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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 1999
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
CARIES PATTERNS IN PRIMARY DENTITION BY CARIES EXPERIENCE OF INDIVIDUAL TEETH
Lee, Jong-Seon ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~13
To study the caries patterns in primary dentition, 719 preschool children, 4-6 years old, were examined for their caries activity(salivary reductase activity) and caries experience of individual teeth. Teeth groups were made by cluster analysis using dft indexes of individual teeth as criteria. The six major teeth groups in the order of dft index from high to low were (1) lower primary molars, (2) upper primary molars, (3) upper central incisor, (4) upper lateral incisor, (5) canines, and (6) lower incisors. There were significant differences in dft index between teeth groups except upper lateral incisor and canines. Upper and lower primary molars showed the highest correlation in dft index, and the next couples were upper central incisors and upper lateral incisors, upper lateral incisor and canines, upper central incisor and canines, upper lateral incisor and upper primary molars, and canines and upper primary molars in descending order. Upper first primary molar showed the greatest differences in dft index between caries activity levels.
BIOCOMPATIBILITY OF FOOD COLORING AGENTS TO DEVELOP NEW DENTAL PLAQUE DISCLOSANTS
Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 14~24
The purpose of study was to develop new dental plaque disclosants which could replace erythrosine. Three food coloring agents(Red No.40, Blue No.1, and Mixed Green), erythrosine and fluorescein were tested for their color difference, antibacterial property, and biocompatibility. Color difference of Red No.40 was greater than that of erythrosine as concentration of solution increased. Color differences of Blue No.1 and Mixed Green were smaller than that of red dyes. Erythrosine showed obvious antibacterial property, but food coloring agents showed almost no antibacterial property. The taste and sensation of erythrosine was the worst, and the taste of Red No.40 and the sensation of Mixed Green were the most tolerable. Erythrosine stained dental plaque and oral soft tissue most deeply and long, and Blue No.1 was the next in the depth and longevity of stain.
CARIES PREVALENCE AND CARIES ACTIVITY OF THE CHILDREN WHO EXPERIENCED NURSING CARIES
Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 25~31
The purpose of study was to test the hypothesis that preschool children who experienced nursing caries have high dft index and caries activity in primary dentition. One thousand and seventy-five preschool children from 4 to 6 years old were examined for their caries experience and salivary invertase activity by Resazurin Disc Test. Nursing caries group was identified by the criteria of having more decayed and filled teeth among the upper incisors than among the upper molars. The prevalence of nursing caries was 15.8%. The dft index of nursing caries group was significantly higher than that of the other groups except the rampant caries group(P<0.01). The Resazurin Disc Test score of nursing caries group was significantly higher than that of the other groups(P<0.01) and there was no difference between nursing caries group and rampant caries group. Therefore, it is recommended that children who experienced nursing caries should be incorporated in the caries prevention program through the primary and mixed dentition.
THE REVERSE TWIN BLOCK APPLIANCE WITH REMOVABLE LIP PADS
Kim, Sung-Ki ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 32~37
Twin blocks are bite-blocks that effectively modify the occlusal inclined plane to induce favorably directed occlusal forces by causing a functional mandibular displacement. One of the advantage is that full-time wear can be possible because of less interference with normal function such as eating and speaking. So rapid correction of malocclusion is expected. Reverse twin block appliance is modification for correction of class III malocclusion with sagittal component. For increased growth stimulation effort on premaxilla, lip pads can be added. But with lip pads, patients are incapable of full-time wear especially during mealtime. So, removable lip pads can be used for stimulation of growth on premaxilla without any restriction of function. The advantages of the reverse twin block appliance with removable lip pads are: 1. Full-time wear is possible (including mealtime). 2. Patients' cooperation and adaptation is excellent. 3. There is no period of dual bite. 4. Orthopedic correction is achieved by multiple modes, shortening the treatment time. The applied case shows that the reverse twin block appliance with removable lip pads is effective for treatment of class III malocclusion and can shorten the time of treatment.
A CLINICAL CONSIDERATION ON THE TEETH TRANSPOSITIONS
Kim, Seung-Mee ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 38~43
Tooth transposition is the phenomenon in which two teeth in the dental arch are exchanged. The tooth most frequently involved in transposition is the permanent maxillary canine, especially with the first premolar. The etiology of transposition is still an enigma. Interchange of tooth germs, migration during eruption, genetic factor, local pathologic factors may be suggested as possible etiologic factors. There are three main options for treatment, which are the extraction of one of the transposed teeth, the alignment in the transposed position, the orthodontic movement of the teeth to their correct positions. If complete transposition occurred especially in mandible, alignment of teeth in the transposed position followed by occlusal reduction and esthetic restoration is usually recommended. The presented two-case report will describe the maxillary canine to the first premolar and to lateral incisor transposition with associated peg lateralis and retained primary canines. Although alignment the transposed teeth in original position is ideal treatment, it companies many complication as root resorption, alveolar bone destruction, gingival deheisence, etc. Therefore the treatment procedures in these case was relative cost-benefit effective method to both clinician and patients.
DISTRIBUTION OF CGRP-IMMUNOREACTIVE NERVE FIBERS IN THE RAT SQUAMOSOMANDIBULAR JOINT WITH POSTNATAL DEVELOPMENT
Kim, Young-Jin ; Park, Kuk-Pil ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Hyun ; Bae, Young-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 44~52
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of CGRP immunoreactive nerve fibers in rat squamosomandibular joint with postnatal development. Squamosomandibular joint with adjacent tissue of 8 groups of rats(1, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 35-postnatal day and adult groups) were removed on bloc and processed for immunohistochemistry and were subjected to light microscopic examination. The results obtained were as follows; 1. The anterior portion of the articular disk was most densely innervated, followed by the posterior, lateral, and medial portions in each group. 2. Increase of CGRP immunoreactive nerve fibers was evident in 10, 15, 20 postnatal day groups. 3. Almost no CGRP immunoreactive nerve fibers were observed in articular surface of disk proper, mandibular fossa and condyle head of each group. These result suggest that CGRP immunoreactive nerve fibers increased in synovial membrane and peripheral portion of articular disk during 10-20 postnatal day may play a important role in squamosomandibular joint function after weaning period.
COMPARISON OF MICROLEAKAGE OF NEW GENERATION DENTIN BONDING SYSTEM
Kim, Jong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 53~61
Newley developed dentin bonding system which contains self-etching primer performed the removing of smear layer and etching procedure at once. So, it make possible more simple and shorter working time, the stronger bonding strength than conventional dentin bonding system. Cavities were prepared in the buccal and lingual surface of 30 extracted primary molars, and randomly assigned into three equal groups of 10 each. All cavities were filled with Z-100 composite resin following manufacturer's specifications after priming of three different dentin bonding system. Specimens stored for 7 days in 37 degree C water, thermocycled for 1000 cycles between 5 degree C and 55 degree C, immersed in 50% silvernitrate solution for 24 hours, and embedded in resin before being sectioned longitudinally. Data were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA. Mac-Bond II and Clearfil Linear-Bond II showed less microleakage at the occlusal and gingival margins compared to Scotchbond Multi Purpose. All dentin bonding systems showed significantly less microleakage at the occlusal margins compared to the gingival margins. But, there were no significantley difference between each group.
REHABILITATION OF MISSING ANTERIOR TOOTH USING FIBER-REINFORCED COMPOSITE RESIN
Park, Heon-Jeong ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 62~68
One of the many dilemmas that the clinical restorative dentist must face is treating young adolescent patient who prematurely loses his permanent teeth. Temporary prosthetic replacement can be achieved with removable denture, orthodontic band-wire fixed denture, adhesion bridge, composite resin splint with reinforcing material until the patients go through growth and development. But, all of these have limitations. Advances in restorative materials and reinforcement materials have made possible new techniques which are as much esthetic, conservative and more economic and stronger than adhesion brides. Two cases are being presented where gas-plasma treated, woven polyethylene fabric to reinforce composite resin was used to fabricate a temporary prosthetic restoration to replace a missing maxillary central incisor. This relatively noninvasive and basically reversible procedure allows the patient to decide the final restoration as he or she goes thorough maturation of the hard and soft tissues.
TREATMENT OF HEAVY MANDIBULAR BUCCAL FRENUM USING APICALLY POSITIONED FLAP UNDER DEEP SEDATION IN CHILDREN
Kim, Jong-Bin ; Yoon, Hyung-Bae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 69~76
The mandibular buccal frenum is defined as a fold of mucous membrane at the posterior labial vestibule and attaches the lips and the cheeks to the alveolar mucosa, gingiva, and underlying periosteum. The buccal frenum becomes a problem when its attachment is too close to the marginal gingiva. It may then pull on healthy gingiva, encourage plaque formation and interfere with tooth brushing. Especially, heavy buccal frenum mucogingivally results in insufficent attached gingiva, inadequate vestibular depth and high frenum attachment and also difficulty in eruption of mandibular premolar. Frenotomy, frenectomy and mucogingival surgery are used in treating heavy buccal frenum. Frenotomy with autogenous free gingival graft has been used popularly because of its stable result. But, it is difficult in younger children because of inadequate donor site, difficulty in making recipient site and behavior management. Frenotomy with apically positioned flap is considered as more efficient way for a very young child with heavy buccal frenum. Additionally, modified deep sedation with
can be used as an adjunct for the effective treatment outcome. Decrease in muscle pull, adequate width of attached gingiva and increased vestibular depth can be expected from this treatment approach.
THE EFFECT OF STREPTOCOCCUS ORALIS ON THE FORMATION OF ARTIFICIAL PLAQUE
Kim, Seon-Mi ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Chung, Sung-Su ; Oh, Jong-Suk ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 77~87
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of Streptococcus oralis on the formation of artificial plaque and the replication of Streptococcus mutans. S. mutans was incubated alone and in the combination with S. oralis in the beaker with wires. The produced plaque weight and the viable cells of S. mutans were compared between those cultures. Various factors were studied about the effect on the formation of plaque and the replication of S. mutans. Followings are the results. 1. Lower amount of plaque was produced and fewer cells of S. mutans were replicated at the mixed culture of S. mmutans and S. oralis than S. mutans alone. 2. When 10 mM glucose was added, the plaque weight was increased in the culture of S. mutans alone. But in the mixed culture of S. mutans and S. oralis, the plaque weight was not increased when 10 mM of glucose was added. 3. When 10 mM fructose was added, the plaque weight was increased in the culture of S. mutans alone or combined S. mutans and S. oralis. 4. In the mixed culture of S. mutans and S. oralis with different concentration, the more S. oralis exist, the less plaque and the fewer viable cells of S. mutans were observed. 5. The plaque weight and the viable cells of S. mutans were more decreased in the mixed culture of S. mutans and S. oralis than S. mutans alone after 12 hours. 6. When Staphylococcus epidermidis consuming hydrogen peroxide was added to the mixed culture of S. mutans and S. oralis, the plaque weight and the viable cells of S. mutans were increased. These results indicate that S. oralis inhibited the formation of plaque and the replication of S. mutans, and this may result from the formation of hydrogen peroxide S. oralis.
A study of the formation of artificial plaque on orthodontic brackets
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Oh, Jong-Suk ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 88~95
ENDODONTIC TREATMENT WITH CALCIUM HYDROXIDE OF REPLANTED TOOTH : A CASE REPORT
Moon, Sang-Hee ; Kim, Wang-Kwen ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 96~102
Tooth avusion implies total displacement of teeth out of its socket. Its frequency range from 0.5 to 16% of traumatic injuries. Replantation procedure is used for the treatment of avulsed tooth. However, its major complications are pulp necrosis, inflammatory root resorption and replacement root resorption. This paper describes 10 years and 2 months old male patient whose both maxillary central incisors were avulsed due to fall-down with slightly underdeveloped root apices. Teeth were replanted 2 hours after accident. Right central incisor's pulp tissues were extirpated and filled with
(calcium hydroxide) at 3-4 weeks after replantation, but left central incisor was filled at 8-9 weeks. Right central incisor showed little inflammatory resorption in apical portion, whereas left central incisor showed severe root resorption. During 18 months' follow-up period, left central incisor showed slightly ankylosis while right central incisor did not. Based upon the above-mentioned results, the following conclusions can be drawn: 1. Inflammatory resorption could be suppressed by endodontic treatment with calcium hydroxide. 2. When apex formation is doubted in replanted tooth due to avulsion, early endodontic treatment with calcium hydroxide seems to act positively for better prognosis.
CLINICAL EVALUATION OF VENEERED STAINLESS STEEL CROWN RESTORATION BY SILICOATER TECHNIQUE : CASE REPORT
Jeong, Youn-Hwa ; Kim, Wang-Kwen ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 103~108
Restoration of severly carious, malformed or traumatically fractured primary incisors is one of the most difficult challenges in restorative dental care for preschoolers. In restoring primary anterior teeth, four types of complete coverage crowns have been attempted over the years. Stainless steel crowns, open-faced stainless steel crowns, acid-etched crowns(strip crowns), and preformed polycarbonate crowns have been the choices. While these restorations have been acceptable for many patients, they all have very distinct limitations. The ideal full coronal restoration for a primary incisor requires durability, retention, and esthetics. This paper reported veneered stainless steel crown restoration of primary anterior teeth by silicoater technique. Veneered stainless steel crown restoration by silicoater technique is considered to be a durable, retentive, and esthetic restoration.
OPTICAL SENSITIVITY OF LASER FLUORESCENCE FOR INCIPIENT CARIES DETECTION
Kim, Hyo-Suck ; Kim, Wang-Kwen ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 109~118
The aim of this study was to evaluate the optical density of laser fluorescence for detection of incipient caries. Prepared and polished bovine enamel specimens were demineralized in a STPP solution for varying periods of time between 3 hrs. and 60 hrs. with an area of sound enamel retained on each specimen. The randomized specimens were analyzed for optical density of enamel demineralization using laser fluorescence. The specimens were sectioned and examined lesion depth by polarizing light microscope. Results were analyzed statistically with SAS program. The results from this study can be summarized as follows: 1. Optical density measured by laser fluorescence and lesion depth measured by polarizing light microscope was increased as demineralization time was increased(p<0.001). 2. Between optical density measured by laser fluorescence and lesion depth measured by polarizing light microscope was correlated highly(
, p<0.001). 3. Regressive equation was obtained in this study as follows. Y=[X-0.260851]/0.000271(R-square:0.5618, p<0.001) (X:DENSITY, Y:DEPTH) In summary, optical density measured by laser fluorescence would be within the range of possibility to quantitatively presume demineralization amount of incipient caries lesion
ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT USING AIR-ROTOR STRIPPING WITH ESSIX ANTERIOR ANCHOR
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Kim, Sug-Eui ; Choi, Nam-Ki ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 119~125
Conventional interproximal stripping using abrasive strips is normally limited to the anterior teeth. The strips must be forced between the contact points of the teeth creating patient discomfort and the risk of cutting gingival tissue. Air-rotor stripping(ARS) with Essix anterior anchor enables the clinician to remove a precise amount of interproximal enamel to create space, primarily in the buccal quadrants, for aligning or retracting teeth. In selected cases, ARS can resolve significant differences in ratios of tooth site to arch length, and the technique can become an alternative to extraction or expansion. ARS can create substantially more space than that is usually obtained by conventional interproximal stripping, and it can be done at any time during treatment without discomfort to the patient and without adversely affecting the function of the dentition, interocclusal relations, or tooth form.
TREATMENT OF SKELETAL CLASS II MALOCCLUSION BY COMBINATION THERAPY OF ACTIVATOR WITH ANTERIOR HIGH PULL HEADGEAR
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Kim, Jung-Ran ; Choi, Nam-Gi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 126~132
This article describes the use of an activator with anterior high pull headgear to treat a skeletal Class II malocclusion in children in the mixed-dentition phase. A combination of headgear-activator appliance can inhibit forward and downward growth of the maxillary complex while stimulating mandibular growth. The correction of Class II malocclusion can be achieved by careful case selection of a motivated patient with a favorable growth pattern. The patients who have skeletal Class II malocclusions were treated by means of activator with anterior high pull headgear and the following results were observed; 1. Forward and downward growth of the maxillary complex were inhibited 2. Mandibular growth was stimulated and counterclockwise rotation of the mandible was observed. 3. Large overjet and deep overbite were corrected.
A STUDY ON THE ANTIMICROBIAL EFFECT OF FLUORIDE-RELEASING REMOVABLE ORTHODONTIC APPLIANCES
Jang, Ki-Taeg ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 133~138
To study the antimicrobial effect of fluoride-releasing removable orthodontic appliances, 0 wt%(Group 1), 5 wt%(Group 2) and 10 wt%(Group 3) of
were added to orthodontic resin. The specimens were then put in media in which S. mutans and Lactobacillus, known cariogenic bacteria, were cultured. Inhibiting zones were measured 24, 48 and 72 hours later. The following conclusions were reached: 1 In the Lactobacillus media, no zone of inhibition was observed regardless of the time passed. 2. In the S. mutans media, zones of inhibition were observed after 48 hours. 3. S. mutans showed greater inhibition in Group 3 compared to Group 2, after 72 hours rather than 48 hours(p<0.01).
CONGENITAL INSENSITIVITY TO PAIN WITH ANHIDROSIS : CASE REPORT
Kim, Tae-Geun ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 139~145
Congenital Insensivity to Pain with Anhidrosis(CIPA) is rare autosomal recessive disorder which is known to be hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies(HSAN) type IV. It is predilection for male and observed in early infant. Its clinical features include congenital analgesia, which leads to self-mutilation; inability to sweat, which leads to defective thermoregulation; and mild to moderate mental retardation. Its dental features include self-mutilation by nail peeling, which leads to gingival ulcer, tongue ulcer due to tongue biting, and enamel hypoplasia. Partial anodontia is often observed as well. Seventeen-months-old boy with CIPA was reported. This is the case in which the dental characteristics are described and the dental treatment of patient is discussed.
MICRODONTIA IN A CHILD TREATED WITH CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENT
Kye, Hi-Ran ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Sohn, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 146~150
With the improved cure rates for childhood malignant conditions in the past decade, late effects of cancer therapy must be recognized to minimize their impact on the quality of life in long-term survivors. Chemoradiation therapy is a major part of pediatric oncology treatment and is implicated in causing tooth agenesis, microdontia, root shortening, early apical closure, and coronal hypocalcification. Dental development may be affected by illness, trauma, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy at any point prior to complete maturation. Treatment given during the first 3.5 years of life was more likely to affect the dental lamina and crown formation and result in a small tooth. Dental treatment affected by chemoradiation damage to developing teeth includes orthodontic tooth movement, prosthetic abutment consideration, periodontal health, space maintenance, requirement for home fluoride regimens to protect hypomineralized teeth, and enodontic procedures. Dental abnormalities are common in patients treated for cancer, and these children require aggressive dental follow-up. Meticulous surveillance may facilitate detection of abnormalities, enabling the dental practitioner to intervene earlier in promoting a more aggressive regimen of oral care, thus reducing the morbidity associated with dental sequelae of oncotherapy, specifically periodontal disease and malocclusion. In this case, we report microdontia of all permanent second premolar and second molar in an 8 year old boy treated with chemotherapeutic agents during period of active dental development(14 months to 38 months of age).
ORAL SELF-MUTILATION IN THE LESCH-NYHAN SYNDROME : CASE REPORT
Jeon, Jin-Yong ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 151~156
Self-injurious behavior is defined as deliberate harm to one's own body without suicidal intent. It usually occurs as head banging or hitting, skin cutting, or finger biting and includes ocular, genital and oral self-mutilation. Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a rare X-linked recessively inherited disorder, caused by complete absence of hypoxanthin-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase(HPRT) activity. Clinical presentation is characterized by mental retardation, chorea, athetosis, hyperuricemia, uricosuria and self-mutilating behavior. In these patients, the most typical feature is loss of tissue from biting themselves, even though they are not insensitive to pain. The dental management of self-mutilation includes treatment with appliances such as soft mouthguard or lip bumper, extraction of all the teeth, and orthognathic surgery. We report a 25-month-old boy who was a known case of Lesch-Nyhan syndrome and presented with severe self-mutilation wound on his lower lip. Vital pulpectomy and coronal resection was done as a more conservative approach than extracting all primary anterior teeth. Due to maintaining the root portion of the teeth in the bone, it is expected that the normal growth of the alveolar bone will be achieved.
PERIPHERAL, SOFT TISSUE ODONTOMA : CASE REPORT
Lee, Kwang-Chul ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Choi, Byung-Jae ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 157~161
Odontomas, hamartomas of odontogenic origin, are composed of all the structures that make up teeth. The WHO distinguishes odontoma into two types. The complex odontoma is defined as "a malformation in which all the dental tissues are represented, individual tissues being mainly well-formed but occurring in a more or less disorderly pattern." The compound odontoma is defined as "a malformation in which all the dental tissues are represented in a more orderly pattern than in the complex odontoma, so that the lesion consists of many toothlike structures. Most of these structures do not resemble morphologically the teeth of normal dentition, but in each one enamel, dentine, cementum, and pulp are arranged as in the normal tooth." Almost all odontomas are located intraosseously, but they have occasionally been reported in extrabony location. Peripheral or soft tissue odontomas, those arising outside of the alveolar bone, are very rare. Peripheral or soft tissue odontoma are defined as tumors that demonstrate the histologic characteristics of their intraosseous counterparts but occur solely in the soft tissue covering the tooth-bearing portion of the mandible and maxilla. When they mature, they appear as a radiopaque mass without the peripheral halo. The final diagnosis should be confirmed by biopsy. The origin of peripheral odontoma is probably related to remnants of the dental lamina in the gingiva. The treatment of choice is complete surgical excision, similarly to intraosseous odontoma and it does not tend to recur. This report presents a case of 5-year-old boy with swelling on labial gingiva of primary central incisor. And it was diagnosed as peripheral odontoma by excisional biopsy.
A STATISTICAL STUDY ON THE DENTAL CARIES INCIDENCE IN AUTISTIC PERSON
Ryu, Young-Deog ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 162~171
The purpose of this study was to make a comprehensive study and to provide information about the dental caries of autistic persons, and to aid improvement of their oral health. The authors examined intraorally 114(male; 87, female; 27) autistic persons and 119(male; 68, female; 51) normal persons as control group. The obtained results were as follows: 1. Autistic persons were found to have lower dft rate than normal persons. 2. There was no significant difference in dental caries incidence between male and female autistic persons. 3. Institutionalized autistic persons were found to have lower dental caries incidence of deciduous teeth than non-institutionalized autistic persons. 4. Autistic persons whose parent's occupation is laborer were found to have higer dft index than those whose parent's occupation is private business or employee.
A CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY ON SUB-GROUPINGS IN KOREAN CHILDREN WITH CLASS I MALOCCLUSIONS : A COUNTERPART ANALYSIS
Lee, Jeong-Ok ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 172~184
The present study was performed to identify morphologic sub-groupings in Korean children with Class I malocclusions, and to find out anatomic differences between the sub-groups. Standardized lateral cephalometric radiographs of 152 Korean children, aged between 6 and 12 years, with Class I malocclusions were analyzed by the Counterpart Analysis. A statistical method, Ward's Minimum Variance Cluster Analysis, was employed to divide the sample into sub-groups those with similar morphologic characteristics. The results were as follows; 1. There appeared two facial types, Type I and Type II, in Korean children with Class I malocclusions, 48.7% and 51.3%, respectively. 2. In both sub-groups, there existed strong Class III skeletal patterns due to a counterclockwise rotation of the Middle Cranial Fossa alignment, and strong Class II skeletal patterns due to the long Posterior Maxillary vertical dimension and a clockwise rotation of the Ramus alignment. 3. There were no significant differences in Upper Anterior Facial Height between Type I and Type II,
, respectively. 4. The Lower Anterior Facial Height in Type II was longer (
) due to the long Posterior Maxillary vertical dimension, the clockwise rotation of the Ramus alignment, and a clockwise rotation of the Mandibular plane alignment than that of Type I (
CRANIOFACIAL MORPHOLOGIC PATTERNS RELAYED TO DIFFERENT FACIAL TYPES IN KOREAN ADULTS : A CEPHALOMETRIC ANALYSIS
Cho, Sang-Won ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 1, 1999, Pages 185~199
The purpose of the present study was to investigate craniofacial patterns in Korean male and female adults, and to compare morphologic differences between different facial types. In order to get configurational groupings, standardized lateral and P-A cephalograms of 174 Korean adults were measured and analyzed with seven angular, nineteen linear, four ratio, and two index measurements. Ward's minimum variance cluster analysis was employed to divide the sample into groups having similar craniofacial morphology, and thereafter, inductive statistics(t-test) was used to characterize morphologic differences of the divided groups. And also, Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated to assess correlation between the cranial dimensions and upper/lower anterior facial height(UAFH, LAFH) in each facial types for both male and female The results were as follows; 1. There existed sexual dimorphism in most of variables except SN-FH angle, palatal plane angle, facial axis angle, facial index, lower anterior facial height ratio and upper facial height ratio. 2. A brachycephalic headform (
) with leptoprosopic facial form (
) was appeared in male, and a mesocephalic headform (
) with leptoprosopic facial form (
) was exhibited in female. 3. Facial types in both male and female subjects were divided into two groups, Group A (mesoprosopic facial type) and Group B (leptoprosopic facial type). The morphologic differences between Group A and Group B were as follows: a. Cranial measurements including index, angular and linear measurements were not found to be different between Group A and Group B in both sexes. b. Increased UAFH, LAFH, and upper/lower anterior dental heights were exhibited in Group Bs of both male and female. c. In both male and female, ramus height and mandible length showed no difference between Group A and Group B. However, genial angle was found to be larger in Group B than Group A. Therefore, the morphologic differences between two groups in male and female were closely related to less favorable anatomic morphology of the mandible. 4. LAFH and UAFH showed no relationships with cranial dimensions in male and female.