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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Nov 1997
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Aug 1997
Volume 24, Issue 2 - May 1997
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
POSTNATAL DEVELOPMENT OF CGRP-IMMUNOREACTIVE NERVE DISTRIBUTION OF RAT CIRCUMVALLATE PAPILLA
Lee, Jae-Mun ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Bae, Yong-Chul ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 339~351
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of nerves in the rat circumvallate papilla by each developing stage. The distribution of nerves in the rat circumvallate papilla were investigated by means of immunohistochemistry for detection of calcitonin gene-related peptide(CGRP). The results were as follows : CGRP-immunoreactive(IR) nerve fibers entered the base of the papilla laterally to form a subepithelial plexus. On the 1st postnatal day, the bead-like appearance, typical appearance of CGRP-IR nerve fiber, was seen, but from the 5th postnatal day the bead-like appearance was seen less clearly and nerve fibers looking like a line were often observed. Mature taste buds having taste pores were first seen at the 10th postnatal day and then, increased markedly after this stage. CGRP-IR nerve fibers entering the epithelium were rarely seen on the 5th postnatal day but they increased in number on the 10th postnatal day when mature taste buds having taste pores were firstly observed and then on the 15th postnatal day, they were observed abundantly throughout entire epithelium. But from the 20th postnatal day, the nerve fibers in the lower two-third of the trench wall in which taste buds exist decreased but on the top surface and upper one-third of the trench wall the nerve fibers were observed limitedly.
THE EFFECT OF OBTURATOR FOR CLEFT LIP AND PALATE INFANTS: A CASE REPORT
Hong, Sung-Joon ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 352~360
It has been reported that There is a relatively high incidence of congenital cleft lip and palate among congenital anomalies. Children with the cleft lip and palate confront various problems ranging from feeding difficulties as infants to frequent ear infections, compromised speech, aberrant dentofacial development, malocclusion and esthetic impairment with its unfavorable effects on the psychosocial adaptation of the individual. Management of these patients is a process that starts in infancy and continues on into adulthood. Through a team approach, professionals from various fields convene to assess the needs of the child and to assist the parents in dealing with the situation. A pediatric dentist, one of the team, must advise the parents the way of feeding or make an obturator for normal feeding and weight gain of infants with cleft lip and/or palate. An obturator can aid nursing, stimulate orofacial development, help develop the palatal shelves, prevent tongue distortions, prevent nasal septum irritation, decrease chance of ear infections, expand collaped maxillary segments, constrict the expanded anterior part of the maxilla, reposition the premaxilla, and help the parents psychologically. Three cases of infants with cleft lip and palate were managed with the obturator at the Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry, Kyung Hee University. In all cases, infants showed normal feeding and weight gaining after the insertion of the obturator.
A STUDY ON THE HISTOLOGIC RESPONSE OF REPLANTED TEETH PRETREATED WITH SEVERAL FLUORIDE COMPOUNDS
Kim, Eun-Sook ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Jong-Yeo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 361~382
The effect of fluoride pretreatment upon root resorption after delayed replantation was studied in beagle dogs. Upper and lower incisors were extracted and bench dried for 45 minutes. 1% Stannous fluoride solution, 2% neutral sodium fluoride gel and 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride gel were used for the pre-treatment of replanted root surface in the experimental groups. Replantation was done with no treatment in control group. After of an experimental periods 3 weeks, animals were sacrificed by perfusion followed by sample preparation. A histomorphometric method was applied for evaluation of tissue reactions observed in each group under light microscope. Scanning electron microscopic observation was done to find out any different surface topography between groups. The results were as follows: 1. Fluoride-treated groups showed in general the better healing patterns than untreated control group. 2. Comparisons between three experimental groups revealed the general superiority of APF-treated group over the other groups in terms of tissue healing reaction by showing the highest frequency in uncomplicated healing pattern and surface resorption and the lowest in inflammatory resorption, but with no statistical significance(p>.05). 3. Scanning elecron micrographs showed the irregular distribution of resorption cavities and the attached bone of variable size and shape in all groups. 4. It can be concluded that the types of fluoride did not have significant impact on the early tissue reactions after delayed replantation under the condition of the present experiment.
A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF GLASS INSERTS ON MARGINAL LEAKAGE OF COMPOSITE RESIN RESTORATION
Kim, Yong-Cheol ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 383~404
In this study, we tried to compare the effect of glass inserts on marginal leakage of composite resin restoration by comparing with that of several filling methods. The results obtained from this experiment were as follows ; 1. The degree of microleakage measured in glass inserts group was generally lower than that of the other groups. Statistical analysis showed significant intergroup difference between glass inserts and one complete unit, pre-polymerized composite resin ball(P<.05), but no significant difference between groups of glass inserts and increments(P>.05). 2. Scanning electron microscopic observation showed relatively large gap around resin-tooth interface in specimens restored the method of using the one complete unit and pre-polymerized composite resin ball whereas a denser and tighter was observed in increments and glass inserts group. Generally the gingival margin was shown to have better bonds than the occlusal margin in specimen of all groups. 3. In the present experiment, methods using the techniques of glass inserts and increments were evaluated to be superior to those of one complete unit, pre-polymerized composite resin ball in the aspect of microleakage. However, the result of this study could not determine the superiority of the use of glass inserts over incremental method. Besides the physical properties observed in this study, the practical aspect of clinical convenience should be considered in determining the selection of material.
EFFECTS OF LASER AND FLUORIDE TREATMENT ON THE RESISTANCE TO MICROORGANISM AND ACID IN ARTIFICIAL CARIOUS LESION
Yoo, Jeong-Min ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 405~421
The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the acid resistance and antimicrobial effect of fluoride-laser combined application. Recently extracted third molars were used.
of the buccal and lingual specimens were exposed and incipient artificial carious lesions were formed by keeping them in the artificial cariogenic solution for 5 days. They were divided into five groups and treated with fluoride and laser according to the predetermined regimen. The acid resistance was compared between groups by chemical quantitative analysis of the calcium and phosphorous released into the test solution after single or combined application of fluoride and laser. The antimicrobial effect of each group was analyzed by counting the number of colony forming units after microbial incubation. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows; 1. Experimental groups showed lower values in calcium and phosphorous contents as well as in
(colony forming units) than control group. Combined application groups showed lower values than single application groups. 2. Acid resistance and antimicrobial effect by fluoride and laser treatment were confirmed in this study. 3. Based upon the above-mentioned results of this study, it can be assumed that the use of laser-fluoride combined application may provide the child and adolescent patient population with antimicrobial effect as well as acid resistance. Further studies using various materials and experimental conditions are being encouraged.
CASE REPORT AND STUDY ON INTRUSION OF YOUNG PERMANENT ANTERIOR TEETH
Jun, Kyung-Hyun ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 422~427
In the Pediatric Dentalc profession the occurrence rate intrusion of young permanent teeth is rather low, and the treatment method varies from one another. Intrusion of the teeth bring complications to the pulp and periodontal ligament, and thus the possibility of endodontic treatment increases. For the formation of calcific barriers, calcium hydroxide is used in young permanent teeth and this makes the final canal filling possible. In this case report, we will show two cases of young permanent teeth intrusion and the treatment methods to help assess the recognition of treatment for young permanent teeth intrusion.
A STUDY ON THE FLUORIDE RELEASING AND FLEXURAL STRENGTH OF ACRYLIC RESIN BLENDED WITH FLUORIDE
Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Shon, Dong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 428~435
For the purpose of investigating the continuous fluoride releasing from acrylic resin using removable appliances by incorporating fluoride into polymethylmethacrylate during the construction of the appliances, two kinds of fluoride were blended with acrylic powder and devided into five groups as follows. Group 1 : no fluoride (control) Group 2 : NaF 5 wt% Group 3 : NaF 10 wt% Group 4 :
5 wt% Group 5 :
10 wt% Resin specimens were tested in vitro for fluoride release with fluoride electrode and flexural strength with Instron. The results were as follows ; 1. After 24 hrs, released fluoride concentration(ppm) was the most in group 3(
) then, next, group 2(
), group 5(
), group 4(
), group 1(
) in order, but after 28 days, group 3(
), group 5(
), group 4(
), group 2(
), group 1(
). 2. Fluoride releasing of NaF groups were faster and more amount than
groups initially but decreased significantly, later. 3. Flexural strength (
) was the biggest in group 1(
), and then group 4(
), group 5(
), group 2(
), group 3(
) in order, the differences between control group and NaF groups were statistically significant (p<0.05).
THE EFFECT OF TOPICAL FLUORIDES ON SURFACE STRUCTURES OF VARIOUS ESTHETIC RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Kim, Un-Yong ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 436~448
Topical fluoride application for children is a widely performed procedure in the field of Pediatric Dentistry for its dental caries prevention effects. However, it is recently recognized as having some unwanted effects on several esthetic restorative materials as it roughens the surfaces of the restorative materials. In order to evaluate the surface changes in esthetic restorative materials, the author immersed composite resin, glass ionomer cement, and resin-modified glass ionomer cement specimens in various topical fluoride agents and measured the weight loss and also, examined the specimens under the scanning electron microscope. The followings are the results : 1. All the specimens immersed in APF gel for 4 minutes showed statistically significant weight loss. (paired t-test, P<0.05). 2. There was no statistically significant weight loss for the resin-modified glass ionomer cement and composite resin groups immersed in sodium fluoride solution (paired t-test, P>0.05). 3. When the glass ionomer cement group was immersed in APF gel for 1 and 4 minutes, there was a statistically significant weight loss compare to other esthetic restorative materials (ANOVA, P<0.05). 4. In the resin-modified glass ionomer cement group and the composite resin group, weight loss in the APF gel 4 minutes immersion group was greater than the 1 minute immersion group, and it was statistically significant (ANOVA, P<0.05). 5. When the specimens were examined under scanning electron microscope, the surface changes were greatest in the order of glass ionomer cement, resin-modified glass ionomer cement, composite resin and also in the order of APF gel 4 minute immersion group, 1 minute immersion group, sodium fluoride immersion group, and control group.
INHIBITION OF ARTIFICIAL PLAQUE BY MUTANASE PRODUCED FROM Streptomyces exfoliatus
Song, Do-Won ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Chung, Jin ; Oh, Jong-Suk ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 449~459
The main component of dental plaque is the mutan containing the a-1,3 bond. The following results were obtained by using a blue mutan to assess the factors affecting the mutan-digesting activity of Streptomyces exfoliatus isolated from soil. A clear zone was produced by mutanase-producing Streptomyces exfoliatus on the minimal essential agar containing blue mutan. Streptomyces exfoliatus digested more blue mutan in the minimal essential broth at pH 7.0 than at pH 5.5 or 8.5. Streptomyces exfoliatus digested more blue mutan at
(P<0.05). When the concentration of
was increased in the minimal essential broth, the digestion of blue mutan was increased (P<0.05). The optimal concentration of KCl was 10mM to digest blue mutan, but a similar amount of blue mutan was digested at the range of 0.1mM to 6.4mM of
. When the culture supernatant of Streptomyces exfoliatus was mixed with 2X brain heart infusion broth containing 0.5% yeast extract and 10% sucrose, less artificial plaque was formed by Streptococcus mutans on the orthodontic wire (P<0.05). These results indicated that the secretion of mutanase was identified in culture supernatant of mutan-digesting Streptomyces exfoliatus, suppressing the formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans.
THE EFFECT OF LOW-VISCOSITY RESIN SYSTEMS OM MARGINAL LEAKAGE OF COMPOSITE RESIN RESTORATIONS
Yang, Jeong-Suk ; Kim, Mun-Hyoun ; Her, Sun ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 460~474
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of various low-viscosity resin systems used as rebonding agents to prevent microleakage at the margins of class I composite resin restorations. Seventy sound human premolars were selected for experiment. Class I cavities were prepared and each cavity was conditioned with a 37% phosphoric acid for 15 sec, rinsed with water for 15 sec, and dried with compressed air. Bonding agent(Scotchbond Multipurpose, 3M Co.) was applied and a hybrid composite resin (Z-100, 3M Co.) was placed using an incremental technic. The excess cured composite resin was carefully removed with Sof-Lex discs(3M Co.) to expose the original margins of the cavity. The following seven groups were established : group 1 was not rebonded and used as control group ; group 2 was rebonded with a Scotchbond Multipurpose(3M Co.) and finished ; group 3 was rebonded with a Fortify(BISCO) and finished ; group 4 was rebonded with a Concise white sealant(3M Co.) and finished ; group 5 was rebonded with a Concise white sealant(3M Co.) and not finished ; group 6 was rebonded with a P&F sealant(BISCO) and finished; group 7 was rebonded with a P&F sealant(BISCO) and not finished. The specimens were then subjected to 500 thermocycles between 5 & 65 with a 10 see dwell time and immersed in 2% methylene blue dye solution for 24 hours and sectioned with low-speed diamond cutter into two part under water condition. The extent of microleakage at rebonded margins was evaluated microscopically and scored for dye penetration according to the following scale : 0=no dye penetration ; 1=dye penetration to half-way along axial wall between enamel surface and DEJ ; 2=dye penetration beyond halfway along axial wall between enamel surface and DEJ ; 3=dye penetration to the full depth of DEJ or beyond DEJ. Selected samples were prepared for SEM observation to determine the depth of penetration of the rebonding agent into the marginal interface. The obtained results were as follows: 1. In the group 2 and 3, which is rebonded with a Scotchbond Multipupose and Fortify, dye penetration score were decreased significantly than that of group 1 (P<0.05), but group 4 and 6 were not statistically different from group 1(P>0.05). 2. There were significant differences between group 4, 6 and group 5, 7 when compared by dye penetration score (P<0.05). 3. In the SEM observation, Scotchbond Multipurpose and Fortify were penetrated within
depth of the outermost surface. However, both sealants were failed to penetrate into the debonded interface.
RESTORATION OF A FRACTURED INCISOR USING ORIGINAL TOOTH FRAGMENT : A CASE REPORT
Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 2, 1997, Pages 475~483
Fracture of the crown in a permanent incisor is relatively common. When it occurs with pulp exposure, it presents both restorative and endodontic problems. In the restoration of a fractured incisor, reattachment of the original fragment or restoration with a composite resin is preferred over a temporary crown. If fractured fragment is intact, the tooth can be restored with reattachment of the fragment. An exposed pulp in a young crown-fractured incisor is usually treated with either pulp capping or pulpotomy depending on the size of an exposure and time elapsed since injury. However, in teeth showing vital and/or hyperplastic pulp tissue at the exposure, only superficial layers of the pulp and surrounding dentin should be removed : i.e. partial pulpotomy can be performed in immature as well as mature teeth. This paper reports 2 cases of crown-fractured permanent incisors with pulp exposure that had been treated by reattachment of original fragment followed by partial pulpotomy or partial pulpectomy. The following results are obtained. ; 1. Fragment reattachment is an acceptable semi-permanent restoration of crown fractured young permanent incisor. 2. Partial pulpotomy is recommended as the treatment of choice in crown-fractured permanent teeth with pulp exposure.