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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Nov 2004
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Aug 2004
Volume 31, Issue 2 - May 2004
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
TREATMENT OF MALOCCLUSION, AS RELATED TO FINGER SUCKING : CASE REPORT
Moon, Sang-Jin ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~10
The habit of finger sucking is a reflex occurring in the oral stage, due to nutritive and psychological desire. The habit of finger sucking is considered to be normal till 3 years of age. Dento-skeletal effect on maxillo-mandibular complex including occlusion is naturally correction, when habit stopped before 3 years. If finger sucking continues till
years, Finger sucking leads to severe malocclusion and remarkable discrepancy maxillo-mandibular complex, which is difficult in expectation of natural correction. It is necessary to positive treatment. Treatment of malocclusion, as related to finger sucking is classified two methods. (psychological approach and orthodontic appliance) To stop a habit and to correct severe skeletal discrepancy and malocclusion,
appliance is very effective device. This study is to report two cases of treatment of malocclusion, as related to finger sucking. 2 years 10 months old girl with severe overjet, maxillo-mandibular skeletal discrepancy and severe convex facial profile was treated with a FR-II appliance. Finger sucking habit stopped immediately After 16 months, severe overjet, maxillo-mandibular skeletal discrepancy and severe convex facial profile was corrected. 4 years 2 months old girl with midline deviation, mandibular right shift, collateral posterior crossbite and facial asymmetry was treated with a FR-III appliance. Finger sucking habit stopped immediately. After 10 month, Midline deviation, mandibular right shift, collateral posterior crossbite and facial asymmetry were corrected. FR-appliance is a recommendable appliance for a habit breaker and correction of skeletal discrepancy.
CASE REPORTS OF TREATMENT OF ERUPTION-DISTURBED MX. FIRST MOLAR BY SURGICAL EXPOSURE
Seok, Choong-Ki ; Nam, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 11~18
The eruption of permanent teeth represents the movement in the alveolar bone before appearance in oral cavity, to the occlusal plane after appearance in oral cavity, and additive movement after reaching th the occlusal plane. Tooth eruption is mostly controlled by genetic signals. The eruption stage is divided to preeruptive alveolar stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage according to the process of growth and development. If the disturbance is occured in any stage of eruption, tooth does not erupt. The cause of eruption disturbance are ectopic position of the tooth germ, obstruction of the eruption path and defects in the follicle or PDL. In the treatment of eruption disturbance, surgical procedures are commonly used. There are three kind of surgical procedure ; surgical exposure, surgical repositioning, surgical exposure and traction Surgical exposure is basic procedure. This involves removal of mucosa, bone, lesion that are surrounding the teeth, dental sac when necessary to maintain a patent channel between the crown and the normal eruptive path into the oral cavity. To ensure this patency, many techniques including cementation of a celluloid crown, packing with gutta-percha or zinc oxide-eugenol, or a surgical pack, are used. When surgical exposure is conducted, operators should not expose any part of cervical root cement and not injure periodontium or root of adjunct tooth. After surgical exposure, tooth should be surrounded by keratinized gingiva. There is direct relationship between the extent of development of pathophysiologic aberrations and the intensity of the manipulative injury inflicted on the tooth by surgical treatment, so operator should consider this thing. In these cases, surgical exposure is conducted on Maxillary 1st milars that have a eruption disturbance and improve the eruption disturbance effectively.
ANALYSIS ON THE OUTPATIENT ANESTHESIA AT DENTAL CLINIC FOR DISABLED IN SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL
Park, Chang-Joo ; Jung, Jun-Min ; Kim, Hyun-Jeong ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Lee, Sang-Hun ; Yum, Kwang-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 19~25
Dentally disabled person means one who have difficulty in cooperating voluntarily with a dentist for routine dental care. Seoul National University Dental Hospital (SNUDH) Dental Clinic for Disabled has worked for them under outpatient anesthesia concept. The aim of this study was to determine the anesthetic characteristics of the patients attending for dental treatment at SNUDH Dental Clinic for Disabled in order to establish better future treatment plans. The data were drawn from the patients who visited SNUDH Dental Clinic for Disabled from January 1999 to October 2002. Total 93 dental treatments for 83 patients were enrolled in this study. Most patients had mental retardation and the conservative treatments were carried out under general anesthesia. Thiopental and vecuronium were mostly used for induction agent and neuromuscular blocker, respectively. Enflurane, with oxygen and nitrous oxide, was mostly used to maintain the anesthesia. Mean total anesthetic time was
minutes and mean duration at the post-anesthetic care unit was
min. Serious postoperative complications were not observed. These results showed our successful anesthetic outcomes without any severe side effect or complication and the needs of more outpatient centers for dental care for disabled.
THE STUDY ON THE MICROLEAKAGE OF THE RESTORATION WITH SELF-ETCHING PRIMING/BONDING AGENT
Yoo, Seung-Hoon ; Kim, Jong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 26~33
Self-etching priming bonding system was recently developed in order to simplify the clinical skills & save chair time after continuous improvements on dentin bonding agents. To test the magnitude of microleakage of a new "self-etching priming bonding agent" using sound premolar 4th, 5th, 6th generation dentin bonding agent was applied. Measure the magnitude of infiltration to the gap of enamel-restoration interface and dentin-restoration interface. After bonding of composite resin to sample surfaces according to the manufactures direction and 500 times thermocycling on dwell time 30 second, and microleakage was measured by the ratio of the depth to the axial wall and the magnitude of infiltration. Afterward analyzed by ANOVA test. The result were as follows ; 1. Enamel groups showed lesser microleakage (Group I, II, III, IV) than dentin groups(Group V, VI, VII, VIII). (p<0.05) 2. There are no statical differences among the dentin groups, in enamel groups, group IV showed more microleakage than group I, II, III. (p<0.05). For a clinical acceptance, better enamel marginal adaptation is required.
THE ERUPTION GUIDANCE OF IMPACTED MAXILLARY ANTERIOR TEETH
Sim, Jeung-Ho ; Eum, Jong-Hyeok ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 34~40
Unerupted maxillary anterior teeth is not a common case, However it may present practitioners with management problem. The cause of impaction is considered to be multifactorial, and local cause is the most common. These impacted teeth require surgical intervention, removal, transplantation, or surgical exposure, with or without orthodontic traction to align the malpositioned tooth. The preferred option is surgical exposure and orthodontic correction. Surgical intervention and orthodontic correction should not be delayed to avoid unnecessary difficulties in aligning the tooth in the arch. Surgical exposure should be performed with the intent of providing sufficient attached gingiva rather than simply uncovering the crown, which results in only alveolar mucosal attachment. Attached gingiva is essential to secure the gingival tissues to the adjacent teeth at the dentogingival junction. Thus preventing loss of periodontal tissues as a result of the pull of the surrounding soft tissues and facial muscles. Labially impacted maxillary anterior teeth uncovered with an apically positioned flap technique have more un- esthetic sequelae than those uncovered with a closed-eruption technique. In the case of severly displaced impacted teeth, autotransplantation ensures preservation of the alveolar bone and will facilitate future placement of an osseointegrated implant once growth has ceased or if ankylosis/resorption of the transplant occurs.
TREATMENT OF THE IMPACTED LOWER SECOND MOLARS
Hahn, Soo-Kyoung ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 41~45
In the normal growth and development of the mandible, the molar tooth buds distal to the first permanent molar have a mesial inclination. This inclination is usually self-correcting, but, unfortunately, this self-correction does not always occur. The first case is about, 14-year-old female patient with familial history of lower second molar impaction. Her lower second molars were both impacted, and she was treated with sectional wires and open-coil springs. The second case, 14-year-old male, we treated his impacted #47 with Halterman appliance. The third case, 11-year-old male, his both mandibular second molars were impacted during full-fixed orthodontic treatment. They were treated with brass wire, sectional wire and open-coil spring.
CASE REPORTS : TALON CUSP
Min, Yu-Jin ; Kim, Jong-Su ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 46~51
Talon cusp is cusp-like structure that develops additionally in crown of anterior tooth. And it is one of dental anomalies. Talon cusp can cause various diagnostic, functional, aesthetic problems depending on the size and configuration of cusp. there is a tendency for caries to occur in the developmental grooves, and advanced attrition, periodontal problems, irritation the tongue and temporomandibular pain, occlusal interference and displacement of affected tooth may result. Therefore, early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of each case is important so that it minimize local problems, such as caries, periodontal diseases, and malocclusion. These cases which are in permanent and primary anterior teeth are about gradual reduction forming reparative dentine and complete reduction of talon cusp and root canal therapy which is an alternative and effective form of treatment when gradual reduction of talon cusp may not be possible.
BILATERAL SUPERNUMERARY TEETH IN THE MANDIBULAR INCISOR REGION; A CASE REPORT
Kim, Sung-Hee ; Park, Jong-Ha ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 52~58
Supernumerary tooth describes an excess of tooth number, which are found in primary dentition with 0.3-0.8%, permanent dentition with 1.0-3.5% prevalence. Their frequency is about 2:1 (male vs female) and 9:1 (maxilla vs mandible). However, occurrence is very rare in the incisor region of the mandible. We need a early diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan because of possibility of diastema, eruption failure, displacement, rotation of the associated permanent teeth, root resorption, dentigerous cyst with presence of the supernumerary teeth. This is a case report about two impacted supernumerary teeth found in madibular anterior region of 6 years old girl. One was extracted and another was retained because of fusion with permanent central incisor on the labial surface.
CONSERVATIVE APPROACH OF IATROGENIC ROOT PERFORATION
Baik, Byeoung-Ju ; Jeon, So-Hee ; Park, Jeong-Yeol ; Kwon, Byoung-Woo ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Lee, Yong-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 59~65
Root perforations that result in a communication of the root space with the periodontal tissues occasionally occur during endodontic procedures. They may be induced iatrogenically. Successful treatment depends mainly on immediate sealing of the perforation and prevention of infection. Several factors affect the achievement of these goals, most important of which are time of occurrence, size and location of the perforation. Identification of root perforations is possible by direct observation of bleeding, radiography and an apex locator. Perforation defects may be repaired by nonsurgical or surgical techniques. We report two cases of root perforation. One was treated by glass ionomer, other was treated by composite resin with calcium hydroxide.
EFFECT OF ULTRASONIC VIBRATION ON ENAMEL AND DENTIN BOND STRENGTH AND RESIN INFILTRATION IN ALL-IN-ONE ADHESIVE SYSTEMS
Lee, Bum-Eui ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 66~78
The objective of this study was to apply the vibration technique to reduce the viscosity of bonding adhesives and thereby compare the bond strength and resin penetration in enamel and dentin achieved with those gained using the conventional technique and vibration technique. For enamel specimens, thirty teeth were sectioned mesio-distally. Sectioned two parts were assigned to same adhesive system but different treatment(vibration vs. non-vibration). Each specimen was embedded in 1-inch inner diameter PVC pipe with a acrylic resin. The buccal and lingual surfaces were placed so that the tooth and the embedding medium were at the same level. The samples were subsequently polished silicon carbide abrasive papers. Each adhesive system was applied according to its manufacture's instruction. Vibration groups were additionally vibrated for 15 seconds before curing. For dentin specimen, except removing the coronal part and placing occlusal surface at the mold level, the remaining procedures were same as enamel specimen. Resin composite(Z250. 3M. U.S.A.) was condensed on to the prepared surface in two increments using a mold kit(Ultradent Inc., U.S.A.). Each increments was light cured for 40 seconds. After 24 hours in tap water at room temperature, the specimens were thermocycled for 1000cycles. Shear bond strengths were measured with a universal testing machine(Instron 4465, England). To investigate infiltration patterns of adhesive materials, the surface of specimens was examined with scanning electron microscope. The results were as follows: 1. In enamel the mean values of shear bond strengths in vibration groups(group 2, 4, 6) were greater than those of non-vibration group(group 1, 3, 5). The differences were statistically significant except AQ bond group. 2. In dentin, the mean values of shear bond strengths in vibration groups(group 2, 4, 6) were greater than those of non-vibration groups(group 1, 3, 5). But the differences were not statistically significant except One-Up Bond F group. 3. The vibration group showed more mineral loss in enamel and longer resin tag and greater number of lateral branches in dentin under SEM examination.
CASE REPORT OF PILOMAIRICOMA
Seo, Hyun-Woo ; Kim, Ji-Hyuck ; Park, Ho-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 79~84
Pilomatricoma is a benign soft tissue tumor of hair follicle origin. They occur most commonly in the head and neck region and are usually found in girls during the first two decades of life. Although malignant transformation has been described, it is exceedingly rare. The clinical presentation is typically that of an asymptomatic, superfical, solitary, firm mass that is often accompanied by a reddish-blue discoloration of the overlying skin. Histopathologically pilomatricoma are seen as epithelial islands embedded in a cellular stroma. The epithelial component consist of two main cell types : basaloid cells and ghost cells. Intracellular and stromal calcification is reported in many cases. Diagnosis is usually suspected based on palpation of a superficial, rock-hard mass and confirmed by histopathologic examination. Surgical excision is both curative and the treatment of choice. Recurrence is rare. In this case, the radiographs showed a dense calcification, measuring about 1cm diameter. So simple excision was peformed intraorally, and resultantly the lesion was proved to be a pilomatricoma by histological examination.
IN VITRO PULP CHAMBER TEMPERATURE CHANGE DURING COMPOSITE RESIN CURING WITH VARIOUS LIGHT SOURCES
Lee, Ji-Young ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 85~91
The purpose of this study was to observe in vitro pulp chamber temperature rise during composite resin polymerization with various light-curing sources. The kinds of light-curing sources were plasma arc light(P), low heat plasma arc light, traditional low intensity halogen light, low intensity LED(L-LED), and high intensity LED(H-LED). Temperature at the tip of light guide was measured by a digital thermometer using K-type thermocouple. Occlusal cavities
were so prepared in extracted human premolars as to the remaining dentin thickness was 1mm. Dentin adhesive was applied to all cavities. Experimental groups consisted of no base group, ionomer glass base group, and calcium hydroxide base group. Temperature before and after resin filling was measured. Temperature at the light guide tip was the highest with P and the lowest L-LED. Temperature before resin filling was the highest with H-LED and the lowest with L-LED. Temperature after resin filling was the highest with H-LED and the lowest with L-P and with L-LED. The lining of base partially reduced the temperature rise
TREATMENT OF HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL ROOT FRACTURE IN IMMATURE PERMANENT TEETH - A CASE REPORT
Song, Seung-Ho ; Park, Ho-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 92~97
Traumatic injuries in the young peranent dentition are common, but root fractures, defined as fractures in volving dentin, cementum and pulp, are relatively uncommon. Case 1 is a 9-year-old boy who had a horizontal root fracture of his maxillary right central incisor in the apical third. Root canal therapy was performed in coronal segment and calcium hydroxide therapy was initiated. Six months after treatment, a periapical radiograph showed calcific tissue formation and normal root development. 1 year and 3 months later, the canal was permanently obturated with gutta-percha. Case 2 is a 7-year-old girl who had a vertical root fracture of her maxillary right central incisor. Fractured tooth was intentionally extracted atraumatically, and then the separated fragments are bonded with resin cement. the restored tooth was replanted into the original socket. Recalls up to 8 months showed normal mobility and no periapical pathosis. In these cases, we performed conservative treatment. Clinical and radiographic examination showed no pathosis or abnormality of the teeth and periodontal tissue.
A STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF FINISHING/POLISHING TIMING ON SURFACE FEATURES OF COMPOSITE RESTORATION
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Park, Eun-Hae ; Lee, Young-Jun ; Kim, Seon-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 98~107
Proper finishing/polishing of dental restorations are critical clinical procedures that enhance both esthetics and longevity of restored teeth. This study was to compare the effects of immediate and delayed finishing/polishing procedures on the surface roughness and surface hardness of tooth-colored restoratives including two microfilled composite resins, such as Filtek A110 and Silux Plus, two hybrid composite resins, such as Revolution formular2 and Palfique Estelite. A total of 48 specimens were made for each material. The first 16 specimens served as the control group and the remaining 32 specimens were randomly divided into two equal groups. The control group was stored in distilled water at
for 1 week after light polymerization against the Mylar sheet. The first experimental group was finished/polished immediately after light polymerization and stored for 1 week in distilled water at
, whereas the while the second group was finished/polished 1 week after light polymerization and stored in distilled water at
. The results were as follows: 1. The smoothest surface was produced by Mylar sheet and finishing/polishing procedure increased the surface roughness. However, the surface roughness of composite resins were not influenced by the finishing/polishing timing. 2. There were significant differences about surface roughness between Revolution formular 2 and Silux Plus, regarding immediate finishing/polishing, and between Palfique Estelite and Silux Plus regarding delayed finishing/polishing(p<0.05). 3. The sequence of the surface hardness was ascending order by Revolution formular 2, Silux Plus, Filtek A110 and Palfique Estelite. However there were no significant differences about hardness among the control group and two finishing/polishing timing groups. 4. The effects of finishing/polishing time on surface roughness and hardness appeared to be material-dependent.
THE SKELETAL MATURITY OF CERVICAL VERTEBRAE OF CHILDREN WITH NORMAL OCCLUSION AND SKELETAL CLASS III MALOCCLUSION
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Choi, Bong-Sun ; Lee, Young-Jun ; Ryu, Sun-Youl ; Kim, Seon-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 108~113
This study was to evaluate and compare differences of the cervical vertebral skeletal maturity of normal occlusion and skeletal Class III malocclusion. Normal occlusion (172 girls) and skeletal Class III malocclusion(191 girls) were classified according to diagnosis stone model and lateral cephalogram of Korean girls aging from 8 to 12 years. The concavity of inferior border, vertico-horizontal ratio of cervical vertebrae were observed and measured according to age. Differences of the cervical vertebral skeletal maturity were evaluated. The results were as follows : 1. The concavity of inferior border of the 2nd to 6th vertebrae of normal occlusion and skeletal Class III had uniformly increased with age. 2. The vertico-horizontal ratio of the 3rd to 6th vertebrae of girls with normal occlusion and skeletal Class III had uniformly increased with age. 3. There was no significant difference in cervical vertebral skeletal maturity between normal occlusion and skeletal Class III malocclusion in the concavity of inferior border of the 2nd to 6th vertebrae and in the vertico-horizontal ratio of the 3rd to 6th vertebrae. The results in the study indicate that there is no significant difference of cervical vertebral skeletal maturity between girls with normal occlusion and skeletal Class III malocclusion.
A SURVEY ON THE AWARENESS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS ABOUT THE FIRST AID TREATMENT OF TRAUMATIZED TEETH
Lee, Kyung-Ho ; Jung, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 114~119
For the tooth traumas of children, instant and appropriate treatment is one of the important factors to determine prognosis of traumatized teeth. Especially in case of avulsed tooth, prognosis is greatly affected by instant and appropriate emergency treatment. The objective of this survey was to investigate elementary school teachers? knowledge of first aid treatment for tooth traumas of children. We asked for 520 elementary school teachers in Busan to answer questionnaires and 455(87.5%) were returned. The result of the survey supports that knowledge of tooth is little understood except general information about the treatment of tooth traumas. And it also shows that practical treatment is poor and instruction of medical treatment is not generally known Furthermore most teachers agreed that expert education for prevention and cure of tooth traumas is necessary (81.8%) and mouth protector is also necessary (71.9%) for the prevention. The result leads to the conclusion that educations on the prevention and emergency treatment of tooth traumas of elementary children who are physically active are needed.
DENTAL MANAGEMENT OF CHILDREN WITH CORNELIA DE LANGE SYNDROME
Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Park, Jong-Ha ; Kim, Sung-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 31, issue 1, 2004, Pages 120~125
Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a disorder of unknown etiology resulting in an syndrome characterized by specific dysmorphic features. Therefore this syndrome is diagnosed only by clinical features and other examinations for diagnostic aim are not effective. There are general growth retardation, mental retardation, hypertrichosis, confluent eye brows, low hair line, broad nasal bridge, anteverted nose tip, malformed limbs, webbing of toes, heart defect, gastroesophageal reflux disease, ear and ocular problems. Features associated oral structures are micrognathia, delayed eruption of teeth, cleft lip, cleft plate, thin upper lip and downturned angles of mouth. These are cases about two children who visited Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Chonbuk National University because of dental caries with Cornelia do Lange syndrome.