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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 2002
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2002
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2002
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON FLUORIDE RELEASE AND ANTICARIOGENIC EFFECT OF COMPOMERS
Hwang, Gyu-Sun ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~10
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the fluoride release and anticariogenic effect of two compomers which is known to have been developed to improve the weak properties of glass ionomer cement and composite resin. Z-100 as composite resin(Group I), Dyract AP(Group II) and F-2000(Group III) as compomer, and Fuji II LC as glass ionomer cement(Group IV) were used as test materials and evaluations were peformed by pH/ISE meter far analyses of fluoride and polarizing microscope for analyses of anticariogenicity. The results can be summarized as follows: 1. The amount of fluoride release in compoite resin and compomer groups showed general pattern of decline during test period. Z-100 showed no fluoride release during test period. Fuji II LC showed the highest fluoride release among test groups and then F-2000 were followed. 2. The least resistance to dimineralization was observed microscopically in Z-100 group which has no fluoride in it. The best resistance to dimineralization was observed microscopically in Fuji II LC group and then compomer groups were followed. 3. Significant difference in lesion area was found between Fuji II LC group and another groups. Significant difference in lesion area was found between compomer groups and Z-100 group. No significant difference in lesion area was found between Dyract AP group and F-2000 cup. 4. Two compomers showed continual fluoride release and anticariogenic effect around filling materials. therefore, compomer was evaluated very attractive restorative material in pediatric dentistry.
A STUDY ON THE HYGROSCOPIC EXPANSION OF COMPOMER
Park, Kyung-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 11~18
Compomer, like resin composite, undergoes shrinkage during setting. But, due to the structure of glass ionomers and their hydrophilic nature, water sorption and subsequent expansion may lead to compensation of the shrinkage. The purpose of this study was to, evaluate the change of mliroleakage after 30day-water-storage of compomer and composite resin. 40 sound third molars were used for the microleakage test. Z-100 resin was used for the control groups(Group I and III), Dyract AP for the experimental groups(Group II and IV). The storage time was 1 day in Group I, II and 30days in Group III, IV. The result from the this study can be summarized as follows; 1. No significant difference could be found in microleakage of occlusal margin between each group(p>0.05). 2. In microleakage of gingival margin, no significant difference could be found between group I and II, and between group I and III (p>0.05). 3. Group IV was showed less microleakage than group II and group III in gingival margin(p<0.05).
A STUDY ON THE EVALUATION OF POLYMERIZATION SHRINKAGE OF COMPOSITE AND COMPOMER USING STRAIN GAUGE METHOD
Kim, Yeun-Chul ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ; Kim, Yong-Kee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 19~29
The purpose of this study was to compare the polymerization shrinkage and the compressive strength of composite and compomer cured with two different light sources ; conventional halogen-light curing unit and recently-developed plasma arc curing unit. The 'strain gauge method' was used for determination of polymerization shrinkage and the compressive strength was measured by universal testing machine. The results of the present study can be summarized as follows: 1. Filling materials in polyethylene molds showed the initial expansion in the early phase of polymerization. This was followed by the rapid contraction in volume during the first 60 seconds and gradually diminished as curing process continued. 2. The polymerization shrinkage in tooth samples was generally lower than in the mold samples. 3. The generally lower amount of linear polymerization shrinkage was observed in compomer and plasma arc curing unit group when compared to composite and conventional curing unit. 4. The higher compressive strength values was found in composite groups regardless curing methods. The results of this study strongly support the application of plasma arc system and fluoride-containing compomer in the field of clinical pediatric dentistry claiming its effectiveness in curing the esthetic dental materials and the anticariogenic capacity.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF CHLORHEXIDINE ON THE BOND STRENGTH OF ADHESIVE RESTORATION
Yeom, Hae-Woong ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 30~37
Bacterial microleakage around restorations is considered the principal cause of pulpal inflammation associated with restorations. The rationale for using cavity disinfectant is based on its antimicrobial properties but the cavity disinfectant may leave debris on dentin surfaces. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine on shear bond strength and microleakage of adhesive restoration. 45 sound bovine teeth were used for the shear bond strength test and 30 for the micorleakage. For the experimental groups, 2% chlorhexidine was applied before the restorations, and was not for the control groups. The result from the this study can be summarized as follows; 1. No significant difference could be found in shear bond strength of each group. 2. No significant difference could be found in microleakage of each group.
THREE-YEAR FOLLOW UP OF FERRIC SULFATE PULPOTOMY IN PRIMARY MOLARS
Yun, Youn-Hee ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Han, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 38~43
The objective of this report is to assess clinically and radiographically the state of the primary molars pulpotomized with a 15.5% ferric sulfate solution. The subjects selected were healthy children treated at the pediatric dental clinic of the Seoul National University Hospital in Korea. Thirty teeth were pulpotomized with a ferric sulfate solution(FS). Another twenty-one teeth were pulpotomized with 20% dilute formocresol(FC). Clinical and radiographic data for the fifty-one primary molars were collected with a mean follow-up period of 34 months. The success rate for the FS group was 80.0%. The success rate for the FC group was 81.0%. The differences in the results between the two groups were analyzed statistically utilizing the chi square test. External root resorption was observed in four teeth of FS group and four of the FC group. Periapical bone destruction was observed in three of FS group and two of FC group. There were no significant statistical differences between the success rates for FS group and the FC group.
APERT SYNDROME : A CASE REPORT
Song, Soo-Bok ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 44~50
Apert syndrome is a kind of congenital-acrocephalosyndactyly syndrome which was first reported by Apert in 1906 and characterized by its acrocephaly and syndactyly. Clinical characteristic features are cone-shaped skull morphology due to early fusion of coronal suture, fusion of fingers of hands and toes of feet. It is an autosomal dominant-heritable syndrome. Due to hypo-development of midface region, Apert syndrome patients have a tendency to have ocular proptosis, hypertelorism, maxillary deficiency. High palate and soft palate cleft are common findings in these patients. In general, mandibular growth pattern is normal, but relative maxillary deficiency exaggerates mandibular forward position, so relative mandibular prognathism is inevitable. Narrow maxillary and mandibular dental arch worsen teeth alignment and crowding. Skeletal malocclusion and open bite are also common. This is a case report of a Korean 3 year 1 month male Apert syndrome child referred by department of plastic surgeon for the possibility of orthodontic treatment. General features of Apert syndrome, patient's medical history, radiographic evaluation, clinical examination, orthodontic and surgical treatment planning are discussed in this report.
CASE REPORTS RUSSELL-SILVER SYNDROME
Lee, Jin ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 51~56
Russell-Silver syndrome is a type of intrauterine growth retardation, characterized by short stature noted at birth, hemiatrophy or asymmetry, variation in sexual development and other abnormalities, including cafe-aulait pigmentation and clinodactyly. Facial features commonly associated with this syndrome are a small triangular face, decreased facial height, down-turned corners of the mouth(shark's mouth), a small mandible, and occasionally asymmetry. The major intra-oral features of the syndrome that have been reported are a high-arched palate, delayed tooth eruption, microdontia, hypodontia, and crowding. These cases were diagnosed at birth as Russell-Silver syndrome by clinical features such as prenatal growth retardation, short stature, low body weight, et al., and have been treated with growth hormone. The purpose of this paper is to report the dental findings of two patients and review the pertinent literature through the two cases.
MARGINAL SEALING OF AMALGAM RESTORATIONS USING DENTIN BONDING ADHESIVES
Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 57~68
The purpose of this study was to evaluate microleakage of etched and non-etched amalgam restorations lined with dentin bonding system primer and adhesives. Class V amalgam preparations were made in 100 extracted human premolars divided into 10 groups with 10 teeth each. SEM was taken to assess the dentin/amalgam interface. The results were as follows; 1. At the occlusal and gingival margins, all experimental groups showed lower leakage value than unlined group(p<0.05) The
group showed higher leakage value than other experimental groups(p<0.05). 2. In all experimental groups, the gingival margin showed higher leakage value than the occlusal margin. 3. There were no significant difference between non-etching and etching groups, primer only and primer & adhesive groups, primer & adhesive and self-priming adhesive groups(p>0.05). 4. On the SEM observation, continuous gaps were observed in the unlined and
groups, but the gaps were filled with primer or adhesive layer in other experimental groups.
THE TOPICAL ANESTHESIA WITH EMLA CREAM IN CHILDREN : A CASE REPORT
Kim, He-Jin ; Ko, Sung-Back ; Hong, Seong-Soo ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 69~75
A number of techniques may be employed to reduce the discomfort of syringe or needle for dental care. The use of topical anesthesia is one such method. Topical anesthetics are applied to alleviate pain during many clinical procedures, such as injection of local infiltration anesthetics, primary tooth extraction, X-ray taking of sensitive patients, reducing gag reflex prior to impression taking. In children, placement of a rubber dam clamp, however, may cause significant discomfort for purpose of pit and fissure sealant and preventive resin restoration(PRR). A topical anesthetic would be beneficial to aid in rubber dam placement for this purpose. It has been suggested that all intra-oral topical anesthetics are equally effective on reflected mucosa, however EMLA(an acronym for eutectic mixture of local anesthetics), which was developed in the 1980s and produces surface anesthesia of skin, has been shown to be more effective than conventional topical anesthetics when used on attached gingivae. This report is topical anesthesized 4 case by EMLA cream, who showed better effect in reducing the pain of infiltration anesthesia, extraction of deciduous teeth, rubber dam clamp placement and reducing the pain of preformed crown adaptation.
INHIBITORY EFFECT OF CRUDE IgY ON ACID PRODUCTION AND ENAMEL DEMINERALIZATION BY STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS
Oh, Se-Yeong ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 76~83
The purpose of study was to determine the effectiveness of crude IgY to S. mutans in preventing the acid production and the demineralization of primary tooth enamel in vitro. The acid production by S. mutans in Todd Hewitt broth with and without 5% sucrose was inhibited by 2.5% crude IgY, and as the concentration of crude IgY increased from 2.5% to 17.5%, the pH drop of the media after incubation continued to decrease. There were high positive correlations between the concentration of crude IgY and the pH of media in the late incubation period. The inhibition rate of demineralization of primary tooth enamel by S. mutans was determined by measuring the surface microhardness after incubation in 5% sucrose Todd Hewitt broth for 12 hours. The inhibition rate was 32.28% in 2.5% IgY, 42.28% in 7.5% IgY, 64.06% in 12.5% IgY, and 92.79% in 17.5% IgY. There was high positive correlation between the concentration of crude IgY and the surface microhardness of enamel after demineralization These results suggest that it would be possible to prevent dental caries through passive immunization using crude IgY.
EROSION OF TOOTH ENAMEL BY ACIDIC DRINKS AND REMINERALIZATION BY ARTIFICIAL SALIVA
Ahn, Ho-Young ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 84~91
The purpose of study was to assess the influence of acidic drinks on the erosion of tooth enamel and the effect of fluoridated saliva on the remineralization. Twenty five drinks were sampled. The erosive potential and remineralizing effect were measured by the tooth surface microhardness test. The pH of most drinks were below pH 5.5. Reduction rates of enamel surface hardness by the flavored carbonated drink were 16.90%, 25.11%, 35.10%, and 41.62% after 5, 10, 30, and 60 minutes of demineralization, and recovery rates by remineralizaing solution were 61.52%, 67.96%, 72.13% and 75.93% after 1, 24, 48, and 72 hours of remineralization, respectively. The results suggest that the most drinks in the markets have the potential to erode the teeth and that erosion occurs fast but remineralization proceeds slowly.
AN EFFECT OF XYLITOL ON THE ADHESIVENESS OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS TO SYNTHETIC HYDROXYAPATITE; AN IN VITRO STUDY
Lee, Jae-Chun ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 92~99
There have been efforts that inhibit development of dental caries by sugar substitution. But, it is controversial if xylitol has anticariogenic effect in the presence of sucrose. And there are few papers dealing with the combined action of xylitol and sucrose. For the purpose of resolving this controversy, the author investigated the effect of xylitol on enamel demineralization and on adhesiveness of S. mutans to hydroxyapatite in the presence of sucrose. Five experimental solutions were prepared as follows: (S: sucrose, X: xylitol) Group 1: BHI broth Group 2: BHI+1% S Group 3: BHI+0.75% S+0.25% X Group 4: BHI+0.5% S+0.5% X Group 5: BHI+0.25% S+0.75% X Group 6: BHI+1% X Each solution was inoculated with
of S. mutans JC-2. And saliva coated hydroxyapatite beads were put into each experimental solution. And then each solution was incubated at
under anaerobic condition. After incubation, the adhesiveness of S. mutans on hydroxyapatite was evaluated. The Vickers hardness numbers were measured on extracted human primary teeth, and these teeth were dipped into the same experimental solution and incubated at
under anaerobic condition for 48hours. Surface microhardness were measured again after incubation. The obtained results were as follows; 1. In the presence of sucrose, xylitol can reduce the adhesiveness of S. mutans on hydroxyapatite surface from the ratio of 25% sucrose to 75% xylitol(P<0.05). 2. In the presence of sucrose, xylitol can reduced demineralization of primary teeth enamel surface from the ratio of 50% sucrose to 50% xylitol(P<0.01).
TREATMENT OF SKELETAL ANTERIOR CROSSBITE IN PRIMARY DENTITION USING FACEMASK
Seo, Ju-Hee ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Ji-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 100~106
The prevalence of Class III malocclusion is approximately 5% in the Caucasian population, rising to as mush as 50% in the Japanese and Korean population. Recent studies have suggested than 63% of this malocclusion display maxillary retrusion. If left untreated, the malocclusion tends to worsen. Consequently, early treatment is commonly indicated to obtain a more normal jaw relationship. This report is 2 cases treated patients who diagnosed as skelectal Class III malocclusion due to deficient maxilla using facemask.
SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF SELF-ETCHING PRIMER SYSTEMS TO CONTAMINATED DENTIN IN PRIMARY TEETH
Seo, Ju-Hee ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 107~114
The purpose of this study was to determine and compare the shear bond strength of two self-etching primer systems to primary teeth contaminated with saliva and blood. Clearfil SE Bond and AQ Bond were evaluated. One hundred specimens were made by seventy-five deciduous teeth(fifty anterior and twenty-five posterior teeth) and divided randomly into ten groups. Small flat dentinal surfaces were prepared by grinding the buccal, lingual and labial areas. Specific surface treatments were applied to each group: (1) a self-etching primer application(control group), (2) saliva contamination followed by primer(Group I), (3) primer curing followed by saliva contamination (Group II), (4) blood contamination followed by primer(Group III), (5) primer curing followed by blood contamination(Group IV). After bonding of composite resin(Z100, 3M, USA) to contaminated sample surfaces and thermocycling(1,000 cycles), shear bond strengths were measured using Universal Testing Machine(Zwick Z020, Zwick Co., Germany). The results were as follows; 1. Group I showed lower shear bond strength than control group but no statistically significant difference was found(P>0.05). 2. Group II and blood contamination group(Group III & IV) showed significantly lower shear bond strength than control group(P<0.01). 3. The shear bond strength of Clearfil SE Bond was significantly higher than that of AQ Bond(P<0.05).
THE STUDY ON THE PREDICTION OF THE MESIODISTAL DIAMETERS OF UNERUPTED CANINES AND PREMOLARS IN KOREAN MALE AND FEMALE
Hwang, Min-Sung ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 115~124
The purpose of this study was to establish regression equations and probability charts for predicting the sum of mesiodistal crown diameters of unerupted unilateral canine and premolars from the sum of mesiodistal crown diameters of four mandibular incisors in Korean male and female. The plaster casts of 162 children(75 boys and 87 girls) among the contestees in 1994-2001 Healthy Dentition Contest in Seoul were measured. Sex differences are compared and the following results were obtained: 1. Bilateral comparison of sum of widths of permanent canine and premolars showed no significant differences for either sex(p>0.05). Sum of widths of permanent canine and premolars of male were significantly larger than that of female(p<0.01). 2. Regression equations for the prediction of sum of widths of permanent canine and premolars in each sex were as follows Male
345 y= 10.45+0.53x Male
345 : y= 10.07+0.51x Female
345 : y=12.65+0.42x Female
345 : y=11.70+0.42x Male+female
345 y=11.01+0.50x Male+female
345 : y=9.87+0.51x
CLINICAL EFFORTS FOR TECHNICAL IMPROVEMENT IN TOOTH FRAGMENTATION
Choi, Sung-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 1, 2002, Pages 125~131
When a tooth is fracture with the pulp exposure, and if a fragment is large enough to save, reattachment of the fragment would be a choice of treatment and reattachment of the fragment provides several advantages over other forms of dental restoration following crown fracture. For the purpose of tooth reattachment, it is important to preserve the sound enamel around fracture area. For young patients, tooth reattachment has more advantages in the sense that they recover faster and that it enables other treatments at the same time. Through the continuous advancement in adhesion technology and the effort for aestheticism, various reattachment methods have been practiced and more efforts are considered necessary. The presented cases are that we had practiced in our department in Kyung Hee Medical center, I may address that fragmentation has been successfully done with aesthetically fine results, and no pathologic changes were found in short term follow-ups.