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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 28, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
Selecting the target year
EVALUATION OF SUCCESS RATE AND TEMPORARY HYPOXIA IN PEDIATRIC DENTAL SEDATION USING CHLORAL HYDRATE AND HYDROXYZINE
Jung, Ji-Hye ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 337~344
The combination of chloral hydrate and hydroxyzine is one of the safest and most commonly used drug regimens for sedating young, uncooperative pediatric dental patients. The continuous monitoring of respiratory function and early recognition of respiratory difficulties are essential for the successful management of sedated dental patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success rate of the sedation and the hypoxia through monitoring the oxygen desaturation in the pulse oximeter in pediatric dental patients sedated with 60mg/kg chloral hydrate and 25mg hydroxyzine. The following results were obtained : 1. The success rate of the sedation was 69.6% and there was no statistically significant difference among the groups based on the ages, weight and duration of the operative time. 2. Forty two percentage of the sedated patients showed the temporary hypoxia state and there was no statistically significant difference based on the ages and weights of the patients. But there was a statistically significant difference on the duration of the operative time.
AN EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDY ON THE PEDIATRIC PATIENTS IN DEPARTMENT-OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, CHOSUN UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL FOR LAST 10 YEARS(1990-1999)
Ryu, Hyun-Seop ; Kim, Hyo-Suck ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 345~354
The purpose of this study was to make public oral health plan more effective and the improvement of the hospital management system for better clinical dental practice. Distribution and trends were examined in all patients who had been examined and diagnosed at Department of Pedodontics, Dental Hospital, Chosun University over 10 year-period from 1990 to 1999 Results were as follows, 1. The number of patients per year was increasing trend after 1996 and higher visiting rate in male(55.9%) than in female(44.1%). 2. Age distribution had shown
year-old cup being the largest (23.4%) and each percentage of
year-old group was 19.9%, 17.7%, 14.6%, 12.6%, 8.0%, 3.3%. 0.5%. 3. Geographic distribution showed a majority of patients in Kwang-Ju (83.0%). Group in the suburbs of Kwang-Ju(Jang-Sung group) was 5.4%. 4. Dental caries showed the highest percentage(40.5%) in chief complaints and percentage of oral exam, orthodontic problem, oral pain, trauma, supernumerary teeth, swelling was 13.9% 12.6%, 8.8%, 7.4%, 5.5%, 4.9%. 5. In all patients with traumatic problem, crown fracture showed the highest percentage(41.4%) and percentage of subluxation was 19.4%. 6. Majority(78.7%) of patients were not refered, and percentage of patients refered from local clinic was 20.5%. 7. Patients who had periodic check-up comprised 19.6%, and percentage of after 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24month was 36.7%, 22.2%, 13.5%, 11.3%, 5.4%, 11.0%.
A MORPHOMETRIC STUDY ON THE PRIMARY MOLARS AND PREFORMED STAINLESS STEEL CROWN
Choi, Ji-Eun ; Cheong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 355~362
Data derived from odontometric studies are useful in many areas. Especially crown diameter of primary teeth is important in not only anthropology but also clinical dentistry. The purposes of this study were to compare diameters of primary molars of Korean children with those of preformed stainless steel crown, and examine racial characteristics of primary molars of Korean children. The mesiodistal and buccolingual diameters of primary molars were measured on dental casts taken from 235 children(male 105, female 131), with digital calipers. And the data were compared with those of preformed stainless steel crowns. The results were as follows; 1. No significant difference was observed between the right and left members of antimeric teeth and all primary molars of male were larger than those of female. 2. The diameters of primary molars of Korean are smaller than those of Austrailian aborigines and there was significant difference between diameters of primary molars of Korean and those of other populations. 3. There were size differences between diameters of maxillary, mandibular first molar and preformed stainless steel crown than other primary molars, relatively.
A CLINICAL STUDY ON THE MAINTENANCE OF LIGHT INTENSITY OF VISIBLE-LIGHT CURING MACHINES FOR THE POLYMERIZATION OF COMPOSITE RESINS
Lee, Dong-Soo ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 363~368
It is well known that numerous factors influence the light output of curing units, but many dentists are un aware that the output of their curing lights are inadequate. This study was conducted to evaluate the light in tensity of visible-light curing units in some private dental clinics and hospital dental clinics. In order to determine the maximum light intensity of the curing units, lamps, filters and fiber optic bundles, they were replaced with new ones and light intensity was remeasured. Light intensity was measured by employing a digital radiometer (EFOS model #8000, USA). Light intensity ranged in
: 46.6%, above
; 35.6%). The replacement of the components increased the light intensity, with maximum increases of 94.8% for lamps, 82.3% for filters, 200.8% for fiber optics and 361.5% for all three parts. According to the manufacturer of radiometer, curing light is considered as unsuitable for use with a reading of above
by the radiometer. Applying these criteria to the present study, 64.4% of the curing units required repair or replacement. The results of this study indicated that the light intensities of the curing units used in dental practice were lower than optimum level.
THE DELAYED DEVELOPMENT OF MANDIBULAR SECOND PREMOLARS - A PITFALL FOR MISDIAGNOSIS OF CONGENITAL ABSENCE
Woo, Youn-Sun ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 369~373
The congenital missing of mandibular second premolars is among the common dental anomaly in children. When a second premolar is diagnosed as congenitally missed, we should consider many factors influencing the treatment plan such as patient's age, states of roots of 2nd primary molar, degree of crowding, skeletal growth pattern, facial profile, procumbency of the incisor and lower facial height, etc. The mineralization of the second premolars begins in the majority of cases at the age of
years, but this period varies more widely than those for other permanent teeth. Also, mandibular second premolars show the greatest variations in differentiation and calcification. For this reason, aplasia of this group of teeth cannot be diagnosed at early age and with the same degree of certainty. From the clinical studies with 2 cases and some literature review on late development of second premolars, it could be summarized as follows : 1. The 2 cases showed marked delay in the development of mandibular second premolars. 2. After the crypt formation, the speed of calcification seemed nearly normal, suggesting that the delay was due to differentiation rather than calcification. 3. When one is encountered with similar conditions, it would be desirable to consider the possibility of delayed tooth development.
SEM EVALUATION AND SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF ER : YAG LASER IRRADIATION ON ENAMEL SURFACE
Lim, Hyoung-Soo ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 374~382
The purpose of this study was to investigate the surface morphology and measure shear bond strength of Er : YAG lased enamel. To determine the most effective energy density of laser for improving bonding strength of human enamel, 24 specimen were lased from 30mJ to 150mJ at 1Hz used focused, defocused beam. After irradiation, the lased specimen were observed scanning electron microscope. To determine the resin shear bond strength of Er : YAG lased enamel, the 90 specimen were divided into 3 groups. The Control group was etched with 37% phosphoric acid for 15seconds and rinsed. Group 1 was only laser irradiaton(60mJ, 10Hz), Group 2 was irradiated as Group 1 regimen, followed 37% phosphoric acid etching. The following results were obtained: 1. In both focused and defocused Er : YAG lased enamel surface are similar to acid-etched enamel more than 60mJ in SEM evaluation. 2. The more increased laser energy, the more observed fissuring surface. 3. The highest mean shear bond strength value was observed in control group with the statistical significance(p<0.05) between all the other groups and the shear bond strength in group 1 was the lowest with significant difference among the other groups.
ERUPTION GUIDANCE OF IMPACTED MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR WITH APICALLY POSITIONED FLAP
Ryu, Hyun-Seop ; Kown, Hoon ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 383~390
It is a relatively common clinical experience to see a impacted maxillary central incisor Most often, the central incisor is impacted labially. The labial impaction has been indicated as the most difficult to manage. The labial impactions have been found to be associated with mucogingival recession, reduced attached gingiva and periodontal pockets. For the successful treatment, clinicians should avoid loss of attached gingiva in surgical exposure. The most common methods of uncovering labially impacted maxillary anterior teeth are gingivectomy, apically positioned flap and closed eruption technique. If gingivectomy will not leave enough attached gingiva, then an apically positioned flap may be the treatment of choice. If the tooth is impacted in the middle of the alveolus or high in the vestibule near the nasal spine, the closed eruption technique may be the treatment of choice. Closed eruption technique was used in one case, apically positioned flap was used in two case. As the result in two cases of impacted maxillary central incisor, apically positioned flap provide the adequate width of attached gingiva. In case of impacted maxillary central incisor, through the clinical and radiologic examination to select correct surgical operation for reduce the complications.
A STATISTICAL STUDY ON THE DENTAL DISEASE OF THE HANDICAPPED
Choi, Nam-Ki ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 391~402
The reports concerning dental disease in handicapped children are contentious, and there are many differences of opinion as to what extent handicapped children differ in oral health and disease from healthy children. The present study was done by conducting a comprehensive study and evaluation of the oral health between the 267 handicapped and the 128 normal persons with regard to caries rate, occlusion and the condition of the periodontium. The result showed that the dft, the dfs and DMFT indices of handicapped persons according to age were significantly lower than those of normal persons(p<0.05). The prevalence of gingivitis in handicapped persons increased with age and was significantly higher than those reported for normal persons(p<0.001). It was found that the handicapped group had a significant difference in the class distribution of occlusion, with a higher percentage of Class II and Class III occlusion from that observed in the control group(p<0.05).
CHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF LIGHT-CURED DENTAL COMPOSITE RESINS
Yang, Kuy-Ho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Park, Mi-Ran ; Park, Eun-Hae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 403~411
The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance to degradation of four commercial composite resins in an alkaline solution. The brands studied were Unifil(GC, Japan), Palfique(Tokuyama Japan). Definite
AG, Germany). Revolution(Kerr, U.S.A.). Preweighed discs of each brand were exposed 0.1N NaOH solution at
. After 14 days they were removed, neutralized with HCl, washed with water and dried. Resistance to degradation was evaluated on the basis of following parameters: (a) mass loss(%) - determined from pre-and post-exposed specimen weights; (b) Si loss(ppm) - obtained from ICP-AE analysis of solution exposed to specimens; and (c) degradation depth
- measured microscopically (SEM) from polished circular sections of exposed specimens. The results were follows: 1. The mass loss of Unifil was 3.21%, it was the highest of materials. But, there was no significant difference among the materials. 2. The degree of degradation layer depth was
, the sequence of the degree pf degradation layer depth was in descending order by Unifil, Palfique, Revolution, Definite. There was significant difference among the materials except Palfique and Definite. 3. The Si loss of Paltique was 8940.0ppm, it was the highest. There was significant difference among the materials, except Revolution and Definite(p<0.05). 4. The correlation coefficient between mass loss and degradation depth was relatively high(r = 0.06, p<0.05). 5. There was no significant coefficient correlation between Si loss and mass loss, and/or the degree of degradation layer depth and Si loss. 6. When observed with SEM, destruction of bonding is observed between resin matrix and filler. Above results suggested that the hydrolytic degradation is considered as evaluation factor of composite resins.
THE LATERAL CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY OF THE GROWING CHILDREN WITH CLASS III MALOCCLUSION BY MCNAMARA ANALYSIS
Yang, Ku-Ho ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Choi, Nam-Ki ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 412~420
In the growing children with normal occlusion and class III malocclusion who need the early treatment to be helped to diagnose and to set up treatment plan by calculating the mean values of the lateral cephalometric measurements, cephalometric measurements by McNamara alalysis were achieved and compared on both the 84 elementary school children with normal occlusion and 83 class III malocclusion children at the age of 7 to 9 in Kwangju city and the results were as follows: 1. On the boys group, between normal occlusion and class III malocclusion, Effective maxillary length, Maxillomandibular differential, Facial axis, Nasion perpendicualr to pogonion, Point A perp to Mx 1, and A-Pog line to Mn 1 showed significant differences(p<0.05). 2. On the girls group, between normal occlusion and class III malocclusion significant differences were shown in Effective Maxillary length, Maxillomandibular differential, Mandibular plan angle, Nasion perpendicualr to Point A, Point A perp to Mx 1, A-Pog line to Mn 1(p<0.01). 3. There were no significant differences between normal occlusion and class III malocclusion of boys group but significant differences between them of girls group in Effective mandibular length(P<0.01). On the boys and girls group, Effective maxilla length of class III malocclusion was shorter than that of normal occlusion. 4. There were no significant differences between normal occlusion and class III malocclusion both in boys and girls at Anterior lower facial height. 5. There were significant differences between boys and girls both in class III malocclusion and normal occlusion at Anterior lower facial height and Mandibular plane angle(p<0.01).
TREATMENT OF CLASS I CROWDING WITH EXTRACTION OF THE SECOND PERMANENT MOLAR
Park, Song-Young ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 421~429
Since Non-Extraction treatment in some orthodontic case shows unstable result and unfavorable profile, extraction is selected as inevitable treatment option for the harmonious profile, facial skeleton, and the stable dentition on both arches. For the achievement of proper goal, premolars, molars, sometimes incisors or canines are selected to be extracted. The first Premolar is usually extracted for relieving the crowded dentition with which the molar relations are class I to gain stable dentition and proper profile, but often results in the depression of profile or the loss of vortical dimension. On the contrary, the extracton of the second molar helps maintaining the fullness of profile and the vertical dimension, prevents additional space closural procedures which often make the procedures complicated, relieves both anterior and posterior crowding, and substitutes the extraction fossae for newly erupting 3rd molars. From the point of recurrence, the second molar extraction procedure, therefore, is more beneficial. This cases showed the good results of second molar extraction procedures in the patients with class I crowding.
THE COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE EFFICACY OF CHLORAL HYDRATE AND HYDROXYZINE OF DIFFERENT DOSES IN SEDATING YOUNG PEDIATRIC DENTAL PATIENTS
Lee, In-Cheon ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwoon, Soon-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 430~440
Orally administered chloral hydrate is often used, because of it's wide margin of safety and relatively few sideeffects. Hydroxyzine is an antihistamine with sedative and anti-emetic properties. It has been used in conjunction with chloral hydrate to reduce the incidence of nausea and vomiting. But, it's therapeutic drug concentration has not been established. The purpose of this study was to assess the sedative effect and physiologic parameter of hydroxyzine of different doses in sedating young pediatric dental patients. Fifty uncooperative children, mean age 33.2 months, who needed at least four separate restorative visits, requiring local anesthesia participated in this study. On every visit, one of the following 4 different sedative regimen was given (1) 70mg/kg CH (2) 70mg/kg CH and 1mg/kg HD (3) 70mg/kg CH and 2mg/kg HD (4) 70mg/kg CH and 3mg/kg HD. Physiologic parameter was recorded and behavior was videotaped and rated using Ohio State University Behavior Rating Scale by one investigator, blind to the dose. The analyzed sedative effect of combined oral administration of 70mg/kg chloral hydrate and 2mg/kg hydroxyzine was superior to the other regimens. Evidence of adverse effect was not detected or reported during and/or after the procedures.
Clinical Trial of Nasal Flumazenil Administration
Hong, Soo-Jin ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Yum, Kwang-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 441~446
Flumazenil is a competitive antagonist of benzodiazepines. It is usually administered intravenously. However, if the intravenous route is not available then other routes of drug administration should be considered. This study was designed to evaluate the reversal effects of flumazenil after nasal administration. Twenty-five young, healthy adult volunteers participated in this clinical trial. The dosage of 0.08mg/kg midazolam was administered intravenously to induce deep sedation. Ten minutes after midazolam administration, 0.5mg of flumazenil was dropped nasally, over a period of one minute. Blood samples were taken to measure the concentration of midazolam and flumazenil at 0, 5, 10, and 20min after nasal administration of flumazenil, using High Performance Liquid Chromatography. The degree of sedation was evaluated with sedation score and bispectral index (BIS), Statistical analysis was performed by multivariate ANOVA and correlation analysis (P<0.05). Peak serum flumazenil concentration was reached in 10min. Sedation score decreased after midazolam administration and showed a significant increase after flumazenil administration. However, BIS decreased during the first 10min after midazolam administration and then no significant changes after flumazenil administration. There were two instances representing rapid and complete reversal of midazolam after intranasal administration of flumazenil. In conclusion, intranasal flumazenil administration may be effective in some patients when intravenous route is not available in condition of benzodiazepine overdose.
Localization of Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) in the rat salivary glands
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Lee, Young-Soo ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Park, Byung-Keon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 447~463
Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP), a fourth member of the natriuretic peptide isolated from the venom of the Dendroaspis angusticeps snake, has been reported to be present in human plasma and atrial myocardium and caused vasorelaxation and diuresis in experimental animals. However, it is uncertain whether they are present in peripheral organs other than the heart and its further physiological roles also remains to be clarified. To assess the possible physiological role of DNP in the salivary glands, I investigated the localization of DNP peptide in the rat salivary glands by immunohistochemistry and the binding sites for radiolabelled DNP in the rat salivary glands and oral mucosa using in vitro autoradiography. DNP immunoreactivity was widely distributed in the submandibular, sublingual and parotid glands, particularly in the ducts such as the intercalated and striated ducts, where atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was colocalized in consecutive sections, but not in acini. High density
binding sites were localized in the epithelia of the tongue and hard palate, while low density binding sites for
were also distributed in the submandibular, sublingual, and parotid glands. In the hard palate and tongue, the precise location of this binding was revealed on the basal and parabasal cells of the epithelia by emulsion microautoradiography. These results suggest that DNP may not only have a role in the salivary glands but also play a role in the regulation of growth in the oral epithelium, particularly in the hard palate and tongue.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE TENSILE STRENGTH OF POSTERIOR RESIN-BASED COMPOSITES
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Lee, Yong-Hee ; Yang, Cheol-Hee ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 464~470
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the tensile strength of light-cured restorative posterior resin-based composites. Five commercially available light-cured composites(Denfil : DF, P60 : PS, Unifil S : US, Z100 : ZH, Z250 : ZT) were used. Rectangular tension test specimens were fabricated in a teflon mold giving 5mm in gauge length and 2mm in thickness. Specimens were subjected to the 5,000 thermal cycles between
and the immersion time in each bath was 15 second per cycle. Tensile testing was carried out with Instron at a crosshead speed of 0.5mm/min and fractured surface were observed with scanning electron microscope. The obtained results were summarized as follows; 1. The tensile strength of PS was highest. PS was significantly higher than DF, US and ZH(p<0.05) but in the case of ZT was similar to PS(p>0.05). 2. The tensile strength DF was lowest. DF was significantly lower than PS, US, ZH and ZT(p<0.05). 3. The tensile strength of US and ZH were significantly lower than PS and ZT(p<0.05). but were significantly higher than DF(p<0.05). The tensile strength of US and ZH were similar(p>0.05).
HARDNESS OF COMPOSITE RESIN CURED BY HIGH INTENSITY HALOGEN LIGHT
Park, Jong-Seok ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ; Kim, Seong-Hyeong ; Ahn, Ho-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 471~479
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of the high intensity halogen light
with that of the conventional halogen light
on the hardness of composite resin. Three resin composites (Z-100, 3M, U.S.A. : Tetric Ceram, Vivadent, Liechtenstein; SureFil, Dentsply, U.S.A.) were filed in the stainless steel moulds which were 4mm in diameter and 2, 3, 4, and 5mm in depth, respectively. They were cured under the four different modes : (1) conventional mode, 40 seconds at
; (2) 'ramp' mode, 10 seconds at 100 to
plus 10 seconds at
; (3) 'boost' mode, 10 seconds at
; and (4) 'standard' mode, 20 seconds at
. The surface hardnesses of the top and the bottom of the resin samples were measured with a microhardness tester (MXT70, Matsuzawa, Japan). The top surface hardness was not significantly different among the curing modes. The bottom surface hardness was generally the highest in the conventional mode and the lowest in the high intensity boost mode. There was no significant difference in the bottom surface hardness between the conventional mode and the high intensity standard mode in 2mm depth. The results suggest that the curing time of the high intensity halogen light
should be at least 20 seconds to produce the equal level of the bottom surface hardness of 2mm resin composite as compared to the hardness produced by the conventional halogen light
ONE-VISIT APEXIFICATION USING MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE
Yeom, Soon-Joon ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 480~487
In children and adolescents, oral and maxillofacial trauma is one of the most common causes of dental and periodontal damage, which often induces crown fracture of the permanent anterior teeth. Frequently, these traumatized teeth lose their vitality, and require routine endodontic treatment if their root apices are closed. However if their apices are not fully closed, further root formation should be promoted by apexification or apexogenesis. Calcium hydroxide is a biocompatible & bacteriostatic material, and is widely used for apexification. However it has several disadvantages which include the need for multiple visits and patient cooperation, low strength and technical sensitivity in a broad apex. In one-visit apexification using IRM or SuperEBA, patient's visits can be minimized. However, their biocompatibility is questionable. Mineral trioxide aggregate(MTA) is a relatively new material. It is considered biocompatible with periapical hard tissue and has good marginal sealing ability. MTA is also known to help facillitate the growth of the cementum around it. In this case report, apexification with MTA was attempted on traumatized maxillary central incisors with immature root apices, and favorable clinical results were achieved.
THE EFFECT OF DISTAL MOVEMENT OF UPPER MOLAR USING THE PENDULUM APPLIANCE
Lee, Chang-Seop ; Kim, Jae-Gwang ; Kang, Dug-Il ; Song, Kwang-Chul ; Jung, Hyun-Ku ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 488~495
Treatment of class II malocclusions require distalization of maxillary molars into class I relationship. Intraarch distal molar movement techniques have recently assumed an important role in young patients. In this study, the dental and skeletal effects of the pendulum appliance were evaluated by means of cephalometric radiographs. The samples were consisted of 19 patients: 11 females and 8 males, mean age
years. Measurements were obtained from cephalometric prior to and the day of removal of the pendulum appliance. Treatment changes were analyzed. The following results were obtain. 1. The pendulum appliance produced
distal molar movement with a mean intrusion of
, mean period
weeks. 2. The anchor tooth was
forward movement and
extrusion, and labial tilting of incisors. 3. The angle between palatal plane and mandibular plane increased significantly. 4. There was no significant difference in according to 2nd molar position. 5. Total movement was consisted of 74% distal movement of 1st molar and 26% forward movement of the anchor tooth.
ACTIVATOR-HEADGEAR COMBINATION THERAPY IN CASE WITH CLASS II MALOCCLUSION CHILDREN
Cho, Young-Jun ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Song, Gwang-Chul ; Jung, Hyun-Ku ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 496~503
Maxilla overgrowth who diagnosis with skeletal Class II division 1 have transverse and also sagittal problem. If maxillary growth vector is direction to anterior inferior, mandible is rotation to clockwise pattern and it disturbance it's anterior growth. At this time, treatment goal is restrict of maxillary growth to accomplish ideal intermaxillary relation and one of treatment choice is the application of extraoral force. This report is 3 case treated by activator and headgear combination therapy, who diagnosed with skeletal Class II div. 1 malocclusion.
A STUDY ON MICROLEAKAGE OF PREVENTIVE RESIN RESTORATION
Koo, Hyun-Jung ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 504~511
Preventive resin restoration, extended concept of occlusal pit and fissure sealing, is procedure composed of as follows. Cavity preparation is limited to areas of initial caries The cavity is then restored with composite resin, while other sound pits and fissures are sealed with pit and fissure sealant. If pit and assure sealant with which microrestoration is possible is used, it may be of great benefit to both patient and operator in case of difficult-to-control children s treatment. However study on preventive resin restoration using this kind of materials have been scarce. The purpose of this study was to compare the microleakage of four different modes of preventive resin restoration. Restoration using only composite resin was compared together Fifty-five bicuspids were prepared with small class I cavity preparation on the occlusal surface, divided into the following groups and restored accordingly. Group 1 : Cavity was restored with Z-100 composite resin Group 2 : Cavity was restored with Z-100 composite resin. Pits and fissures were then sealed with Teethmate F-1 Group 3 : Cavity was restored with Z-100 composite resin Pits and fissures were then sealed with Ultraseal XT-plus Group 4 : Cavity and pits and fissures were restored with Ultraseal XT-plus altogrether Group 5 : Cavity was restored with Ultraseal XT-plus. Pits and fissures were then sealed with the same material. After restoration, the samples were thermocycled 500 times between
with a dwell time of 30 seconds. After thermocycling, the samples were dipped into 1% methylene blue solution for 24 hours, then rinsed with tap water. The teeth were then embedded in resin and cut buccolingually along the tooth axis and observed with a stereomicroscope to determine the degree of microleakage. The results were as follows : 1. Group 4 showed the greatest microleakage, while group 3, showed the least. The mean microleakage decreased in the following order:4>1>5>2>3. 2. There was no stastically significant difference between group 1 and group 5(p>0.05). However, group 1 showed significantly greater microleakage compared to group 2 and 3(p<0.05) Group 1 showed significantly less microleakage compared to group 4(p<0.05). 3. Group 2 showed no statistically significant difference compared to group 3(p>0.05). However group 2 showed significantly less microleakage compared to group 4 and 5(p<0.05) 4. Group 3 showed significantly less microleakage compared to group 4 and 5(p<0.05). 5. Group 5 showed significantly less microleakage than group 4(p<0.05).
A STUDY ON MICROLEAKAGE OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT AFTER ENAMEL SURFACE TREATMENT
Hyun, Hong-Keun ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 512~521
Recently. the reintroduction of air-abrasion technology in dentistry has added a new potential method of pretreating teeth prior to placing sealants. The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate microleakages of several pit and fissure sealants following various surface pre-treatment methods to the enamel, because there was a question concerning the validity of claim that this method was better than the conventional acid etching. Permanent molars were divided randomly into nine groups and treated accordingly: acid etching(group 1, 4, 7), air-abrasion(group 2, 5, 8), acid etching after air-abrasion(group 3, 6, 9). Then the authors placed and cured the three kinds of sealants(group
: Teethmate-F, group
: Ultraseal XT plus, group
: Denseal) according to the manufacturer's order. They were observed to determine the degree of microleakage. And these specimens were separated from the corresponding enamels and examined by Scanning Electron Microscope. The following results were obtained: 1. In comparing microleakage among tooth surface treatment methods, air-abrasion group(group 2, 5, 8) showed the greatest microleakage, while combination(air-abrasion + acid etching) group showed the least (p<0.05). However, no significant differences were found between group 7 and 9. 2. The mean microleakages were ranked as follows(p<0.05): In acid etching groups, group 7> group 4> group 1. In air-abrasive groups, group 8>groups 5> group 2. In combination groups, group 9>group 3> group 6. However, no significant differences were found between group 4 and 7 between group 2 and 5 and between group 3 and 6. 3. SEM showed that comparably longer resin tags were distributed regularly in acid etching groups and that shorter ones irregularly in air-abrasion groups. It also showed that these two kinds of tags were distributed simultaneously in combination groups.
THE EFFECT OF FLUORIDE PRETREATMENT ON SHEAR BOND STRENGTH BETWEEN ENAMEL AND FISSURE SEALANT
Ryu, Phil-Jun ; Jang, Ki-Taek ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 522~529
This study seeks to know the effect of fluoride topical application on the shear bond strength between enamel and fissure sealant. On group 1,2,3,4, Teethmate A(unfilled sealant) and on group 5,6,7,8 Ultraseal XT(filled sealant) were used. Group 1 and 5 were not pre-treated with fluoride and group 2 and 6 were pre-treated with 1.23% APF for 4minutes. Group 3 and 7 were pretreated with 2.0% NaF for 4 minutes. and group 4 and 8 were pumiced with abrasive containing fluoride for 10 seconds. Prepared specimens were acid etched for 30 seconds using 35% phosphoric acid, and then sealant was cured to the specimen using a 3mm diameter by 2mm height mold. They went through thermocycling. Its shear bond strength was measured, and then acid etched both groups that were pretreated with fluoride and that were not pretreated with fluoride. Then we examined the surface of the specimen with EM and came up with these results. In groups using unfilled sealant(group 1,2,3.4) there were no significant differences between oops pretreated with fluoride and groups not pretreated with fluoride. In groups using filled sealant(group 5,6,7,8), groups 6 and 7(treated with 1.23% APF 2.0% NaF respectively) showed significantly lower shear bond strength, compared to group 5 (not pretreated with fluoride) and group 8 (pumiced with abrasive containing fluoride) (p<0.05).
CLINICAL EVALUATION OF AMALGAM BONDING : TWO YEARS FOLLOW-UP
Ryu, Phil-Jun ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 28, issue 3, 2001, Pages 530~534
Many dental practitioners are bonding amalgam to tooth structure. The potential advantage of this procedure, suggested by in vitro test results, are reduced microleakage, which could lead to a reduced incidence of postoperative sensitivity ; increased strength of the prepared tooth ; and retention of restoration in less retentive preparations, with the potential fer conserving tooth structure. Although in vitro studies support this procedure, its efficacy has not been adequately confirmed in the clinical environment. The authors placed traditional Class I and Class II, bonded and unbonded amalgam restorations in 76 teeth. Fuji I Glass Ionomer luting cement was the bonding agent selected. Marginal adaptation were evaluated after two years. the authors found no significant difference in marginal adaptation between bonded and unbonded restorations.