with the attitude toward the dental treatment (P<0.05). There were significant relationships between the pain and the fear and between the attitude toward the dentist and the attitude toward the dental treatment.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE LONGTERM VARIATION OF FLUORIDE CONCENTRATION IN THE STANNOUS FLUORIDE SOLUTION AND THE EFFECTS OF VARIOUS ADDITIVES
Choi, Yoon-Joo ; Yu, Doo-Sun ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 477~488
The purposes of this study were to measure the solubility of the stannous fluoride experimentally, to find a method for improving the solubility of the stannous fluoride, and to observe the effect of longterm storage on the variation of the concentration of fluoride in the stannous fluoride solutions. By adding such materials as antiseptics, dye, flavor, and tastes to solution, the variation of the fluoride concentration was also observed. Ten groups of 0.4% stannous fluoride solutions to which glycerine, sodium chloride, chlorhexidine, dye, flavor, xylitol, and sorbitol were added were prepared. The measurements were carried out by direct calibration. The obtained results were as follows. 1. Effect of adding glycerine as solvent. : The solubility of stannous fluoride increased in the case of adding glycerine. By increasing the glycerine concentration, the fluoride level in stannous fluoride solution also increased. 2. Effect of adding sodium chloride and chlorhexidine. : Comparing to the case of pure water, low fluoride level was measured in case of adding sodium chloride and high fluoride level was measured in case of adding chlorhexidine. 3. Effect of adding erythrosin as dye and banna essence as flavor. : Adding erythrosin and banna essence didn't affect fluoride level. 4. Effect of adding xylitol and sorbitol. : The effects of xylitol and sorbitol were nearly the same as the effect of adding erythrosin and banna essence.
An Experimental Study on the Shear Bond Strength of Fluoride-Containing Sealant and Non-Fluoride Containing Sealant
Her, Sun ; Kweon, Seon-Ja ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 489~501
This study was to evaluate shear bond strength of fluoride-releasing sealant and nonfluoride releasing sealant to enamel surface of bovine tooth. 80 extracted bovine teeth were randomly assigned to four groups, and four kinds of sealants including Teethmate-A(Kuraray Co.), Teethmate-F(Kuraray Co.), Helioseal(Vivadent Co.), Helioseal-F(Vivadent Co.) were bonded to exposed enamel surfaces using silicon plate. Shear bond strength was determined in an instron universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. Then, the fracture surfaces of test specimens were investigated with scanning electron microscope. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The shear bond strength decreased in the following order : Teethmate-A(18.31MPa), Teethmate-F(11.90MPa), Helioseal (11.74 MPa), Helioseal-F(10.64MPa). 2. The shear bond strength of Teethmate-A showed significantly higher than that of Teethmate-F(P<0.05), but Helioseal and Helioseal-F didn't showed statistically different(P<0.05). 3. According to the SEM, Teethmate-A group showed cohesive failure, and Teethmate-A group & Helioseal group showed mixed pattern of cohesive and adhesive failure and Helioseal-F group showed adhesive failure.
APPLICATION OF DUAL PARAMETER ANALYSIS IN FLOW CYTOMETRIC DNA MEASUREMENTS OF ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
Kim, Su-Ya ; Ju, Hoon ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Cho, Nam-Pyo ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 503~524
A series of 31 patients with primary oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) who were treated at Chonbuk National University Hospital during the years 1991-1995, were evaluated by dual parameter analysis in flow cytometric DNA measurement, Bryne's malignancy grading system, and the TNM classification. The aims of the present study were to discover that previously undetected aneuploid clones could be detected by dual parameter analysis and to determine the prognostic value of the above parameters. 1. Using dual parameter analysis of cytokeratin and DNA on disintegrated paraffin-embedded samples, aneuploid clones which were undetected by regular single parameter DNA analysis could be found among the cytokeratin-selected cells. DNA aneuploidy from paraffin-embedded samples were 15 cases compared with 10 cases using conventional DNA analysis. 2. The portion of aneuploid tumors showed slightly higher clinical stage and tumor size than the portion of diploid tumors, but the difference was not significant. The portion of DNA aneuploid tumors showed significantly higher mean mitosis and total malignancy scores than the portion of DNA diploid tumors. 3. The majority of the patients presented with clinical stage III and IV lesions showed significantly higher mean total malignancy score as compared to those with clinical stage I and II. 4. Histopathologic mean total malignancy score of the 31 cases was 12.7. Among the histologic parameters, mean mitosis score was correlated to the status of DNA ploidy and total malignancy score were correlated to the DNA ploidy and clinical staging.
THE INHIBITORY EFFECT OF LOW FREQUENCY ELECTRICAL STIMULATION ON THE DENTAL AND GINGIVAL PAIN OF DOG
Kweon, Hoon ; Song, Hyung-Geun ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 525~536
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of electrical anesthesia induced by non-acupuncture point stimulation on inhibition of amplitude of digastric EMG evoked by noxious electrical stimuli in teeth and gingiva. Experiments were performed with dogs anesthetized with intraperitoneal pentobarbital sodium in an initial dose of 30mg/kg. Maintenance doses of 4.0ml/hour were given through a cannula in the femoral vein using a constant infusion pump. Anterior belly of digastric muscle was exposed and a pair of 0.1mm wire electrodes were inserted for E.M.G. recording. Bipolar electrodes were inserted into the labial and lingual surface of upper canine and the labial area of upper gingiva. Noxious stimuli were delivered to the tooth and gingiva through those electrodes by electric stimulator. Non-acupuncture point stimulation of 2Hz was delivered bilaterally to the femoral area. Amplitudes of digastric E.M.G. were measured from the oscilloscope and the monitor connected to amplifier at different intensities of electronic anesthesia of 1 volt, 4 volt and 10 volt. The inhibited rate of the amplitudes of digastric E.M.G. were analysed statistically with paired t-test. The following results were obtained : 1. Non-acupuncture point stimulation with intensities of 1 volt, 4 volt and 10 volt showed the inhibitory effect on pain of 15%, 25% and 16% in teeth and 15%, 18% and 12% in gingiva respectively 2. In tooth, statistical significance was observed between control and each group. In gingiva, there was statistical significance between control and group 1, 2 except group 3 From these results, low frequency electrical stimulation of non-acupuncture point resulted in reducing of dental and gingival pain, it could be used as adjunct to other pain control methods.
A STUDY OF THE SKELETAL MATURITY STAGES OF THE HAND-WRIST AND THE TOOTH CLACIFICATIONS STAGE IN SUBJECTS WITH NORMAL OCCLUSION AND CLASS III MALOCCLUSION
Jeong, Byung-Cho ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 537~548
To investigate the relationship between the calcification stages of mandibular canines and the skeletal maturity stage of the hand-wrist in subjects with normal occlusion and Class III malocclusion, hand-wrist radiographs and panoramic radiographs were taken from subjects of normal occlusions(94 males, 88 females) and Class III malocclusions(75 males, 76 females) who had no systemic diseases and no history of orthodontic or prosthodontic treatment. Fishman's method for the skeletal maturity stages of the hand-wrist and Demirijian's method for the calcification stages of mandibular canines were used and analyzed. The results were as follows : 1. In subjects with normal occlusion and Class III malocclusion, skeletal maturity of the hand-wrist and calcification of mandibular canines at various ages occured earlier in females than in males(p<0.05). 2. Comparing the skeletal maturity stages of the hand-wrist and the calcification stages of mandibular canines between subjects with normal occlusion and Class III malocclusion, there were no significant differences between the groups. 3. The correlation coefficient between the calcification stages of mandibular canines and the skeletal maturity stages of the hand-wrist. in subjects with normal occlusion and Class III malocclusion showed a high association(p<0.01). 4. In stage 4 of the skeletal maturity of the hand-wrist, the frequency distribution of calcification G stage among the various calcification stages was highest both in normal occlusion and in subjects with Class III malocclusion. However, there was no significant difference in the frequency distribution of calcification stages between the groups.
A STUDY OF SHEAR BOND STRENGTH AND FAILURE PATTERNS IN LIGHT-AND SELF-CURED ORTHODONTIC RESIN
Lee, Min-Ha ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Park, Yeong-Joon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 549~558
Light-cured orthodontic composite resin has been widely advertised recently for use in bonding brackets. However, the curability of light-cured resin when light waves are diffused through metal brackets in questionable. The purposes of this study were to evaluate shear bond strength and failure patterns of visible light-cured resin(Lightbond) and chemically cured-resin(Mono-Lok 2), and to determine the relative value of light-cured resin as an alternative to conventional chemically cured resin. Each of the two resins was tested on twenty extracted human first premolars. Standard edgewise metal brackets were bonded to the teeth in accordance with the manufacturers' recommendation. After bonding, the teeth were stored for 24 hours at
, 100% humidity. The shear bond strength was tested with a universal testing machine(Instron 4302), at 0.5mm/min crosshead speed. After debonding, brackets and enamel surfaces were examined with a scanning electron microscope and a stereoscopic microscope. The results were as follows : 1. Metal brackets bonded with Lightbond showed statistically higher shear bond strength than metal brackets bonded with Mono-Lok2. 2. The predominant failure site in Lightbond was the enamel-resin interface, and in Mono-Lok 2 it was the resin itself. 3. Enamel cracks were not found in any specimen. The above results suggest that direct bonding of metal brackets to enamel with light-cured resin bonding agent can be used effectively in clinics.
AN IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY ON MANDIBULAR CONDYLE IN WEANLING RAT AFTER MASSETER MUSCLE RESECTION
Choi, Nam-Ki ; Choi, Hong-Ran ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 23, issue 2, 1996, Pages 559~574
The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was any correlation between temporomandibular joint dysfunction and structure of the mandibular condyle. Weanling rats had their masseter muscles resected and immunohistochemical findings were observed with a light microscope. The results obtained were as follows : 1. The condylar cartilage region was divided into articular, proliferating, cartilage cell and hypertrophic cell layers according to cell morphology. 2. In light microscopic views, the proliferating and cartilage cell layers of the experimental group decreased gradually and at the 8th week significantly. 3. In immunohistochemical staining for type I and II collagen, a reaction was detected in the lower part of proliferating cell and cartilage cell layers. In the cartilage cell layers, a stronger cellular reaction was present. Immunohistochemical staining for type II collagen reacted more strongly than that of type I collagen. 4. In immunohistochemical staining for proteoglycan, the staining of the experimental group resembled the control group and gradually showed a weak reaction. The proliferating and cartilage cell layers reacted more strongly than the hypertrophic cell layer. 5. In immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA), the strong reaction was detected in the nucleus of the proliferating cell layer both in control and experimental groups. But the thickness of the proliferating layer decreased in experimental group, consequently the reaction of the experimental group was reduced more than that of the control group.