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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Nov 1999
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Aug 1999
Volume 26, Issue 2 - May 1999
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 1999
Selecting the target year
RELATIONSHIP OF THE BACTERIA INHIBITING PLAQUE FORMATION AND THE NUMBER OF ORAL BACTERIA
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Chung, Hyun-Ju ; Oh, Jong-Suk ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 459~465
The inhibition degree of the isolated bacteria on plaque formation of Streptococcus mutans, and the effect of these bacterial genus on the concentration of total bacteria in saliva were assessed with the following. The effectiveness of the isolated bacteria on the inhibition of plaque formation was assessed culturing Streptococcus mutans in the beaker with orthodontic wires. The mean weight of plaque produced on a wire was 152mg in the culture of Streptococcus mutans only, whereas being reduced to 4mg, 78mg, or 72mg in the combined culture of Streptococcus mutans and Enterococcus durans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, or Streptococcus oralis. The colony forming units (CFU) of Streptococcus mutans were
per ml in the culture of Streptococcus mutans, only, wheras being
per ml in the combined culture of Streptococcus mutans and Enterococcus durans, Lactobacillus acidophilus, or Streptococcus oralis. When saliva from children was inoculated on brain heart infusion agar, the colony forming units of bacteria were
per ml of saliva. The concentration of Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, or Streptococcus inhibiting Streptococcus mutans in saliva was not proportioned to that of total bacteria replicated on brain heart infusion agar. These results indicate that the isolated bacteria inhibited the replication of Streptococcus mutans, resulting into inhibiting the formation of plaque, but the concentration of Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, or Streptococcus inhibiting Streptococcus mutans, in saliva might not affect the total bacterial concentration of saliva.
ISOLATION OF THE BACTERIA INHIBITING THE FORMATION OF PLAQUE
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Park, Jin-Kyung ; Chung, Jin ; Oh, Jong-Suk ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 466~472
The insoluble glucan is the major substance of dental plaque. In order to isolate the bacteria inhibiting the formation of insoluble glucan in disposable cuvette, saliva was got from about 10 thousand children. The isolated bacteria were tested by API 20S kit and API 50 CHL kit. These bactreia were identified as Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus mitior, Streptococcus sanguis, Enterococcus durans, Lactococcus lactis, Lactobacillus acidophilus. When Streptococcus mutans was cultured with Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus mitior, Streptococcus sanguis, Enterococcus durans, Lactococcus lactis, or Lactobacillus acidophilus in disposable cuvette, the optical density at 550 nm was 0.823, 0.912, 0.894, 0.878, 0.753, 0.845, 1.021 respectively, while being 1.503 in the disposable cuvette culturing Streptococcus mutans only.
OSTEOPETROSIS Tarda : CASE REPORT
Kweon, Jong-Pil ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 473~478
Osteopetrosis is an uncommon hereditary bone condition characterized by a generalized symmetric increase in skeletal density and abnormalities of bone resorption remodeling. In 1904, the first case of generalized sclerosis of the skeleton was reported by
. Osteopetrosis is generally divided into two main type. The infantile(malignant, congenita) type is the most severe form of the disease; It is characterized by skeletal and hematologic abnormalities. The adult(benign, tarda) type which is usually diagnosed in the third or fourth decade of life is limited predominantly to skeletal anomalies and it carries a more favorable prognosis. The recently recognized intermediate form with its mild and variable clinical recessive trait. There is no reported gender or racial predilection. The characteristic feature of osteopetrosis which is an abscence of physiologic bone resorption results in accumulation of bone mass and mainfests skeletal disturbance. Dental finding of osteopetrosis includes delayed eruption, congenitally absent teeth, unerupted and malformed teeth, and enamel hypoplasia. Our report involves a patient with a chief complaint of tooth mobility and delayed eruption. After clinical and radiologic examination, this patient was referred to dept. of pediatrics under the suspicion of osteopetrosis and it was confirmed.
SEMIDIRECT RESIN INLAY RESTORATION OF POSTERIOR TEETH
Han, Mi-Ran ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 479~485
Materials for posterior teeth includes amalgam, gold inlay and composite resin inlay. Amalgam and gold inlay have unsatisfyine esthetics. And because they simply obturate the cavity preparation, they do not strengthen the remaining tooth structure. Posterior composite resin has become established in recent years. However, its polymerization shrinkage and insufficient wear resistance were the most undesirable characteristic. The physical and mechanical properties of the composite resin inlay are further improved through heat treatment in an oven. The major part of polymerization contraction of the resin inlay takes place be fore cementation, and possible gap formation is only due to shrinkage of the thin layer of resin cement. With the semidirect technique, the inlay material is placed directly in the prepared tooth, and the primary polymerization is made by light activation with a handhold curing unit. Additional curing may take place extraorally with use of different curing ovens. It provides the patient with the benefits of luted restorations without the procedure of indirect lab-made inlay. I report three successfully treated cases by semidirect resin inlay technique. Entire clinical steps are described in detail with some discussions on the outcome.
DENIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PSEUDOHYPOPARATHYROIDISM : CASE REPORT
Chang, Ji-Young ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 486~491
Hypoparathyroidism has abnormally decreased secretion of parathyroid hormon which responds to the blood calcium level. Wherease, Pseudohypoparathyroidism has normal activity of thyroid hormon, but end-organs, such as urinary tract and osteoclast, do not respond to parathyroid hormon. The cause of this disease is due to the mutation of Guanine stimulating(Gs) protein regulating Gs gene, which is the receptor to this hormon. Pseudohypoparathyroidism is usually noted before 20 years old on average of 8-9 years old. The clinical features of this disease includes delayed growth and development, round face, obesity, soft tissue calcification, ectopic ossification, shortening of metacarpals and metatarsals by epiphyseal closure in advance of age. The mutation of Gs gene which are found in brain, endocrine organs, and chondrocytes is the cause of those features. Reaction to Glucagon, gonadal hormon, and thyroid stimulating hormon is not expected in both cases. The common dental manifestations include enamel hypoplasia, delayed eruption, agenesis of tooth, hypodontia, dysplastic short roots, widened pulpal space, microdontia, intrapulpal calcification, and malocclusion are also often reported. This case which is diagnosed to Pseudohypoparathyroidism showed short and under-developed root of permanent troth, delayed eruption, and non-eruption of premolars and molars. And morphogenesis imperfecta of first and second premolars were also found.
OCULODENTODIGITAL SYNDROME : A CASE REPORT
Kang, Ho-Seung ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 492~498
Oculodentodigital syndrome(ODD) was first reported by Lohmann in 1920 and termed by Meyer Schwicketath, which they called "dysplasia oculo-dento-digitalis" in 1957. It is somewhat rare heritable disease. ODD is generally inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with a complex phenotype. The characteristic features are : (1) unique facial features, (2) microphthalmos, (3) syndactyly and camptodactyly of 4th and 5th fingers, (4) osseous anomalies of the middle phalanges of 5th fingers and toes, (5) enamel hypoplasia, (6) dry lusterless hair. We found several occlusal wearing and yellow discoloration of succedaneous teeth, multiple caries lesions, premature loss and pulpal involvement of primary teeth with associated enamel abnormalities caused by generalized enamel hypoplasia in a fairly constant oral finding. Occasionally partial anodontia, microdontia and cleft lip and palate can be manifested. This case, a 9-year-old female with repaired bilateral syndactyly was referred to pediatric dental clinic, Pusan National University Hospital for evaluation of severe attrition of teeth and caries lesions. She had most of the above mentioned typical manifestations of the syndrome. Dental treatment including caries control, stainless steel crown were performed.
DIFFERENT WAYS OF SURGICAL MANAGEMENT FOR CHILDREN WITH CONFOUND ODONTOMA IN THE MANDIBLE
Chung, Woo-Sung ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 499~506
The odontoma is relatively a common benign odontogenic tumor and caused by overgrowth of odontogenic tissues. The recent classification by World Health Organization divides odontoma into 2 groups such as compound odontoma and complex odontoma. Compound odontoma comprises dental tissues, resembling the morphology of a tooth and has predilection for the anterior maxilla. In contrast, complex odontoma has unorganized mass, not resembling the normal tooth and has predilection for the posterior mandible. The etiology of odontoma is unknown and almost asymptomatic. So, it usually is found in routine radiographic examination, and most common presenting symptom is impacted or unerupted permanent teeth and retained primary teeth. It can occurs almost anywhere in jaws. It is desirable that odontoma should be removed by surgical enucleation including follicle and surrounding soft tissues. Considering the age and behavioral cooperation of patient, the development of permanent dentition, the location of odontoma in jaw, the need for the concomitant operative dentistry, operation is performed in outpatient department with/without sedation or under general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation. In this case report, 2 patients with compound odontoma were treated by surgical enucleation including follicle and surrounding soft tissues. One patient, about 5 years old, was treated under general anesthesia and concomitant operative dentistry was performed. The other patient, about 11 years old, was treated under local anesthesia in outpatient department. In 2 cases, after 4 months, surgical defects were filled with new bone and normalization of eruption path of impacted permanent teeth was observed.
THE SUCCESS AND FAILURE OF TREATMENT BY USING LIP BUMPER
Maeng, Myung-Ho ; Kim, Jong-Bin ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 507~512
In the mixed dentition, many children have mild crowding of anterior dentition on the mandibular arch and mesial tilting of mandibular molar. Lip bumper have been used to gain arch length for the alignment of mild to moderate crowded dental arches. As such, they may provide an alternative to extraction therapy. The claimed therapeutic effect of the lip bumper is bodily forward incisor movement, flaring of the lower incisors, and distal tipping of the molar. The dental changes can be attributed to removal of lip pressure on the lower anterior dentition and the distal forces exerted at the molar abutment. The purpose of this study is to show more easily method of treatment for mild anterior crowding of mandible.
USE OF ENFLURANE FOR CHILDREN WHO FAIL TO RESPOND PROPERLY TO ORAL CHLORAL HYDRATE
Lee, Sang-Min ; Yoon, Hyng-Bae ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 513~519
Chloral hydrate is one of the most widely used sedative agents to control the difficult to treat young age group in the dental clinic. We are often frustrated to see the patient still awake and cry with agitation even after far more than the normal onset time. In such a case, the patient has to be rescheduled for another sedation visit with different agents and/or routes which greatly disappoints the guardians. This case report presents a sedative regimen that can possibly help the clinician complete scheduled treatment without postponement. We have tried sleep induction with Enflurane (1-1.5vol%) for 60 seconds to 37 patients of those who failed to respond properly to the dose(70mg/kg)of oral Chloral hydrate. The average age and weight of the patients was 34.3 months(22-43mo.) and 14.9kg(11-21kg) respectively. It is suggested that sleep induction with low dose Eflurane produced a stable state during dental treatment with respect to vital sign and behavior. Evidence of adverse effect was not detected or reported during and/or after the procedures.
A STUDY ON THE BOND STRENGTHS BETWEEN GLASS IONOMER CEMENT BASES AND COMPOSITE RESINS
Kim, Min-Hee ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 520~527
For the purpose of providing some suggestions in selection of filling materials used in 'sandwich technique', the bond strengths between glass ionomer cement bases and composite resins were investigated and compared. For lining materials, 'Vitrebond' and 'Ketac-fil' were used. Using these two as bases, 10 of each following resins were built up on the top ; Z-100 (light curing resin) Clear-fil (chemical curing resin), Bis-core (dual cure resin), Dyract (compomer), therfore 10 specimens of each group and total of 80 specimens were made. After storing specimens in
deionized water for 24 hours, the shear bond strengths were measured under universal testing machine with 50 kg of full load scale and 1mm/min of cross-head speed and obtained the results as follows : 1. Over Vitrebond base, Z-100 showed the lowest bond strength but the other three did not show any difference in bond strength. 2. Over Ketac-fil base, Clear-fil showed the highest bond strength followed by Dyract, Bis-core, and Z-100 showed the lowest bond strengths. 3. Whereas Clear-fil showed the similar bond strengths on the Vitrebond base as other resins, it showed the highest bond strength on Ketac-fil base, which showed some difference in bond strength by differing GIC bases. 4. The bond strengths between base materials and composite resin showed a stronger resin-dependence tendency in cases with Ketac-fil bases rather than with Vitrebond bases.
A COMPARISON OF THE BOND STRENGTHS BETWEEN SOME CEMENTS AND STAINLESS STEEL MATERIAL
Kim, Hong-Ryoul ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 528~537
The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the bond strengths between stainless steel plate and zinc phosphate cement, polycarboxylate cement and glass ionomer cement, which are frequently used for cementation of stainless steel crowns. Three cementing materials were glued to the poles standing above stainless steel plate, bovine teeth, light cured glass ionomer restorative material and amalgam. And the tensile bond strengths between them were measured with universal testing machine and the results were statistically processed using ANOVA and Student t-test. The obtained results were as follows : 1. On stainless steel plate, glass ionomer cement and polycarboxylate cement showed higher tensile bond strengths compared to zinc phosphate cement, with no significant difference between the former two. 2. On the surface of bovine teeth and glass ionomer restorative material, glass ionomer cement showed highest bond strength, followed by polycarboxylate cement and zinc phosphate cement in order. 3. For amalgam restoration, polycarboxylate cement and glass ionomer cement showed higher tensile bond strengths than zinc phosphate cement, with no significant difference between the former two.
A STUDY ON THE SHEAR BOND STRENGTH AND THE ANTICARIOGENICITY OF GLASS IONOMER CEMENT FOR BRACKET BONDING
Kang, Yong-Joo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 538~553
The purpose of this study was to compare the shear bond strength and the anticariogenicity of glass ionomer cement with conventional bonding resin and fluoride releasing resin. After the shear bond strength test, scanning electron microscopic observation was performed for the evaluation of the fracture patterns in each group. Under the polarizing light microscope, artificially induced carious lesions were evaluated and the lesion depths of the samples were measured using image analyzing program(Image-Pro
, USA). 50 sound maxillary premolars were used for the bond strength test and another 30 for the anticariogenic test. Data collected were analyzed statistically using Oneway-ANOVA and Scheffe test. The results were as follows: 1. Glass ionomer groups(G-III, IV, V) generally showed the lower bond strength values than resin groups(G-I, II). 2. Among the two resin groups, G-I showed the higher bond strength than G-II without statistically significant difference between them(p>.05). 3. Within glass ionomer groups, statistical significance was found between G-III and G-V with the superior bond strength in G-V (p<.05). 4. Under the SEM, adhesive failure was the predominant fracture pattern in G-I and II, whereas cohesive failures were mainly observed in G-III. In G-IV and V, mixed type of pattern where the both fracture patterns coexisted within samples could be seen. 5. In evaluation of the depth of artificially developed carious lesion, glass ionomer group showed shallower depth than resin groups with statistical significance between G-III and G-I, II(p<.05). Among resin groups, fluoride releasing resin(G-II) showed the shallower depth than conventional resin(G-I)(p<.05).
A STUDY ON THE CHANGES IN DEGREE OF CONVERSION OF DUAL-CURE RESTORATIVE MATERIALS WITH TIME-ELAPSE
Yang, Chul-Ho ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 554~563
For the purpose of elucidating the polymerization modes of dual-cure restorative materials and comparing them with single-cure restorative materials, a study was performed on the light-cured composite resin, dual-cure composite resin, dual-cure glass ionomer cement and chemical-cure glass ionomer cement. By measuring the microhardness of each material at 0mm, 1mm and 3mm depth during initial 24 hours with predetermined interval, the state of polymerization and degree of conversion was indirectly evaluated for each material, and obtained results are as follows : 1. All of four materials tested showed significant increase in microhardness after 24hrs compared with just after curing starts. 2. In all materials except Ketac-fil, there showed a significant difference in microhardness between each depth at each time interval. 3. In the test of lap time till final curing for each material, the polymerization process was revealed to last longer in the dual-cure type materials than in single-cure type materials at 3mm depth. Based on the results above, it was demonstrated with materials of dual-cure mode that the degree of conversion increases by successive curing reactions even in the deeper layers where sufficient curing light is impermeable.
HYOID BONE POSITION IN CLASS I, II AND III MALOCCLUSIONS
Song, Yun-Ju ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 26, issue 3, 1999, Pages 564~571
The importance of the hyoid bone lies in its unique anatomic relationships. It has no bony articulations but provides attachment for muscles, ligaments, and fascia of the pharynx, mandible, and cranium. Various studies have documented a variability of hyoid bone position in relation to changed mandibular position or head posture. The aim of this study is to investigate the hyoid bone position and inclination on cephalometric radiographs of three groups of patients exhibiting Class I, II, and III malocclusions. The conclusions obtained from this study can be summarized as follows ; 1. Class III malocclusion patients show a more anterior position of the hyoid bone and also less steep inclination of the hyoid bone. 2. The anteroposterior position of the hyoid bone relative to the cervical vertebra and mandible was very constant. 3. The hyoid bone represented the anterior bony boundary of the pharynx at a lower level than PNS.