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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 2002
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2002
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2002
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
A CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY BY DOWNS ANALYSIS IN THE CHILDREN WITH NORMAL OCCLUSION
Choi, Nam-Ki ; Jeong, Byung-Cho ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 295~303
This study was performed to establish the cephalometric standards in Downs analysis and to compare them with other races. The lateral cephalograms of 88 Korean children (47 boys, 41 girls) with normal occlusion and acceptable profile between 7 and 11 years of age were taken and Downs analysis was done. Results were as follows: 1. Norms of Korean boys, girls and both sexes at 7, 9, 11 years of age by Downs analysis were established. 2. There were no statistically significant differences between boys and girls about ten measurements in each group, but significant differences in the occlusal plane angle, lower 1 to occlusal plane angle, interincisal angle, upper 1 to APog plane among 3 groups(p<0.05)(p<0.01). 3. Facial angle, AB plane angle, Y-axis, lower 1 to occlusal plane angle and lower 1 to mandibular plane angle showed increasing tendency whereas angle of convexity, mandibular plane angle, occlusal plane angle and interincisal angle did decreasing tendency according to aging. 4. In comparison among races, measurements in Korean children were generally larger than those of Caucasian and Greek except for small interincisal angle, but Korean were similar to Japanese, Chinese, Israeli, Negro about all measurements.
EFFECTS OF SEDATIVE DRUGS FOR MANAGEMENT IN CHILDREN
Choi, Nam-Ki ; Jeong, Byung-Cho ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 304~312
The purpose of this study was to assess the sedative effects of four kinds of medication for management in the uncooperative 64 children aged from 18 to 92 months(ASA class I) and weighting between 10 and 32 kg. They were given randomly a dose of chloral hydrate 75mg/kg and hydroxyzine 25mg orally(group 1), midazolam 0.1mg/kg intramuscularly and
(group 2), group 1 with additional
(group 3) and group 1 with additional midazolam 0.5cc intranasally(group 4), respectively. According to rating scale, sleep, crying, movement and overall behavior were checked for evaluation of the clinical sedative effects. They were restraind with Pediwrap and were monitored by pulse oximeter for safety during treatment period. The results were as follows : 1. In the evaluation of sleep, rating scale of chloral hydrate and hydroyzine combination group was superior to midazolam and
combination group(p<0.001), but there was no significant difference between chloral hydrate, hydroxyzine and
combination group and chloral hydrate, hydroxyzine and midazolam combination group. 2. In the evaluation of crying, movement and overall behavior, there were significant differences between chloral hydrate and hydroxyzine combination group and midazolam and
combination group(p<0.05), but no significant difference between chloral hydrate, hydroxyzine and
combination group and chloral hydrate, hydroxyzine and midazolam combination group. 3. In the evaluation of overall behavior, the mean score of chloral hydrate and hydroyzine combination group was 2.94, midazolam and
combination group 2.07, chloral hydrate, hydroxyzine and
combination group 2.47 and chloral hydrate, hydroxyzine and midazolam combination group 2.24, respectively. 4. Evidence of adverse effect was not detected or reported during and/or after dental treatment.
USE OF OCCLUSAL SPLINT(ACTIVATOR) IN THE TREATMENT OF FACIAL ASYMMETRY
Ju, Jin-Hyung ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ; Jeong, Young-Nam ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 313~317
Asymmetry in the face and dentition is a naturally occurring phenomenon. Functional asymmetry can result the mandible being deflected laterally if occlusal interferences prevent proper intercuspation in centric relation. Five year old girl was referred to the pediatric department for mandibular deviation. The patient had right posterior crossbite and 2.5mm midline deviation due to dental caries on the primary teeth. The authors used the activator as occlusal splint for eliminating habitual posturing and deprogramming the musculature in the treatment of functional asymmetry and for occlusal stabilization restored the primary molars with cast crowns.
A STATISTICAL STUDY ON THE DENTAL CARIES INCIDENCE AND PLAQUE INDEX IN CEREBRAL PALSY PERSON
Song, Jung-Woo ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 318~327
The purpose of this study was to make a comprehensive study and to provide information about the dental caries and plaque index of cerebral person, and to aid improvement of their oral health. The author examined intraorally 1180 deciduous teeth, 5626 permanent teeth of 264 (male:153 female:111) cerebral palsy person and 1526 deciduous teeth, 4140 permanent teeth of 220 (male:125 female:95) non cerebral palsy person as the control group. The results were as follows : 1. Cerebral palsy persons Had higher dft rate than non-cerebral palsy persons. 2. Dental caries incidence between males and females in cerebral palsy persons showed no difference, and dental caries incidence of types in cerebral palsy person showed no difference, either. 3. Mental, motor, speech handicap degrees were negatively related to DMFT rate and DMFT index, and institutionalized cerebral palsy persons and cerebral palsy persons of which parent's occupation is private business were found low DMFT rate and DMFT index. 4. Cerebral palsy persons were found to have higher plaque index than non-cerebral palsy persons, and non institutionalized cerebral palsy persons and self-supported cerebral palsy persons were found high plaque index. 5. Plaque index of male and female in cerebral palsy person showed no difference, and Plaque index of types in cerebral palsy person showed no difference, either Plaque index of handicap degrees(mental, motor, speech) showed no difference.
COMPARISON OF THE DECREE OF CONVERSION IN LIGHT-CURED COMPOSITE RESIN CURED BY HALOGEN AND PLASMA XENON ARC LAMP CURING UNIT
Lee, Young-Jun ; Jeong, Byung-Cho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 328~336
Recently, new light curing unit utilizing the plasma xenon arc lamp is introduced. This curing unit is operated at relatively high intensity, so shortening the curing time significantly. The aim of this experiment was to estimate curing capability of plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit compared to traditional halogen lamp curing unit. Degree of conversion was evaluated by Raman spectroscopy after irradiation of specimens with halogen lamp curing unit(Optilux 150, Demetron, USA) for 20s, 40s, 60s and plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit(flipo, Lokki, France) for 2s, 3s, 6s. The results showed that strong light intensity of plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit did not compensate for short exposure time completely. So, Multi-layered curing within 2mm thickness and additional exposure time is recommanded when light-cured composite resin is polymerized with plasma xenon arc lamp curing unit.
THE EFFECT OF PKC PATHWAY & MAPK PATHWAY ON RUNX2 TRANSCRIPTIONAL ACTIVITY
Kim, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Ryoo, Hyun-Mo ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 337~344
Runx2, a Runt-related osteoblast-specific transcription factor, is essential for osteoblast differentiation and function. Runx2 was identified as a key regulator of osteoblast-specific gene expression through its binding to the OSE2 element present in these genes. However, little is known about the signaling mechanism regulating Runx2 activity. This study examines the role of protein kinase C (PKC) pathway and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in regulating Runx2 and bone marker genes (osteopontin; OP, osteocalcin; OC). Luciferase assay and Northern blot analysis suggested that the stimulation of PKC by PMA increased transcription activity of Runx2 and bone marker genes (OP and OC) and also increased expression of Runx2. The stimulation of MAPK by okadaic acid increased transcription activity of Runx2 and bone marker genes (OP and OC). Pretreatment with PD98059 (Erk pathway inhibitor) and SB203580 (P38 pathway inhibitor) prior to PMA treatment decreased PMA stimulated Runx2 activity. Together these results indicate that both PKC and MAPKs are involved in the regulation of Runx2 activity and also the stimulation of Runx2 transcriptional activity by the PKC pathway is through activation of MAPK pathway.
THE EXPRESSION PATTERN OF BMPS AND THEIR RECEPTORS IN CALVARIAL SUTURE DEVELOPMENT
Yune, Yang-Ha ; Lee, Sang-Won ; Park, Mi-Hyun ; Ryoo, Hyun-Mo ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 345~353
Bone morphogenetic proteins(BMPs) are secretory signal molecules which have a variety of regulatory functions during morphogenesis and cell differentiation. To evaluate roles of BMPs and their receptors on mouse sagittal suture development, we have examined their expression patterns in serial sections of sagittal sutures by in situ hybridization during embryonic stages(E15-E18). BMP-2 and BMP-3 were expressed in the osteogenic front and parietal bone on embryonic 15day, from E16 in hair follicle. BMP-4 was strongly expressed in the osteogenic front and weakly expressed in the mesenchyme and parietal bone. BMP-S was expressed in the hair follicles. BMP-6 was not expressed in this study. BMP-7 was expressed in parietal bone during embryonic stage. BMPR-IB was expressed in the osteogenic front, but BMPR-IA was not. From these datas, we suggest that the BMP-4 regulates the early commitment of mesenchymal cells to the osteogenic lineages, the BMP-2 and BMP-3 may be involved in regulating the differentiation of osteoblast precursor cells. BMP-7 was involved in maintenance of differentiated osteoblasts. BMPs were key signaling molecules that regulate early calvarial bone morphogenesis, mediated by BMPR-IB.
COMPARISON OF SALIVARY ANTIBODY IgA TITRE TO STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS BETWEEN THE CARIES-EXPERIENCED AND NON-EXPERIENCED GROUPS USING IMMUNO-SLOT BLOT METHOD
Eum, Jong-Hyeok ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 354~361
The aim of this study is to develop and establish rapid, convenient, and accurate method of analyzing salivary IgA against S. mutans semi-quantitatively. Relative salivary IgA titer was calculated as maximum dilution fold of S. mutans protein that was not detected by salivary antibody after measuring relative intensity of the immune blot bands by densitometry. Analyses were performed in caries-experienced and non-experienced children. Mean IgA titer of non-experienced group shows higher level than that of caries-experienced without statistical significance due to high individual variety of antibody titer in non-experienced group:
in non-experienced group and
in caries-experienced group(p=0.464). Those results suggest that naturally induced salivary IgA antibodies against S. mutans were present in all subjects, but high titer of antibodies were not achieved in caries-experienced group. On the contrary, antibody titer in non-experienced group shows marked individual variations suggesting that antibody production is multifactorial. In conclusion, immune-slot blot method developed in this study would be useful and applicable in semi-quantitative analysis of antibodies.
SELECTED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ORMOCER RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Lee, Dong-Soo ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 362~370
During the last two decades, many new filling materials and material groups have been developed. the number of available restoratives has increased dramatically, especially during the last 5 years. Ormocers are a new class of materials which are still under development with regard to dental applications. However, in the chemical literature these materials have been known for a long time and used for producing scratch resistant coatings on plastic spectacle lenses. It is a combination of inorganic and organic materials. 'Ormocer' is an abbreviation for 'Organically Modified Ceramics'. These compounds are also known in the literature as 'Ormosils' (organically modified silicates). Their chemistry is comparable to that of silicones and organic polymers. The purpose of this study was to determine of compressive strength and flexural strength of a ormocer (Admira) and to investigate the effects of water absorption in comparison with three composite resins(Z-100, Tetric Ceram, Surefil) and one compomer(Dyract AP). The following results were obtained ; 1. Admira had the lower compressive strength than Surefil, but no statistically difference with other materials at 1 day(p>0.05). 2. Admira had the lower flexural strength than all other materials at 1 day. From 2 days, Admits showed lower flexural strength than three composite resin(p<0.05). 3. There was not statistically significant difference of compressive and flexural strengths between hybrid composite resin group(Z-100, Tetric Ceram) and Packable resin group(Surefil) for experimental period(30 days)(p>0.05). 4. All five materials showed an increase in compressive and flexural strength till 2 days and showed a decrease from 7 days in water(p<0.05). 5. Each materials had the statistically similar behavior of compressive and flexural strengths over time(p>0.05).
CALCIFYING ODONTOGENIC CYST ASSOCIATED WITH COMPLEX ODONTOMA
Yoon, Jung-Hoon ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 371~375
The calcifying odontogenic cyst(COC) showed diverse terminology or classification, clinicopathologic features as well as in its biologic behavior, although it was recognized as a distinct clinicopathologic entity. The epithelial lining of a COC appears to have the ability to induce the formation of dental tissues in the adjacent connective tissue wall, and that other odontogenic tumors may sometimes be associated with it. This case is a COC associated with a complex odontoma involving an impacted left maxillary lateral incisor in a 5-year-old female child. Radiographic examination revealed a well-demarcated radiolucent lesion partially occupied by a radiopaque mass, involving the left lateral incisor crown. The histologic sections showed a cystic cavity lined with ameloblastic epithelium containing ghost cell masses with admixed with complex odontoma components. The presence of mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion in children as observed in this case, the possibility of COC must be considered. In this case, there was no recurrence 1 year after enucleation and the space control is ongoing now.
THE COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE COLOR OF THE DECIDUOUS TEETH AND RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Oh, Kyoung-Seon ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Yang, Cheol-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 376~381
The purpose of this study was to analyse the color of natural deciduous teeth in Korean children and to compare with that of composite resin specimens. The subjects were 148 children (80 boys and 68 girls) with good general condition and normal teeth color, aged between 3 and 6 years. The color of middle third of maxillary central incisor in deciduous teeth was examined with shade guide and then measured by means of the colorimeter CV300 which can be measured by CIELAB system. The data were analyzed statistically by SPSS program. The results were summerized as follows; 1. Over 90% of the color for the deciduous anterior teeth was in A1, A2, B1, B2 and P shade. 2. The means of deciduous teeth color were
by colorimeter CV300. 3.
prices for A1, A2, B1, B2, P were
in A1 specimen,
in A2 specimen,
in B1 specimen,
in B2 specimen,
in P specimen. The means of B1 color specimen were most similar to those of deciduous teeth color. The A1 color values were similar to the P color values. 4. The standard deviation of
was small among colors, but that of
, in the yellowish color, was large.
A STUDY ON THE SIZE OF THE DECIDUOUS TEETH
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Jeon, So-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Kim, Young-Sin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 382~388
In the present study, crown diameters and their sexual differences in deciduous teeth were investigated in children of Chon-ju city, Korea. Plaster casts of the deciduous dentitions obtained from 50 boys and 50 girls were examined. Mesiodistal and buccolingual crown diameters were measured using a digital caliper(0.01mm) according to the definitions of Seipel and Moorees et al. These measurements were performed three times, and intra-observer measurement errors were calculated by the single determination method. The crown index, module and area were calculated in order to provide a comparison of crown proportions. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. The mean values of intra-observer measurement errors were 0.255mm and are unlikely to have influenced the statistical analysis. 2. The mean values of mesiodistal and buccolingual crown diameters examined were larger in boys than girls. 3. The mean coefficient of variation was 5.6 in the deciduous dentition. There were a trend for the primary second molar to be the least variable in size of all teeth both in boys and girls. 4. Fluctuating asymmetry is the difference between left and right antimeres in individuals. Primary second molars were less asymmetrical than primary first molars in both dimensions. 5. In maxillary teeth, Crown index is larger in boys than in girls. In contrast, in mandibular teeth, except primary canine, it is larger in girls than in boys. Crown module is larger in boys than in girls and increased progressively from primary first incisor to primary second molar. Crown area is consistently larger in boys than in girls. The minimum crown area is mandibular primary incisor and maximum crown area is maxillary primary second molar.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE MICROTENSILE BONDING STRENGTH OF DENTIN TREATED BY
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Kwon, Byoung-Woo ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Cheon, Cheol-Wan ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 389~396
The purpose of this study was to compare the microtensile bonding strength of chemomechanically excavated dentin(
) to conventional caries removal(bur). The following adhesive systems were used; AB: All-Bond 2(3M, USA), PB: Prime & Bond 2.1(Dentsply, DE), AQ: AQ Bond(sun medical, Japan). 42 human molars with occlusal caries were assigned to 6 groups. Sequential caries removal was controlled with laser fluorescence. Each group was devided as follows; group A, B, C were
applied, group D,E,F were bur used. In group A and D, AB was used as a dentin adhesive. group B,E and group C,F was AQ and AQ was used each. The cavity was filled with composite resin(Z-100). The specimens were sectioned vertically into multiple serial 0.7 mm thick slabs. And then those slabs were sectioned into rectangular parts under 0.7 mm width. Finally 0.7-1.0 mm a right hexahedron shape stick become. Microtensile bonding test was carried out with testing apparatus at cross-head speed of
and fractured surfaces were observed with scanning electron microscope(JSM-6400, Jeol, Japan). The obtained results were summarized as follows ; 1. In the group of caries removal with
, micro-tensile bonding strength decreased to
percent of bur used group. 2. In the group of caries removal with
, decreased degree of micro-tensile bonding strength is not so different in 3 kinds of dentin adhesives(p<0.05). 3. In the group of caries removal with
, microtensile bonding strength of AB, PB, AQ was 32.6MPa(2.4), 30.1Mpa (1.8), 21.2Mpa(1.9). 4. In the group of caries removal with Bur and
, microtensile bonding strength of AQ was significantly lower than that of AB and PB(p<0.01).
A STUDY ON THE SIZE AND VOLUME OF THE PALATE
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Kim, Mi-Ra ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Yang, Yun-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 397~406
The purpose of this study was to clarify the palatal arch length, width and volume in the primary and permanent dentition. Samples were consisted of normal occlusion in the primary dentition(50 males and 50 females) and permanent dentition(43 males and 43 females). Their upper plaster casts were used and through 3-dimensional laser scanning(3D Scanner, DS4060, LDI, U.S.A.), cloud data, polygonization, section curve, loft surface and fit and horizontal plane were made for measuring the palatal arch length, width and volume(Surfacer 10.0, Imageware, U.S.A.). Correlation coefficients were calculated separately for males and females in each group(SPSS 10.0). The results were as follows : 1. Average distance from the fit plane to the points(tooth-tooth-palate) was greater in the permanent dentition than those of primary dentition. 2. Palatal volume was greater more than 3 times in the permanent dentition, especially it was greater in male compared to female with significance(p<0.05). 3. Palatal width of male was greater in the primary and permanent dentition but palatal length, only in the permanent dentition than that of female(P<0.05). 4. Correlation coefficients were statistically most significant between the palatal volume and size of posterior palatal width and total palatal length(r=0.401, r=0.450, r=0.678, r=0.654).
SPACE LOSS AFTER PREMATURE LOSS OF PRIMARY INCISOR
Choi, Byung-Jai ; Han, Yeon-Sun ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Lee, Chong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 407~412
The primary cause of missing teeth vary depending on the region. The loss of posterior teeth is mainly due to dental caries, whereas that of the anterior teeth occur primarily due to trauma at the age of standing and walking and secondarily from the rampant dental caries. Particularly, reduction of the arch length in the cases of premature loss of primary teeth may compromise the eruption of succedaneous permanent teeth. This may result in crowding and impaction of the permanent teeth, and asymmetry of arch, thus a careful consideration for space maintenance should be made in such cases. Space maintainer is required in the case of premature loss of primary posterior teeth, because space loss result from the approximate and centrifugal movement of the neighboring teeth. Generally, in the case of primary incisor, space loss occurs when 1) tooth contact is relevant, 2) crowding in primary dentition is present, and 3) a primary incisor is lost before the eruption of primary canine. Contrarily, in the case of primary dentition with interdental space, space loss will not be observed, mostly when a primary incisor is lost after the eruption of primary canine. Thus, using a space maintainer in cases of premature loss of primary incisor has been introduced primarily not for the purpose of space maintaining but for an aesthetic purpose, prevention of parafunctional oral habits such as tongue thrust, and of pronunciation. Additionally, few case studies have been reported of space loss in cases of premature loss of primary incisor. This study is to report cases of the space loss following the premature loss of primary incisors observed in children.
NON-SURGICAL TREATMENT WITH TYING OF MUCOCELE
Lee, Yong-Seok ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Son, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 413~417
Mucocele is a mucous retention phenomenon which is caused by a laceration to the duct of minor salivary glands causing extravasation of mucin into the connective tissue forming a cyst-like space. Sialolithiasis of minor salivary glands and chronic obstruction of salivary glands may also cause such a phenomenon. Mucocele is a smooth, rounded sessile mass with diameters varying from 1 to 15mm of sudden appearance. Mucocele tying directly beneath the mucosa may rupture spontaneously and decrease in size, but frequently recurs. Lower lip is most frequently affected, and the mouth floor and buccal vestibule may also be affected. Enucleation of the cyst is needed and removal of minor salivary glands, marsupialization and cryotherapy may also be done. The mucocele frequently recurs after its removal. A 1-year-old female patient visited the hospital with a complaint of a swelling on the lower lip since 4 months before. She had no pain history but 4 months ago, fell and such symptom appeared since then. On her first visit, a bullous solid, opaque lesion of 5mm in diameter was noted. Treatment choice of surgical approach and nonsurgical approach were explained to the guardian. Considering the patient's age, the guardian agreed to a nonsurgical procedure. Treatment was carried out by tieing 3-0 silk to the base of the lesion. One week later, the tie loosened and was re-tied. A week later, the mucocele disappeared. Mucocele on the lower lip may be usually be treated by surgical removal, but this may traumatize the surrounding minor salivary gland causing it to recur. Also, surgicial removal may induce an ischemic change causing sialometaplasia. In case of young patients or children with management problems, non-surgical methods such as this tie method may be used. This tie method does not need any local anesthesia and has no pain, no secondary infection, and low bleeding tendency.
TREATMENT OF ODONTOGENIC CYST USING DECOMPRESSION
Choi, Byung-Jai ; Suh, Moon-Sun ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Son, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 418~422
Cyst is a cavity filled with fluids and semi-fluids that is lined with epithelial cells. Odontogenic cysts are those that form within the jaw which origin from dental follicles, enamel epithelium remnants of the crown, Malassez epithelial cell rest and basal cell layer of the oral epithelium. In such cases, treatment methods such as enucleation, marsupialization, decompression, surgical excision etc. can be used according to the lesion's characteristics, size, relationship with the surrounding tissue, patient's age and developmental status. This case was to report an odontogenic cyst caused by an impacted immature permannent tooth and its treatment. The cyst was removed by decompression. Cystic cavity was healed with bone tissue and the impacted permanent tooth erupted without any recurred cystic lesion.
A STUDY ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FLOWABLE COMPOSITE RESINS
Kim, Ji-Young ; Jeong, Byung-Cho ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 423~429
Recently, the clinical uses of flowable composite resins have increased because of fast, convenient and excellent accessibility, but little has been reported about physical properties of flowable resins. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the physical properties(compressive strength, relative flowability, relative radiopacity) of 4 contemporary flowable composite resins(Filtek flow, Tetric Flow, Revolution Palfique Estelite LV high flow). The results were as follows; 1. There were no significant differences between 4 flowable composite resins in compressive strength, but all were lower than that of traditional hybrid composite resin(p<0.001). 2. The relative flowability were increased in order of Palfique Estelite LV high flow, Revolution, Filtek flow, Tetric Flow and sealant(p<0.001), but there were no significant differences between Filtek flow and Tetric Flow. 3. There were significant differences between flowable composite resins in relative radiopacity and they showed similar or higher radiopacity than dentin(p<0.001), especially Tetric Flow and Filtek Flow showed higher radiopacity than enamel(p<0.001). This results suggested that the stress of application area have to be considered since flowable composite resins have lower compressive strength than hybrid composite, and the differences of flowability between these flowable composite resins can be considered when they are selected. All tested flowable composite resins showed optimal radiopacity to ISO's recommend.
SEM AND CONFOCAL LASER SCANNING MICROSCOPIC STUDY ON THE CORROSION OF DENTAL RESTORATIVE RESINS
Yang, Kuy-Ho ; Park, Eun-Hae ; Jeong, Byung-Cho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 430~438
The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance to degradation of four commercial composite resins-Prodigy(Kerr, USA), Vitalescence(Ultradent, USA), Z 250(3M, USA), Filtek flow(3M, USA)- in an alkaline solution. Resistance to degradation was evaluated on the basis of following parameters: (a) mass loss(%), (b) Si loss(ppm), (c) degradation depth(
). The results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference between Prodigy and Vitalescence, also Z 250 and Filtek flow. But, there was significant difference between former group and latter group. 2. The sequence of the degree of degradation layer depth was in descending order by Z 250, Filtek flow, Prodigy, Vitalescence. There was significant difference among the materials. 3. The sequence of the Si loss was in descending order by Filtek flow, Z 250, Prodigy, Vitalescence. There was significant difference among the materials. 4. The correlation coefficient between mass loss and degradation layer depth(r=0.714, p<0.05), mass loss and Si loss(r=0.770, p<0.05), and degradation layer depth and Si loss(r=0.930, p<0.05) were relatively high. 5. When observed with SEM, destruction of bonding was observed between resin matrix and filler. 6. When observed with CLSM, degradation layer depth of composite resin surface was observed.
A STUDY ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF PARENTAL CONSULTATION ON THE WEBSITE OF KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
Oh, Young-Jun ; Min, Yun-Kyung ; Jung, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 439~443
The purpose of this study was to analyze the parental consultation. Also, it was to investigate the tendency divided into different subjects. The subjects were 2142 questions on korean academy of pediatric dentistry homepage. The questions were categorized into 7 subjects, 37 subdivided subjects and children age. The results were as follows: 1. Age group was divided into
12years and over 13 years.
age group had the largest number of questions. 2. The subject were growth & development, development disturbance & oral disease, behavior management, operative & endodontic treatment, dentition & occlusal guidance, traumatic injury & surgery and etc. Development disturbance & oral disease had the largest number of questions. 3. In subdivided subjects, operative & endodontic treatment showed the most, followed by development & eruption of teeth, traumatic injury, cross-bite, tooth brushing methods in sequence. 4. In age group within subdivided subjects, the most frequent question was neonatal & natal tooth in
, development & eruption of teeth in
, operative & endodontic treatment in
, time & method of orthodontics in
and operative & endodontic treatment in over 13years. 5. The questions about cross-bite, traumatic injury and soft tissue disease were distributed evenly in age group.
UNERUPTED PRIMARY MOLAR
Han, Yeon-Sun ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Lee, Chong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 444~449
The term 'impaction' is used to designate a tooth which remains unerupted in the jaw beyond the time at which it should normally be erupted. The main causal factors are local (lack of space, ectopic positions of teeth, supernumerary teeth, cyst, the occurrence of infectious process in the eruption path, traumatic facial injury etc.). Systemic and genetic disorders, however, may have primary failure of eruption and retarded eruption as additional symptoms (cleidocranial dysplasia, osteopetrosis etc.). Most cases of impacted teeth reported in the literature are of permanent teeth. The absence of primary teeth occur rarely whereas impaction of second primary molars is more numerous than all other impactions. Impaction due to primary failure of eruption must be distinguished from the secondary infraocclusion. The etiology of impaction of primary teeth is probably related to early ankylosis of primary teeth, but it is not clear. Failure of eruption of primary teeth may cause a number of complications, such as interference with development and eruption of succedaneous teeth, formation of cyst, and damage to adjacent teeth. This study is to report cases of primary failure of eruption in the primary dentition.
NON SURGICAL TREATMENT OF SOFT PALATE LACERATION
Chae, Kyu-Ho ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Son, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 450~454
Laceration of soft palate and oropharynx is relatively common in children. Soft palate laceration has been reported patients of all ages, ranging from new born to geriatric patients. However, young children often place objects their mouth, they may fall on the object or receive a direct force on the object which then perforates the soft palate tissue. Most frequently affected site is the left supra-tonsillar area. Lesions are predominately in the soft palate with-out perforation. Linear and superficial wounds are frequent. A typical injury is the flat- U-, or V-shaped with apex directed anteriorly. In those cases without any through-and-through lacerations or any tissue loss, suture is not necessary. Furthermore, suture of the affected site may hinder wound healing. Healing of the wound should be complete by three weeks with minimal scarring. There have been reports of carotid artery injury due to soft palate laceration causing neurologic complications. For such reasons, traumatized child must be in close observation for 2-3days, and if symptoms of complication are noticed consultation with oromaxillofacial surgeons, E.N.T., or neurologist is required. These are two reports of boys 2 and 3 years of age who had soft palate laceration caused by a falling-down-in jury with an object in their mouth. They were treated non-surgically and neurologic evaluation was carried out for 1 week with complete healing.
ASSESSMENT OF VITAL SIGNS IN PEDIATRIC DENTAL SEDATION USING CHLORAL HYDRATE AND HYDROXYZINE
Lee, Ju-Hyun ; Park, Ho-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 455~462
Currently, the ages of the patients visiting dental hospital for dental care are becoming younger and the interest in the treatment for the handicapped and incapable of cooperation children increases. As a method for treatment of these patients, the sedation treatment is considered. A dental sedation using chloral hydrate and hydroxyzine of them were used widely and for a long time. In this study, the samples were consisted of incapable of cooperation or very young children required treatment of restoration under local anesthesia. Then, the vital signs were accessed in pediatric dental sedation using the combination of chloral hydrate and hydroxyzine. As a result of this study, the vital signs were little different in pediatric dental sedation using the combination of chloral hydrate and hydroxyzine. Simply, the respiration rate and pulse rate decreased according to sleeping of patients. Therefore, the sedation using the combination of chloral hydrate and hydroxyzine induced to appropriate sedation in incapable of cooperation or very young children with little effects of vital signs.
CASE REPORT OF UNICYSTIC AMELOBLASTOMA
Choi, Seo-Jung ; Park, Ho-Won ; Kim, Soung-Min ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 463~468
The unicystic ameloblastoma deserves separate consideration on the basis of its clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features and its response to treatment. It refers to those cystic lesions that show clinical, radiographic, or gross features of a jaw cyst, but on histologic examination show a typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining part of the cyst cavity. The lesion is most commonly found on the mandible posterior area, and often asymptomatic, although large lesions may cause a painless swelling of the jaws. The lesion typically appears as a circumscribed radiolucency that surrounds the crown of an unerupted molar. These are usually considered to be a dentigerous, residual cyst on the relationship of the lesion to teeth in the area. Three histopathologic variants of unicystic ameloblastoma may be seen. 1) Luminal type, 2) Intraluminal type, 3) Mural type. In this case, these tumor was treated as cysts by enucleation with iliac bone graft, and the diagnosis of ameloblastoma is made after microscopic examination of the presumed cyst.
CHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF LIGHT CURED COMPOSITE RESINS IN NAOH SOLUTION
Kim, Jung-Ran ; Jeong, Byung-Cho ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 3, 2002, Pages 469~477
One of the major deficiencies of composite restorative resins is their insufficient resistance to wear. Of the multitude of factors that have been associated with wear, subsurface degradation within the restoration is considered to be one. The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance to degradation of four commercial composite resins in an alkaline solution. The brands studied were Z100(3M), Clearfil AP-X(Kuraray), Tetric Ceram(Vivadent), Aelit flo(Bisco). Resistance to degradation was evaluated on the basis of the following parameters: (a) mass loss(%) - determined from pre-and post-exposure specimen weights: (b) Si loss(ppm) - obtained from ICP-AE analysis of solution exposed to specimens; and (c) degradation depth(
) - measured microscopically (SEM) from polished circular sections of exposed specimens. The results were as follows: 1. The sequence of the mass loss was in ascending order by AE, EL, TC, Z100. There was statistically significant difference of mass loss between AE, CL group and TC, Z100 group(p<0.05). 2. The sequence of the degree of degradation layer depth was in ascending order by AE, CL, TC, Z100. But there was no statistically significant difference of degree of degradation layer depth between AE and CL(p<0.05). 3. For the Si concentration, Z100 was the highest of all. 4. The correlation coefficient between mass loss and degradation depth was relatively high(r=0.71 p<0.05).