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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Nov 1998
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Aug 1998
Volume 25, Issue 2 - May 1998
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Selecting the target year
A STUDY ON THE NURSING CARIES OF KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN IN KOREA
Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 483~492
To investigate the prevalence and etiologic factors of nursing caries, oral examination was performed on 1,100 kindergarten children from 6 Seoul areas and 3 Hongchun areas. Parents were asked to fill out questionnaires. The following results were obtained: 1. The prevalence of nursing caries among 1,100 in the sample group(age 30-75 months) was 14.8%. 2. Fathers' education level(p<0.05), mothers' education level(p<0.01) and monthly income was higher in caries-free group children. 3. When the dietary tendencies of nursing caries group and caries-free group were compared, no significant differences in the length and method of feeding were found. However, nursing caries group showed higher frequency of bedtime nursing habit(p<0.01), daytime use of bottle as a comforter(p<0.01) and other beverage feeding in addition to milk(p<0.01). 4. When the parents' awareness of caries prevention was compared, caries-free group per formed more frequent tooth cleansing(p<0.05) and periodic dental examination(p<0.01).5. Dental caries experience of mothers was significantly lower in the caries free group(p<0.05). From the above results, it can be concluded that deleterious nursing habit had great effect on developing nursing caries and the incidence of nursing caries was lower among children with parents of higher socioeconomic status.
A CASE STUDY ON CLINICAL APPLICATION OF COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
Lee, Yoon-Seok ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 493~498
Computed tomography(CT) has become more widely available in recent years and is recognized as an important diagnostic tool for complex disease and condition of the orofacial structure in adults. In pediatric patients, especially in the mixed dentition period, the number of superimposing dental structures in the jaw bone is much greater than in the permanant dentition period. Therefore, in spite of radiation risk, computed tomography should sometimes be used in pediatric patients in order to obtain a precise and valid diagnosis. This case study presents clinical application of computed tomography on patients visiting department of pediatric dentistry in Seoul National University Dental Hospital. The results obtained through these cases were summarized as follow : 1. Localization of impacted teeth using CT allows for efficient treatment planning leading to reduced postoperative complications. 2. In orthodontic traction of impacted permanent teeth, utilization of CT made exact localization of window site and determination of prognosis possible. 3. Use of CT made possible definite diagnosis of lesions in the jaw that were only suspected on plain film radiographs. 4. Careful selection is necessary when applying CT on children due to increased radiation dose and high cost.
IDIOPATHIC GINGIVAL HYPERPLASIA
Yoo, Ihn-Ah ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 499~505
Idiopathic gingival hyperplasia is a rare condition of undetermined etiology. The enlargement is usually associated with the emergence of the teeth into the oral cavity and may regress after extraction. The enlarged gingiva may be primarily attributed to hyperplasia of the subepithelial layer that is relatively avascular and consists of densely arranged collagen bundles and numerous fibroblasts. The recommended time for treatment is after completion of eruption of permanent teeth. But the most important thing is the patient's psychological and esthetic needs. Lately, Schluger has proposed modified gingivectomy procedure with horizontal, internal beveled incision for thinning of the flap resulting in less pain and bleeding after treatment, minimal opportunity of infection. The purpose of this report is to document a case of 8-year-old girl who had registered in Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry of Seoul National University dental hospital for treatment of her gingival hyperplasia and delayed tooth eruption
DENTAL CARE FOR HANDICAPPED PATIENTS AT DAY SURGERY CENTER:A CASE REPORT
Choi, Young-Sim ; Shim, Youn-Soo ; Shun, Ye-Kyung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 506~512
The dentists often encouter a child who can not be treated with traditional behavior management technique. Mentally or physically handicapped child could receive proper dental care under general anesthesia. General anesthesia for dental care can be done in an outpatient surgery or inpatient surgery depending on the patient. In outpatient surgery, the patient is admitted and discharged the same day. Postoperative care and discharge procedure are abbreviated. Advantages of outpatient surgery are much less emotional disturbance of patients, reduced risk of nosocomial infection and less cost of treatment. A case of a physically handicapped patient treated under general anesthesia at Day Surgery Center is presented and the procedure and patient selection of outpatient surgery as well as its limitation is reviewed in this paper.
A COMPARISON OF STAIN RATIO INDUCED BY CHLORHEXIDINE AND CHLORHEXIDINE VARNISH APPLICATION
Hwang, Jeong-Hwan ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 513~524
The purpose of this study was to compare the staining ratio on the enamel surface following the use of chlorhexidine mouthwash and the chlorhexidine varnish application. Labial and lingual surfaces of maxillary and mandibular incisors of adults were selected to evaluate the staining ratio. The control group was consisted of 8 individuals, the experimental group 1 and 2 were consisted of 50 each. Prophylaxis with pumice was performed to remove the stain already established on the enamel surface of all groups. The group 1 was asked to use chlorhexidine mouthwash(Hexadent, chlorhexidine gluconate 1ml/100ml) for a minute twice a day. The chlorhexidine
, consisted of solution 1(10% chlorhexidine acetate) and solution 2(polyurethane sealant)) was applied on the enamel surfaces of the group 2. After 4 weeks of experiment, intraoral photogragh of tooth surfaces were taken in order to record the stained area on the enamel of the control and the experimental groups. Outline of teeth and the stained area in the photographs was traced on the OHP film. Scanner and computer processor were used to calculate stained surface ratio.
BEHAVIOR MANAGMENT TECHNICS FOR AUTISTIC CHILDREN : A CASE REPORT
Chung, Saet-Byul ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 525~532
The autism is a complex disorder, characterized language impairment, perceptual-motor difficulties, and social disturbance. The autistic children have hyperactivity, lack of communication' lack of cooperation, inappropriate patient/dentist interaction, so they require professionally recognized behavioral management technique during dental treatment such as behavior modification, phamacological agents, and general anesthesia. A behavior management technique can be chosen by factors such as the severity of autism and possible accompanying disabilities, degree of cooperation, oral and general conditions of children. A non-pharmacological behavior modification may be selected for the autistic children who are able to communicate with dentist with mild dental caries, without compromised medical history. In case of excessively hyperactive, destructive, antisocial, and/or severe communicative disorder, a sedation technic with chloral hydrate, hydroxyzine, midazolam or nitrous oxide gas might to be performed. General anesthesia is preferred for severe communicative and/or behavioral disorder, elder age, excessive dental care need, and living a remote area.
] OSTEOMYELITIS IN CHILDREN
Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Hong-Ryoul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 533~538
] osteomyelitis is a chronic form of osteomyelitis in which periosteum is thickened with peripheral reactive bone formation. Carl
first reported localized periosteal thickening as a response to mild stimuli. In dental literatures, Pell et al. first reported
osteomyelitis in jaws. This disease frequent occurs in youngsters and usually in mandible. It usually results in hard swelling over the jaws with little or no pain. Palpation reveals a localized bony swelling lesion. In radiographic findings, it usually reveals laminated periosteal thickening on lesion. The treatment of
osteomyelitis usually consists of elimination of the sources of infection, i.e., either extraction of an infected teeth or root canal therapy. Two children were admitted with the chief complaint of intraoral swelling on lower deciduous molar areas which was diagnosed as
osteomyelitis. The root canal therapy and antibiotic therapy were performed and prognosis was checked. From these case studies, some results were obtained as follows : With the aid of root canal therapy and antibiotic administration, the size of periapical lesions was reduced, the mandible with bony swelling recovered its normal shapes radiographically, and the permanent tooth germs resumed sound development.
APPLICATION OF THERMOFORMED APPLIANCES IN PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Yang, Chul-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 539~544
Thermoformed appliance, which has been recently introduced for dental usage, is an appliance made of thermoformed sheets and formed with positive or negative pressure under heat. Thermoplastic material is a kind of plastics and can be repeatedly softened by heat. It is classified into hard elastic foil, hard/soft compound foil and soft elastic foil, including BIOPLAST, BIOCRYL, IMPRELON, etc. It has been developed in 1969 and is available in various thickness, shape and color. There are two types of Vacuum former for thermoplastic materials; the pressure type and suction type. The former is much better than the latter for fabrication of various appliances due to its higher pressure. The authors have applied these appliances to some cases - chin cap, active retainer, individual Fluoride tray, mouth protector, bracket transfer mask, bruxism splint(night guard), Essix appliance - by pressure type Vacuum former(
). The thermoplastic appliances have numerous advantages such as simple procedure, short working time, clean and transparent product, less objectionable taste. But its outstanding advantage would be its excellent biocompatibility bacause it has no monomer and hence no tissue irritation. Although there is some limitations in its usage, it can be used widely for various purposes especaily for pediatric dentistry.
A DIAGNOSIS OF SUBMANDIBULAR SIALOLITHIASIS WITH COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY
Koo, Chi-Kyun ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Lee, Jong-Gap ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 545~548
Sialolithiasis is the formation of calcareous concretions within ductal system of a major or minor salivary gland. They are formed by deposition of calcium salts around a central nidus which may consist of desquamated epithelial cells, bacteria, foreign bodies, or products of bacterial decomposition. An 11-year-old boy complained of pain during meals and intermittent mild swelling in the right submandibular region. Although it was not detected in true occlusal radiograph, panoramic radiograph showed a round radiopaque mass 3mm in diameter. Computed tomography(CT) was taken for locating the stone and 3-dimensional reconstruction was performed. Under general anesthesia, sialoadenectomy was done through extraoral approach. Diagnosis of submandibular sialolithiasis using high-resolution CT with reconstructions was helpful for surgical decisions, namely radical removal of the submandibular gland and its duct.
THE DIAGNOSIS OF IMPACTED MAXILLARY MESIODENS USING 3-DIMENSIONAL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY : A CASE REPORT
Hong, Young-Woo ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Sohn, Hyung-Kyu ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 549~554
The prevalence of the supernumerary tooth is
. It usually occurs in the permanent dentition. It frequently occurs in the maxillary mid palatal area. The presence of the supernumerary tooth causes the following problems ; (1) interfering the eruption of successional tooth, (2) displacing the neighboring teeth, (3) resulting large diastema, (4) forming cystic change. So the supernumerary tooth should be removed as soon as possible. To extract the supernumerary tooth, the exact position must be noticed first. Radiographic techniques that were used in the past are tube shift technique, right angle technique, sterioradiography, using radiopaque contrast media and conventional tomography. But these methods include the subjective opinion of the operator. So, a technique eliminating the operator's opinion and showing the position 3-dimentionally can be used. 3-dimentional computed tomography equipped with dental softwares can show the position of the impacted supernumerally tooth in 3-dimentional position. It has an advantage to eliminate the subjective opinion of the operator. With a fast computer this techenique is done in a relatively short period of time. The rationale of this methods is relatively simple. After tacking X-ray and reconstructing the data 3-dimentionally, sequential removal of the soft tissue and hard tissue(bone) CT number leaves the teeth alone in 3-dimentional position. The image can be seen from anywhere, so the operator can see the image in front, rear, upper, and lower positions. In both cases 1 and 2, the position of the impacted supernumerary tooth is viewed by the 3-dimensional computed tomography. And it made the operator easy to figureout the exact position.
HYPOPHOSPHATASIA : CASE REPORT
Park, Soo-Jung ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Kim, Kee-Deog ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 555~561
Hypophosphatasia is a rare metabolic disorder which manifests characteristics such as abnormal mineralization of bone and dental tissues, diminished serum and tissue alkaline phosphatase, and increased urinary secretion of PEA. It inherited as an autosomal recessive or dominant trait and occurs in all races. In general, hypophosphatasia can be classified in 4 subtypes which are the perinatal, infantile, childhood, adult type depending upon the age at presentation and severity. In young children with Hypophosphatasia the long bones show irregular defects, and the skull showes poor calcification. In older children with premature closure of the skull sutures there may be multiple lucent area called gyral or convolutional markings, described as resembling beaten copper, presumably resulting from increased intracranial pressure. Examination of the jaws reveals a generalized lucency of the maxilla and mandible. the cortical bone and lamina dura are thin, and the alveolar bone may be deficient. Clinical features of Hypophosphatasia include premature loss of deciduous teeth, especially incisors, hypoplasia or aplasia of root cementum, enamel hypoplasia, irregular calcification of dentin, large pulp chamber, and resorption of marginal alveolar bone and roots. Our report involves a patient with a chief complaint of early loss of both Mx. and Mn. deciduous incisors. After conducting a through clinical and radiographic examination this patient was referred to pediatrics under the suspicion of hypophosphatasia, the diagnosis proved to be correct and successful results were accomplished through a denture made to improve esthetics and function.
THE USE OF LASER DOPPLER FLOWMETER FOR PULP VITALITY TEST
Su, Wan-Jong ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 562~568
Various diagnostic methods, such as electric pulp test, cold test, test cavity etc., have been used to determine the pulp vitality. At least two or more methods should be used with supplemental information to diagnose each case because using one method doesn't provide sufficient accuracy. These conventional methods have depended on nervous responses, but Laser Doppler Flowmeter determines the pulp vitality by measuring pulpal blood flow. In this case, we tested the vitality of the traumatized teeth with incomplete root apices and autotransplanted teeth with conventional methods and Laser Doppler Flowmeter. Conventional methods, such as electric pulp test and cold test can produce various responses according to the development state of the pulpal nerve and the sensory threshold of the patient. But, Laser Doppler Flowmeter has a lower false response rate than any other pulp vitality test methods and it can determine the vitality somewhat earlier than the other method.
A STUDY ON THE REMINERALIZATION OF ARTIFICIAL CARIOUS LESION AFTER FLUORIDE-CONTAINING SEALANT APPLICATION ON BOVINE ENAMEL
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 569~575
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the remineralization effects of fluoride-containing sealant on the artificially created enamel carious lesions. The fluoride release from the specimen of fluoride-containing sealants, the effect on enamel acid solubility and micro-hardness from the experimental sealants when applied to carious enamel surfaces were investigated. The obtained results were as follows; 1. Fluoride was a rapid rate of release during the first day, with the amount diminishing with time. The amount of fluoride released from Fuji Ionomer type III was higher than that from Teethmate-F and Helioseal-F during the 28 days of immersion(P<0.05). 2. The enamel solubility of carious enamel surface was higher than that in the Teethmate-F, Helioseal-F, and Fuji Ionomer type III (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference with Teethmate-A and Helioseal(P>0.05). 3. The microhardness value of carious enamel surface was lowest. However, there was no significant difference between the other sealants with respect to their effects on enamel hardness(P>0.05).
A CLINICAL STUDY FOR CARIES ACTIVITY OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN USING CARIOSTAT
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Yang, Jeong-Suk ; Lee, Young-Su ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 576~582
The purpose of the study was to determine the ability of the caries activity test, 'Cariostat' to identify preschool children with dental caries. The subjects of this study were 76 children of 3 to 5 years of age. Oral examination was carried out to assess the caries experience using a mirror and explorer. In all subjects buccal plaque samples were obtained, incubated, and scored as the manufacturer's instructions for the Cariostat test. Statistical analyses were used with the Crosstabulation. The test group exhibited mean dft index 5.21, while 27.63% of subjects were caries free and had no restorations. The sensitivity of the Cariostat test was found to be 98.8% while the specificity was found to be 19.05% The results showed that caries activity measured by visual reading was highly significant to the Cariostat score and dft index(P<0.001). The Cariostat method has indicated the future possible occurrence of caries. The use of this method is meant to require in the caries prevention program.
A STUDY FOR THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY OF IRRADIATED CAVITY
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Hur, Sun ; Lee, Du-Cheol ; Yun, Hyun-Du ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 583~597
The purpose of this study was to evaluate temperature change occurred in enamel, dentin and pulp due to the heat from cavity prepration with laser. We made three models had different cavity depth: cavity depth of model A was 3.52mm, model B was 2.32mm, model C was 1.16mm. We irradiated cavity base with thermal capacity of
during few seconds and studied the change of temperature in tooth during 10 seconds, and estimated change of thermal capacity by different irradiated site and exposure time. At
irradiation for 2 seconds, the temperature of irradiated surface was elevated fast according to irradiated thermal energy during 1 second. In proportion to continuous exposure time, temperature elevated slowly. The surface temperature was
. After discontinue of thermal irradiation, the heat of irradiated surface was diffused in dentin and pulp and the greatest temperature was made. The greatest temperature was disappeared within 10 seconds The greatest temperature of the inner part of model brought about very severe change by different depth. Temperature in pulp was raised by the greater irradiated energy density and exposure time.
AMELOGENESIS IMPERFECTA : REPORT OF CASE
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Lee, Young-Su ; Her, Sun ; Park, Jong-Ha ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 598~603
Amelogenesis imperfecta is a group of hereditary defects of enamel unassociated with any other generalized defects. The prevalence of this condition has been estimated to range from 1 in 14,000 to 1 in 16,000, depending on the population studied. It may be differentiated into three general types : hypoplastic, hypocalcified, and hypomaturation, depending on the clinical presentation of the defects and the likely stage of enamel formation that is primarily affected. The dentin and root form are usually normal, but the enamel may lack the normal prismatic structure, being laminated throughout its thickness or at the periphery, with the result that these teeth are more resistant to decay. This case is that of an six-year-old girl brought to the pediatric dentistry department by her parents for esthetic reasons and also because of slight dental sensitivity. Clinical and radiographic examinations confirmed amelogenesis imperfecta. The author has treated with the crowning of the primary molars, using prefomed NiCr crowns and periodic fluoride application on whole dentition.
CASE REPORTS ON TREATMENT OF SKELETAL CLASS III MALOCCLUSION WITH RME AND FACEMASK
Kim, Sug-Eui ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 604~612
The majority of Class III malocclusion have maxillary retrusion. Thus, it becomes obvious that management of most skeletal Class III malocclusion cases should include maxillary protraction as major objective. Additionally, in Class III malocclusion with posterior crossbite, RME "disarticulates" the maxilla and initiates cellular response in the sutures, allowing a more positive reaction to protraction forces. Using facemask with RME helped in correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion by the anterior displacement of maxilla and maxillary dentition, and changing the direction of the growth of mandible. Thus, acceptable improvement in the Class III profile was performed.
TREATMENT OF DENTIGEROUS CYST USING MARSUPIALIZATION : A CASE REPORT
Kang, In-Sung ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 613~618
A dentigerous cyst is an epithelium-lined sac that surrounds the crown of an impacted, embedded, or unerupted tooth. Many surgical procedures have been described for the elimination of dentigerous cyst, but they can be devided into two basic group: enucleation and marsupialization. Marsupialization is a conservative technique which allows the reduction or elimination of a cystic lesion by making it an accessory compartment to the oral cavity and it is the best way to conserve a tooth affected by dentigerous cyst and to permit its eruption, especially in young patient. After using marsupialization to treat dentigerous cyst associated with the crown of unerupted premolar in young patient, the results were as follows: 1. Reduction of bony expansion and rapid bone regeneration without infection and recurrence were observed. 2. Normally spontaneous eruption of involved teeth were permitted, as well as loss of affected tooth was avoided. 3. Follow-up examinations revealed no complication and recurrence.
EFFECT OF ISOLATED MICROMONOSPORA AURANTIACA ON THE FORMATION OF ARTIFICIAL PLAQUE
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Park, Jin-Kyung ; Chung, Jin ; Oh, Jong-Suk ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 619~626
The critical etiologic factor in the development of dental caries is dental plaque. The main component of dental plaque is the mutan produced by Streptococcus mutans. The following results were obtained by using blue mutan to assess the factors affecting the mutan-digesting activity of Micromonospora aurantiaca isolated from oral cavity. Micromonospora aurantiaca digested more blue mutan in the minimal essential broth at pH 7.0 than at pH 5.5 or 8.5, and at
. Blue mutan was similarly digested at the range of 1mM to 16mM of
and 0.1mM to 6.4 mM of
, while being significantly digested at the concentration of 2.5mM of KCl. When the concentration of glucose was decreased in the minimal essential broth, the digestion of blue mutan was increased. When the culture supernatant of Micromonospora aurantiaca in the RL broth with 1% glucose or 0.5% mutan was mixed with 2
BHIYS broth containing 0.5% yeast extract and 10% sucrose, the formation of artificial plaque on the orthodontic wires by Streptococcus mutans was inhibited(p<0.05). These results indicated that the production of mutanase was identified in the culture supernatant of Micromonospora aurantiaca, suppressing the formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans.
ESTHETHIC RESTORATION OF PRIMARY ANTERIOR TEETH BY INDIRECT SHORT RESIN POST CROWN : CASE REPORT
Kim, Hyo-Suck ; Han, Kok-Jae ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 627~634
Children who have severely destructive anterior primary dentition, as in nursing-bottle caries, in trauma, in rampant caries and in developmental defects, present the dentist with one of the most perplexing situations in dentistry. Especially, children with managed behavor difficultly is very severly situations. This paper reported a new technique for the utilization of resin post and strip crown to indirect methods on severely destructive primary anterior teeth. We name it "indirect short resin post crown" in this paper. Indirect technique be considered to be a simple, a retentive, intensive, color-stable and esthetic restoration.
THE EFFECT OF SODIUM FLUORIDE ON THE PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLE OF OSTEOBLASTIC CELL
Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 25, issue 3, 1998, Pages 635~648
The clinical use of fluoride with a well known osteogenic action in osteoporotic patients is rational, because this condition is characterized by impaired bone formation. However, its anabolic effect has not been demonstrated well in vitro. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sodium fluoride on the physiological role of osteoblastic cell. Osteoblastic cells were isolated from fetal rat calvaria. The results were as follows : 1. Mineralized nodules were shown in osteoblastic cell cultures, which had been maintained in the presence of ascorbic acid and
up to 21 days. When cultures were treated with pulses of 48 hr duration before apparent mineralization was occurring, 2-fold increased in their number was detected. 2. Alkaline phosphatase activity of osteoblastic cells was inhibited by sodium fluoride in dose dependent manner. 3. The effect of sodium fluoride on the osteoblastic cell proliferation was measured by the incorporation of
-thymidine into DNA. As a result, sodium fluoride at
-thymidine incorporation into DNA in a dose dependent manner. 4. The signaling mechanism activated by sodium fluoride dose-dependently enhanced the tyrosine phosphorylation of the adaptor molecule
and their association with Grb2, one of earlier events in a MAP kinase activation pathway cascade used by a significant subset of G protein-coupled receptors. 5. The phosphorylation of CREB(cAMP response element binding protein)was inhibited by the sodium fluoride in MC3T3E1 cells. In conclusion, the results of this study suggested that the mitogenic effect of the sodium fluoride in MC3T3E1 cell was stimulated in a dose-dependent manner and suggested "an important role for the interaction between She and Grb2" in controlling the proliferation of osteoblasts.