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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Nov 2002
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Aug 2002
Volume 29, Issue 2 - May 2002
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
A STUDY ON THE CONSCIOUS SEDATIVE EFFECT OF CHLORAL HYDRATE/HYDROXYZINE WITH AND WITHOUT
Hong, Sung-Joon ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 489~497
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical sedation effect of chloral hydrate and hydroxyzine combination with and without nitrous oxide/oxygen inhalation when young children were sedated for dental treatment. The uncooperative 20 children aged, 21 to 47 months of age(ASA Class I), participated in the study. The author examined 20 children(male 12, female 8). Each patient was assigned to receive chloral hydrate(50mg/kg) and hydroxyzine(25mg). Next appointment, each patient was assigned to receive
, choral hydrate and hydroxyzine. Sleep, crying, movement, and overall behavior response were evaluated, and the sedative effects were evaluated by Houpt's rating scale. Pulse rate and peripheral oxygen saturation were also measured for monitoring the sedated patients during treatment period by pulse oximeter. The result were as follows : 1. In the evaluation of sleep scores, crying scores, and movement scores, chloral
combination group was significantly rated high(p<0.05). 2. In the evaluation of overall behavior scores, chloral
combination group was significantly rated high(p<0.05). 3. In the evaluation of overall behavior evaluation scores(by Houpt), 93.3% in chloral
combination group and 63.3% in chloral hydrate/hydroxyzine combination group were rated "good" or "very good". 4. There was no adverse side effect(i.e. respiratory depression) in both group.
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON REMINERALIZING EFFECT OF COMPOMERS
Chung, Hoi-Min ; Kim, Yong-Kee ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 498~508
The purpose of this study was to compare the amount of fluoride release and remineralizing effect of compomer with those of glass ionomer cement and composite resin. Composite resin(
) was used for negative control group(Group I), glass ionomer(Fuji II
) for positive control group(Group IV), compomer(Dyract
) for experimental group(Group II and Group III). The results obtained can be summarized as follows : 1. Glass ionomer showed the higher amount of fluoride release than compomer groups. Composite resin showed no fluoride release during test period. 2. Significant evidence of remineralization could be noticed in samples of all groups. The highest degree of remineralization was observed in glass ionomer group followed by compomer group. The least evidence of remineralization was observed in composite resin group. 3. Microhardness values of carious site was lower than control site, but Microhardness values of caries site at form away from filling materials in group II, III, IV was significantly higher than the other area. Based on the above results, compomer could be considered as one of the very attractive restorative materials in the field of pediatric dentistry.
A STUDY ON THE BONDING OF COMPOMER TO DECIDUOUS DENTIN
Kim, Jee-Tae ; Kim, Yong-Kee ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 509~518
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bonding of compomer to deciduous dentin which is known to have been developed to improve the weak properties of glass ionomer cement and composite resin. 120 sound primary molars were used for the shear bond strength test and another 24 for the scanning electron microscopic evaluation. Each material was ailed into polyethylene mold attached to exposed dentinal surface(
in diameter) of sample blocks. Shearbond strength was measured using Universal testing machine and data were analyzed statistically with Oneway-ANOVA and Scheffe test. Scanning electron microscopic observation was performed in order to evaluate the pattern of distribution and penetration of resin tags and hybrid layer. Compomer groups(II-V) showed significantly higher bond strength values than glass ionomer group(I)(p<.05). Etching-compomer groups(III, V) showed the significantly higher bond strength than non-etching compomer groups(II, IV)(p<.05), but slightly lower values than composite resin group(VI) with no statistically significant difference(p>.05). No significantly different bond strength was found between compomer groups of different bonding system(p>.05). Scanning electron micrographs showed more irregular distribution of short and thin resin tags in non-etching compomer groups(II, IV) whereas the more regular and intimate distribution of long and thick tags in etching compomer groups(III, V) and composite resin group(VI). The evaluation of hybrid layer also showed more regular formation of thicker layer in etching compomer groups(III, V). Based on the results of present study, the use of compomer as an esthetic restorative material for primary molars might be justified.
EVALUATION OF THERMAL DIFFUSION IN LOWER End PRIMARY MOLAR WITH THERMOGRAPHY AND FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS
Park, Hee-Seung ; Kim, Yong-Kee ; Kwon, Soon-Won ; Kim, Jong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 519~528
It is not a rare occasion that certain dental procedures involving tooth reduction being peformed under inadequate water cooling due to a variety of reasons. This situation could possibly inflict the critical insult to the pulpal tissue of indicated tooth. The purpose of this experiment was to study the pattern of diffusion of external heat produced during routine dental procedures into the pulpal tissue. 30 stone blocks containing three lower second primary molars were used for certain restorative procedures and the temperature of the indicated tooth surface was measured by thermography(Inframetrics 600) and further used as a baseline data for the finite element analysis model fabrication designed in order to evaluate the pattern of thermal diffusion. The ranges of highest surface temperature measured from several dental procedures under water cooling and non-water cooling were
respectively. Among procedures studied, crown preparation showed the highest value and amalgam removal showed the lowest. Comparisons between data measured under water cooling and non-water cooling conditions have shown the statistically significant difference(p<0.05). All the non-cooling conditions have shown the relatively larger increment of temperature change at the pulp horn area than the cooling conditions. The results of this study strongly indicate that the water coolant is the essential element in restorative procedures for the maintenance of healthy pulp. Further related studies involving more procedures and conditions are recommended.
THE EFFECT OF GLASS IONOMER ON THE REMINERALIZATION OF ADJACENT INITIAL ENAMEL CARIES LESION BY RELEASING FLUORIDE
Park, Young-Soo ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Kwon, Soon-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 529~538
There is no adverse opinion on the anticariogenic effect of fluoride, so glass ionomer restoration which release the fluoride is recommended fer child patient. To study the anticariogenic effect of initial carious lesion of fluoride released from adjacent glass ionomer restoration, the in situ model was constructed. A microhardness test, polarized scope investigation and electron probe microanalysis was done for analyzing the distribution of fluoride which was precipitated from glass ionomer restoration to the enamel caries lesion. Fuji IX, the conventional glass ionomer, was used for experimental group and Z-100, composite resin that fluoride was not contained, was used for control group. On the microhardness test, the remineralization was accelerated by fluoride. And on the polarized investigation, the size of caries lesion was reduced in the oral cavity and that phenomenon was accelerated by fluoride, too. Electron probe microanalysis shows that the remineralization was accelerated by fluoride and the fluoride concentration on subsurface area was increased. It maybe that the subsurface area was critical to anticariogenic effect. In summary of these result, initial caries lesion can be remineralized in the oral cavity and that phenomenon can be accelerated by fluoride. The subsurface area of caries lesion was a major part of defense to cariogenic invasion and to conserve the subsurface area, the surface of lesion body have to conserved.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE THEMATIC DISTRIBUTION OF THE ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY AND THE JAPANESE SOCIETY OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
Yeom, Junng-Hyun ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 539~554
To identify the trend of pediatric dentistry in USA and Japan, closely related to Korean pediatric dentistry. The Japanese Journal of Pediatric Dentistry(JJPD) and The Journal of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry(PD) were reviewed. We collected the bibliographical data of the articles published in the two journals from 1991 to 2000. We analyzed thematic distributions and chronological changes, and then compare those of two groups. The following results were obtained: 1. The 869 articles were published in JJPD and 672 in PD. This was about 30% more in JJPD. 2. In both JJPD and PD, the case reports were a quarter of scientific articles in quantity. 3. The studies on the systemic diseases had the highest proportion in both JJPD and PD. The studies on the dental caries and restorative materials also had high proportion in both journals. 4. The studies on the sedation and biochemical survey had high proportion in PD when had low proportion in JJPD. To the contrary, The studies on the behavior science in JJPD were about double of those in PD. 5. There was no statistically significant difference in quantity between JJPD and PD in the studies on the dental caries, prevention of dental caries, community dental survey, conservative treatment, restorative materials, pulp treatment, diagnosis and treatment of malocclusion, oral pathology and minor surgery, local anesthesia and nerve tissue, traumatic injuries. 6. There was statistically significant increase in the studies on the dental equipment in JJPD and in those on restorative materials in PD. 7. There was statistically significant decrease in the studies on the prevention of dental caries and local anesthesia and nerve tissue in JJPD, and those on conservative treatment in PD.
DELAYED REPLANTATION OF COMPLETELY AVULSED TOOTH
Han, Yu-Ri ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 555~560
Replantation may be a treatment choice for a completely avulsed tooth caused by a traumatic injury. The outcome of replantation depends on the following factors ; minimal damage to pulp and periodontal membrane, the length of time the avulsed tooth was out of the mouth, how the tooth was stored, the level of root formation, etc. The time from the act of avulsion of the tooth to the actual replantation is especially important. Generally, when replanted within 30 minutes, more than 90% of the cases succeed, but when the time is between 30 to 90minutes, 43%, and greater than 90 minutes, 7%. This is a case of a replanted tooth with relatively good prognosis by ankylosis though there was a great time lapse since the tooth was avulsed. Though such treatment lead to loss of the tooth, in cases of children or adolescents, this treatment is meaningful, because it may earn time until any definitive therapy, functionally stimulate the alveolar bone to retain its height for a better prognosis for future treatment, and act as space maintainer.
THE EFFECT OF XYLITOL AND CARBOHYDRATES ON STREPTOCOCCUS
Kim, Kyoung-Hee ; Jeong, Byung-Cho ; Oh, Chong-Suk ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 561~567
Xylitol is a 5-carbons carbohydrate, which can be replaced with sucrose for preventing caries. The replication of Streptococcus mutans and its formation of artificial plaque were studied in the media containing xylitol. The combined effect of xylitol and other carbohydrates on Streptococcus mutans was also studied. The replication of Streptococcus mutans was inhibited according to the increased concentration of xylitol. Streptococcus mutans replicated at the initial stage of incubation in the media containing glucose, fructose or lactose, while replicating from the beginning of incubation in the media containing fructose as combining with xylitol. The formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans was significantly reduced in the media containing with xylitol and fructose. These results indicated that the replication of Streptococcus mutans was inhibited according to the increased concentration of xylitol, and the formation of artificial plaque by Streptococcus mutans was significantly inhibited in the media containing xylitol and fructose.
CARIES ACTIVITY FACTORS OF CHILDREN IN ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT
Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 568~573
The purpose of study was to investigate the caries activity factors of children during orthodontic treatment. Fifty children with fixed or removable intraoral orthodontic appliances were examined for their Cariostat caries activity test scores, gender, age, duration of treatment, appliance type, treatment site, Angle's classification of malocclusion, and the number of teeth with caries experience. The mean age of the high caries activity group was significantly higher than that of the low caries activity group(P<0.01). The duration of treatment of the high caries activity group was longer than that of the low caries activity group, but the difference was not significant(P>0.05). The fixed appliance group showed higher caries activity than the removable appliance group(P<0.01). The caries activity of Angle Class III group was lower than that of Angle Class I group, not significant statistically(P>0.05). The number of teeth with caries experience in the high caries activity group was lower than that in the low caries activity group, not significant statistically(P>0.05).
A CLINICAL STUDY ON THE CONGENITALLY MISSING TEETH IN MESIODENS CASES
Kwon, Min-Seok ; Jung, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 574~578
Mesiodens is developmental tooth anomaly which is commonly found in clinical pediatric dentistry. however, it may cause many partial problem in tooth alignment when congenitally missing teeth was accompanied by mesiodens. The terms, concomitant hypodontia and hyperdontia' and oligo-pleiodontia' have been used to describe the condition in witch developmental absence of teeth and supernumerary teeth are present in the same individual. Only a few case reports of this rare condition which is opposite developmental phenomena exist in the literature. The purpose of this study is survey of congenitally missing teeth in mesiodens case and to compare previous literature of congenitally missing teeth in normal. The subjects were 310 children(247 male and 63 female) at the age from 5 to 12 years visiting the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Pusan National University Hospital with mesiodens for last 3 years. With their pantomograms we studied congenitally missing teeth except permanent 3rd molar. 1. The preference of congenitally missing teeth in mesiodens cases was revealed to be 17.1%(53 out of 310 in total), and there was a higher prevalence in females(22.2%) than in males(15.8%). 2. The most frequently missing teeth were maxillary lateral incisors(22.7%) and mandibular second premolars(22.7%), followed by maxillary second premolar(17.3%), and mandibular lateral incisors(16.0%). There was no significant differences between maxilla(49.3%) and mandible(50.7%). 3. In number of congenitally missing teeth per person, 69.9% had one missing tooth, 22.7% had two missing teeth and 9.4% had three missing teeth.
FOCAL EPITHELIAL HYPERPLASIA : A CASE REPORT
Han, Yu-Ri ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 581~585
Focal epithelial hyperplasia(FEH) is Human papilloma virus - induced, localized proliferation of oral squamous epithelium. FEH usually occurs in the childhood, but occasionally affects the young and middle-aged adults. Sites of the greatest involvement include the labial, buccal and lingual mucosa, but lesions of gingiva or tongue have also been reported. This disease is typically characterized by multiple soft, non-tender flattened papules and plaques. Occasional lesions show a slight papillary surface change. Individual lesions are small, discrete and well demarcated. The histopathologic hallmark of FEH is acanthosis of the oral epithelium. Cells demonstrating viral cytopathic changes including koilocytes or mitosoid cells may be present. The 5-year-old female of this case visited Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University with a chief complaint of exophytic lesions on gingiva. Sessile papillary papules were detected by clinical examination on buccal gingiva at the maxillary left and right second deciduous molars. The patient did not complain of pain by palpation. An excisional biopsy was carried out for a histological examination and acanthosis was observed. The lesions were diagnosed as FEH. FEH would regress spontaneously after several months or years. Conservative excision may be performed for diagnostic or esthetic purpose. The risk of recurrence after this therapy is minimal, and there is no malignant transformation.
TREATMENT OF BRUXISM USING THE OCCLUSAL SPLINT
Baik, Byeoung-Ju ; Lee, Sun-Young ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Jeon, Young-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 586~591
Bruxism can be generally regarded as a diurnal clenching or nocturnal teeth grinding or a combination of both. Clenching of the teeth is forceful closure of the opposing dentition in a static relationship of the mandible to the maxilla, whereas grinding of the dentition is forceful closure of the opposing dentition in a dynamic maxillo-mandibular relationship as the mandibular arch moves through various excursive positions. The causes of bruxism are not yet discovered clearly, but most consistently mentioned cause is psychological stress. Bruxism can be also associated with sleep disorders, medication, and disturbances of the central nervous system. There is no permanent treatment method of bruxism, so the objectives for management of bruxism are reduction of psychological stress and treatment of signs and symptoms of bruxism by occlusal adjustment, occlusal splint, systemic medication and physical therapy. These cases report present three cases of children with bruxism. The bruxism was reduced in these patients wearing occlusal splint.
THE EFFECT OF LIGHT CURING METHODS AND RESIN ADHESIVES ON THE MICROLEAKAGE OF RESTORATIONS IN PRIMARY TEETH
Jeong, Young-Nam ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 592~599
Objective : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of several light curing methods and several adhesives on the microleakage of composite resin restorations in primary teeth. Materials and methods : In 150 extracted human primary anterior teeth, O-shaped cavities were prepared in the labial surface ; the cavity diameter and depth were 1.6mm. The cavities were filled with light-activated composite resin, Compoglass. Four kinds of adhesives were used. Each filling materials were polymerized with three light cure methods. The restorations were polished using Sof-Lex discs(3M Co., USA). The samples were thermocycled 1,000 times between
with a 1-minute dwell time. Then, they were immersed in a 2% methylene blue solution(pH 7) for 12hours. Subsequently they were sectioned labio-lingually through the center of the restoration with a diamond saw at low speed with a water coolant, and evaluated by stereomicroscopy. Microleakage analyses were done, using scores from 0 to 4. Results : Results showed the least microleakage in Compoglass group(P<0.05). There were less microleakage in SBMP group among the adhesive groups, but no significant difference was observed(P>0.05). And there were no significant differences among the groups depending on curing methods(P>0.05).
DETECTION OF OCCLUSAL CARIES USING LASER FLUORESCENCE
Kim, Chang-Gi ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 600~606
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic validity of an incipient occlusal caries using argon laser fluorescence. Extracted human premolars and molars with enamel carious lesion of occlusal surface were assessed using visual examination, visual examination with probing, argon laser fluorescence and histologic depth of carious lesion. The results in each of all the three detection methods were compared to the assessment of histologic depth of carious lesion using polarized microscope. The results from the present study can be summarized as follows; 1. There was highly correlation between the histologic depth of occlusal caries and all three detection methods(P<0.01). 2. The reproducibility(kappa value) of the visual examination, visual examination with probing and argon laser fluorescence between the histologic depth of occlusal caries was 0.189, 0.128, 0.472. The highest correlation was seen between detection of occlusal caries by argon laser fluorescence and histologic scores by polarized microscope. The results from this study indicated that argon laser fluorescence considered to be accurate and reliable method in detecting occlusal caries.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE DEVELOPMENTAL STAGE AND CHRONOLOGICAL AGE, AND THE CHANGES OF TOOTH POSITION IN RELATION TO THE TOOTH DEVELOPMENT ON MANDIBULAR PERMANENT TEETH
Kim, Hyun-Mi ; Yang, Seung-Duck ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 607~617
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the timing of tooth calcification and the change of tooth position with tooth developmental stage on the mandibular teeth. Seven hundred seventy two children(male:446, female:326), 3 to 12 years of age were examined radiographically with panoramic film. Dental development was determined by inspecting radiographs and assigning a rating according to consecutive stages defined by Moorrees, and tooth cusp position and root terminus position were measured from the lower border of mandibular body and calculated the position index to evaluate the movement of tooth with developmental stage. The results were as follows. 1. There were no significant differences between boys and girls in the timing of calcification until crown completion, but timing of calcification tend to be faster in girls than in boys after root initiation stage. 2. In terms of mean age, crown completion of central incisor in boys and girls occurred at the age of 3.71, 4.05 years, at 4.44, 4.60 years for the lateral incisor, at 5.35, 5.11 years for the canine, at 6.62, 6.36 years for the first premolar, at 7.36, 7.17 years of second premolar, at 3.51, 3.69 years of first molar, and at 7.90, 7.64 years for the second molar respectively. Apex 1/2 closed stage of central incisor occurred at the age of 8.70 in boys, 8.18 in girls, at 9.55, 8.99 years for the lateral incisor, at 12.48, 11.60 years for the canine, at 12.30, 12.01 years for the first premolar, at 12.19, 12.26 years of second premolar, at 9.12, 8.87 years of first molar, and at 12.59, 12.45 years for the second molar respectively. 3. There was no noticeable movement of cusp tip until crown completion (Crc), but showed rapid movement toward occlusion plane after root initiation(Ri) and again maintain stable position after root completion stage(Rc). 4. Root terminus position was stable until root 1/4 formation stage(R1/4), followed by rapid movement toward occlusal plane and was stable again after root 3/4 formation stage(R3/4). 5. Developmental stage at the time of alveolar bone penetration by cusp tip varied with each of the permanent teeth. 6. Canine tooth follicle was at the lowest position in the mandibular body during the early stage of calcification, followed by second premolar, first premolar, lateral incisor, second molar, first molar and central incisor in order.
EFFECT OF ROASTED BARLEY TEA ON THE ADHESIVE PROPERTIES ON SALIVA-COATED HYDROXYAPATITE BEADS OF CARIOGENIC MUTANS STREPTOCOCCI
Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Kim, Kack-Kyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 618~624
Effect of the roasted barley tea in commercial markets on the adherence to the saliva-coated hydroxyapatite(HA) beads and the cell surface hydrophobicity of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus as cariogenic microorganism was examined in vitro. Adherence activity and hydrophobicity in bacteria tested in all the barley tea samples decreased and the values were different according to the type of tea and the type of treatment. The inhibition of bacterial adsorption to HA beads suggest that barley tea active molecules as catechins and melanoidins may adsorb to a host surface, preventing the tooth receptor from interacting with any bacterial adhesions. The obtained results showed that the barley tea may inhibit bacterial adherence, the first step of the pathogenesis of dental caries in which these microorganism are involved.
A STUDY ON THE FRACTIONAL INHIBITORY CONCENTRATION(FIC) INDEX OF COMBINATIONS OF ANTICARIOGENIC AGENTS
Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Kim, Kack-Kyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 625~631
The effect of combinations of 8 antimicrobial agents on the growth of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus was investigated with the minimum inhibitory concentration and fractional inhibitory concentration(FIC) and
index. According to the
values by. The American Society for Microbiology and Berenbaum, Approximately 34% and 82% of the combinations were synergistic respectively. Partial synergy described by Isenberg was also observed in the half of the combinations. There was a tendency for additive antimicrobial effect against cariogenic bacteria though the test results showed difference according to the applied values. It may be beneficial to use combined antimicrobial agents that have various activities against an ecosystem and metabolism of bacteria than using individual agents.
A STUDY OF ADDITIONAL VIBRATION EFFECT ON DENTIN BOND STRENGTH
Lee, Jin ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 29, issue 4, 2002, Pages 632~640
The objective of the study was to apply the vibration technique to reduce the viscosity of bonding adhesives and thereby compare the bond strength and resin penetration into dentinal tubules achieved with those gained using the conventional technique. Eighty-eight noncarious extracted human permanent molar teeth were sectioned to remove the coronal enamel and were embedded in 1-inch PVC pipe with acrylic resin. The occlusal surfaces were placed so that the tooth and the embedding medium were at the same level to form one flat surface, and the samples were subsequently polished with silicon carbide abrasive papers. The samples were randomly assigned to 4 groups(n=22). On Group 1 and 2, Single Bond(3M-ESPE, St. Paul, USA) was used, and on Group 3 and 4, One-Step(Bisco Inc., Schaumburg, USA) was used, and each was applied according to its manufacturer's instructions. For Group 2 and Group 4, vibration was applied with ultrasonic scaler for 10 seconds, and the adhesive was light-cured for 10 seconds. Resin composite was condensed on to the prepared surface in two increments using a mold kit(Ultradent Products Inc., USA) and each was light-cured for 40 seconds. After 24 hours in tap water at room temperature the specimens were thermocycled, and shear bond strengths were measured with a universal testing machine(Instron 4465, Canton, USA). To investigate infiltration patterns of the adhesive materials, the surface of specimen was examined with scanning electron microscope. The results were as follows. 1. The shear bond strengths of vibration groups(Group 2, Group 4) were significantly greater than those of the non-vibration groups(Group 1, Group 3)(p<0.05). 2. The shear bond strengths of Single Bond and One-Step were not significantly different (p>0.05). 3. The vibration groups showed greater number of resin tags in tubules and lateral branches under SEM.