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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 2002
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2002
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2002
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
THE SECOND MESIOBUCCAL CANAL OF UPPER PRIMARY MOLAR : CASE REPORT
Kim, Chang-Gi ; Hong, Seong-Soo ; Ko, Sung-Back ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 139~145
In a primary teeth, dental caries is rapidly advanced the pulp disease, because the primary teeth have the thinner and the weaker enamel layer and the wider pulp chamber than relatively the permanent teeth. And the pulps of primary teeth are exposed during caries removal or even they are exposed by unexpected movement of the children or by trauma. For successive pulp treatment in primary teeth, it is necessary to understand completely about multiple canal morphology, variation of root canal anatomy and specific problem related to root formation and resorption of primary teeth. In upper primary molar, canal configuration of mesial root has the most variation same as upper molar. If not canal treatment is completely, most of all endodontic treatment should be failed. In a clinical case report, upper primary molars existed persistent pain or bleeding during treatment were founded the second MB canal and were performed the endodontic treatment of theirs. As a result, the upper primary molars have no symptom and good prognosis. In the examination of extracted upper primary molar, we found that 8 of 35 teeth(22.8%) in the upper primary first molars and 22 of 33 teeth(66.6%) in the upper primary second molar had the second mesiobuccal canal. It has revealed the high prevalence of two canals in mesiobuccal roots of upper primary molars. The frequency of occurrence of the second mesiobuccal canal must be taken into consideration when endodontic treatment is planned and as a possible cause of otherwise un explained failure.
A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF THE ND:YAG LASER IRRADIATION ON THE MECHANICALLY EXPOSED PULP
Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Kim, Su-Gwan ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 146~158
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Nd:YAG laser on mechanically exposed pulp of dog by the observation of pulpal inflammatory change and heal process including dentinal bridge, structural changes of fibroblasts of thr remaining vital pulp tissue. In experimental group 1, the exposed pulps were irradiated with Nd:YAG laser(3W, 30Hz, 0.2sec) for
second followed by capped with aluminium tin foil. In group 2 and group 3, the exposed pulps were irradiated with Nd:YAG laser via contact(Group 2) and non-contact(Group 3) methods followed by capped with calciumhydroxide paste. The animal were sacrificed at the intervals of 3, 7, 14 and 30days for histologic evaluation. The results were as follows : 1. The dentinal bridges were formwd more fast and broadly in the experimental group 1 and 2 than other groups, but there were no histologic differences in the degree of their formation among control group, experimental group 1. 2. Odontoblastic activities at amputated pulp was increased in the experimental group 2, 3 than other group but there no histologic difference in the odontblastic activitiy among control group, experimental group 1. 3. The infalmmation was severe at the postoperative 1 week of all groups, but its condition subsideed with time elapsed. At the postoperative 3, 7 days, its condition in experimental group 2, 3 were less severe than in the group 1. 4. There were no histologic differences between the experimental group 2 and 3 according to the degree of dentin bridge formation.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE VITAL SIGN AND BEHAVIOR APPEARANCE DEPENDING ON THE ROUTE OF FLUMAZENIL ADMINISTRATION IN CONSCIOUS SEDATION BY MIDAZOLAM
Kim, Hyun-Sik ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 159~167
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety depending on the route of flumazenil, as an antagonist against midazolam. The subjects of this study were 15 volunteers of
years old. They were sedated with midazolam 0.2mg/Kg intranasal spray, and then 40 minutes after midazolam administration, they were given flumazenil 0.2mg intranasal spray for their reversal. For evaluation of the efficacy and safety of intranasal spray for flumazenil, they were monitored with pulse-oxymeter(Nellcor symphony N-3000, Nellcor Puritan CO. USA) and electric sphygmomanometer (Heartcare 200, National CO. Japan), and were assessed themselves using visual analogue scale(VAS) for tranquilization, sleep, fatigue and attitude. All of these subjects were reduced completely without any undesired situations. The results from this study can be summarized as follows ; 1. Nasaly administered flumazenil using spray device produced much more rapid reduction than intravenously administered flumazenil, but soon after fell in more deep sedated state than intravenously administered flumazenil. 2. There were no considerable side effects or bad influence on vital signs of both nasaly administered flumazenil and intravenously administered flumazenil. These results suggested that the flumazenil administered nasaly using spray device for reversal, we could treat patients safely and effectively under conscious sedation using midazolam administration. But, We will have to research about its optimal dosages for flumazenil, used as intranasal spray for reversal agents against the midazolam by evaluating the blood plasma concentration of midazolam and flumazenil.
A STUDY ON THE CHILD PATIENT'S PREFERENCE TOWARD DENTIST'S ATTIRE
Wee, You-Min ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 168~179
The purpose of this study was to find a method for improving the children's behavior during dental treatment in relation with dentist's attire. For this study 150 children, visiting a dental clinic, were asked to participate in a survey on the attire of the dentist. The results of the survey were as follows: 1. In the survey for the preference between gown and ordinary clothes according to sex(P<0.05), age(P<0.05), residence (P<0.05) and number of visits(P<0.05), there was more preference for gown(65.3%). 2. The preference for the type of gown and attire under the gown was a long gown and white shirt (30.7%), followed by a suit-like gown (18.7%) and white shirt, and long gown and polo shirt(17.3%). 3. The preference for the color of gown was white(34.7%), followed by pink (18.7%), green(18.0%), blue(15.3%) and yellow(13.3%). 4. The preference for the pattern on the gown was cartoon characters(49.3%), followed by hospital logo(28.7%) and no pattern(14.7%). 5. The preference for ordinary clothes of female dentists was polo shirt(37.3%), followed by striped shirt(28.7%), round T-shirt(18.7%), and everyday Korean traditional dress(15.3%). 6. The preference for ordinary clothes of male dentists was pattern necktie and no pattern Y-shirt(28.0%), followed by no pattern necktie and Y-shirt(21.3%) or pattern shirt with no necktie, and no pattern Y-shirt with no necktie(14.7%). 7. The preference on the protective equipment worn was mask and glove(28.7%), followed by no protective equipment(26.7%), mask, glove and protective glasses(22.7%) at)d only mask(22.0%). Based on the above results, it seems that parting with the traditional white gown and wearing multi-color and pattern attire will provide psychological stability and help improve children's behavior during treatment.
THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE MICROHARDNESS AND MICROLEAKAGE IN POLYMERIZATION OF COMPOSITE RESIN CURED WITH VISIBLE LIGHT AND PLASMA ARC CURING UNITS
Kim, Sang-Bae ; Lee, Kwang-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 180~188
Newly developed curing units(plasma arc curing units) operate at relatively high intensity and are claimed to result in optimum properties of composite resin in a short curing time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the microhardness and microleakage at the resin-tooth interface of two types of composite resins polymerized with visible light and plasma arc curing units. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows 1. Microhardness in each depth was shown to be higher in group AHL than AP3 & AP6. Group ZHL was lower than AP6 at surface(p<0.05) and had no statistically significant difference at 1mm and 2mm(p>0.05). In other depths, group ZHL was higher than ZP3 and ZP6(p<0.05). 2. The incremental reduction in microhardness with depth was shown to be in all group except in surface-1mm of group AHL and
of group ZHL(p<0.05). 3. Degree of microleakage in all oops were shown to be higher in gingival margin than occlusal margin but no statistically significant difference(p>0.05). 4. Differences between curing methods in microleakage were shown to be no statistically significant difference(p>0.05). 5. Differences between composite resins in microleakage were shown to be no statistically significant differ once(p>0.05).
EVALUATION OF PEDIATRIC DENIAL PATIENTS' BEHAVIOR AFTER USING AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS
Yeom, Soon-Joon ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 189~195
In the area of pediatric dentistry, several behavior modification techniques have been attempted to relieve young patients' dental fear. The use of audio-visual(AV) aids is one of them and is increasing. In this study, several patients' reactions to dental treatment have been investigated after using AV aids, including patients' sleep, movement, crying and overall behavior. The effectiveness of AV aids have also been investigated through patients' age, previous dental experience and daily exposure to TV or video. Thirty healthy children with Frankl behavior rating (+) or (-) were included in this study. The average age of the children was
months and no statistical difference was found between the two groups. Thirty patients were equally divided into two groups. Group I(control) received dental treatment with the conventional tell-show-do while group II(AV) with tell-show-do and AV aids. All patients received only restorative dental treatment and received no extraction. Houpt behavior rating scale was used to evaluate patients' behavior during the dental treatment. As a result, there was no significant difference between the two groups in movement and crying. However, more patients in the AV group fell asleep during the dental treatment compared to the control group. Within the AV group, patients with previous dental experience, older age and frequent exposure to AV materials showed better overall behavior during the dental treatment as audio-visual aids were used for behavior management.
CASE OF BILATERAL DENTIGEROUS CYSTS TREATED BY MARSUPIALIZATION
Yoo, Jung-Eun ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 196~203
Most dentigerous cysts are solitary. Bilateral and multiple dentigerous cysts are rare and occur typically in association with a number of syndromes such as Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, Hunter's syndrome, Basal cell nevus syndrome, Marfan syndrome, cleidocranial dysplasia. The presented case is of bilateral nonsyndromic, dentigerous cysts associated with mandibular right and left first premolars. A marsupialization procedure may be a choice of treatment for a large sized dentigerous cyst rather than an enucleation. The marsupialization procedure is recommended during the age when the erupting force of the teeth is still strong. We can expect the unerupted tooth to erupt normally. Although most of bilateral or multiple dentigerous cysts which are not associated with syndromes are rare, a bilateral dentigerous cyst without syndrome is seen. Therefore, it is wise to explain a possibility of development of new one to patient / parents in advance.
A SURVEY ON THE PARENTAL PREFERENCE ON PEDIATRIC DENTIST AND THEIR BEHAVIOR MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUE
Park, Soo-Jin ; Jung, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 204~209
The purpose of this survey was to investigate parental recognition and preference on pediatric dentist and their behavior management technique. The subjects were the parents of new children visiting the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Pusan National University Hospital for 6 months. The questionnaire was performed over 2 times : at 1st visit and 1 month after that. The parental preference about pediatric dentist - one's sex, color of gown and glass-wearing - and about behavior management technique - parental separation, oral sedation, voice control and physical restraints-were asked through the questionaire and obtained the results were as fellows: 1. The preference on sex of dentists was not shown. 2. The parents recognized not so close relation between glass-wearing and children's anxiety level, but on color of gown, showed various opinions. 3. Most parents opposed to the separation from their children in operatory. 4. For the behavior management technique, parents accepted generally. 5. There was no significant difference between the first and second survey.
TREATMENT OF PRIMARY AND PERMANENT TEETH WITH THE AIR-ABRASIVE TECHNOLOGY
Cho, Hyun ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Song, In-Kyung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 210~216
Air abrasion technology can prepare enamel and dentin for bonding, similar to etching by acidic gels and solutions. Longer treatment can excavate pit and fissures, preparing the tooth for immediate placement of bonded resin materials. Although not appropriate for every clinical situation, the air abrasive technology minimizes heat, vibration and bone-conducted noise associated with conventional means of caries removal since the cutting is accomplished by air pressure. Also, patients treated with the air-abrasion technology rarely request anesthesia. Air abrasion technology was more effective in treating early carious lesions and stains compared to lesions where caries had already progressed to produce soft dentin and the strong air stream and noise caused by the evacuation system was a major discomfort to pediatric patients, and the experience and skillfulness of clinician should be required for accurate and proper tooth preparation.
A STUDY ON WEAR RESISTANCE OF FLOWABLE COMPOSITE RESINS
Yun, Yeon-Hee ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 217~225
When we use the flowable resin on the primary molars for quick handling, one of the most important property is the wear resistance. This study was performed to compare the wear resistance characteristics of four flowable composite resins [Arabesk flow (group 1), Tetric flow (group 2), Aeliteflow (group 3), Filtek flow (group 4)] to that of one control composite resin [Z100 (group 5)]. Specimen discs(n=10), 10mm wide and 2mm thick, were stored in distilled water at
for 7 days prior to testing. The specimens were subjected to 50,000 strokes at 2 Hz on the MTS system. During the test, the following parameters were maintained: the lateral excursion at 0.4mm, occlusal force at 2-100N with a force profile in the form of a half sine wave. The measurements of volume loss, depth of wear, and Vicker's hardness number of composite resins, and SEM observations of the polished and abraded surfaces were established. One-way ANOVA and Scheffe's multiple comparison test were employed to detect statistically significant differences among the flowable composite resin groups and the control composite group at P<.05. The following results were obtained: 1. Group 3 showed the least volume loss, while group 4 showed the greatest. The mean volume loss increased in the following order: group 3
A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY ON THE CONTRIBUTING FACTORS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES OF 5 YEARS CHILDREN IN KANGNUNG CITY
Park, Jin-A ; Ma, Deuk-Sang ; Park, Deok-Young ; Park, Ho-Won ; Lee, Gwang-Su ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 226~236
The purpose of this study was to get descriptive statistics of the contributing factors for early childhood caries and to predict the relationship of dietary, behavior factors and health status factors of the mother and child at pregnancy and after birth. 411 first caregivers of 5-year-old children in 12 kindergartens in Kangnung city were selected by stratified random cluster sampling. They were asked to fill out questionnaires and 364 of them responded. The obtained results were as follow: 1. Over the three-Fourth of children used nursing bottle or had breast feeding habit beyond the age of 1 year. 2. 8.7% of respondents didn't recognize the necessity of the preventive measures immediate after eruption of primary tooth, and only 35.1% replied that they had begun tooth cleaning. 3. Over 90% of children brush the teeth more than once per day. But over half (614%) of them brush their teeth without parents instruction. Sixty percent of children eat between the meals as often as 1-3 time(s) a day and the remainder at any times. 4. The first time of dental visit was for most children (87%) at over 3 years, recommending the earlier dental visit. Notwithstanding the rate of routine dental visit experience was relatively high(40.2%), implicating positive parents' attitude about oral health at Kangnung area. 5. The relationships between oral health state of the parents and the variables such as the timing of the first tooth cleaning, the frequency of brushing, the time of first dental visit, and the reason of first dental visit were not statistically significant. Together, there was no statistically significant difference between rural and urban area, private and public kindergarten, and boy and girl(
, p>.05 or Fisher's exact test, p>.05).
TREATMENT OF THE CHILD WITH LOWE SYNDROME UNDER GENERAL ANESTHESIA: A CASE REPORT
Chang, Woo-Hyuck ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 237~242
Lowe syndrome, also known as oculocerebrorenal syndrome, is a rare genetic disorder involving eyes, kidney and nervous system, and occurs predominantly in mostly males. The patients with Lowe syndrome are characterized with prominent forehead, thin and sparse hair, protruding ears, congenital cataracts, glaucoma, mental retardation, stunted growth, hypotonia, decrease in muscle mass and tendon reflexes, renal tubular dysfunction, and metabolic bone disease. A 6-year-old boy with Lowe syndrome was admitted to our clinic, with multiple caries and a chief complaint of intermittent pain on the left mandibular molar area. Because of difficulty in management of behavior and his medical problem, general anesthesia was performed for dental care. No specific complication was noticed during dental treatment procedure under general anesthesia and also during periodic recall-checks. General anesthesia itself, however, could be a potentially life-threatening procedure due to patient's biomedical problems. When a dental procedure under general anesthesia is to be required in patient with Lowe syndrome, it may be advisable being teamed with physicians, and general anesthesia duration should be as short as possible.
A MOLECULAR BIOLOGIC STUDY ON BIOCOMPATIBILITY OF METALLIC DENTAL MATERIALS USED FOR CHILDREN WITH CULTURED HUMAN GINGIVAL FIBROBLASTS
Kim, Ju-Mi ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 243~254
For the purpose of evaluating the biocompatability of 3 kinds of metallic materials frequently used in pediatric dentistry (stainless steel crown, orthodontic band, orthodontic wire), cellular and molecular studies, including cell growth and proliferation, screening of cell death with determination of types whether necrosis or apoptosis and changes in expressions of related signaling molecules were examined, using cultured human gingival fibroblasts (HGF-1), HGF-1 was cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium. among which the 3rd to 6th generations of HGF-1 were used. The specimen were divided into stainless steel crown (R), band (B) and wire (W). The immunocytochemical study was done for the detection of anti-PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) labeling. With extracted protein, western blot was done for the detection of ERK1/2, JNK, and p38, using individual antibodies. Cultured cells proliferated, remarkably till 7 day and slightly at 11 day. There was no statistical significance in the counts of proliferating HGF-1 between control and experimental groups (p>0.05). Relative growth rates were no statistically significant difference between control and experimental groups (p>0.05). PCNA labeling indexes showing similar patterns in control and experimental groups. The expressions of ERK1 and ERK2, p38 were similar in control and experimental groups. The expression of JNK increased at 1st day, slightly decreased at 4th day and markedly increased at 7th and 11 day. Although the patterns of control and experimental groups were similar, the increased expressions of JNK at late period suggest a possible stress due to inhibited cell growth and proliferation, and worse culture condition. Conclusively, the 3 kinds of metal specimens used in this study did not induce cellular and molecular hazards during short term culture of HGF-1. But, for the better clinical stability, the establishment of long period culture and animal experiment was thought necessary.
A STUDY ON THE CLINICAL USAGE OF THE FLOWABLE COMPOSITE RESIN
Park, So-Young ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 255~261
The purpose of this study was to compare the microleakage pattern of flowable composite resin to sealant, composite resin used in preventive resin restoration and glass ionomer cement used as liner. 120 extracted sound human molars were divided into 6 groups : group 1 and 2:sealant ; group 3 and 4:preventive resin restoration ; group 5 and 6:sandwich technique restoration. For the experimental groups(group 2, 4 and 6), flowable composite resin(Tetric flow) was used. For the control group, Concise was used as sealant material(group 1), Z-100 with Concise were used as preventive resin restoration(group 3), and Vitrebond was used as cavity liner(group 5). All the restorations were thermocycled and the degree of dye penetration was evaluated with stereomicroscope. The microleakage of each group was measured and statistically analyzed. The results of the present study were as follows : 1. In group 1 and 2, there was no statistically significant difference in microleakage between Concise and Tetric flow(p>0.05). 2. In groups of preventive resin restorations, there was no statistically significant difference in microleakage between Z-100 with Concise and Tetric flow(p>0.05). 3. The microleakage of Vitrebond and Tetric flow used as liner showed no statistically significant difference(p>0.05).
A STUDY ON THE MODE OF POLYMERIZATION OF LIGHT-CURED RESTORATIVE MATERIALS CURED WITH PLASMA ARC LIGHT CURING UNIT
Woo, Youn-Sun ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 262~269
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of distance of light tip to resin surfaces and exposure time on the polymerization of surface and 2 mm subsurface of composite resins cured with two light sources; conventional halogen light (XL 3000, 3M, U.S.A.) and plasma arc light (Flipo, LOKKI, France) and compare the uniformity of polymerization from the center to the periphery of resin surfaces according to polymerization diameter cure with two light sources. From the experiment, the following results were obtained. 1. Difference of relative light intensity decrease in plasma arc light smaller than that of conventional halogen light(p<0.05). 2. In all groups, microhardness of top surfaces was decreased when distance of the light tip to resin surfaces is more than 2mm and increased according to increase of exposure time(p<0.05). 3. Difference of microhardness of the 2mm subsurface was rapidly decreased when distance of light tip to resin surfaces is more than 4mm(except, plasma arc light exposure time of 3 seconds). and the distance of light tip to resin surfaces and exposure time more affected 2mm subsurface rather than top surface(p<0.05). 4. Although exposure time was increased, difference of microhardness of the 2mm subsurface with the distance of light tip to resin surfaces was relatively high in groups between below 4mm and 6 mm(p<0.05). 5. Plasma arc light exposure time of 6 to 9 seconds produced microhardness values and microhardness change according to various distance similar to those produced with 40 to 80 second exposure to a conventional halogen light(p>0.05). 6. In all groups, microhardness was decreased gradually from the center to the periphery of resin surfaces(p<0.05).
A THEMATIC SURVEY ON THE REPORTS PUBLISHED IN THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
Kim, Jae-Moon ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 270~277
Since founded in 1959, it's well known that the KAPD has pioneered in the researches and clinical aspects of pediatric dentistry in Korea. It's official journal, the Journal of the KAPD, was first published in 1974 and has pressed total 956 articles up to now(March, 2001). In this study, all the articles pressed in this journal have been surveyed, focussing in their main theme, their chronological and thematic distribution. The thematic classification was made with the reference of the previous studies and renowned textbooks in pediatric dentistry. And we obtained the results as follows: 1. The researches on dental materials and dental equipments have shown continuous increase throughout the period. 2. The researches on dental caries, caries prevention and systemic disorders have occupied relatively high proportion consistently. 3. The researches on malocclusions and cysts/minor surgery have shown increasing tendency in the second period, but are decreasing in the third period. 4. The researches on craniofacial growth/development, tooth development/eruption, developmental disorders of teeth, management of eruption space have shown decreasing tendency. 5. The researches on behavioral research, oral habits, occlusion of primary-mixed dentition have shown very low proportion, reaching no more than 1% throughout the period.
IDENTIFICATION OF GENES INVOLVED IN OSTEOCLAST DIFFERENTIATION BY CDNA ARRAY ANALYSES
Cho, Young-Jun ; Lee, Zang-Hee ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 2, 2002, Pages 278~284
To examine the global gene expression of osteoclastogenesis-related genes in RAW 264.7 and its differentiated OCLs through the use of Atlas Mouse cDNA Array 2.1 membranes printed with 1176 well-characterized mouse genes involved in biology. Both samples were screened in parallel using cDNA expression arrays. The array results were additionally validated using RT-PCR. The results of cDNA arrays showed that 6 genes were up-regulated >2.5-fold (PKC beta II. POMC, PTEN, etc) and 16 genes were down-regulated >2.5-fold (Osteopontin, Cyclin D1, Cathepsin C, PTMA, etc) in both samples at the mRNA level. RT-PCR analysis of PKC beta II of these differentially expressed genes gave result consistent with cDNA array findings. The result of osteoclastogenesis showed that the PKC beta II gene was overexpressed in OCLs compared with RAW264.7 cell line. Osteoclastogenesis-related genes are differentially expressed in RAW264.7 cell line and its differentiated OCLs. its gene overexpression correlates with osteoclast differentiation in RAW264.7 cell line.