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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Nov 2000
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Aug 2000
Volume 27, Issue 2 - May 2000
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Feb 2000
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TREATMENT OF DOUBLE TOOTH IN MANDIBULAR LATERAL INCISORS
Kim, Sang-Bae ; Lee, Kwang-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 383~387
Fusion is defined as union of two separate tooth buds at some stage in their development with confluence of dentin and characterized by separate root canal and large single crown, while gemination is defined as an attempt of the single tooth bud to incompletely divide and usually result in a single root with one root canal and two completely or incompletely separated crowns. It is sometimes difficult to decide whether an abnormally large tooth is the result of fusion of a normal and a supernumerary tooth, or of gemination; use of the term 'Double tooth' may make the clinicians avoid this difficulty(Brook & Winter). Commonly there are no symptoms, but the problems associated with these anomalies include esthetics, possible loss of arch length and delayed or ectopic eruption of the permanent teeth, caries along the line of demarcation, and periodontal disease. Commonly, it dose not need to be treated in primary dentition but in case of permanent dentition, it may be requested to be treated due to esthetics and other problems. In our case, a 8 years old girl showed a Double tooth, we attained the favorable results by performing hemisection with apexification.
ORTHODONTIC AND PROSTHODONTIC TREATMENT IN CLEFT LIP AND PALATE PATIENT
Chang, Weon-Suk ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 388~393
Cleft lip and palate is one of the most common congenital defects in oro-maxillo-facial region. Because most patients undergo surgical repair in early life, the sagittal jaw relationships used to be deteriorated gradually from palate surgery up to adulthood. Also, the maxillary lateral incisor may be absent or atypical-shaped in the cleft site and may not erupt or erupt ectopically, so multidisciplinary dental cares are needed for cleft lip and palate patients. The effects of the cleft lip and alveolus seem to be limited to that part of the dentofacial complex that surrounds the cleft area. In the maxillary arch, the anterior part of the non cleft segment has a tendency to be rotated forward. On the other hand, the cleft segment has a tendency to rotated slightly medially ; hence, the tendency for canines to be edge-to-edge and sometimes in crossbite. Lip and alveolus surgery adequetely correct these problems, with little untoward effect on the skeletal maxillary-mandible relationships. In this report, the patient has a repaired lip and cleft alveolus on the left side with congenital missing on '62, '22, oronasal fistula, and skeletal class III malocclusion which is not affected by lip surgery. Dental treatments for this patient including orthodontic(space supervision, functional regulator in mixed dentition, fixed therapy in permanent dentition) and prosthodontic(removable obturator with key and keyway attachment and Konus crown) therapy were performed to improve the patient's functions and esthetics.
IMPACTED TOOTH ASSOCIATED WITH AN ODONTOMA : CASE REPORT
Baik, Seung-Jun ; Lee, Kwang-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 394~399
Odontoma is defined as a benign odontogenic tumor containing enmel, dentin as well as cementum. It has come to mean a growth in which both the epithelial and the mesenchymal cells exhibit complete differentiation. Most authorities accept the view today that the odontoma represents a hamartomatous malformation rather than a true neoplasm. The etiology of odontomas is uncertain but hypothesized to involve local trauma, infection, inheritance or mutant gene. The odontomas often cause various disturbances in the eruption and position of the teeth. The steps in removal of an odontoma in close relation to an adjacent impacted normal tooth should comprise 1) removal of odontoma and 2) exposure of the impacted tooth. Orthodontic therapy may be applied. Before treatment, the necessary space for the impacted tooth should be evaluated. If there is lack of space in the dental arch, orthodontic treatment should be carried out before operation.
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FACIAL NUCLEUS IN RAT
Choi, Byung-Ju ; Cho, Jin-Hwa ; Bae, Yong-Chul ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 400~409
This study used in vivo intracellular and extracellular field potential recording to evaluate the intrinsic membrane properties and connection pattern within facial nucleus. 1. There were four subdivisions of medial, intermediate, lateral, and dorsolateral in facial nucleus. 2. Principal cells in the facial nucleus was recorded from and filled with neurobiotin in anesthetized rats. The extent of their dendrites and the characteristics of cell body were examined. 3. Principal cells had a large amplitude action potential and afterhyperpolarization was followed a single action potential. 4. The response from facial motonucleus to electrical stimulation of the facial nerve was mainly a monophasic wave, with a latency of 1 msec, which was assumed to reflect antidromic activation of facial motoneurons. In some of rats the response in addition showed late components at a latency of about 7-8 msec, but its amplitude was small. 5 Most of cells exhibited accommodation of spike discharge upon depolarization of membrane by 0.8 nA for 400 ms. Our results support the hypothesis that there normally are weak connections between different parts of the facial motonucleus to explain pathophysiology of hemifacial spasm and facial naive paralysis.
TEMPERATURE CHANGES IN THE PULP ACCORDING TO VAR10US RESTORATIVE MATERIALS AND BASES DURING POLISHING PROCEDURE
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Lee, Doo-Cheol ; Kim, Mi-Ra ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 410~418
An in vitro study was performed to evaluate the effect of four variables on the temperature rise produced by polishing of restorations. The four variables were : restorative material, base, thickness of remaining dentin, continuous polishing or intermittent polishing. Class V cavities were cut on extracted molar and restored with composite resin, resin-modified glass ionomer cement, compomer, amalgam on the various bases (glass ionomer cement, zinc oxide eugenol cement, zinc phosphate cement) Dentin thickness under the restoration was 0.5mm, 1.5mm. Polishing was done with an aluminum oxide-coated disc. Polishing time was continuous or intermittent for up to 1 minute. Intra-pulpal temperature increased almost linearly in all cases. Amalgam produced highest temperature rises at the pulp, while the composite resin, resin-modified glass ionomer cement and compomer were not different for each other. The rate and extent of temperature rising of amalgam restoration was reduced by presence of a cement base. Zinc oxide eugenol cement bases showed the highest temperature rise, while glass ionomer cement, zinc phosphate cement were not different to the untreated tooth Thickness of remaining dentin was only significant for the amalgam restoration. Continuous polishing produced higher temperature rise than intermittent polishing.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE MICROLEAKAGE OF PRVENTIVE RESIN RESTORATION USING FLOWABLE COMPOSITE RESIN
Park, Heon-Jeong ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 419~430
The purpose of this study was to compare the microleakage pattern of preventive resin restoration using conventional composite resin and flowable composite resin that recently developed. 60 sound premolar teeth were allocated to three groups. Flowable composite resin was used for the experimental groups(Group I and II) and conventional resin for the control group(Group III). After composite filling and sealant application, all teeth were thermocycled and evaluated for microleakage under light microscope. Additionally, a variety of voids formed inside restorations were also evaluated. Data were analyzed statistically using Kruskal-Wallis test and/or Mann-Whitney U-test. The results of the present study were as follows. 1. Microleakage found in all samples was only limited to the interface of restoration margin and enamel. 2. The flowable composite resin groups (Group I, II) generally showed less microleakage than control groups (conventional preventive resin restoration) (p<0.05) 3. Various types of voids were observed in most specimens. Especially, there was a tendency for more and larger voids to be found in group I, II than group III (p<0.05).
TREATMENT OF A PERMANENT INCISOR COMPLETELY INTRUDED BY TRAUMA : A CASE REPORT
Hyun, Hong-Keun ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 431~437
Traumatic intrusive luxation, an occurrence common in the primary dentition but one that occurs rarely in the permanent dentition, has a poor prognosis. There have been many treatment approaches such as allowing the tooth to reerupt spontaneously, surgical repositioning and immediate luxation, surgical luxation, and orthodontic repositioning; but all have their own drawbacks. Meanwhile, Turley et al. (1987) have proposed surgical and orthodontic combination therapy to treat intrusion. Surgical and orthodontic combination therapy means to apply the orthodontic traction force immediately after surgical luxation. If ankylosis occurs, orthodontic force may be applied after re-luxation repeatedly. But in cases of complete intrusive luxation, it would be not feasible to bond an orthodontic button or bracket on the tooth directly. Thus, in this case, traction of the tooth was attempted after surgically repositioning it close to the probable original socket site to promote better healing.
ECTOPIC ERUPT10N OF TRANSPOSED MANDIBULAR PERMANENT LATERAL INCISOR
Lim, Hyun-Hwa ; Kim, Yong-Soo ; Jang, Ki-Taek ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 438~443
Ectopic eruption should be understood as a change in the course of the normal eruption path of a dental bud at any moment its origin. An example of this alteration is the dental transposition, a rare and more specific dental anomaly that may be defined as a change of position between two teeth. This case shows ectopic eruption of transposed mandibular lateral incisor beneath primary first molar at the first transitional period of the mixed dentition The crown of the lateral incisor has tipped distally, compelling root resorption and exfoliation of the adjacent primary cuspid and primary first molar. The reason for such eruption is not clearly understood, but it may involve; (1)trauma history, (2)prolonged retention of the deciduous teeth, (3)premature exfoliation of the deciduous teeth, and (4)genetic factor. Treatment is divided into interceptive and definitive treatment. Ectopically erupting mandibular incisor tends to become transposed with the adjacent cuspid and thus seems to warrant early orthodontic intervention. Early treatment may obviate later extraction or transposition of the incisor and canine in the permanent dentition. Timing is an important factor to be considered regarding in the correction of the lateral incisor transposition. This case advocates treatment with an active orthodontic therapy at the early stage of the mixed dentiton, before the eruption of the permanent cuspid.
SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF "ONE-BOTTLE ADHESIVE" SYSTEM IN PRIMARY DENTIN.
Kim, Jong-Bin ; Kim, Jong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 27, issue 3, 2000, Pages 444~456
To test the shear bond strength of a new "one-bottle adhesive" system to primary dentin two commercially available one-bottle adhesives (Prime & Bond NT, Single bond) and conventional three step system(Scotchbond Multi-Purpose Plus) were included for comparison. And We observe the interfacial morphology by scanning electron microscope. 90 primary molar teeth were embedded in acrylic and buccal and lingual surface were polished to 320 grit to create standardized dentin surface for testing. After bonding of composite resin to sample surfaces according to the manufacturer s direction and 1000 times thermocycling in dwell time 30 second, Shear bond strengths of adhesives to dentin were determined using universal testing machine and analyzed by ANOVA test. Another groups of specimens were treated by hydrochloric acid to secure the resin only and those tags were evaluated under SEM for their length and forms and the morphology of the bonding sites were also observed. The result are as follows. 1. Group I(Prime & Bond NT) showed higher shear bond strength than group iI(Single Bond) and III(Scotchbond Multi Purpose Plus) but no statistically significant difference was founded between groups(p>.05). 2. Relating long resin tags of
were observed in samples of all groups under SEM. We could observed hybrid layer, resin tag and many lateral branches in every group. But, we observed in group III rare lateral branched than other two group and discontinuous hybrid layer.