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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Nov 2003
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Aug 2003
Volume 30, Issue 2 - May 2003
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
SMITH-MAGENS SYNDROME (SMS) : A CASE REPORT
Kim, Eun-Young ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 341~347
Smith-Magenis syndrome (SMS) is a clinically recognizable multiple congenital anomaly and mental retardation syndrome caused by an interstitial deletion of chromosome 17 p11.2. Physical features include short stature, characteristic facial appearance: flattened mid-face, down-turned mouth, prominent and often rosy cheeks; prominent jaw in older children and adults, chronic ear infections, hearing impairment, eye problems, including: strabismus (an eye which turns in or out) and myopia (nearsightedness), hoarse voice, short fingers and toes, heart defects or murmurs, problems related to the urinary system, scoliosis (curvature of the spine), an unusual gait (walking pattern), and decreased sensitivity to pain. Behavioral and developmental characteristics include speech delay and articulation problems, developmental delay, learning disability, mental retardation, hyperactivity, self-injury, including: head banging; hand biting; picking at skin, sores and nails; pulling off finger- and toenails; inserting foreign objects into ears, nose, or other body orifices, explosive outbursts, prolonged tantrums, destructive and aggressive behavior, excitability, arm hugging or hand squeezing when excited. This report is the case of a Korean 3-year-3-month old male with Smith-Magenis syndrome referred from local clinic for the treatment of dental caries. The patient was treated by physical restraint after prophylatic administration of antibiotic(Amoxacillin 50mg/kg).
MANAGEMENT OF DIASTEMA AFTER REMOVAL OF MESIODENS
Cho, Eun-Ju ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Lee, Keung-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 348~353
Early detection and prudent management of mesiodens or supernumerary tooth should be considered essential in reducing disturbance in the eruption and position of the adjacent permanent incisor. While it is true that the presence of diastema may be regarded as normal at the early mixed dentition stage, the early detection and removal of the mesiodens is a prerequisite to facilitate spontaneous alignment or subsequent approximation of the permanent central incisors. In many cases, diastema due to mesiodens can be physiologically corrected spontaneously after the extraction of mesiodens. The best choice of treatment of diastema may be observation. Orthodontic intervention is required only spontaneous closing of diastema does not occur within observation period. In orthodontic intervention, careful treatment plan should be established. Clinician gives considerations to angulation of central and lateral incisor, proximity of lateral incisor, developmental stage and position of canine, pattern and extent of anterior crowding. Orthodontic movement should be done slowly with light force. In addition, periodic radiographic observation are needed to monitor the root development and root resorption. Case 1, 2 and 3 showed physiologic closures after the extraction of mesiodens. In these cases, acceptable alignment of central and lateral incisors was obtained. In case 4, orthodontic correction for diastema was performed successfully after the extraction of mesiodens. After the orthodontic closure of the diastema, it was decided that a retainer was not needed, because the dentition was under a dynamic stage in exchanging teeth and also developing arches.
ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL ANXIETY IN THE CHILD PATIENT BY THEIR DRAWINGS
Choi, Seo-Jung ; Park, Ho-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 354~362
The aim of the present study was to establish validity for Dental Anxiety Scale in children by their drawings. Dental treatment was provied for 35 children in the ages of 4 to 8, using the quadrant approach. The children's anxiety arising during dental treatment was measured by Modified Sheskin's Criteria(Dental Anxiety Scale, DAS). After reliability analysis of Dental Anxiety Score, it was compared with Faces Pain Scale and was tested for their correlation. Thereafter the several factors having an effect on Dental Anxiety Scale were examined. A significant correlation(r=0.2610) was found between the two scales and Dental Anxiety Scale was high significantly in 4-6 score of Faces Pain Scale. The findings suggested that the Dental Anxiety Scale is a valid means of assessing child dental anxiety status in a clinical context and the Dental Anxiety Scale can be affected by 'Age', 'Gender' and 'Reaction in the past'.
STUDY OF INVERTLY IMPACTED SUPERNUMERARY TEETH IN THE MIDPALATAL REGION USING COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY
Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Yong-Seok ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 363~372
Supernumerary teeth are found frequently in the dental office causing many dental complications. They are one of the many dental abnormalities that may occur during tooth development. Inversely impacted supernumerary teeth in the midpalatal area are especially important clinically because they occur with high frequency and many complications. Though many previous clinical and radiographical studies exist, the sample numbers were small and the evaluation of shape, location, and effects to its surrounding tissue may not be accurate due to the solitary use of intraoral radiographs or panoramic radiographs. Among the patients who visited department of pediatric dentistry, yonsei dental hospital, from July, 1998 to June, 2002, those with inversely impacted supernumerary teeth took computerized tomography for a more accurate diagnosis. Their dental chart, panoramic radiograph and computerized tomography were evaluated for this study. The number, form, convexity, location, distance, and complications of inversely impacted supernumerary teeth in the midpalatal area were recorded. This study show that when the supernumerary teeth is tuberculated with a curved root and is in close proximity to the adjacent teeth, it causes complications such as eruption disturbance, rotation, displacement of adjacent teeth, and diastema. Such factors must be considered in making decisions for diagnosis and treatment.
ERUPTION PATTERN OF A CYST-ASSOCIATED MANDIBULAR PREMOLAR AFTER MARSUPIALIZATON OF A DENTIGEROUS CYST
Kim, Joo-Young ; Kim, Hyeun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 373~384
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the eruption pattern of a cyst-associated mandibular premolar after marsupialization of a dentigerous cyst in children. The result from the twenty two pairs of normalized panoramic radiographs of twenty two patients who underwent neither extraction nor orthodontic traction of the cyst-associated mandibular after marsupialization were as follows. 1. The eruption speed of a cyst-associated premolar was 3.5 times faster than that of the normal contra-lateral premolar(p<0.05). The angulation change of test group was an average of
per month. 2. In the change of the level of root formation, the group which had a little root maturity tended to be faster in the eruption speed(p>0.05) and the R1/4 group had a great change in the angulation change(p>0.05). 3. In the change to be with the cusp position index, the eruption speeds were increased to the 30% deviation groups. But, the eruption speed was decreased above that(p>0.05). 4. Group with cyst diminishment rate of more than
per month showed the fastest eruption speed of all(p<0.05). 5. The mesial angulated teeth in the test group were decreased more rapidly than the distal angulated teeth in the eruption speed(p>0.05). But, increased in the angulation change(p<0.05). 6. There was a tendency of faster tooth eruption with less deviation of tooth axis. Group with tooth axis deviation of less than
showed the fastest angulation change of all(p<0.05). 7. The eruption speed and the angulation change rapidly decreased during the first 6 months following marsupialization. Based on the results of this study, a cyst-associated mandibular premolar erupted more rapidly after marsupializaton. We thought so that it's prognosis was good if the tooth had a little root maturity, a little devitation and cyst lesion healed faster. We recommend that if there is enough space for eruption, orthodontic traction and surgical treatment of the cyst-associated tooth should be postponed 6 months after marsupialization.
TRAUMATIC ROOT FRACTURES IN UPPER PERMANENT CENTRAL INCISORS - A CASE REPORT
Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Kwak, Ji-Youn ; Lee, Jong-Gap ; Choi, Byung-Jai ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 385~390
Traumatic injuries in the young permanent dentition are common, but root fractures, defined as fractures involving dentin, cementum and pulp, are relatively uncommon. Appropriate management of root fracture involves repositioning the coronal portion of the tooth fragment and firm immobilization with a splint for 2 to 3 month. Root canal treatment should not be initiated until the sign of necrosis or resorption are apparent because in most cases, the apical fragments maintain their vitality. The following case report describes a patient with root fractures injured three times over the period of 7 years. The results, clinically and radiographically, were acceptable, but long term periodic evaluation is required.
THE ROLE OF TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR MSX2 AND DLX5 IN CALVARIAL BONE AND SUTURE DEVELOPMENT
Song, Min-Ho ; Park, Mi-Hyun ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Ryoo, Hyun-Mo ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 391~405
Craniosynostosis, known as a premature fusion of cranial sutures, is a developmental disorder characterized by precocious differentiation and mineralization of osteoblasts in the calvarial sutures. Recent genetic studies have demonstrated that mutation in the homeobox gene Msx2 causes Boston-type human craniosynostosis. Additionally, the phenotype of Dlx5 homozygote mutant mouse presents craniofacial abnormalities including a delayed ossification of calvarial bone. Furthermore transcription of osteocalcin, a mature osteoblast marker, is reciprocally regulated by the homeodomain proteins Msx2 and Dlx5. These facts suggest important roles of osteocalcin, Msx2 and Dlx5 genes in the calvarial bone growth and suture morphogenesis. To elucidate the function of these molecules in the early morphogenesis of mouse cranial sutures, we have first analyzed by in situ hybridization the expression of osteocalcin, Msx2 and Dlx5 genes in the developing parietal bone and sagittal suture of mouse calvaria during the embryonic (E15-E18) stage. Osteocalcin mRNA was found in the periosteum of parietal bones from E15, and gradually more highly expressed with aging. Msx2 mRNA was intensely expressed in the sutural mesenchyme, osteogenic fronts and mildly expressed in the dura mater during the embryonic stage. Dlx5 mRNA was intensely expressed osteogenic fronts and the periostem of parietal bones. To further examine the upstream signaling molecules of transcription factor Msx2 and Dlx5, we have done in vitro experiments in E15.5 mouse calvarial explants. Interestingly, implantation of BMP2-, BMP4-soaked beads onto the osteogenic fronts after 48 hours organ culture induced etopic expressions of Msx2 and Dlx5 genes. On the other hand, overexpression of
, GDF-6, -7, FGF-2, -4 and Shh did not induce the expression of Msx2 and Dlx5. Taken together. these data indicate that transcription factor Msx2 and Dlx5 play critical roles in the calvarial bone and suture development, and that BMP siganling is involved in the osteogenesis of calvarial bones and the maintenance of cranial sutures through regulating these two transcriotpn factors. Furthermore, different expression patterns between Msx2 and Dlx5 suggest their specific functions in the osteoblast differentiation.
ASSESSMENT OF THE CHEMOMECHANICAL CARIES REMOVING EFFICACY - MICROTOMOGRAPHIC STUDY -
Hahn, Soo-Kyoung ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 406~414
Chemomechanical approach to caries removal was introduced in order to preserve the maximum amount of sound tooth structure. The efficacy of chemomechanical caries removal was assessed using microcomputed tomography which offers 3 dimensional data without destroying the tooth, and the V works program. In group 1, the density values of the sound dentin, carious dentin, and remaining dentin after chemomechanical treatment were analyzed. In group 2, the density values of the sound dentin, cavity wall prepared using high speed bur, and the remaining dentin after additional
gel application on the same cavity were analyzed. The results were as follows; 1. The density value of the remaining dentin after the
treatment was 81.8% of the sound dentin(p < 0.001). 2. The density value of the remaining dentin after the conventional rotary instrument showed no statistically significant difference from that of the sound dentin(p = 0.234).
EVALUATION OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANTS RETENTION BETWEEN DIFFERENT OPERATORS USING DIFFERENT ISOLATION TECHNIQUES
Cho, Jae-Yong ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 415~422
Currently, 'National program of dental sealant' has begun in Korea, but various isolation techniques and preparation is performing. The aim of the present study was to compare pit and fissure sealant retention rates between different operators using two different isolation techniques. Additionally, the failed surface was examined. One examiner performed the examination after one year of the initial operation. The population consisted of 119 children(mean age
) of which the total sealed number was 279 permanent first molars. Pediatric dentists sealed 131 molars using the rubber dam isolation technique (Group 1), general practitioners sealed 80 molars using the rubber dam isolation technique (Group 2), and dental hygienists sealed 69 molars using the cotton roll isolation (Group 3). The results were as follows ; 1. The complete retention rate between Group 1 (90.8%) and 2 (85.0%) showed no significant statistical difference (P>0.05). However, there were significant statistical different retention rates between Group 1 and Group 3(64.7%) and between Group 2 and Group 3 (p<0.05). 2. In comparing retention rates between maxilla and mandible, Only Group 3 showed a significantly lower complete retention rate in mandible than maxilla (p<0.05). 3. In failed surface analysis, occlusal failed surface was 58.3%, buccal/palatal failed surface was 41.7%.
EFFECT OF 10% CARBAMIDE PEROXIDE ON DENTIN
Seo, Sang-Woo ; Kown, Yong-Hoon ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Kyo-Han ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 423~430
The teeth bleaching with bleaching agent is widely used at recent times. Until yet the exact mechanism of the bleaching agent isn't known but it is thought that is by the complex reduction-oxidation reaction of the decomposed free radical from bleaching agent through various ways. In other words, it is supposed that the teeth are whitened by agent's changing chemical structures of stain-causing materials. The purpose of this study is to exam the change of the dentinal character by bleaching agent and to evaluate the safety of this agent. For this study, after applying 10% carbamide peroxide to enamel of human premolar for 6 hours a day for 2 weeks we examined changes of surface morphology, microhardness, composition and contents of minirals in human dentin using SEM, microhardness tester, FT-Raman spectrometer and EPMA and got following results. There was no significant difference in surface morphologic change when we examined the effect of 10% carbamide peroxide which penetrated into dentin after applied on enamel surface comparing with result from specimen in distilled water No change was shown on the surface of peritubular and intertubular dentin within the nanometeric range. The microhardness between bleached teeth and teeth stored in distilled water showed no statistically significant difference FT-Raman spectra of dentin exhibited no change of the component in human dentin. Only the least change in peaks of organic and inorganic materials were detected in Raman intencity. The total content of mineral elements in dentin with no treatment, stored only in distilled water and stored in distilled water after bleaching were
respectively. Also they showed no statistically significant difference. From above results, the effect of 10% carbamide peroxide bleaching on structure of dentin is very low and the results may confirm the safety of this bleaching agent.
THE TEMPERATURE RISING IN PULP CHAMBER DURING COMPOSITE RESIN POLYMERIZATION
Hwang, Dong-Hwan ; Lee, Ju-Hyun ; Park, Ho-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 431~438
This study investigates pulp chamber temperature rise during composite resin polymerization by plasma arc(Group III : Flipo 3 sec, Group IV : Flipo 5 sec) and LED curing units(Group V : Lux-O-Max, 40 sec) as well as conventional halogen lamp curing units(Group I : VIP mode3, 20 sec, Group II : VIP mode6, 20 sec). The results are as follows : 1. All of the investigated pulp chamber temperature rises are lower than the boundary temperature could result in irreversible damage to the pulpal tissue (
). 2. In the group II, it is found the significantly higher pulp chamber temperature rise than any other groups(p<0.05). 3. In the group of composite resin light-cured with VIP, it is found the significantly higher pulp chamber temperature rise in the group II than group I(p<0.05). 4. In the group of composite resin light-cured with Flipo, it is found the significantly higher pulp chamber temperature rise in the group IV than group III (p<0.05). 5. In the case of comparing VIP and Flipo, group II is significantly higher pulp chamber temperature rise than group III, IV(p<0.05), and group IV is significantly higher pulp chamber temperature rise than group I(p<0.05), and it does not significantly differ between group I and III. 6. In the group of composite resin light-cured with Lux-O-Max, it is found the significantly lower pulp chamber temperature rise than any other groups (p<0.05).
INHIBITORY EFFECT OF DENTAL LASERS ON THE GROWTH AND THE FUNCTION OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS
Han, Kang-Seog ; Kook, Joong-Ki ; You, So-Young ; Kim, Hwa-Sook ; Park, Jong-Whi ; Park, Heon-Dong ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 439~447
This was performed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of laser on the growth of S. mutans. The bacterial pallets containing S. mutans KCTC 3065 were irradiated with Er:YAG laser and Nd :YAG laser by non-contact method at an intensity of 50mJ for 5 sec with the pulse repetition rates of 10Hz and 30Hz, respectively. The following results were obtained on colony count, acid producing ability, and the amount of insoluble extracellular polysaccharide synthesis. 1. The irradiation of Nd:YAG laser after photosensitization with Chinese ink inhibited the proliferation of S. mutans the most, and the irradiation of Er:YAG also inhibited the proliferation. However, the irradiation of Nd:YAG laser alone could not inhibited the proliferation of S. mutans. The pulse repetition rate did not affect significantly on the proliferation of bacteria in overall. 2. The irradiation of Nd:YAG laser after the photosensitization with Chinese ink inhibited the acid production of S. mutans the most for a certain period of time. Er:YAG laser also inhibited acid production. When Nd:YAG laser was used alone, the acid production of S. mutans was not been inhibited. The irradiation of Nd:YAG laser after photosensitization with Chinese ink inhibited the acid production ability of bacteria the most as the pulse repetition rate increased. 3. Laser irradiation did not inhibited the synthesis of insoluble extracellular polysaccharide of S. mutans. From these results, we conclude that the irradiation of Er:YAG laser and Nd:YAG laser after photosensitization with Chinese ink would inhibit the proliferation and acid production by S. mutans, which may prevent dental caries. However, this effect does not last long time so that the laser irradiation should be repeated frequently in order to obtain clinical effect; thus, this laser irradiation would not have a clinical usefulness in preventing dental caries when used solely.
AMELOBLASTIC FIBRO-ODONTOMA : A CASE REPORT
Lee, Dong-Jin ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 448~452
Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma is a rare benign odontogenic tumor that mainly occurs at mandibular molar area. Radiography usually shows a well-defined radiolucent area containing various amounts of radiopaque material of irregular size and form. In histiologic aspect, Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma composed of connective tissue characteristic of an ameloblastic fibroma and calcined tissue identifying the tumor as a complex odontoma. Thirteen years two months aged boy of this case visited with chief complaint of delayed eruption of mandibular left canine. After enucleation of lesion, biopsy was done and diagnosed by ameloblastic fibro-odontoma. In continous follow-up check, canine erupted normally after operation.
ALTERNATIVE TECHINQUE OF MATRIX BANDING FOR RESTORING OF PROXIMAL CARIOUS LESIONS IN PRIMARY ANTERIOR TEETH
Ra, Ji-Young ; Cho, Hyun ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 453~458
Usually Mylar strip and wedge or celluloid strip crown were used in conventional method of restoring proximal carious lesions of primary anterior teeth. But, these methods have some difficulties to place the matrix and wedge due to short crown lenth and interdental spacing of primary teeth. And it is difficult to form proper cavosurface margin due to the rigidity of matrix and inconvenience to support matrix by practitioner's hand in narrow oral cavity of child. This article describes an alternative technique for restoring carious lesions of primary anterior teeth using available straw. This method is very convenient and reduce chair time and it also allows good marginal adaptation.
CASE OF DENTIGEROUS CYSTS TREATED BY MARSUPIALIZATION
Park, Sung-Jin ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 459~464
Dentigerous cyst is a cyst arising by tissue fluid accumulation between the enamel and the residual enamel epithelium. It includes the crown of the impacted tooth and excludes the root. The treatments of the dentigerous cyst are enucleation, marsupialization, decompression, surgical excision and etc. In these cases children were evaluated for the chief complaints of the remained mandibular primary second molar. Each cases showed swelling on the buccal side of the primary secondary premolar. In the radiologic evaluation a radiolucent lesion including the crown of the mandibular secondary premolar was found, and it was diagnosed as dentigerous cyst. And the histopathologic examination showed the same result. Marsupialization was operated through alveolar socket and the alveolar socket was protected with vaseline gauze, the obturator combined with space maintainer was followed by the operation. After the operation, the impacted permanent tooth was showing faster eruption speed than the other normal teeth.
CLINICAL STUDY OF THE ROTATIONAL INTENTIONAL REPLANTATION FOR THE TREATMENT OF INTRA-ALVEOLAR CROWN-ROOT FRACTURE : CASE REPORT
Seo, Young-Ju ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Seop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 465~470
Transverse and oblique crown-root fractures constitute a major therapeutic problem, particularly in young dentitions. Because crown-root fracture may involve enamel, dentin, pulp, and periodontal tissues, management of the injuries must be modified accordingly. When the fracture line was located under the alveolar crest. there are several methods for crown-root fractured teeth with pulp exposure, such as extruding the root fragment with orthodontic force and restoring it, or intentionally extracting the tooth and replanting it to a position which it can be restored. This case, the fractured tooth is intentionally extracted atraumatically, and replanted by rotating approximately 180 degree into the original socket and fixing with an orthodontic wire. At the 8-month recall examination, the root still showed normal mobility and there was not observed any inflammatory or replacement root resorption in the periapical radiograph.
AUTOTRANSPLANTATION OF AN IMPACTED MAXILLARY PREMOLAR USING ENAMEL MATRIX DERIVATIVE: A CASE REPORT
Oh, You-Hyang ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 471~476
The success of autotransplantation depends on the viability of periodontal ligament in the transplanted tooth. Mechanical injury to periodontal tissues frequently results in dental root resorption and ankylosis, which leads to the failure of transplantation. Enamel matrix derivative(EMD) Which contains several enamel matrix protein (amelogenin family) has been reported to be effective in some periodontal therapies has been recently used to induce periodontal regeneration. EMD promotes proliferation of periodontal ligament cells and is suggested to be useful for transplantation. In this case, we report a clinical case of EMD application in the transplantation of an impacted and immature tooth of a 14 year-old girl to enhance the periodontal regeneration.
FUNCTIONAL TREATMENT OF PEDIATRIC CONDYLAR FRACTURES : A CASE REPORT
Lee, Jung-Ha ; Park, Heon-Dong ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Nan-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 477~482
The pediatric condylar fracture occurs very frequently in the mandible, but this injury is occasionally ignored due to difficulty of diagnosis and no cooperation of patient. The adequate initial diagnosis and active treatment must be performed because delayed and improper treatment lead to possible severe complication such as TMJ ankylosis and reta rdation of mandibular development. Most pediatric condylar fracture is mainly performed by the conservative or functional treatment, but it may be required open reduction according to cases. In this study, activator is applied for functional treatment of pediatric condylar fracture and fair recovery of jaw function is acquired.
CASE REPORT : A NASOPALATINE DUCT CYST IN 9-YEAR-OLD CHILD
Lee, Sang-Ho ; Mo, Kyung-Hee ; Park, Jong-Whi ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Yoon, Jung-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 483~488
Nasopalatine duct cyst(NPDC) is the most common non-odontogenic cyst in the oral area and is thought to be originated from the epithelial remnants of the nasopalatine duct. Many etiologic factors have been proposed for the NPDC; trauma to the region during mastication or from ill fitting dentures, bacterial infection, and spontaneous proliferation of tissue. The majority of cases are seen between the ages of 40th and 60th and it is rare in children. Surgical enucleation is the recommended treatment for NPDC, usually under general anaesthesia. A 9-year-old boy was refered to the chosun university pedodontics clinic that this child who has anterior palatal swelling is in routine check. In this case, swelling was presented at the bottom of the anterior nasal cavity as well as in the labial aspect of the upper alveolar ridge. It was so large that we treated it by marsupialization and obturator was put. This patient is on the continuous observation. We treated the child who had NPDC by marsupialization, and got the successful results such as rapid bone regeneration and the consistency of incisor vitality.
SPONTANEOUS ERUPTION GUIDANCE OF UNERUPTED TOOTH AFTER SURGICAL REMOVAL OF COMPLEX ODONTOMA
Park, Sung-Youn ; Nam, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 489~494
Odontomas are the common type of odontogenic tumors and generally they are asymptomatic, depending upon size, location and their limited growth potential. they are rarely diagnosed before the second decade of life, and the frequently lead to impaction or delayed eruption of permanent teeth. Odontomas are classified of compound as compound or complex by morphology. Complex odontomas are unorganized masses of odontogenic tissues, morphologically not resembling the teeth, account for approximately 25 percent of all odontomas, 22 percent of odontogenic tumor of the jaws, and have a predilection for the posterior mandible in males. The etiology of odontomas is unknown, although local trauma, infection, and genetic factors have been suggested. Usually, treatment of odontoma is conservative sugical removal and their is little probability of recurrence. This paper describes two cases of complex odontomas diagnosed in children due to impaction of maxillary first molar in all cases, the surgical excision of the lesions was performed. Follow-up after 2 years, showed spontaneous eruption of the first permanent molar to the occlusal plane.
ERUPTION GUIDANCE OF IMPACTED SECOND PREMOLAR TOOTH BY EXTRACTION OF PROLONGED RETAINED SECOND PRIMARY MOLAR.
Lee, Keun-Hye ; Nam, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 495~501
Impaction is defined as the cessation of the eruption of the tooth caused by a clinically or radiographically detectable physical barrier in the eruption path or by the ectopic position of tooth germ. Besides the third molars and the maxillary canines, the most common impacted tooth is the second premolar. The overall frequency of premolar impaction has been reported to be 0.5%. In some cases, orthodontic traction and surgical repositioning may be indicated. When impacted second premolar is involved with prolonged retained second primary molar, extraction of primary molar and space maintenance lead to eruption of second premolar. In these cases, all patients visited to department of pediatric dentistry of Kyungpook National University Hospital for the chief complaint of unerupted second premolar. Extraction of prolonged retained second primary molar and space management are tried for spontaneous eruption of impacted second premolar tooth. The results were as follows: 1. When impacted second premolar is involved with prolonged retained second primary molar, minimal treatment via elimination of primary molar leads to successful results. 2. Proper space management and periodic radiographic examination are required before eruption of second premolar. 3. Sufficient time must be allowed for confirm of tooth movement before orthodontic traction or surgical repositioning. 4. The result is more successful in incomplete root development.
A STUDY ON THE SIZE OF THE PERMANENT TEETH
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Park, Jeong-Yeol ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Lee, Doo-Cheol ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 502~509
After 800 students of Chonbuk National University was examined, 86 people (male : 43, female : 43, mean age : 22.2 years old) was selected as a group of normal occlusion. From their gypsum cast, this conclusion was obtained. 1. Intra-observer measurement errors in buccolingual diameter, maxillary lateral incisors have somewhat bigger errors. In mesiodistal diameter, maxillary first molars and maxillary second molar have bigger numerical value. Mean errors of measurement are 0.051mm at buccolingual diameter of crown and 0.083mm at mesiodistal diameter. 2. Fluctuating asymmetry is 0.030 average in buccolingual diameter, and 0.037 average in mesiodistal diameter. Statistically there are no big differences. 3. Male has longer buccolingual diameter than female in every permanent teeth. Teeth which have statistical difference in buccolingual diameter are maxillary lateral incisor, maxillary canine, maxillary second molar, mandibular central incisor, mandibular canine, mandibular second premolar, and mandibular first molar. In mesiodistal diameter maxillary central incisor, maxillary canine, and mandibular first molar have statistically difference. 4. Tooth which has the biggest difference depending on gender is maxillary lateral incisor in buccolingual diameter and mandibular canine in mesiodistal diameter. 5. Both sexes have similar crown index. Male has bigger value of crown module measurement and crown area measurement in every tooth. Crown area considered as size of tooth from occlusal surface was bigger in male than in female statistically except some teeth, maxillary first premolar, mandibular lateral incisor, first premolar and second premolar.
ORAL MANIFESTATIONS OF THE AXENFELD-RIEGER SYNDROME
Kang, Tae-Sung ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 510~514
The Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by dental and ocular abnormalities. The essential ocular features include partial or complete bilateral hypoplasia of the iris stroma, abnormalities of the angle structures with congenital iris adhesions, and anterior displacement of Schwalbe's corpuscles. Common oral findings are hypodontia(especially in anterior maxillary segment), microdontia, misshaped teeth, delayed eruption of the teeth. Additionally, other systemic symptoms can be seen and early detection by the pedodontist through dental diagnosis should prevent visual impairment.
COMPLICATIONS OF SUPERNUMERARY TEETH ON THE MAXILLARY ANTERIOR REGION
Choi, Byung-Jai ; Chang, Suk-Chul ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Sohn, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 515~519
Supernumerary teeth are teeth added to the normal complement of teeth. They are most often found in the maxillary anterior region. Most supernumerary teeth in the maxillary anterior region have complications, such as impaction or malposition of permanent teeth, formation of diastema, cysts, and eruption into the nasal cavity or into the oral cavity. These complications have influence on deciding the treatment and its prognosis is depends on how these complications are treated. In clinical studies, it has been found that the removal of supernumerary teeth before the age of 5 years resulted in significant fewer eruption problems of the permanent tooth compared to removal at 7 years of age or later. However, such an early removal may leads to serious consequences of tooth development and behavioral management of patients. Therefore clinicians must consider complications of supernumerary tooth when deciding the time of removal. These cases report five-type of complication associated with supernumerary tooth such as diastema, delayed eruption, external root resorption, migration into nasal cavity and cyst formation.
SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF ESTHETIC RESTORATIVE MATERIALS BY POLISHING SYSTEMS
Park, Eun-Hae ; Yang, Ku-Ho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 520~529
Proper finishing and polishing of tooth restorations enhance the esthetics and the longevity of the restored tooth. The aims of this study were to identify an appropriate polishing system for each esthetic restorative material(Z250, Heliomolar, Dyract AP, Fuji II LC), and to compare the efficiency of polishing systems(Enhance, Sof-Lex, Composite). The control group remains untouched. The results were as follows: 1. There was no significant difference of surface roughness among the materials, while a roughness value of Z250 was the lowest of all. 2. The smoothest surface was produced by Mylar sheet on all materials. The polishing procedures, however, increased a roughness value. 3. The smoothest surfaces were produced by Sof-Lex, and there was significant difference of surface roughness between Sof-Lex and Enhance systems. 4. The smoother surfaces on the control group showed many scratches after the polishing procedures in the SEM findings.
AN EVALUATION OF CHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF LIGHT-CURED RESTORATIVE COMPOSITES
Yang, Kuy-Ho ; Kim, Hun-Ju ; Choi, Nam-Ki ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 30, issue 3, 2003, Pages 530~539
The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance to degradation of four commercial composite resins in an alkaline solution. The brands studied were Charisma, Filtek P 60, Palpique Estelite, and Spectrum. Preweighed discs of each brand were exposed to 0.1N NaOH solution at
. After 2 weeks they were removed, neutralized with HCl, washed with water and dried. Resistance to degradation was evaluated on the basis of following parameters: (a) mass loss(%) - determined from pre-and post-exposed specimen weights; (b) Si loss(ppm) - obtained from ICP-AE analysis of solution exposed to specimens; and (c) degradation depth(
) - measured SEM and CLSM from polished circular sections of exposed specimens. The results were as follows: 1. The sequence of mass loss was in descending order by Palpique Estelite, Filtek P 60, Charisma, and Spectrum. 2. The sequence of the degree of degradation layer depth was in descending order by Filtek P 60, Charisma, Palpique Estelita, and Spectrum. 3. The sequence of the Si loss was in descending order by Chrisma, Spectrum, Palpique Estelite, and Filtek P 60. 4. The correlation coefficient between mass loss and degradation layer depth was relatively high(r=0.704, p<0.05). 5. When observed with SEM, destruction of bonding was observed between resin matrix and filler. 6. When observed with CLSM, degradation layer depth of composite resin surface was observed.