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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Nov 1998
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Aug 1998
Volume 25, Issue 2 - May 1998
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
A STUDY ON THE PERIODONTAL HEALING BY VARIOUS ROOT TREATMENT IN DELAYED REPLANTATION
Rim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Jong-Yeo ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~18
The purpose of this study was to analyze comparatively the effect of various root pretreatments prior to delayed replantation. Total 6 beagle dogs were used for the experiment and 8 teeth per each animal were treated by several prepared regimens before replantation. After 3 & 6 weeks of experimental periods, animals were sacrificed by perfusion method. The results obtained from the present study can be summarized as follows: 1. All root pretreatment regimen used in this experiment showed effectiveness in the periodontal repair of delayed replanted teeth. 2. The teeth treated by the regimen of stannous fluoride combined with tetracycline revealed more favorable tissue response and less frequent root resorption or ankylosis than other groups. 3. The long term effect of Group IV-regimen seems to be worth further study since the result at 6-weeks showed the significant progress in periodontal healing when compared to 3-week result which was not indicated in any other group
A HISTOLOGICAL STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF SEVERAL HEMOSTATIC PULPOTOMY PROCEDURES
Choi, Jang-Kyu ; Kim, Jong-Yeo ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 19~37
The efficacy of several pulpotomy methods were evaluated histologically on animal model using 6 beagles. At 1, 4, 6 weeks after pulpotomy, animals were sacrificed by perfusion method, Histomorphometric analysis was performed using computerized image analyzing system. Statistical comparisons were done using SPSS program. The following results were obtained: 1. Tissue responses after ferric sulfate treatment mainly consisted of fibrous surface layer with the underneath pulpal tissue layer containing well-preserved odontoblasts. 2. Bleeding, fibrosis and necrosis are the main reactions obsereved in electrosurgical pulpotomy and the normal pulpal tissues were limited to the apical portion. 3. In the aspect of preserving the normal pulpal tissue, ferric sulfate pulpotomy was evaluated to be superior to formocresol or electrosurgical pulpotomy.
Modified deep sedation with halothane and midazolam for the definitely negative behavior pediatric patient.
Yoon, Hyung-Bae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 38~46
Management of children who show negative response to treatment was difficult. Usually the dentist used the restraintor sedatives for these children. Especially it is very difficult to management of definitely negative behavior patients who resist to ordinary sedative technics including psychosedation and various sedatives. These patients were managed with general anesthesia. Midazolam was used for sedation of non-cooperative pediatric patients and halothane for induce initial sleepness, If the patient shows negative response to management after 15 minutes of midazolam administration, used the halothane in 30 to 120 seconds for calm down the patient. After induce sleepness, cut off the halothane administration and maintain the sedation with
in 50-70 vol.% concentration. This technic reduce the toxity and untoward effects of major anesthetics. To compare the difference of sedation effect by dosage, dose of 0.2mg/kg and 0.3mg/kg were injected respectively. Though there's no statistical difference in duration and results between two dosage but show the increment of score with age, If the patients show positive response to management after midazolam administered. try to conscious sedation with nitrous oxide in 30 to 70 vo.% concentration. Nitrous oxide concentration was administered slowly according to their consciousness and response to treatment by increment or decrement. The success rate of conscious sedation were 21.2% in 0.2mg/kg and 30.3% in 0.3mg/kg. There's many factors in proceed of conscious sedation. The most important factors are age of patient and experience of children for dental care.
A COMPARISON OF GLASS IONOMER vs RESIN RESTORATION IN MICROLEAKAGE PATTERN OF PRIMARY AND PERMANENT TEETH
Jun, Kyung-Hyun ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 47~61
The purpose of this study was to compare the microleakage pattern of glass ionomer with resin restoration in microleakage pattern of primary and permanent teeth. Microscopical observation of interface between tooth structure and restoration was also performed. 80 and 8 sound molar teeth were used for the microleakage test and SEM study respectively. Data were analyzed statistically using ANOVA test and/or t-Test. The results of the present study were as follows: 1. According to the result of microleakage pattern between primary and permanent tooth, primary tooth generally showed more micro leakage than permanent tooth in all groups (p<.05). 2. In the resin-filled groups, occlusal margin was shown to have more microleakage than gingival margin(p<.05). Whereas the glass ionomer-filled groups showed no statistically significant differences between them(p>.05). 3. No statistically significant differences in microleakage could be found between two different resin groups(p>.05), while Fuji II LC group showed less microleakage than Ketac-Fil group(p>.05). 4. The various type hybrid layer was evident under SEM in resin-filled groups both in primary and permanent teeth with generally thicker layer in primary group. Among glass-ionomer group, Fuji II LC group showed more intact adhesion to tooth surface than Ketac-Fil group
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE ANTICARIOGENECITY OF ENAMEL SURFACE ADJACENT TO GLASS IONOMER AND RESIN RESTORATION POLYMERIZED BY VISIBLE LIGHT AND ARGON LASER
Yoo, Byung-Kyu ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 62~75
The main purpose of this study was to compare the anticariogenecity of glass ionomer restorative material polymerized by argon laser versus visible light, The results from the present study can be summarized as follows; 1. Under the polarized light microscope, the specimens of laser-cured group showed the shallower lesion body than that of visible-light cured group, both in the stage of lesion initiation and progression. 2. Glass ionomer material cured by visible light showed shallower body of lesion than that of composite resin cured by argon laser at the stage of lesion progression(p<0.05). It was suggested fluoride released from the glass ionomer might have the additive anticariogenic effect. 3. Statistical difference between groups on depth of lesion body was evident after lesion progression (p<0.05). It was suggested that anticariogenic effect by argon laser was more effective at the stage of lesion progression than the lesion initiation. 4. The increment of lesion body during progression was highest in group IV (p<0.05). 5. Based upon the above-mentioned results of this study, it can be concluded that the advantage of anticariogenic effect and short curing time of argon laser in glass ionomer polymerization should be considered in children and adolescents whose caries activity is relatively higher.
EFFECT OF LASER IRRADIATION ON DENTIN SURFACE STRUCTURE AND SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF LIGHT-CURED GLASS IONOMER.
Park, Mi-Ryoung ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 76~92
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible efficacy of Nd-YAG laser as a dentin conditioner by observing the laser irradiation dentin surface under scanning electron micrograph and measuring shear bond strength of restored light-cured glass ionomer mold. Fifty intact premolars were prepared for shear bond strength tests. The teeth were randomly divided into five groups as follows; Group I. no treatment Group II. 10% poly acrylic acid, 20 sec Group III. laser treatment 2 w, 20 Hz, 2 sec Group IV. laser treatment 2 w, 20 Hz, 5 sec Group V. laser treatment 2 w, 20 Hz, 10 sec Samples of each group were restored with light-cured glass ionomer cement after dentin conditioning and then measuring the shear bond strength of each specimen were measured using universal testing machine. Additional ten premolars were prepared for SEM analysis The result from the this study can be summarized as follows. 1. Shear bond strength of polyacrylic acid-treated group (II) was significantly higher than other groups (p<0.05). 2. No statistically significant difference could be found between three laser-treated groups (III, IV, V) in shear bond strength(p>0.05) 3. According to the result of observation under SEM, Polyacrylic acid was shown to have removed the smear layer effectively and opened the dentinal tubules, whereas the laser has produced the irregular surface mainly composed of melted and fused structure. The microcracks found in laser-treated groups increased in number with irradiation time and formed the regular mesh-type in 10 sec-irradiation group. 4. The ultrastructural change of dentin surface created by laser irradiation was found to the improper for bonding of the glass ionomer restorative materials. And the lower shear bond strength of laser irradiated group might have been due to the failure to form the suit able dentin surface for the glass ionomer to penetrated into and form the proper micromechanical retention.
A STUDY ON THE INFLUENCE OF INFANT FORMULAS ON PLAQUE pH
Chung, Woo-Jin ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 93~102
Infant formula in nursing bottle, with inappropriate feeding habits, is major factor associated with the development of nursing caries. Although each infant formula has different carbohydrate and protein composition, studies comparing cariogenic potential of many Korean-branded infant formulas are deficient. In addition, it is on the point of being difficult to evaluate the cariogenecity of milk due to development of many infant formulas. In this study, to evaluate the cariogenic potential of many infant formulas, after oral rinse with six Korean-branded infant formulas(three milk based formulas, one soy based formula and two specific formulas for infants with allergy to milk protein and with lactose intolerance) for ten adult volunteers(eight males and two females), plaque pH change was measured with In vivo/In vitro combination technique and results were as follows. 1. All six different kinds of Korean-branded commercial infant formulas dropped the plaque pH significantly(p<0.05) and at an hour after rinse, plaque pH was not recovered in most of subjects. 2. Soy based infant formula and casein-hydrolyzated infant formula containing no casein dropped the plaque pH significantly more than milk based infant formula containing casein (p<0.05). 3. In the milk protein of infant formulas, casein had more effect on buffering the pH change of the infant formula than whey protein and casein-hydrolyzated infant formula had a reduced effect of casein. 4. In infant formulas with similar protein composition, infant formula containing sucrose dropped plaque pH more than infant formula containing lactose, but there was no significant difference (p>0.05).
A STUDY ON MICROLEAKAGE OF COMPOSITE RESIN AFTER SURFACE TREATMENT
Lee, Chang-Woo ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 103~115
Adhesion of composite resin to tooth structure has been of tremendous signgicance in clinical dentistry. Due to the lack of adhesion between composite restorative resins and enamel and dentin, microleakage occurs at the tooth/restoration interface. This may lead to discoloration, secondary caries, marginal breakdown, postoperative sensitivity, and even pulpal pathology. According to extensive use of composite resin, every effort on improving bonding strength and reducing microleakage between a tooth and composite resin has been continued. This study was conducted to determine the difference in microleakage in enamel and dentin treated with air-abrasion, acid etching and combination when restored with composite resin. Class V cavities were prepared on 30 premolars. The specimens were divided into following groups. group 1:air-abrasion+Scotchbond Multi-purpose group 4 :air-abrasion+All-Bond 2 group 2:acid etching+Scotchbond Multi-purpose group 5 :acid etching+All-Bond 2 group 3:combination+Scotchbond Multi-purpose group 6 :combination+All-Bond 2 #combination:air-abrasion + acid etching The specimens were filled with Z-100 after application of Scotchbond Multi-purpose and All-Bond 2. Thermocycling was conducted by alternately dipping the specimens in
water for 30 seconds 500 times. 1% methylene blue was applied and the specimens were left for 24 hours at
. After washing out the dye, the tooth was sectioned buccolingually along the axis. The sectioned surface was observed with stereoscope for dye penetration. The author has measured the microleakage in teeth prepared with air-abrasion, acid ethching and combination to study the difference in microleakage following different methods of tooth surface treatment and has come to following results. 1. In comparing microleakage between groups, group 1 and 4 showed statistically significant difference from group 2, 3, 5 and 6(p<0.05). There was no significant difference among group 2, 3, 5, 6(p>0.05) nor between group 1 and 4(p>0.05). 2. In comparing microleakage among tooth surface treatment methods, Air-abrasion group showed significantly more microleakage than acid etching group and combination(airabrasion + acid etching) group(p<0.05). Combination(acid etching+air-abrasion)group tended to show lesser microleakage than acid etching group, but this was not statistically significant(p>0.05). 3. In comparing microleakage between bonding agents, there was no statistically significant difference between Scotch bond Multi-purpose and All-Bond 2(p>0.05).
THE INHIBITORY EFFECT OF CHLORHEXIDINE VARNISH AND POLYURETHANE SEALANT ON STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS IN THE PRIMARY DENTITION
Yi, Soung-Hyuck ; Jang, Ki-Jaeg ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 116~126
Numerous chemical agents have been developed to reduce the activity of cariogenic bacteria. Of these, chlorhexidine is acknowledged as the most effective. Gel and mouthrinse have been the traditional method of its application in the mouth. It has been reported that chlorhexidine varnish has prolonged inhibitory effect on the number of streptococcus mutans in saliva and plaque. Recently, chlorhexidine varnish and polyurethane sealant have been developed to promote prolonged anticariogenic effect of chlorhexidine. Products containing 10% chlorhexidine varnish and polyurethane sealant have been developed to prevent caries by reducing the number of streptococcus mutans in the oral cavity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of chlorhexidine varnish and polyurethane sealant on streptococcus mutans in the primary dentition. Children with primary dentition containing no active carious lesion were divided into two groups. To the experimental group (n=11), chlorhexidine varnish and polyurethane sealant (
, Knowell Therapeutic Technologies, Inc. Canada.) was applied once a week for four weeks according to the manufacturer's instruction. Only oral prophylaxis was performed on the control group(n=7). Caries activity was measured after using
SM (Knowell Therapeutic Technologies, Inc. Canada,) to incubate streptococcus mutans before and 5, 12, 24 weeks after initial varnish application. The following results were observed.; 1. There was statistically significant decrease in the number of streptococcus mutans in the experimental group for 5 weeks(P<0.01), 12 weeks(P<0.05) after the initial application. but, by 24 weeks significant difference had disappeared. 2. As the inhibitory effect of chlorhexidine varnish and polyurethane sealant application is not everlasting, reapplication at 12-24 weeks should be needed.
ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT OF THE PALATALLY IMPACTED MAXILLARY CANINE
Kam, Dong-Hoon ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 127~133
An impacted tooth is defined pathologically as a tooth that remains under the mucosa of inside bone without eruption of the crown after a specific period of eruption. Clinically, the term includes those teeth, even before eruption period, that are not expected to erupt due to shape, position and alignment of tooth and lack of space. Canine is prone to impaction more than other teeth because it has the longest time to develop and a complex route from the place of formation to the site of eruption. The impaction incidence of maxillary canine is repoted 0.92
3.3% (Ferguson, 1990). In 1995 Orton reported that the incidence was 0.92
2.2% and palatal impaction was more frequent than labial impaction(85%:15%). In 1969 Johnston presented it was more common to woman than to man(3:1). The etiology includes systemic disease such as endocrine disorder, cleidocranial dysostosis, irradiation, Crouzon syndrome, ricketts, facial hemihypertrophy and hereditary and local problems such as ectopic position of the tooth, distance of tooth from its place of eruption, malformation of the tooth, presence of supernumerary teeth, trauma of tooth germ, infection of tooth germ, displacement of tooth germ or tooth by a neoplasm, ankylosis, overretention of deciduous predecessor, lack of space for the tooth in the dental arch and mucosal barrier due to gingival fibrosis. The maxillary canine is especially important as it has the longest root, provides guidance for lateral movement of the mandible and masticatory function and assumes an important role esthetically as it is located at mouth angle. If left untreated, it may cause migration and external, internal resorption of adjacent teeth, loss of arch length, formation of dentigerous cyst or tumors, infection and referred pain as well as malposition of the tooth. Therefore, periodic examination of the development and eruption of the maxillary canine is especially important in a growing child. This case study presents the results of treatment of palatally impacted maxillary canine utilizing surgical exposure and orthodontic tooth movement on patients visiting SNUDH dept. of pediatric dentistry.
CASE REPORT ON TREATMENT OF CLASS II MALOCCLUSION WITH TWIN BLOCK APPLIANCES
Park, Soo-Jin ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 134~143
Twin Blocks are simple bite-blocks that effectively modify the occlusal inclined plane to induce favorably directed occlusal forces by causing a functional mandibular displacement. These devices use upper and lower bite-blocks that engage on occlusal inclined planes. Twin Blocks use the forces of occlusion as the functional mechanism to correct the malocclusion. To get an excellent result in the treatment by using the Twin Block appliances, proper case selection must be needed. Twin Block treatment is performed in two stages. Twin Blocks are used in the active phase to correct the anteroposterior relationship and establish the correct vertical dimension. Once this phase is accomplished, the Twin Blocks are replaced with an upper Hawley type of appliance with an anterior inclined plane, which is then used to support the corrected position as the posterior teeth settle fully into occlusion. The Twin Block is the most comfortable, the most esthetic ane the most efficient of all the functional appliances. Twin Blocks have many advantages compared to other functional appliances. Patients can wear Twin Blocks 24 hours per day and can eat comfortably with the appliances in place. From the moment Twin Blocks are fitted, the appearance is noticeably improved. There is less interference with normal function. Integration with conventional fixed appliances is simpler than with any other functional appliance. Twin Blocks allow independent control of upper and lower arch width. Appliance design is easily modified for transverse and sigittal arch development. The authors treated Class II malocclusion with Twin Blocks. and the results as follows; 1. Rapid profile improvement was achieved in 2-3 months. 2. There was excellent patient cooperation. 3. Severe overjet and overbite were reduced. 4. Class II molar relationship was changed to Class I.
A CASE REPORT OF CLEIDOCRANIAL DYSPLASIA
Yoo, Jong-Wook ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 144~151
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD), which is accepted as an autosomal disorder, is a generalized disorder of bone with severe dental abnormalities. Among the most characteristic anomalies seen are hypoplasia of clavicles or aplasia of clavicles, permanant non-ossification of cranial sutures & fontanels, delayed eruption of the permanant dentition & the presence of unerupted supernumerary teeth. CCD may first be noted by dentist because of many dental problems, so we should diagnose the disorder earlier & understand the development of dentition in CCD to ensure timely intervention with proper periodic dental X-ray.
PREVALENCE OF NURSING CARIES IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 152~156
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate of the nursing caries in preschool children by retrospective epidemiological survey. 500 preschool children in Iksan city were examined for their dental caries experience (dt, mt, ft). Subjects were divided stepwise by the pattern of caries experience: Group 1-no caries, Group 2-no caries in the upper arch, Group 3-no caries among the upper incisors, Group 4-dmft in the lower arch
mft in the upper arch, Group 5-dmft among the upper molars > dmft among the upper incisors, Group 6-dmft among the upper molars < dmft among the upper incisors+caries among the lower incisors, and Group 7-the rest. Groups 6 was regarded as the group which had experienced rampant caries, and the Group 7 was regarded as the group which had the typical pattern of nursing caries. The prevalence rate of nursing caries (Group 7) was 16.0%.
INFLUENCES OF SYRUP MEDICATION FOR ASTHMA ON THE PLAQUE INDEX AND GINGIVAL INDEX
Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 157~161
The teeth and gingivae of 20 children with asthma aged up to 6 years who had been taking syrup medicines regularly for at least six months were compared with those of a control group of 79 children of similar ages. Dental disease was assessed by measuring dental plaque(plaque index) and gingivitis(gingival index). The results of this study show that long-term administration of syrup medicine ketotifen sweetened with glucose increase the plaque index and gingival index in children who had primary dentition. But there was no significant difference between the two groups. By increasing the intake duration of syrup, both indices were increased.
FACTORS AFFECTING CHILDREN'S DENTAL UTILIZATION: AN APPLICATION OF THE ANDERSEN MODEL
Kim, Soo-Nam ; Lee, Heung-Soo ; Kim, Kyung-Hey ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Park, Deug-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 162~170
The purpose of this study is to provide framework for understanding children's dental utilization. In this paper Andersen-Newman's model is applied to the use of dental visits. This model consists of predisposing, enabling, and need components that describe a person's decision to use dental health services. One thousand, nine hundred seven children and their mothers were selected for the study. The children were fourth grade to sixth grade in elementary schools in Iksan city, Korea. Models are operationalized using stepwise multiple regression analysis and path analysis. The number of independent variables used in the analysis was 39 in total, ie 32 predisposing components, 6 enabling components, and 1 need component. Children's Dental utilization was measured based on the number of visits. The data collected by means of a questionnaire survey. In this study, the amount of variance by the model was 25 percent. Predisposing factors had the greatest effect on utilization. Number of restricted activity days caused by oral disease, having a regular dental care, and susceptibility on oral disease of children were found to have significant major effects on dental utilization of children. Mother's dental visits was most important factor affecting dental utilization of children.
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN MAIN COlORS OF SCHOOL ChILDREN'S DRAWINGS OF DENTAL TREATMENT SITUATION AND THEIR ANXIETY
Jo, Jung-Han ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Bae, Sang-Man ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 171~184
The purpose of the study was to observe the association between the main colors of school children's drawings of dental treatment situation and their dental anxiety. The subjects of study were 688 school children from 2nd to 4th grade. Caries experience was investigated by oral examination. Questionnaire survey was done regarding children's attitude toward the dentist and dental treatment and their experience of pain and fear during the dental treatment. Colors with high frequency of use were green, blue, yellow, orange, pink, purple, gray, brown, yellow ochre, red, white, and black in order. Boys used green and blue, and girls used yellow and orange, more than each other. As the grade increased, white, yellow, and blue increased and brown decreased. Colors with high dental anxiety level were black, brown, red, white, blue, orange, yellow and green, yellow ochre, gray, pink, and purple in order, and the upper four represented 10.5% of the subjects. Children with high decayed teeth rate had a tendency to use colors of high dental anxiety level. Black color had the most obvious association with the pain and fear of dental treatment.
VARIATION OF VALIDITY OF THE RESAZURIN DISC CARIES ACTIVITY TEST BY SUBDIVISION OF SCALE
Jeong, Young-Seok ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 185~196
The purpose of study was to investigate the variation of validity of the Resazurin Disc Caries Activity Test by subdivision of the measuring scale of the test. The 3-level color scale of RD test was revised and 4- and 5-level scales were made. The subjects of study were preschool children, 227 for 3-level group, 238 for 4-level group, and 256 for 5-level group. The validity of the RD test using each scale was analyzed by using the caries experience as criteria. The results were as follows:
ARATIVE STUDY OF MAXILLARY SUPERIMPOSITION METHODS ON A LATERAL R NTGENOGRAPHIC CEPHALOMETRY
Jean, Young-Yim ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 197~208
This study was carried out to compare the amount of the maxillary bone remodeling and tooth displacement in each three maxillary superimposition methods, Ricketts, Best-fit, Structural method. Forty cases of the lateral cephalometric radiographs from 27 boys and 13 girls who had been treated to correct anterior cross-bite were selected for the study. The initial radiographs were taken at about 8-year-old and the second radiographs were taken in about 3.3 years later. Followings were the results: 1. With the Structural method, backward movement was shown in PNS, while forward movement was observed in ANS and point A. With the Ricketts method, however, all structures were shown significant backward movement comparing with Structural method(P<0.05). With the Best-fit method, the amount of horizontal movement was similar to that of the Structural method(P>0.05). 2. The palate seemed to be moved downward with Structural method, but there was no measured downward remodeling on nasal floor with Ricketts and Best-fit method(P<0.05). 3. Comparing with Structural method, Ricketts and Best-fit method significantly underestimated the eruption of the teeth by 20% to 30% (P<0.05). 4. The Structural method showed the anteroinferior rotation (43%) and posteroinferior rotation(57%) of the palatal plane, while the Best-fit method showed mostly anterosuperior rotation(87%), but no change was found in the Ricketts method. 5. With the Structural method, there was a statistically significant correlation between the amount of the rotation of the palatal plane and that of N-S line(r=0.86). 6. The measured angles of the long axis of the incisors and molars showed no significant difference in each 3 methods(P>0.05).
DIFFERENCE OF CALCIUM FLUORIDE FORMATION BETWEEN THE ENAMEL AND DENTIN AFTER FLUORIDE APPLICATION IN VITRO
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Kweon, Seon-Ja ; Yun, Hyun-Du ; An, Soo-Hyeon ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 209~224
The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of calcium fluoride deposited on the enamel and dentin surface and to obtain information on the morphological change and crystallographic details of mineral deposition after 12,000ppm APF application in vitro. The bovine enamel and dentin blocks were randomly assigned to eight groups according to artificial caries lesion formation and difference of fluoride application time. The fluoride concentration and morphological characteristics on the treated enamel and dentin surface were investigated by using fluoride quantitative analysis and SEM. The powdered enamel and dentin of the intact bovine incisors were prepared for the X-ray diffraction analysis. The following results were obtained. 1. The amounts of KOH-soluble fluoride on the carious enamel and dentin surface after 24h APF application were higher than after only 5min APF application(p<0.05), but in the case of the sound enamel and dentin surface were similar after 5min and 24h application (P>0.05). The fluoride content was highly increased in the carious dentin as compared with sound dentin after APF application(P<0.05). 2. The carious enamel surface after APF application, the demineralized enamel surface were recovered a more dense enamel surface and precipitation of crystal was observed a distintive surface layer of spherical globules of about 1 m diameter. In the case of the fluorided carious dentin surface, precipitation of calcium fluoride-like material was deposited both inside the dentinal tubules as well as in the intertubular regions. 3. The crystallographic structure of powdered enamel and dentin after 24h APF application had large crystallities of apatite and CaF2 diffraction peaks in the enamel as compared with dentin. The diffraction data collected from the 27.50-29.50(2) angular range of the powdered enamel, the (105) apatite, (225) apatite and (111) CaF2 peaks of the enamel crystallities were detected after 24h APF application.
A RADIOGRAPHIC EXAMINATION ON THE THICKNESS OF MANDIBULAR ANGULAR CORTEX AT THE CHILD AND ADOLESCENT
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Kim, Mi-Ra ; Rho, Yong-Kwan ; Kim, Mun-Hyoun ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 225~233
The purpose of this study was to determine the thickness of the cortical bone at the mandibular angle in children and adolescents. The subjects were composed of 153 subjects who were 3 to 17 years of age that had not been history of bone disease or metabolic disease and no dental caries or tooth loss on mandibular molars. The subjects were divided into three age groups, group I (preschool children) was 3 to 5 years of age and grouop II (school children) was 6 to 11 years of age and group III (adolescence) was 12 to 17 years of age. Panoramic radiographs of these patients were collected and measurements of the thickness of the cortical bone were obtained at the mandibular angle. The average thickness of the cortical bone in the group I was 1.01
0.18 mm in boys and 1.07
0.22 mm in girls. In the group II was 1.23
0.18 mm in boys and 1.32
0.18 mm in girls. In the group III was 1.60
0.23 mm in boys and 1.58
0.20 mm in girls. Statistical analyses did not reveal any significant difference between the right or left side of the mandible but difference was exist between the same age groups by sex, especially in group II (p<0.01), except in group III. The greater thickness of cortical bone in the older age group was shown to be statistically significant. The correlation coefficient between age and the thickness of the cortical bone at the mandibular angle showed a high value of r=0.76.
An Experimental Study on the Fracture and Shear Bonding Strength of Resin-modified Glass lonomer Cements
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Yang, Cheol-Hee ; An, Soo-Hyeon ; Rho, Yong-Kwan ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 234~248
The purpose of this study was to compare the fracture and shear bonding strength of resin-modified glass ionomer cements with composite resin and conventional glass ionomer cement Three kinds of restorative materials including a composite resin (Z 100), a conventional glass ionomer cement(Fuji II), and resin- modified glass ionomer cements(Fuji II LC, Vitremer, Dyract and Compoglass) were investigated in this study. For measurement of fracture and shear bonding strength, disk samples of the materials were prepared and cylindrical samples of the materials were bonded the flat enamel and dentin surfaces according to manufactuer's instructions. All specimen were determinated by using an Instron testing machine with a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Then, each treated enamel and dentin surface was observed by SEM. The following results were obtained. 1. The bi-axial flexural strength of Z 100 was highest, and Fuji n LC, Vitremer, Dyract and Compoglass were significantly higher than Fuji n (P<0.05). 2. The shear bonding strength of Z 100 on the enamel and dentin surface was higher than other experimental groups except Fuji II LC(P<0.05). Fuji II LC was significantly higher than Fuji II (P<0.05), but in the case of Vitremer, Dyract and Compoglass were similar to Fuji II (P>0.05). 3. The shear bonding strength of Z 100 and Fuji II LC on the enamel surface were highly increased as compared with dentin surface (P<0.05), but in the case of Fuji II, Vitremer, Dyract and Compoglass were not different between enamel and dentin(P>0.05). 4. In the Z 100 and Fuji II LC, obvious etched enamel surface and exposed dentinal tubules according to remove of smear layer and smear plug were observed.
GFAP IMMUNOREACTIVITY IN SATELLITE CEllS OF TRIGEMINAL GANGLION FOllOWING AXOTOMY OF INFERIOR ALVEOLAR NERVE IN RAT
Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Heung-Jung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 1, 1998, Pages 249~256
Glial fibrillary acidic proteins (GFAP) are a group of intermediate filaments that are distributed in the cytoplasm of glial cells. GFAP immunoreactivity (GFAP-IR) increase after central and peripheral nerve injuries. The purpose of this study was to determine change of GFAP-IR in rat trigeminal ganglion satellite cells following the axotomy of inferior alveolar nerve(IAN). The immunohistochemistry was carried out using the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex(ABC) method. 1. Control group : Astrocytes in central root of trigeminal ganglion had strong GFAP-IR, but satellite cells of trigeminal ganglion occasionally had GFAP-IR. The patterns of reactivity in satellite cells of trigeminal ganglion were not concenturated in any specific region of trigeminal ganglion. 2. Three day group after IAN axotomy : There were highly GFAP-IR in satellite cells of trigeminal ganglion in mandibular region. GFAP-IR in maxillary and ophthalmic regions were less intense compared to mandibular region. 3. Seven day group after IAN axotomy : GFAP-IR that were increased compared to control group were seen in the mandibular region. But GFAP-IR were less intense compared to three day group. These results suggest that GFAP-IR increase in specific region of trigeminal ganglion following peripheral axotomy. therefore we suppose that GFAP study offer research tool in trigeminal neuralgia.