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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 28, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
INFLUENCE OF LIGHT SOURCE AND CURING TIME ON SURFACE HARDNESS OF RESIN COMPOSITES
Bae, Sang-Man ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ; Ahn, Ho-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 199~206
The purpose of study was to compare the plasma arc light with the halogen light in compostie resin curing. Three composite resin materials(Z-100, 3M, USA; Tetric Ceram, Vivadent, Liechtenstein; SureFil, Dentsply, USA) were filled in the teflon molds (4mm in diameter and 2, 3, 4, 5mm in thickness) and cured with either the conventional low-intensity light curing unit with a halogen lamp (Optilux 360, Demetron, U.S.A.) for duration of 40 seconds or with the high-intensity light curing unit with a plasma arc lamp (Flipo, Lokki, France) for duration of 3, 6, and 9 seconds. The intensity of halogen light was about
and that of plasma light was about
. After one week, the surface hardnesses of both the top and the bottom of the resin samples were measured with a microhardness tester(MXT70, Matsuzawa, Japan). There were significant differences in the hardness between the top and the bottom of the resin samples except the 2mm thickness samples cured by halogen light for 40s or by plasma light for 9s. There was no significant difference between the hardness values of the top surfaces of the thickness groups. The hardness values of the bottom surfaces decreased as the curing time decreased and as the thickness of resin samples increased, and the three kinds of resin composites showed similar patterns. The results suggest that the halogen light for 40 seconds might be able to cure greater depth of resin composites than the plasma light for 3, 6, or 9 seconds.
A effect of calcium hydroxide endodontic materials on the differentiation and the activation of osteoclast
Jang, Eun-Young ; Kown, Hoon ; Lee, Chang-Hee ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 207~218
The purpose of this study was to investigate the direct inhibitory effect of calcium hydroxide materials on differentiation and activation of osteoclast. we used the osteoclast progenitor cells isolated from bone marrow cell of chick embryo tibia and four experimental materials [
] diluted at 0.1, 0.01,
. There were measured both the number of differentiated osteoclast and the area of resorption lacunae. Also, we conducted MTT assay on U2OS osteoblast to examine of cytotoxic effect and obtained following result. 1. Considering the result of the inhibitory effects upon osteoclast differentiation, There were shown a significant difference increased in the following order: Metapaste
. But no significant difference was found in pulpdent group that the number of differentiated osteoclast was increased at all concentrations(p<0.05). 2. Among the three experimental groups, that is,
dilution that were statistically significant in reduction of the number of differentiated osteoclast. Vitapex group showed significant cytotoxic effect compared to control and another two groups exhibited no significant difference. Also, 0.2% DMSO group was shown statistically siginificant cytotoxicity (p<0.05). 3. Examining pattern and measured area of resorption lacunae in the control and the three experimental groups ,that is,
powder group, statistically significant differences were found between experimental groups and control group. Also, DMSO group showed statistically significant decrease (p<0.05). From these results, we think that calcium hydroxide is responsible for suppression of hard tissue resorption by a direct inhibition of dfferentiation and activation of osteoclast.
ULTRASTRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OF TOOTH PULP AFFERENTS TERMINALS IN THE MEDULLARY DORSAL HORN OF THE RAT
Bae, Yong-Chul ; Lee, Eun-Hee ; Choy, Min-Ki ; Hong, Su-Hyung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Na, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 219~227
Little is known about processing mechanism of pain sensation of the oral cavity at the 1st synapse of trigeminal sensory nuclei. Serial ultrathin sections of tooth pulp afferent terminals, identified by the transganglionic transport of 1% wheatgerm agglutinin conjugated horseradish peroxidase, were investigated with electron microscope. Quantitative ultrastructural analysis was performed on digitizing tablet connected to Macintoshi personal computer (software; NIH Image 1.60, NIH, Bethesda, MD). Labeled boutons could be classified into two types by the shapes of containing vesicles : S bouton, which contained mainly spherical vesicles (Dia. 45-55 nm) and few large dense cored vesicles (Dia, 80-120nm), and LDCV bouton, which contained spherical vesicles as well as large number of large dense cored vesicles. Most of the parameters on the ultrastructural characteristic and synaptic organization of labeled boutons were similar between S and LDCV boutons, except shapes of containing vesicles. Majority of the labeled boutons showed simple synaptic arrangement. The labeled boutons were frequency presynaptic to dendritic spine, and to a lesser extent, dendritic shaft. They rarely synapsed with soma and adjacent proximal dendrite. A small proportion of labeled boutons made synaptic contacts with presynaptic, pleomorphic vesicles containing endings and synaptic triad. Morphometric parameters of labeled boutons including volume and surface area, total apposed area, mitochondrial volume, active zone area, vesicle number and density showed wide variation and these were not significantly different between S and LDCV boutons. The present study revealed characteristic features on ultrastructure and synaptic connection of pulpal afferents which may involved in transmission of oral pain sensation.
A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF DENTIN ADHESIVE TO FLUORIDE RELEASE OF COMPOMER
Yoon, Yeo-Sang ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 228~237
It is well known that glass-ionomer cement and compomer can release fluoride which can inhibit the progression of dental caries. The purposes of this study were to evaluate whether the fluoride from fluoride-containing filling materials can penetrate the dentin bonding adhesive and the dentin bonding adhesive can increase the bond strength of resin-modified glass ionomer. The amount of fluoride release from resin-modified glass ionomer and compomer was measured during 28 days of period and statistically analyzed by t-test. The bond strength of each material with/without dentin bonding adhesive was measured and also statistically analyzed by t-test. The distribution of fluoride from each material into the tooth was explored by electron probe microanalysis system(EPMA). The experimental teeth used were second primary molars about to exfoliate. The amount of fluoride release from each material was diminished by dentin bonding adhesive during 28 days(p<0.05) and the bond strength was not increased by dentin adhesive in resin-modified glass ionomer. The bond strength of group VI was not detectable. The distribution of fluoride from each material into teeth was according to dentino-enamel junction and dispersed into pulp from pulpal floor. The widest distribution was shown in resin-modified glass ionomer cement filled without the application of dentin bonding adhesive.
THE EFFECT OF BMP REGULATED SMAD PROTEIN ON ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE GENE EXPRESSION
Kim, Nan-Jin ; Ryoo, Hyun-Mo ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 238~246
Bone morphogenetic proteins(BMPs), members of the transforming growth factor
) superfamily were first identified as the factors that induce ectopic bone formation in vivo, when implanted into muscular tissue. Especially BMP-2 inhibits terminal differentiation of C2C12 myoblasts and converts them into osteoblast lineage cells. In the molecular mechanism of the signal transduction of TGF-
and related factors, intracellular signaling proteins were identified as Smad. In previous study, it has been reported that Smad 1 and Smad 5, which belong to the R-Smad family mediate BMP signaling, were involved in the induction of osteoblast differentiation in C2C12 cells. To understnad the role of Smads involved in osteogenic transdifferentiation in C2C12 cell, in present study, after we stably transfected C2C12 cells with each. Smad(Smad 1,Smad 5) expression vector, cultured for 3 days and stained for alkaline phophatase activity. ALP activity positive cells appeared in the Smad 1, Smad 5 stably transfected cell even in the abscence of BMP. After transiently co-transfected C2C12 cells with each Smad expression vector and ALP promoter, it was examined that Smad 1 and Smad 5 expression vector had increased about 2 fold ALP promoter activity in the abscence of BMP. These result suggested that both Smad 1 and Smad 5 were involved in the intracellular BMP signals which induce osteoblast differentiation in C2C12 cells. The effect of BMP on C2C12 cells with Smad 1, Smad 5 transfected were studied by using northern blot analysis. the treatment of BMP upregulated ALP mRNA level in three groups, especially upregulation of ALP was larger in Smad 1, Smad 5 transfected cell than control group. Pretreatment with cycloheximide(
), a protein synthesis inhibitor resulted in blocking the ALP gene expression even in BMP(100ng/ml) treated cell. These results suggested that Smad increased the level of ALP mRNA via the synthesis of a certain transcriptional regulatory protein.
A STUDY ON THE TRAUMATIC INJURY OF PATIENTS IN DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, KANGNUNG NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL
Kim, Dong-Won ; Lee, Kwang-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 247~254
There is a growing tendency for injury and it is essential to know about the epidemiology of the injured teeth for proper and timely treatment. Through empirical data analysis of 120 children who came to pediatric dentistry of Kangnung National University Dental Hospital, this study purposes to give an understanding about the injury and analyzes the frequency by children's sex and age, the number of injured teeth according to the area in the mouth, the types of injury, causes and places of injury, the frequency occurred by month and hour, the position of injured teeth, and the elapse of time. The main findings of this study are summarized as follows: 1. The frequency analysis by sex shows that the rate of boys is more likely to be higher than girls(1.6:1). 2. The frequency analysis by age shows that the ratio of children between aged 2~4 and 8~10 are high. 3. The number of injured teeth is generally one(51.7%). 4. Periodontal tissue injury is the main cause for the primary teeth. In case of permanent teeth, the ratio of hard tissue injury which is much increased than the case of the primary teeth, is similar to that of periodontal tissue injury. 5. The main cause of injury is fall for both dentition; In case of permanent dentition, the ratio of injury by sports is increased. 6. The place of injury for primary teeth is mainly home(38.8%); Street and school for permanent teeth(42.5% and 35%, respectively). 7. The frequency by month shows that the injury is most frequently occurred in July. 8. The frequency analysis by hour shows that injury for primary teeth mostly happens in the morning; in the afternoon for permanent teeth. 9. The position of injured teeth according to the area in the mouth is mainly maxilla anterior in both case of primary and permanent teeth and especially the ratio of central incisors is high, 10. More than half(59.2%) of patients came to the hospital within one day and the seriously injured were likely to come within one day than the slightly injured.
DEVELOPMENTAL AND ERUPTIONAL DISTURBANCES OF PERMANENT SUCCESSORS ASSOCIATED WITH TRAUMATIC INJURY TO PRIMARY TEETH
Lim, Hyoung-Soo ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 255~260
Trauma to the primary incisors may cause developmental or eruptional disturbance of the permanent successors. Two cases illustrate developmental disturbances of arrested root formation, dilaceration, and eruptional disturbances of impaction, ectopic eruption of permanent successors caused by traumatic injury to deciduous incisors. The patient of the first case suffered trauma at the age of 4 years 7 months, causing alveolar bone fracture including the maxillary right primary central and lateral incisors that were immedi-ately extracted. The second patient had trauma episodes at the age of 3 years. Avulsion of the maxillary primary right central and lateral incisors were occurred due to trauma. After such trauma, regular follow-up including radiographs is necessary to detect early any possible interference with normal eruption of permanent successors.
AN EVALUATION OF WEAR CHARACTERISTICS OF LIGHT-CURED RESTORATIVE COMPOSITES ON ENAMEL SURFACE
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Lee, Seung-Young ; Lee, Doo-Cheol ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 261~270
This study was performed to evaluate wear characteristics of light-cured composites when opposed by human enamel. Seven light-cured restorative composites were selected and enamel cusps sectioned from premolars. All samples were stored in distilled water at
for 10 days. 68.6 N of weight was loaded during the test. The measurements of vertical loss of enamel cusps, weight loss and volume loss of composites, and SEM observations of the polished and abraded surfaces were made after 30,000 cycles. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. The highest hardness value of 70.4 was observed in the Spectrum group and the lowest value of 19.8 was observed in the Heliomolar group. Results of Tukey test showed that an overall significant difference was indicated except the Spectrum, Z100 and Clearfil AP-X groups(p<0.05). 2. Enamel showed the good abrasion resistance against the Heliomolar group of microfilled composite and the Palpique Toughwell group containing the submicron hybrid type spherical fillers. 3. The abrasive wear resistance of hybrid composites was improved with the decrease of mean particle size and hybrid of submicron particle fillers. 4. SEM observation of worn surfaces revealed the protrusion, attrition and missing of fillers, cracks developing and delamination in the matrix.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIETARY HABITS AND DENTAL CARIES EXPERIENCE IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Cheon, Cheol-Wan ; Lee, Doo-Cheol ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 271~280
The aim of the present study was to analyze relationship between dietary habits and dental caries experience in preschool children. All 143 boys and 124 girls living in a chonju city were investigated dmf index by dentists through oral examination and dietary habit by children's mothers through questionaires such as infant diets and food preferences. The statistical analysis were performed to evaluate whether variations in dietary habits are related to dental caries experience. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The average dmf index scores of all children were examined
. The girls had higher than the boys, but no significant differences between the genders were seen the dmf index(P>0.05). 2. The higher were their age of children, the higher dmf index was investigated. The dmf index of 5 and 6-yr old childrens was higher than that in 3 and 4-yr old children(P<0.05). 3. No significant difference was found between the present of mother's occupation (P>0.05) and type of infant dietary habits(P>0.05). 4. The fruits and sea weeds were showed high degree of preference and fats and vegetables were showed low degree generally. Among 13 food groups, there was no significant difference between boys and girls except for sea weeds(P>0.05). 5. Among 13 food groups, the dmf index was positively associated with sugars(r=0.3854, P<0.05), dairy products(r=0.4328, P<0.05) and soft drinks(r=0.2586, P<0.05), and negatively associated with other food groups.
PHYSIOLOGIC ERUPTION INDUCTION OF TRANSPOSED IMPACTED UPPER INCISORS THROUGH AUTOTRANSPLANTATION
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Lee, Doo-Cheol ; Oh, Kyong-Seon ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 281~286
The treatment method of impacted tooth is various from simple observation to surgical exposure and orthodontic methods, autotransplantation is concerned to severe malposed impacted tooth. Autotransplantation is the transplantation of embedded, impacted, of unerupted tooth, into extraction socket of surgically prepared in the same individual. Autotransplantation of tooth with
root development provides a good chance of easily extracted, a little complication, pulp survival, and complete root formation. Transplantation of uncompleted root apex tooth is aim to pulpal healing, not endodontic treatment. The case which were treated with autotransplantation is reported, and induced normal physiologic eruption and good dental alignment.
DEPARTMENT OF ORAL PATHOLOGY, CASE REPORT OF BURKITT'S LYMPHOMA
Hong, Hyun-Jin ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jai-Ho ; Yun, Jung-Hun ; Son, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 287~292
Burkitt's lymphoma is a malignant tumor that commonly occurs in the jaws of children of Central Africa. It originates from the lymphatic tissue, and it shows rapid growth. Clinically, it is commonly found in children between age of 3 and 8. When it is found in the jaw, facial swelling, mobility of deciduous teeth, and early eruption of posterior teeth can also be found. Upon radiographic examination, radiolucent lesions with irregular border can be observed. Histologically, macrophage can be seen among tumor cells, and this special pattern is called "starry-sky" appearance. In this case, 3 year-old male patient came to our hospital with left facial swelling and severe mobility of deciduous molars. He was diagnosed as Burkitt's lymphoma based on clinical, radiographic, and histologic examination. He is being treated with chemotherapy and progress seems promising.
A STUDY ON THE CHANGES IN POLYMERIZATION OF LIGHT-ACTIVATED COMPOSITE RESIN WITH VARIOUS EXPOSURE TIME AND DISTANCE
Ahn, Myung-Ki ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 293~299
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the distance of the light tip to the surface of restoration and exposure time on the polymerization of surface and 2mm below the surface of light-activated composite resins. Two light-activated composite resins were used. From the experiment, the following results were obtained. 1. Relative light intensity rapidly decreased when distance of the light tip to the surface of material is more than 2mm(p<0.05). 2. In all groups, microhardness was increased according to the increase of relative light intensity and exposure time(p<0.05). 3. The distance of the light tip to the surface of restoration and exposure time more affected 2mm below the surface rather than the surface(p<0.05). 4. Although exposure time was increased, difference of microhardness of the 2mm below the surface with the distance of the light tip to the surface of restoration was relatively high in Z100 between below 4mm and other groups and Z250 between below 2mm and other groups(p<0.05).
A SURVEY ON THE CARIES PREVALENCE OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN A SMALL CITY
Park, Chang-Hyun ; Joeng, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 300~309
The purpose of this study was to investigate the caries prevalence and caries pattern of preschool children in a small city. Six hundred twenty four kindergarten children in Milyang city were examined for their caries experience of individual teeth and surfaces by dmf index. The obtained results were as follows. 1. The rate of children with caries experience(dmft rate) in primary teeth was 74.0% in 3-year-olds, 83.8% in 4-year-olds, and 90.6% in 5-year-olds. The mean number of decayed, missed, and filled primary teeth(dmft index) was 3.47 in 3-year-olds, 5.41 in 4-year-olds, and 6.01 in 5-year-olds. 2. The caries prevalence of children in this study was higher than those of other researches in past and in other cities. 3. The caries-experienced teeth in order in 5-year-olds were as follows : mandibular 2nd primary molar, mandibular 1st primary molar, maxillary 2nd primary molar, maxillary primary central incisor and maxillary 1st primary molar. 4. The pattern of dental caries development was different between the incisors and molars. The prevalent surface of caries was proximal surface in primary incisors, but occlusal surface in primary molars.
BENIGN TUMORS IN THE ALVEOLAR RIDGE OF NEWBORNS
Lee, Jae-Ho ; Kim, So-Hwa ; Yun, Jung-Hun ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 310~315
The soft tissue tumors that occur commonly in newborn infants include palatal and gingival cyst of the newborn, congenital epulis, hemangioma, teratoma, pyogenic granuloma, and irritation fibroma. Such soft tissue tumors in the alveolar ridge of newborns are usually treated by surgical excision. If untreated, they can cause airway obstruction and breathing difficulty due to aspiration. They also cause discomfort during oral feeding. If nasal feeding is tried, since vomitting is impossible, there is a risk of aspiration pneumonia. In this case, a newborn infant visited our hospital with soft tissue tumor as chief complaint, and the infant was treated by surgical excision. It appeared to be similar to pyogenic granuloma and irritation fibroma upon histologic exam. However, it was different from those diseases since multinucleated giant cells were observed and it was congenital. The pathologic process of this neoplasm is not clear. This case is reported, since it is difficult to classify it as a specific disease.
DENTAL CARE FORE MULTIPLE ROOTLESS TEETH : A CASE REPORT
Lee, Mi-Sook ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 316~322
Chemotherapy and radiotherapy used on pediatric oncology patients often causes dentofacial anomalies. Defects noted include tooth and root agenesis, root thinning, root shortening, localized enamel defect and maxillofacial underdevelopment. The effect of radiotherapy usually is confined to the radiation site but the effect of chemotherapy may be more wide spread becuase of its systemic distribution. Many pediatric cancers are treated with a combination of radiation and multiagent chemotherapy. Dental treatment affected by chemotherapy and radiation therapy damage to developing teeth and maxilloface includes retention of teeth, space maintenance, prosthetic considerations, requirements for oral hygiene. The following case related to multiple rootless teeth.
CLINICAL APPLICATION OF MODIFIED FR-4
Song, Jae-Hyuk ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 2, 2001, Pages 323~328
Anterior open bite is one in which the teeth in the anterior portion of the maxilla and mandible are vertically apart and lack the overlapping necessary for the incisive function when the mandible is in closed position. Anterior open bite is a result of the interaction of many different etiologic factors including thumb and finger sucking, lip and tongue habits, airway obstruction, skeletal growth abnormalities and its tendency may appear with any type of skeletal patterns, such as Class I, II or III malocclusion types. Though the treatment methods for anterior open bite are various, the conventional FR-4, designed by Rolf Fr
nkel, is known to be effective in treating open bite cases with Class I or II skeletal patterns. It is due to that an incidence of skeletal Class II is high in the Occidentals, and open bite is accompanied by these malocclusion type in many cases. However, an incidence of skeletal Class III is high in the Orientals, and open bite is sometimes accompanied by skeletal Class III in many cases. Although the use of the conventional FR-4 was effective in the treatment of open bite, skeletal Class III would be worsened. So, a modified FR-4(placing the labial bow in the lower, the labial pads in the upper) was designed for the treatment of patients showing skeletal Class III and open bite.