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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 28, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
SURGICAL TREATMENT OF JAW CYSTS IN CHILDREN
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Kim, Mi-Ra ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~7
The Dentigerous cyst is reported to be one of the most common lesions of the jaw. It is derived from reduced enamel epithelium that surrounds the crown of an unerupted tooth. Dentigerous cysts usually remains asymptomatic and presents as well-circumscribed radiolucencies surrounding the crown of a tooth. Most dentigerous cysts are treated by surgical enucleation or marsupialization of the cyst to allow eruption of the permanent tooth. The nasopalatine duct cysts derived from the islands of epithelium remaining after closure of the embryonic nasopalatine duct. The cyst presents as a well-circumscribed oval or heart-shaped radiolucency located in the midline of the anterior maxilla between the roots of the central incisors. Treatment is by surgical enucleation, employing a palatal approach. This report present two cases. One case was diagnosed with dentigerous cyst and treated by enucleation. 12 Months later, affected second premolar was erupted normally. The other case was diagnosed with nasopalation duct cyst. Histological examination of the enucleated cyst confirmed a nasopalatine duct cyst. There was no recurrence during follow up period.
LANGERHANS CELL HISTIOCYTOSIS IN MANDIBLE : CASE REPORT
Yoon, Hyun-Joo ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Yoon, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 8~11
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is characterized by proliferation of Langerhans cells. The clinical manifestation varies from solitary bone lesion to multi-system, life threatening disorder. The younger the patient is and the more system is involved, the worse the prognosis is. The jaw is involved
percent of all LCH and it is involved usually in early stage of LCH. In this case the patient is three years old girl who suffered from pain of whole mandibular body and histological examination confirmed the diagnosis LCH. She is referred to pediatrics and managed with combined chemotherapy. Due to the possibility of recurrence, we follow up the girl and she need orthodontic and prosthodontic treatment in the future because of the loss of lower left 2nd premolar. We report this case because early recognized LCH in dental hospital result in good prognosis.
DILACERATION CAUSED BY PERIAPICAL LESIONS OF THE DECIDUOUS INCISOR : CASE REPORT
Jee, Hyuk-Joon ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 12~15
Dilaceration is a tooth abnormaly occuring in the histo-morphodifferention stage resulting from disturbance between the uncalcified and already calcified portion that affects both the crown and root. The involved tooth is usually the maxillary central incisor and it also shows high prevalence of impaction. The cause of dilaceration can be either from the trauma of the primary tooth, ectopic development of the tooth germ or from cysts. And it is also found in some cases of Otodental syndrome, Hurler syndrome, Cleidocranial dysostosis. The purpose of this study is to show that periapical lesions caused by dental caries can be another factor in causing dilaceration.
CARIES PREDICTION MODEL USING LASER FLUORESCENCE
Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Jeong, Yeon-Hwa ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 16~24
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the specificity, sensitivity, and diagnostic power of caries activity test using laser fluorescence. The subjects of this study were 50 children of
years old. Fluorescence from initial carious lesion of teeth illuminated by an argon laser(480nm) was observed and photographed with barrier filter. Visual examination for the dDfFtT rate and Streptococcus mutans colony counting was done to evaluate correlation with caries activity test using laser fluorescence. Data analysis was accomplished by Axelsson's method. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows: 1. There was positive correlation
between laser fluorescence test and Streptococcus mutans count. And also positive correlation
exists between laser fluorescence test and dDfFtT rate (P<0.01). 2. Positive correlation
between Streptococcus mutans colony count and dDfFtT rate was found(P<0.05). 3. When dDfFtT rate was defined to standard testing method, the specificity, senstivity, and diagnostic power of laser fluorescence test were 44.4%, 85.7%, and 87.8%. 4. When dDfFtT rate was defined to standard testing method, the specificity, senstivity, and diagnostic power of S. mutans colony counting were 77.8%, 92.9%, 84.8%. 5. When S. mutans colony counting was defined to standard testing method, sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic power of laser fluorescence test were 40.0%, 84.8%, 95.1%. In regard to above results, laser fluorescence test considered to be accurate and reliable method for determining caries activity because of it's close relationship with caries susceptibility test and caries experience measurements. And it was also considered to be practical because it would be simple, inexpensive, and time saving method.
CHANGE OF VASOACTIVE INTESTINAL POLYPEPTIDE(VIP) IMMUNOREACTIVE CELLS FOLLOWING PULP EXTIRPATION IN RAT TRIGEMINAL GANGLION: A CONFOCAL LASER SCANNING MICROSCOPIC STUDY
Kim, Heung-Joong ; Kim, Seung-Jae ; Park, Joo-Cheol ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 25~31
The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution and fluorescence intensity of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide immunoreactive (VIP-IR) cells in rat trigeminal ganglion following pulp extirpation of rat mandibular molar. The animals were divided into control group(n=6) and experimental group(n=6). The experimental animals were sacrificed at 14 days after pulp extirpation. The trigeminal ganglion was removed and immersed in the 4% paraformaldehyde in 0.1M phosphate buffer. Serial frozen sections about
in thickness were cut with a cryostat. The immunofluorescence staining was performed. The rabbit anti-VIP(1 : 8,000) was used as primary antibody and fluorescene isothiocynate(FITC) conjugated anti-rabbit IgG(1 : 80) as secondary antibody. The slides were observed under confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Unprocessed optical sections were obtained and stored on a optical disk. Color pictures were printed by a video copy processor. The results were as follows; 1. The positive ratio of VIP-IR cells in mandibular part of trigeminal ganglion were 7.40% in control group and 28.42% in experimental group(14 days after pulp extirpation). 2. The relative fluorescence intensity of VIP-IR cells in mandibular part of trigeminal ganglion were 87.78 in control group and 138.65 in experimental group. The relative fluorescence intensity of experimental group was 58% higher than that of control group. 3. In optical serial section analysis of VIP-IR cells of experimental group, most of the 9 sections showed high fluorescence intensity. At high magnification, axons of the experimental group displayed greater VIP-IR than in the control group, and the positive cells were mainly of medium size. The result indicate that number and fluorescence intensity of VIP-IR cells were increased in the mandibular part of trigeminal ganglion following pulp extirpation of mandibular molar, and it suggests that VIP could play a role in processing of nociception.
ANALYSIS OF ER:YAG LASER IRRADIATION ON CUTTING EFFICACY AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES OF DENTIN
Im, Kwang-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 32~44
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Er : YAG laser on cutting efficacy and temperature changes of dentin. We used the dentin specimens of human premolars and molars which contain the physiologic saline and maintain the pulpal pressure in dentinal tubules. Each specimen was exposed to Er : YAG laser with non-contact handpiece type delivery system under different treatment condition of irradiation energy, pulse repetition rate, and exposure time. Two procedures were conducted by the presence of water flow during lasing. The specimens were grouped by thickness of dentin. We investigated the cavity pattern, volume, and temperature change of dentin specimen to determine the cutting efficacy and temperature rise of Er : YAG laser, and obtained following results. 1. Cutting volume of dentin was increased by increasing the irradiation energy, pulse repetition rate, and exposure time(P<0.05). 2. Margins of abulated cavities were sharp and clean and floors of cavities were conical in shape and showing smooth surfaces. Upper diameter of abulated cavities were increasing as laser parameter of irradiation energy, pulse repetition rate, and exposure time were increased. A few cracks were observed on abulated surfaces under treatment condition of laser parameter with 150mJ, 5Hz, and 5sec. 3. Temperature was increased as laser parameter of irradiation energy, pulse repetition rate, and exposure time were increased, and temperature rise was decreased as dentin thickness was increased(P<0.05). 4. Temperature rise was decreased under water flow compared with no water flow during laser exposure(P<0.05). From these results, we think that the method of using a Er:YAG laser would be effective and safe in cutting dentin for clinical application.
A STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF LOW INTENSITY INITIAL LIGHT CURING ON THE BOND STRENGTH OF RESIN RESTORATION
Han, Mi-Ran ; Kwon, Soon-Won ; Kim, Jong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 45~53
Recently some studies have shown that low light intensity followed by final cure at high light intensity may result in a smaller marginal gap and may be no negative effect on material properties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the initial cure with low intensity on the shear bond strength of dentin and the microhardness of composite resin. Twenty intact bovine teeth were prepared for shear bond strength test and each tooth sectioned to three specimens. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups according to the light intensity and curing time as follows; Group I.
40sec Group II.
20sec Gropu III.
20sec. Samples of each group were restored with light-cured composite resin after dentin bonding and then the shear bond strength of each specimen were measured using universal testing machine. Ten resin specimens per group were prepared. After 24 hours, the Vickers microhardness value was measured at the top and bottom surfaces. The result are as follows; 1. Mean value of low initial intensity groups(II, III) were higher than the control group(I) in shear bond strength, but no significant difference could be found. 2. No significant difference could be found between three groups in microhardness.
PROPERTIES OF LIGHT-CURED COMPOSITE RESINS CONTAINING
, GLASS FILLER
Kim, Hee-Jung ; Kim, Kyung-Nam ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 54~66
The aim of this study was to investigate the fluoride release and some mechanical properties including 3-point bending strength, amount of abrasion, surface hardness, water sorption/solubility and cytotoxicity of the newly developed composite resins containing 8, 16, 24 wt%
glass filler (VF8, VF16, VF24) and four commercially available composite resins, Heliomolar(HE), Verdonfil(VE), Z100(ZH) and Aelitefil(AE). To investigate cytotoxic effect, agar overlay assay was done. Amount of fluoride released into distilled water was measured over a 62-days period from VF8, VF16, VF24 and HE. Results were as follows: 1. Experimental composite resins showed similar mechanical properties to commercial composite resins, but 3-point bending strength and surface hardness of experimental composite resins were inferior to ZH. 2. Over a 62-day Period, the amount of fluoride released was ordered: VF24>VF16>VF8>HE. In experimental composite resins, the amount of fluoride released was 9-23 times greater than HE and seemed to be proportional to the content of
glass filler. 3. Experimental composite resins and all control composite resins showed mild cytotoxicity. This study showed significantly greater fluoride release from newly developed composite resins than control(HE) and addition of
glass filler did not decrease mechanical properties or increase cytotoxicity of composite resin. The results from this study imply that newly developed composite resin have adequate mechanical properites, mild cytotoxicity and some potential for secondary caries prevention.
ERUPTION GUIDENCE OF THE TEETH DISPLACED BY CYSTIC LESIONS
Park, Chang-Hyun ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 67~71
A cyst that develops in children's jaw occasionally disturbs the eruption of the succedaneous teeth. These teeth, however, usually have the potential of eruption. So, if the obstacles to eruption are eliminated, it is possible that the teeth erupt spontaneously to their normal position. In those cases, it usually requires the management of the cyst and the eruption guidance of the displaced teeth. Many surgical procedures have been described for the elimination of cysts. When the cyst is large and displaces the permanent teeth, marsupializaion is a surgical technique that may be preferred to enucleation in treatment of cysts. In marsupializaion, if the opening is maintained properly, it may be possible to manage the cyst and guide the displaced teeth into the normal position. In these cases, the cysts were managed with marsupialization in concomittent application of acrylic obturators, and as a result the displaced permanent teeth were guided into normal position. Even though the etiologic factors of the two cases are different, the treatment was the same. And both cases show that the potential for heal ing is remarkable with spontaneous relocation of displaced tooth, provided the opening is maintained during the eruption of the permanent tooth.
HISTAMINE RELEASE INDUCED BY DENDROASPIS NATRIURETIC PEPTIDE FROM RAT PERITONEAL MAST CELLS
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Hur, Sun ; Baik, Byeoung-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 72~81
Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP), recently isolated from the venom of the green Mamba snake Dendroaspis angusticeps, is a 38-amino acid peptide containing a 17-amino acid disulfide ring structure similar to that of the natriuretic peptide family. The natriuretic peptide family was known to induce histamine release from human and rat mast cells, but there are no published data concerning the effects of DNP on histamine release from mast cells. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether DNP induces the histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells (RMPCs) and to determine the mechanism of DNP-induced histamine release from RPMCs. After treatment of the various doses of DNP in RPMCs, the mast cell degranulation was observed with inverted microscopy and the histamine release was measured by radio-enzymatic assay. Calcium uptake and intracellular cyclic GMP level were measured by radioimmunoassays. DNP induced the mast cell degranulation. DNP released the histamine and increased the calcium uptake and the level of intracellular cyclic GMP of RPMCs, in a dose-dependent manner. The results indicate that DNP is capable of inducing histamine release from RPMCs by increasing of calcium uptake and intracellular cyclic GMP level.
A STUDY ON THE RADIOPACITY OF ESTHETIC DENTAL MATERIALS USING IN THE PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 82~86
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of radiopacity of esthetic dental restorative materials and determine the optimum level of radiopacity in pediatric dentistry. Disks of 8 dental restorative material groups as the experimental group, 7mm in diameter and 2mm thick, were radiographed with intact human deciduous teeth and aluminum stepwedge standard. Radiopacity was evaluated with an image analysis program following the digitization of the radiographs using a flatbed scanner with transparency unit. All materials and tooth structure also the significant difference except FP, VB, VM. For the radiopacity of esthetic restorative dental materials to exceed that of enamel, it should be greater than 1.7mm of equivalent thickness of aluminum.
DENTAL CARE AND THE STATE OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF DENTISTS FOR THE HANDICAPPED
Kim, Seon-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 87~94
A survey was undertaken among a group of dentists working at private dental clinics to investigate the state of dental care and the level of education and training in the dental care to people with handicaps. Forty four percents of dental clinics take care of one more patients per month. The types of handicaps were physical, mental, sensory handicap and autism. The common problems are difficulty in communication and delay of treatment. Forty nine percents of dentists got education and nineteen percents had clinical experience for dental care of handicapped patients. Most of dentists felt necessity of training program and establishment of specialized dental hospital supported by government for the handicapped. This study indicated the necessity of undergraduate and postgraduate education and clinical training for dental care of handicapped patients.
RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CRANIAL BASE AND FACIAL STRUCTURES IN CHILDREN WITH CLASS I AND III MALOCCLUSIONS AGED FROM 7 TO 12 YEARS : A CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY
Lee, Mi-Sook ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 95~105
The present study was designed to compare morphological and structural relationships between basicranial measurements such as MCF angulation (Ar-SE-ptm), saddle angle (N-S-Ba, N-S-Ar) and facial structures including types of malocclusion. Twenty six children with Class III whose longitudinal headfilms were available from 7 to 12-year-old, and also 26 cross-sectional headfilms at each ages of 8, 9, 10 and 11 with Class I were selected for the investigation. Cephalometric measurements such as Ar-SE-ptm, N-S-Ba, N-S-Ar, N-SE-Ar, SNA, SNB, N-S/PM vert, CP/PM vert,
were measured. Morphologic relationships and pattern of changes in facial structures in relation to the changes of MCF and saddle angle in both malocclusion types were analysed statistically employing ANOVA, t-test and Pearson correlation. Results suggest that the MCF rather than the saddle angle in children with Class I and III is more closely related with various facial structures and with their changes. It may be, therefore, suggested that the MCF be one of the biologically meaningful measurements in determining structural relationships between cranial base and facial complex including types of malocclusion. In addition, the MCF and its correlated facial structures in children with Class III, interestingly, showed somewhat marked changes between the ages of 9 and 11.
ANALYSIS OF ODONTOGENIC INFECTION IN CHILDREN
Kim, Seong-Oh ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 106~117
This article is to study the risk factors of odontogenic infection which includes not only dental decays but also gumboils and cellulitises. 7936 young patients who visited the department of pediatric dentistry, Dental Hospital of Yonsei University from Jan 1st 1991 until Dec 31st 1992 were reviewed and statistically analyzed. The results are: 1. Frequencies of the source of odontogenic infection are ordered from high to low: Gumboil Upper A>D>B>C Lower D>E>A>D Cellulitis Upper D>A>E>B>C Lower D>E 2. There was no statistically significant relationship between odontogenic infection and seasonal weather change.
A STUDY ON TOOTHBRUSH ABRASION OF CERVICAL RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Yang, Jeong-Sook ; Lee, Doo-Cheol ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 118~128
This study was performed to evaluate the toothbrush abrasion characteristics of seven commercially available light-cured cervical restorative materials one resin-modified glass-ionomer material(Fuji II LC) three polyacid-modified composites(Compoglass, Dyract, F2000), and three light-cured composites(Heliomolar, Palpique Estelite, UniFil F). All samples were stored in distilled water at
for 10 days. 2.0N of weight was loaded during the test and the abraded surfaces were examined with profilometer and SEM after 100,000 cycles. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. The highest hardness value of 79.7 was observed in the FT group and the lowest value of 20.0 was observed in the HM group. Results of Tukey test showed that an overall significant difference was indicated except the CG and DR groups(p<0.05). 2. The highest surface roughness was observed in the FL group and the lowest was observed in the UF group. Results of Tukey test showed the significant difference between the FL or FT and UF groups(p<0.05). 3. Statistically higher abrasion and surface roughness were observed for the dentifrice of paste type, Perio A+, than for that of gel paste type, Tom & Jerry. 4. The surface roughness values increased on the abraded surfaces because of the protrusion of filler particles due to selective removal of matrix resin.
THE COMPARISON OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS ISOLATED FROM OCCLUSAL SURFACES OF CARIES AND NON-CARIES TEETH
Park, Ho-Won ; Jung, Tae-Sung ; Jung, Jin ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 129~141
When oral microorganisms were sampled from occlusal surfaces of caries and non-caries teeth,
CFU of bacteria were counted on MSB agar plates, respectively. All the 20 colonies isolated from a caries surface were Streptococcus mutans but, only two of 20 colonies were identified as Streptococcus mutans by API test. S. mutans SM1 from caries tooth and S. mutans SM2 from non-caries tooth showed the same results except for
activity on sugar fermentation tests and biochemical tests. For the bacterial replication, both SM1 and SM2 were actively multiplicated at pH 5.5. And the viability of SM1 was high at 20% of sucrose, while that of SM2 was high at 5% of sucrose in the media. SM1 actively replicated at 16mM of
, 160mM of KCl, and 6.4mM of
, and the replication of SM2 was increased at 16mM of
, 40mM of KCl, 6.4mM of
. At 1mM of sodium bicarbonate and sodium phosphate, both bacteria were actively multiplicated. SM1 and SM2 were actively replicated at 1mM and 10mM of Tris, respectively. For potassium phosphate buffer, SM1 grew well proportionally to the concentration up to 100mM, while the growth of SM2 were inhibited by the increase of concentration. The 4.6 kb of gtf gene was amplified with a pair of primer, gtfB-F961 and gtfC-R5574 by polymerase chain reaction from the chromosomal DNA of SM1 and SM2. When 4.6kb bands were eluted from gel and were treated with restriction enzyme, EcoR I produced the same RFLP like 0.8kb and 3.8kb of DNA fragments for S. mutans GS-5, SM1 and SM2. By Hind III, the PCR products weren't digested for S. mutans GS-5 and SM1, but 3 fragments such as 2.4kb, 1.8kb and 400bp were examined for SM2. These results indicated the difference between gtf genes of SM1 and SM2. BamH I treatment showed 4 fragments for SM1 and SM2, while the 3 fragments for S. mutans GS-5. The PCR products were not digested by Kpn I, Sma I, Xho I and Pst I.
A CASE OF BILATERAL SUPERNUMERARY TEETH IN THE MANDIBULAR INCISOR REGION : A CASE REPORT
Jeong, Nae-Jeong ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 142~145
Supernumerary tooth is one of the abnormalities in tooth number. Supernumerary tooth result from excessive proliferation of dental lamina and incidence reports identify a range of
in primary dentition,
in permanent dentition with males being affected twice as frequently as females, maxilla nine times as frequently as mandible The incidence is more in anterior tooth region than in posterior region. The most common supernumerary tooth is the mesiodens, which located between maxillary central incisors. The occurrence is very rare in the incisor region of mandible and the reports on incidence is 2%. In this case, there were two supernumerary teeth in the mandibular region and we could acquire normal alignment of mandibular incisors by extraction and orthodontic treatment.
A STUDY ON CHANGE OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH AND FLEXURAL STRENGTH OF DENTAL COMPOSITE RESIN AFTER WATER STORAGE
Jeong, Nae-Jeong ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 146~153
The difference of composition of composite resin may affect the mechanical properties of composite resin and the environment is important for the properties of materials. The composite resin restoration is always exposed to fluid in oral cavity and the composite resin matrix is able to absorb water, which is accompanied by some swelling of the composite The uptake of water by composites has been correlated with decreases in surface hardness and wear resistance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of water storage in
distilled water after 7days, 30days, 60days, 120days on compressive strength and flexural strength of dental composite resin, Z-100(group 1) Spectrum(group 2), Clearfil AP-X(group 3), Pyramid(group 4), Heliomolar(group 5). The compressive and flexural strength were measured by instron machine. The following results were obtained: 1. There were significant reduction of compressive strength as water storage time increased, 7days, 30days, 60 days, 120days(p<0.05). 2. There were significant reduction of flexural strength as water storage time increased, 7days, 30days, 60days, 120days(p<0.05). 3. Group 1, 2, 3 -hybrid type showed higher compressive and flexural strength than group 5-microfine type which had lower filler contents.
A SURVEY OF GENERAL ANESTHESIA IN PEDIATRIC CLINIC AT SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL
Kim, Kwang-Hyon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 154~158
We tried to find out the information which can be drawn from the survey of general anesthesia in pediatric clinic at Seoul National University dental hospital from 1997 to 1999. The subjects were 37 patients Collected data were primary reasons for general anesthesia, preoperative physical status, age distribution, peformed dental treatment, complications, follow-up, and etc. Following were the results: (1) Most(97%) of patients treated under general anesthesia were handicapped and preoperative physical status was ASA Class I or Class II. (2) Majority(41%) of patients were between 11 and 15. (3) Average of 8.1teeth were restored and 3.3teeth were extracted. (4) In 32% of patients, there were mild complications. (5) 12(32%) of the patients responded to the six-month recall check.
THE EFFECT OF FLUORIDE VARNISH AND ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE GEL ON ARTIFICIAL CARIES LESION
Kim, Kwang-Hyon ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 159~165
Fluoride has been used widely for the prevention of dental caries. Many dental professionals applicated acidulated phosphate fluoride(APF) gel for the purpose of prevention of dental caries in recent years. However, the topical application of fluoride varnish is growing and getting much recognition in many parts of Europe and Scandinavia. The main purpose of this study was to compare the effect of fluoride varnish and acidulated phosphate fluoride gel on artificial caries lesion. The artificial caries lesion was caused on the sound bovine enamel and divided 60 specimens into three groups each containing twenty for the purpose of study. No application was done on group 1, which acted as control group. Group 2 was treated with the topical application of fluoride varnish and removed after 1 hour Group 3 was treated with APF gel and removed after a minute. The cycle of remineralization/demineralization went on in vitro and the microhardness was measured for the each group after 5 and 15days. The following results were obtained : 1. According to the results after 5 days, the microhardness of groups 2 and 3 were significantly higher than group 1, the control group(p<0.05) Similar results was also noticed after 15 days(p<0.05) 2. In comparison of microhardness between groups 2 and 3 after 5days, there were no significant differences between them. The results after 15 days was also similar 3. Much difference in microhardness wasn't present in groups 2 and 3 after 5 and 15days. However, the microhardness of the group 1 dropped significantly in the result of 15 days and 5 days(p<0.05).
CASE REPORT OF RUBINSTEIN-TABYI SYNDROME
Jung, Sung-Ho ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Lee, Tae-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 166~170
Rubinstein-Tabyi syndrome(RTS) is a congenital multisystem dysmorphic syndrome with many non-specific features, making diagnosis occasionally difficult. The major features of this syndrome include mental retardation, characteristic facial appearance, short stature, microcephaly, and broad thumbs and halluces. This syndrome was first described by Rubinstein and Tabyi in 1963, and many studies have been continued about this syndrome, but specific pathogenesis of the Rubinstein-Tabyi syndrome phenotype is still not clear. High arched palate, micrognathia and multiple caries etc have been reported in Rubinstein-Tabyi syndrome. In this report, a 6-year and 5-month-old boy visited at our department due to multiple dental caries, who showed broad thumbs, mental and physical development retardation, and characteristic facial appearance including both ptosis and ear deformity. This patient was diagnosed as a Rubinstein-Tabyi syndrome, and treated the multiple dental caries under general anesthesia. This study was aimed to observe the relationship between medical and dental characteristics.
DESMOPLASTIC FIBROMA OF THE MANDIBLE IN A CHILDREN : A CASE REPORT
Yoon, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 171~174
This case describes a case of desmoplastic fibroma of the mandible. A 9-year-old boy was seen with a history of progressive swelling and expansion of the left mandible for one month period. Desmoplastic fibroma was diagnosed on histopathologic examination This report reviews the diagnostic criteria, differential diagnosis and surgical treatment of choice in brief of this uncommon primary bone tumor of the oral and maxillofacial region.
REGIONAL ODONTODYSPLASIA : CASE REPORT
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Cho, Jae-Hyun ; Kim, Ki-Dug ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 175~179
Regional odontodysplasia is a relatively rare condition in which both enamel and dentin are hypoplastic and hypocalcified. The result is localized arrest in tooth development. The etiology of regional odontodysplasia is uncertain, but, disturbance in vascular supply, somatic mutation, latent virus infection, trauma, hyperpyrexia, irradiation, nutrition, metabolic disorders and hereditary transmission are supported to be etiologic factors. Females are more often affected than males. (1.4 : 1). The maxillary arch is more often affected than the mandibular arch with the maxillary left quadrant being the most commonly involved. Affected teeth are hypoplastic, typically discolored yellow or yellowish brown, smaller in size and display a variety of surface marking including pitting and grooving. Radiographically, the teeth affected have been described to have a "ghost like" appearance or "fuzzy" appearance. Pulp calcification and denticles may be present within the pulp chambers of the affected teeth. In it's case, a 2 years old male visited for a treatment of uneruption of lower right teeth. Partial eruption of lower right deciduous central incisor and unerupted deciduous lateral incisor, deciduous canine and deciduous first molar showed severly delayed eruption state. On radiographic appearance, "Ghost like appearance", shortened root and opened apexes on lower right region were observed. It was suspected regional odontodysplasia with clinical and radiographic condition.
THE ANOMALIES OF PERMANENT DENTITION IN CLEIDOCRANIAL DYSPLASIA
Shin, Eun-Young ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Son, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 180~184
Cleidocranial Dysplasia(CCD) is an autosomal dominant human bone disease characterized by abnormal clavicles, patent sutures and fontanelles, and dental anomalies. Among dental anomalies, it is characterized that permanent dentition is severly disturbed due to multiple supernumerary teeth and abnormalities of tooth morphology. A eight-year-old female patient diagnosed as cleidocranial dysplasia visited in our hospital. Upon clinical oral exam, retained deciduous teeth, constriction of dental arch, anterior cross bite, and multiple dental caries were observed. In the dental panoramic radiograph, retained deciduous teeth and multiple supernumerary teeth in the maxilla and the mandible were found. In the cephalometric radiograph, open sutures and wormian bones were seen. In the chest P-A view absence of clavicles was observed. The cleidocranial dysplasia patients have eruption problems in permanent dentition both in regions with and without supernumerary teeth. The severely delayed or arrested eruption of permanent teeth has been ascribed to various factors : 1) The presence of multiple supernumerary teeth, 2) malformed roots with lack of cellular cementum, 3) the jaw bone being too dense, and 4) abnormal resorption of bone and primary teeth. Formation and maturation of primary teeth in cleidocranial dysplasia are normal, whereas the permanent dentition has various anomalies. Therefore, dentists should understand the development of dentition in cleidocranial dysplasia, and treat them in proper time.
EFFECTS ON THE ENLARGEMENT RATIOS DUE TO CHANGES OF HEAD POSTURE ON LATERAL HEADFILMS
Seo, Young-Hun ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 1, 2001, Pages 185~194
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of angulation changes of head posture on the enlargement ratios of a lateral headfilm depending on the vortical or horizontal rotation of the objects. A device was constructed to measure regional changes of enlargement ratios. The device was held within the cephalostat and cephalograms recorded at each measured degrees of the device tilting, vertically and horizontally. The enlargement ratios of the horizontal, vertical, and angular measurements on the films taken at each tilted angulations were obtained and compared with those on the films taken without rotation. In summary, the enlargement ratios of the horizontal linear measurements were decreased during horizontal rotations. The enlargement ratios of vortical measurements of the right side on the film were increased and those of the left side were decreased by the horizontal rotations. Enlargement ratios of horizontal measurements were affected further than those of vertical measurements by the same angular changes of the horizontal rotations. Therefore, a disruption of parallelism between the object's midsagittal plane and the film could result in distortion of the image while vertical rotation around the object's porionic axis would not significantly affect the enlargement ratios on the headfilm.