Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Nov 1997
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Aug 1997
Volume 24, Issue 2 - May 1997
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
A STUDY OF THE INFLUENCES OF ACIDIC BEVERAGES ON EROSION OF ENAMEL AND DENTIN
Jang, Ki-Taeg ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 719~726
The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effects of exposure to acidic beverages on microhardness of enamel and dentin. Thirty enamel specimens and thirty dentin specimens were obtained from extracted bovine maxillay incisiors. Enamel and dentin specimens were divided into three groups and treated with acidic beverages as follows; Group 1 : cola(pH 2.52), Group 2 : plain soda water(pH 2.93) and Group 3 : orange juice(pH 3.75). Erosive treatment was performed by storing each specimens for 5 min in 50ml solution of cola, soda water and orange juice. Average microhardness values(VHN) were determined before and after erosive treatment. All beverages produced significant loss of microhardness of enamel and dentin. Microhardness of enamel was reduced in the following order: Group 1 :
, Group 2 :
, Group 3 :
. Microhardness of dentin was reduced in the following order: Group 1 :
, Group 2 :
, Group 3 :
. The differences between group 1 and group 2, 3 were statistically significant(p< 0.05).
AUTOTRANSPLANTATION OF TRANSPOSITIONED MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR WITH MESIODENS AND IMPACTED MAXILLARY CANINE : A CASE REPORT
Nam, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 727~733
Autotransplantation is a procedure which transplants teeth from the original position to other positions in the same individual. It is classified surgical reposition by intraalveolar autotransplantation and transalveolar autotransplantation. The prognosis for successful autotransplantation is dependent on a number of factors such as root development, surgical technique, patient's age, endodontic treatment, time and type of splinting, preservation of periodontal ligament and storage medium. The most important factor is preservation of periodontal ligament. The cause of the failure of transplantation include damage of the transplant during removal from deep palatal malposition, poor regeneration of the bone around the transplant and chronic periodontal infection. In case I, Impacted maxillary canine for which surgical exposure and orthodontic treatment was impossisle was transplanted. After 2 weeks, It showed periapical radiolucency and external root resorption. So, endodontic treatment was done. One year later, permanent filling was done with gutta percha. In case II, Transpositioned maxillary central incisor was transplanted after extraction of impacted mesiodens. Pulp vitality was maintained during 5 months without other clinical symptons.
TREATMENT OF CLASS II MALOCCLUSION IN THE MIXED DENTITION WITH CLASS II ACTIVATOR: CASE REPORT
Yoo, Kun-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Heun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 735~742
Class II malocclusion can be treated via early orthopedic, orthodontic treatment or orthognathic surgery with orthodontic treatment. In the mixed dentition, early orthopedic treatment can be used. Especially, in the case of mandibular retrognathism, the functional appliances can be used, and in the case of maxillary protrusion is combined, they can be used together with headgear. After using activator and activator combined with headgear to the class II malocclusion paitent in the mixed dentition, the results were as follows: 1. Lateral profile was improved, and lower face height was increaed. 2. Overjet was decreased, and molar relationship was changed to class I molar relationship. 3. Growth can be undisturbed, and the aggravation of malocclusion can be prevented to make the 2nd phase orthodontic treatment be much easier.
MANAGEMENT OF GINGIVITIS MANIFESTED IN THE PEDIATRIC ORTHODONTIC PATIENTS BY P.M.T.C. METHOD: CASE REPORT
Kang, Yong-Joo ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 743~750
Gingivitis is the most prevalent type of periodontal disease and the dental plaque is considered as a major contributory factor. As the poor oral hygiene is firmly related to the occurrence of periodontal disease, pediatric dentist should make every effort to promote the oral health and control the plaque effectively for the high risk patients, especially for those who are under orthodontic treatment. P.M.T.C.(Professional Mechanical Tooth Cleaning), introduced by Dr. P. Axelsson in 1969, is a very effective method of plaque removal and can be performed by specially trained personnel. Two pediatric orthodontic patients were treated by P.M.T.C. for the elimination of gingivitis and gingival swelling. Signi ficant improvements of gingival condition were achieved in both cases but additional preventive programs and home care along with professional office care seem to be necessary for the best result.
A REVIEW ON CHERUBISM
Kim, Kyung-Deok ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 751~757
Cherubism is an uncommon, benign fibrosseous lesion of the jaws that causes a progressive, painless, symmetrical expansion of the maxilla and mandible. It's autosomal dominance pattern of inheritance has been confirmed. A characteristic deformity is specific to this disease: hypertrophy of the mandible, swelling of cheeks and sometimes hypertrophy of maxilla with eyes tending to look up ; that looks like the Renaissance cherubs. It usually makes figures during childhood between 2-4 years of age and progresses until puberty, after which it spontaneously regresses 10 most cases. As a result of this case review, the management strategies for cherubismic children in standpoint of pediatic dentistry can be summarized as follows: 1. It can be detected early in childen through its characteristic clinical and radiographic features, which is confirmed by histopathological examination and familial history. 2. The supervision of arch space is required against its frequent sequelae, the early missing of primary teeth and eruption disorders of permanent teeth. 3. It is highly recommended to continue the periodic check-up with clinical and radiographic examination, leading to surgical intervention in cases of aggravation.
WHIP SPRING FOR THE TREATMENT OF LOCALIZED TOOTH MALPOSITION IN MIXED DENTITION
Kim, Min-Hee ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 758~762
There are various types of localized tooth malpositions in the mixed dentition, such as abnormal tooth axis, anterior crossbite of some incisors, impaction, midline diastema, ectopic eruption, and so forth. We, Pediatric Dentists, have usually used removable appliances for these instances. But, removable orthodontic appliances, as is known, have marked limitations in some situations, for example, severe rotation, intrusion and extrusion, root torque, closure of large diastema, traction of impacted tooth, etc. In such cases, Whip spring, combined with fixed or removable appliance, can increase utilities of removable orthodontic appliances. The authors have applied whip springs to some cases showing localized positional and arrangement problems, and have witnessed the results as follows; 1. The refined and elaborate control of direction and magnitude of force by the operator, and accurate compliance of the patients were requisite for the treatment with it. 2. It showed special effectiveness for de rotation of incisors. Although it yields some benefit for root movement, the special consideration for incomplete roots in this age bracket was required. 3. In the localized malalignment cases in mixed dentition, uncurable with traditional removable appliances but practically unrealistic with fixed appliance therapy, the whip spring was thought to be a good alternative.
TREATMENT OF COMPOSITE RESIN RESTORATION WITH THE AIR ABRASIVE TECHNIQUE
Lee, Chang-Woo ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 763~770
The air abrasive technique is a non-mechanical method by which teeth are treated before restoration and stains and calculi are removed from tooth surfaces using the kinetic energy of small particles. The air abrasive technique in dentistry was first introduced in the 1950's with as instrument called 'Airdent'. But, as the main restorative materials of the period were amalgam and gold, and the instrument's inability to control the flow of particles caused the particles to be spread throughout the clinics, widespread use was not possible. In the 1990's, as these techincal problems were solved and more interest in new restorative materials rose in an effort to preserve sound tooth structure, new developements took place in instruments related to the air abrasive technique. The air abrasive technique produces less pressure, vibration and heat that might cause patient discomfort and facilitates the preservation of sound tooth structure. It also reduces the need for anesthesia and is less harmful to the pulp. Other advantages include increase in dentin bonding strength of composite resin, lower possibility of saliva contamination and maintenance of a dry field. But there is not direct contact between the nozzle and the tooth, the operator cannot use his or her tactile sense and must rely solely upon visual input. Other disadvantages are: the tooth preparation depends on the operator's ability; alpha-alumina particles, after bouncing off the tooth surface, cause damage to dental mirrors; the equipment is expensive and takes up a certain amount of space in the clinic. The author conducted case report using the air abrasive technique on patient visiting the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at Seoul National University Dental Hospital and arrived at the following conclusions. 1. The tooth preparation capability of different air abrasive devices varied widely among manufacturers. 2. It was more effective in treating early caries lesions and stains compared to lesions where caries had already progressed to produce soft dentin. 3. The cold stream and noise caused by the evacuation system was a major cause of discomfort to pediatric patients. 4. As there is no direct contact with tooth surface when using the air abrasive technique for tooth preparation, considerable experience and skill is required for proper tooth preparation.
TREATMENT OF PERMANENT FIRST MOLAR BY MODIFIED HALTERMAN APPLIANCE
Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Shon, Dong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 771~775
Ectopic eruption is defined as abnormal eruption and results in malpositioned teeth and abnormal root resorption of adjacent teeth. Ectopic eruption, first reported by Chapman, occurs in 3% of the population and that mostly in the maxilla. Etiologic factors include narrow maxilla, large maxillary teeth, retarded calcification of the first molar, inclined eruption path of the first molar and retruded position of the maxilla. Impaction of the second molar is rare and occurs mostly in the mandible. Major causes are large teeth and insufficient arch length. Halterman has devised a method of distalizing a ectopically erupting first molar by cementing a band on the second deciduous molar with a hook soldered and a button bonded to the occlusal surface of the first permanent molar. Ectopically erupted posterior teeth should be treated early to maintain normal development of the dentition, harmony of facial growth and occlusal support, a failure to do so could result in severe malocclusion, periodontal damage and continued root resorption of the adjacent teeth. Early detection and treatment is thus vital. The author is submitting this report as he has obtained favorable results in treating a patient who came to the SNUDH Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry complaining of the first molar by using a modified Halterman appliance.
A CASE REPORT ON THE SPACE MAINTAINER USING PRIMARY MOLAR HEMISECTION
Kim, Jun-Hyun ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Seang-Oh ; Shon, Heung-Ky ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 776~780
Patient with alveolar abscess due to dental caries with severe alveolar bone loss, severe tooth mobility, root resorption need extraction of tooth because it is impossible to carry out pulp treatment and restoration by using conventional method. Early loss of primary molar might cause masticatory interference, extrusion of opposing tooth, problem in maintaining space and interference on eruption of permanent tooth. Especially, early loss of primary second molar before the eruption of permanent first molar might cause space closure by mesially erupted permanent first molar and impaction of second premolar. In such a case, distal shoe space maintainer and removable space regaining appliance was the first choice of treatment. But, distal shoe space maintainer need precise adaptation and might cause chronic inflammation if the oral hygiene is poor. In a case using removable space regaining appliance, patient's cooperation is most important. If the distal root of primary second molar is comparably sound and alveolar abscess with alveolar bone loss is localized at mesial root, hemisection should be carried out for precise guide to eruption of the permanent first molar, restoration of masticatory fuction and solution to the discomfort of the patient
A CASE REPORT ON PRIMARY INCISOR TREATMENT USING OPEN-FACE STAINLESS STEEL CROWN
Kim, Jong-Min ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Choi, Byung-Jae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 781~787
In spite of the improvements of the techniques in the field of preventive dentistry, many children still present with extensive destruction of primary anterior teeth. Not only the practioner must consider the pulp state of the primary incisor, but also restore the form, function and esthetics of the tooth. Restorative treatment of primary incisor tooth requires durability, retention and esthetics. Stainless steel crowns used in restoring primary anterior teeth is retentive and durable in comparison with the composite resin, celluloid crown. But they are not esthetic. To enhance the esthetics of the anterior stainless steel crown without reducing its superior retention, an open-face stainless steel crown has been suggested. Several authors have suggested cutting away the labial portion of the stainless steel crown and placing the composite resin in that area. By following this technique, the practioner can prepare a retentive, durable, and esthetic restoration for primary teeth which have suffered from extensive loss of teeth structure. In addition, the single missing primary anterior teeth can be successfully restored by soldering the stainless steel crown together. Open-face stainless steel crown is indicated in the areas of large interproximal lesions involving incisal edge, crown fracture with pulp exposure and congenital malformation of the teeth. By this technique, the practioner can restore primary anterior teeth successfully regardless of the amount of remaining tooth structure, bruxism habit and presence of attrition. In this case, rampant caries with extensive loss of tooth structure and single missing of primary anterior tooth hart been successfully treated with open-face stainless steel crown.
TWINNING IN PERMANENT TEETH - A case report-
Lee, Seng-Il ; Kim, Seung-Oh ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 788~794
As one of the developmental disturbance in shape of teeth, a twinning has very rare frequency in permanent teeth. Because it is possible to diagnose the twinning by use of the radiograph, it is very important to detect this anomaly early by careful examining the radiographs. The twinning produces several orthodontic problem such as crowding, protrusion, ectopic eruption of adjacent teeth. Therefore it is necessary, in proper time, the extraction and orthodontic treatment should perform.
TREATMENT OF FUSED PERMANENT MANDIBULAR LATERAL AND CENTRAL INCISORS: REPORTS OF CASES
Han, Jeong-Jae ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 795~804
Developmental dental morphological anomalies are fusion, gemination, twinning, concrescence and etc. They may cause many problems in conservative, periodontal and esthetic aspects. Fusion is a condition where two separate tooth buds unite at some stage in their development to form a bifid crown. If tooth contact occurs early, at least before the start of calcification, the two teeth may be completely unites to form a single large tooth. If tooth contact occurs after the time when a portion of the tooth crown has completed its formation, there may be union of the roots only. In fusion the dentin is always confluent. Fusion teeth is more common in the deciduous than in the permanent dentition. Fused teeth are relatively rare, and are mostly mandibular anterior teeth. Fusion of normal and supernumerary teeth or between normal teeth may occurs. The exact etiology factor of fusion is unknown, but genetic and environmental factors seems to be related. A variety of complications and subsequent treatments have been suggested on this teeth. Periodontal conditions may arise due to a groove formed at the line of fusion of the two teeth. Crowding or Protrusion with potential for malocclusion or delayed eruption of adjacent teeth. Fusion teeth appear in the anterior region, they usually cause esthetic problems. Treatments vary depending on the problem, the location, and the extent of fusion. Treatment of fused teeth has been reported from endodontic, orthodontic, periodontic, surgical and multidisciplinary. This report presents the esthetic improvements by separation of two clinical crowns. Bone reduction or endodontic treatments are not required.
ESTHETIC RESTORATION OF ANTERIOR STAINLESS STEEL CROWN WITH COMPOSITE RESIN VENEER
Park, Jong-Ha ; An, Soo-Hyeon ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 805~812
Despite dentistry's attempts to improve the dental health of the public and to minimize the effects of caries, many children still present with extensive destruction of primary anterior teeth. One of dentistry's most challenging tasks is to repair these teeth with restoration which are durable, retentive, and esthetic. Esthetic restoration can often be achieved with polycarbonate crowns, strip crowns, conventional S-S crowns, open-faced S-S crowns, commercially veneered S-S crowns. But, all of these have limitation. Advances in restorative materials and metal-bonding procedures have made possible new restorative techniques that combine the advantages of S-S crowns with the cosmetics of composite restoration methods. The described technique of bonding composite to trimmed and fitted S-S crowns offers many advantages over other techniques currently used to restore primary anterior teeth. 1. If S-S crowns are accurate trimmed and contoured, good retention of crowns is achieved. 2. The patient time required is similar to that of conventional S-S crowns. 3. Good esthetics and high bond strengths are achieved. 4. It is possible to use this veneering technique intraorally on crowns that have fractured veneers.
TREATMENT OF ODONTOGENIC MAXILLOFACIAL SPACE ABSCESS IN CHILDREN: CASE REPORT
Cho, Seong-Hoon ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 813~822
Odontogenic maxillofacial space abscess in childeren was treated by the surgcal intervention combined with antiboitic therapy. Followings are the results after monitoring its progression. 1. Maxillofascial space abscess is mainly from the odontogenic infection and it may result in the severe states with the various fascial spaces and their relatives. So their early detection and treatment are needed. 2. The most common symptom in patients was the pain under palpation with painful swelling and the mouth floor elevation was observed in the sublingual space abscess. 3. In most cases, for its treatment, symptomatic therapy, antibiotic therapy, surgical incision and drainage were executed. If the infected tooth is possibly conserved, endodontic treatment is preferred, otherwise, it will be extracted as soon as possible.
CLINICAL STUDY ON THE SIDE EFFECTS OF THE CONSCIOUS SEDATION
Kim, Hyun-Sik ; Han, Gook-Jae ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 24, issue 4, 1997, Pages 823~829
The patients visiting pediatric dental office have been being younger than the previous, and they were often combined with systemic disease. But, we aren't able to perform the verbal communication, because of their impediment and youthfullness. And, we can't carry out the behavior control via physical restraint, as the developed social structure and the attitude of children and their parents. So, the importance and concerning of conscious sedation using sedative medicine are increased by time and time. Among the various conscious sedation, Chloral Hydrate and Nitrous Oxide inhalation are most popularly used, and barbiturates, benzodiazepine, opioids and hydroxyzine are used often. But, these medications have some side-effects and adverse reactions, may be failed to sedate the children. And limited use of medically compromised patients, especially for ASA class III, IV or more dangerous patients. We, the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Chosun University have met some dangerous situation due to unfavorable pharmacogenic reactions, but we can control the situation and get well healed results. The below results are common situations and their solutions during conscious sedation. 1. By the intravenous administration, thrombophlebitis is the most common side-effects, but it may be healed with time without any special treatment. 2. Under the definitive guidelines about conscious-sedation, we can perform a safe conscious sedation for ASA class III patients. 3. When adversed reaction of Benzodiazepine is occured, it could be cared effectively with benzodiazepine antagonist, named Flumazenil.