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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Nov 2005
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 2005
Volume 32, Issue 2 - May 2005
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
CASE REPORT OF PREMATURE CONTACT BY UNPROPER REDUCTION OF AVULSED TOOTH
Ra, Ji-Young ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Yang, Yong-Sook ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~6
Injury of permanent teeth by trauma usually occurs to
old children, in mixed dentition. Fracture, dislocation, intrusion, extrusion, avulsion are the common types of trauma in teeth. The injuries which teeth are dislocated from the alveolar sockets can be treated by reduction and fixation. In this case report two children visited Wonkwang University Dental Hospital after the emergency treatment of tooth injury by other medical institutes. In these cases the injured teeth were not reducted properly and showed premature contact. So the teeth were dislocated from the alveolar sockets intentionally and fixed again in the proper position. Unproper reduction can cause premature contact, delay of healing, difficulty of mastication, and malocclusion. For this reason emergency rooms or local dental clinics where patients with dental trauma can be examined first, must know well about the treatment procedure of the injured teeth and should be consulted to the profession when necessary.
EFFECTS OF NANOFILLER CONTENT ON THE MICROHARDNESS OF EXPERIMENTAL MICROHYBRID RESIN COMPOSITES
Jung, Young-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 7~12
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of nanofiller content on the microhardness and polymerization of experimental microhybrid composites. The nanofiller contorts in the experimental composites were varied (0%, 1%, 2%, 3%), while the total filler content remained constant as 76%wt. We obtained the following results: 1. The microhardness of the top surface for the 2% 3% nanofilled microhybrid composites were significantly higher than those for the 0%, 1% nanofilled composites (p<0.05), but the difference was not great. 2. The microhardness of the bottom surfaces significantly increased with an increase in the nanofiller level (p<0.05), except between the 2% and 3% nanofilled groups (P>0.05). 3. As the nanofiller level increased, the difference between microhardness of top and bottom surfaces significantly decreased (p<0.05), except between 2% and 3% nanofilled groups (p>0.05).
CLASS II COMPOSITE RESIN RESTORATION USING ORTHODONTIC BANDS
Park, Sung-Dong ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 13~17
Children and teenagers have a higher frequency of proximal surface caries in the posterior teeth than adults. For proximal restoration, class II amalgam or stainless steel crown has been widely used in the past, however composite resin restoration is getting ore popular due to it's superior cosmetic appearance. When applying composite resin on proximal area, various types of matrix bands can be utilized according to the operator's reference or skill. Such bands have several clinical effects including suitability for proximal margin, reduction of micro-leakage, moisture-control against saliva and ease finishing and polishing. In this case report, orthodontic bands were utilized instead of matrix bands as a remedy for proximal restorations in both primary and permanent teeth and their clinical advantages are as follows. 1. Orthodontic bands showed superior marginal adaptation compared to conventional matrix bands and moisture-control against saliva was excellent. 2. While applying composite resin, deformation of restoration material was estimated to be insignificant due to he rigidity of the orthodontic bands. 3. Natural tooth contour of the orthodontic bands facilitates to reproduce proximal tooth contour of the restoration. 4. In general, pediatric dentists are accustomed to applying orthodontic bands and this may allow pediatric dentists to make proximal composite restorations more efficiently than other dental specialists.
TRAUMATIC BONE CYST : A CASE REPORT
Oh, Min-Hyung ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 18~25
Traumatic bone cyst is a nonodontogenic cyst without epithelial-linig which contains fluid in it's cavity, and it is limited by bone walls with no evidence of infection. Traumatic bone cyst is asymptomatic and appears more frequently in the second decade. Gender distribution is approximately equal, although males are affected slightly often than females. Radiographically the lesion shows a well demarcated radiolucent lesion of variable size and the lesion may have scalloped margins. The adjacent teeth to traumatic bone cyst remains vital. Traumatic bone cyst is usually treated by surgical exploration and currettage of the lesion. In the first case of this case report, the patient was refered from the local dental clinic for the radiolucent area under the left mandibular first molar. From the panorama radiograph at the first visit, the radiolucent area of the left mandible showed a well defined scalloped margin and identified as traumatic bone cyst. In the second case, the patient have visited for the chief complaint of swelling and abcess of right maxillary second premolar. In the radiographic check up with panorama radiograph, the radiolucent lesion with well demarcated scalloped margin was found in the right mandible body, and identified as traumatic bone cyst. In the first case, overinstrumentation was done through the mesial root canal to irrigate the lesion. In the second case, not any treatment was done, and watched the progression of the lesion. And in both cases, after two month, the radiolucency and the size of the lesion has decreased to show healing in progress.
THE FORCED ERUPTION OF IMPACTED MAXILLARY INCISOR: CASE REPORT
Kim, Jong-Sik ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ; Kim, Young-Jin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 26~32
A tooth impaction means a state that a tooth does not erupt out of oral mucosa or alveolar bone for many reasons. The reasons for an impaction of the Maxillary central incisor are an odontoma, supernumerary tooth, space loss, prolonged remaining or early loss of a preceding deciduous tooth, abnormalities of crown or root caused by trauma of a deciduous tooth and an ectopic position of a tooth germ. In the case of the impacted maxillary incisor, a rapid mesial movement of a lateral incisor leads a space loss and a midline deviation can be happened. Furthermore, it can cause a cyst. When we treated a patient with an impacted central incisor early, we could see a better prognosis. It means an early diagnosis and an exact treatment are very important. Generally if the impaction is not severe or it is caused by a keratinized covering tissue, a surgical exposure can induce an eruption easily but an orthodontic force is recommended when an eruption does not happen after a surgical method, when the eruption path is too transpositioned to be corrected spontaneously and when an impacted tooth is located so deeply. In the treatment using an orthodontic force, careful considerations about a root length, pulp, and a periodontal tissue can improve the periodontal and esthetic prognosis for the long follow-up results. This case is using an orthodontic traction following a periodic observation and in no expectation of spontaneous eruption. After treatment of this case, I have got some knowledges, so I report this case.
TUNNEL TRACTION OF IMPACTED MAXILLARY CANINES
Jeon, Jeong-Hoon ; Oh, You-Hyang ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Seop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 33~39
The impacted maxillary canine is a common problem of which all dental practitioners should be aware. The surgical orthodontic treatment of impacted canines is replaced correction position in dental arch without periodontal damage. Many treatment possibilities have been considered for this goal; window procedure, apically positioned flap, closed eruption technique and tunnel traction. Prognosis for these treatment may be very uncertain in many case(infraosseous impacted tooth). Other steps are required to achieve a satisfactory periodontal outcome. Satisfactory results could be expected if the physiologic eruption pattern is restored by tunnel traction, because permanent tooth erupts through the gingiva near the crest of the ridge so that periodontal damage is reduced. This article report that the surgical orthodontic treatment using tunnel traction is obtained proper position and reduced periodontal damage in facially impacted maxillary canines.
A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF ORAL CHLORAL HYDRATE VS. ORAL MIDAZOLAM IN SEDATIVE EFFECT
Oh, Myung-Sin ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Nan-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 40~48
The purpose of present study was to compare the sedative effect of chloral hydrate and oral midazolam treatment. The study was conducted on twenty two child patients who required at least two visits. All the patients showed a good physical status (ASA-I). The patient was randomly assigned to receive drug either chloral hydrate 60mg/kg and hydroxyzine 25mg(Group I) or midazolam 0.5mg/kg and hydroxyzine 25mg(Group II) at each visit. Treatment procedures were divided into six stages. In each stage, sleep, crying, movement and overall behavior score were evaluated. The overall results can be summarized as follows: 1. Success rate was 59.9% in group I and was 77.8% in Group II. 2. Mean sleep score was
in group I and was
in group II (P<0.05). 3. Through all treatment procedures, no significant difference was observed between group I and group II in terms of crying, movement and overall behavior score(P>0.05). 4. There was no significant difference between the sex and the age(P>0.05). In regard to above results, oral midazolam considered to be a valuable drug as sedative agent in pediatric dentistry.
TREATMENT OF SHELL TEETH IN CHILD : A CASE REPORT
Park, In-Ho ; Yoon, Jung-Hoon ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Nan-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 49~54
Shell teeth, a rare dysplastic condition of dentin, was first described by Rushton in 1954. It is characterized by normal enamel, extremely thin dentin, correspondingly large pulp chambers, and shortened roots. This case report is of a male 3 years old. He is refered to the Chosun University dental hospital Pediatric Dentistry because of dental caries and dentin hypoplasia. Intra-oral examination showed attrition of all primary teeth. Radiographic examination showed that the pulps were extremely large with only a shell of surrounding hard tissue. The permanent premolars were missed congenitally. The diagnosis was shell teeth. Because of behavior problem, all dental treatment was undertaken with general anaesthesia. Extration, endodontic treatment and SS crown were performed. The patient has now been wearing the space maintainer and manages it well. The patient is seen intervals for supervision and follow-up care.
EFFECT OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF CNIDII RHIZOMA ON THE FUNCTION OF RECEPTORS FOR GABA AND GLYCINE
Lee, Jong-Tae ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Park, Jae-Hong ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 55~66
Cnidii Rhizoma (CR) was subjected to extraction with 70% methanol and tested to determine whether it has anxiolytic activity in mouse by employing staircase and rotarod tests. In addition, to understand the mechanism of anxiolytic action, CR, picrotoxin, yohimbine, isoniazid and strychnine were utilized to deliniate the potential involvement of GABA and glycine receptors in the action of Cnidii Rhizoma. To gain insights into the safety of Cnidii Rhizoma extract, behavioral and MTT tests were carried out. The results were obtained as follows: 1. CR extract had little effect on climbing numbers in the stair case test. 2. CR extract had considerable anti-anxiety effects as evidenced by the reduction of rearing numbers in the stair case test. 3. CR extract had little effect on muscle relaxation. 4. Anxiolytic actions of CR extract appeared to be mediated by glycine receptor activation. 5. Cytotoxicity in the neuronal cell was not observed and no strange behaviors were found. In short, these results indicate that CR extract has the ability to exert anxiolytic activity, possibly by activating glycine receptor with little side effects in mouse.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SALIVARY CARIES-RELATED TESTS AND DENIAL CARIES EXPERIENCE IN KOREAN DENTAL COLLEGE STUDENTS
Kim, Jae-Gon ; Kim, Young-Shin ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 67~74
The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between salivary flow, salivary buffer capacity, level of mutans streptococci and dental caries experience in Korean dental college students. A total of 81 students of the school of dentistry, Chonbuk national university, mean age of 26.1 years, were subjected to oral examination to establish the DMFT and DMFS according to WHO guidelines. Saliva samples from the students were collected for quantitating stimulated and unstimulated salivary flow rate. Buffering capacity was estimated using a commercial colorimetric strip test, and number of mutans streptococci was determined from stimulated saliva using a strip mutans test. The means of DMFT and DMFS were 6.57 and 12.65, respectively. The stimulated salivary flow rate was correlated with DMFT(
) and high levels of salivary mutans streptococci were significantly correlated with higher DMFT and DMFS scores(P<0.05). Level of mutans streptococci was significantly correlated with dental caries experience, in both DMFT and DMFS score, and buffering capacity was inversely correlated to DMFT score. However, unstimulated salivary flow rate was not correlated with caries experience.
ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENTIAL GENE EXPRESSION IN NORMAL, CYST AND AMELOBLASTOMA CELLS
Yang, Cheol-Hee ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 75~88
Ameloblastoma is the most commonly occurring odontogenic tumor in oral cavity. Although most are benign epithelial neoplasm, they are generally considered to be locally aggressive and destructive, exhibiting a high rate of recurrence. The biological behavior of this neoplasm is a slowly growing, locally invasive tumor without metastasis, therefore malignant neoplasm, changed its histological appearance to carcinoma or showed distant metastasis, is only defined clinically. In this study, we identified the differentially expressed genes(DEGs) in stages under benign or malignant ameloblastoma compared with normal patient using ordered differential display(ODD) reverse transcription(RT)-PCR and
technology. ODD RT-PCR is rather effective when the investigation of samples containing very small amounts of total RNA must be accomplished. ODD RT-PCR used the means of amplification with anchored T-primer and adaptor specific primer. bearing definite two bases at their 3' ends and so this method could display differential 3'-expressed sequence taqs(ESTs) patterns without using full-length cDNAs. Compared with standard differential display, ODD RT-PCR is more simple and have enough sensitivity to search for molecular markers by comparing gene expression profiles, However, this method required much effort and skill to perform.
modified from DD-PCR is an improved method for detecting differentially expressed genes in two or more related samples. This two step RT-PCR method uses a constant reverse primer(anchor ACP-T) to prime the RT reaction and arbitrary primer pairs(annealing control primers, ACPs) during PCR. Because of high annealing specificity of ACPs than ODD RT-PCR, the application of
to DEG discovery generates reproducible, authentic, and long(100bp to 2kb) PCR products that are detectable on agarose gels. Consequently, various DEGs observed differential expression levels on agarose gels were isolated from normal, benign, and malignant tissues using these methods. The expression patterns of the some isolated DEGs through ODD RT-PCR and
were confirmed by Northern blot analysis and RT-PCR. The results showed that these identified DEGs were implicated in ameloblastoma neoplasm processes. Therefore, the identified DEGs will be further studied in order to be applied in candidate selection for marker as an early diagnosis during ameloblastoma neoplasm processes.
A STUDY FOR OCCLUSAL FEATURES OF FIRST PERMANENT MOLAR AND SECOND PRIMARY MOLAR
Jeon, So-Hee ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 89~100
The purpose of this study was to analyze the morphometrics of primary second molar and permanent first molar. Samples were consisted of normal occlusion in the primary dentition(50 males and 50 females) and permanent dentition(43 males and 43 females). Their upper and lower plaster casts were used and their measuring points were decided, through 3-dimensional laser scanning(3D Scanner, DS4060, LDI, U.S.A.), fitting standard horizontal plane were made for measuring the intercuspal distance, volume of intercuspal area and section curve. The results were as follows; 1. Average distance from the fit plane to the cusp tips of mandibular primary second molar was smaller than any other tooth. (0.05-0.09 mm in male and 0.04-0.09 mm in female). 2. Intercuspal distances of mandibular primary second molar and permanent first molar were larger in male than in female. Especially, there was statistical significance in primary second molar(p<0.05). 3. Intercuspal distance between distobuccal and distolingual cusp was larger in maxillary primary second molar, except cross intercuspal distances. And distances between distal and distolingual cusp, in mandibular primary second molar, between mesiolingual and mesiobuccal cusp, in maxillary first molar, and between distolingual and mesiolingual cusp, in mandibular first molar were larger than any other intercuspal distance. 4. Volume of intercuspal area of primary second molar and permanent first molar was larger in mandible than in maxilla and that of permanent first molar was 1.40-1.75 times of primary second molar (p<0.05). Also it was larger in male than in female, but there was no statistical significance. 5. In most cases, section curves were wider and deeper in permanent dentition than in primary dentition. Except cross intercuspal distances, in maxilla, section curve between mesiobuccal and mesiolingual cusp was the deepest in both dentition. In mandible, section curve between distobuccal and distal cusp was the deepest in permanent dentition and between distolingual and distal cusp was the deepest in primary dentition.
EFFECT OF BITE RAISING METAL SPLINT ON DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN'S OCCLUSION
Shin, Jeong-Geun ; Kim, Jae-Gon ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Lee, Sun-Young ; Baik, Byeoung-Ju ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 101~108
Children are in mixed dentition during 6 years after 3 years old. this time is very important for sound permanent dentition. There are many factors of influence to tooth eruption stage ; adjacent teeth, tooth resorption, early loss or retention of deciduous tooth, local lesion, lip and tongue, masticatory muscles, ect. These factors should be in balance, if not, relation of adjacent teeth is changed, then severe malocclusion is occurred maybe. These cases revealed influences of resin bonded metal splint on occlusal surface of children's molar to mixed dentition. Splints interfere with falling off of deciduous tooth, tooth eruption, normal occlusion formation, and development of mixed dentition and occlusion. Therefore we removed the metal splint from teeth, follow-up checked occlusion and tooth eruption.
CEPHALOMETRIC ANALYSIS FOR CHILDREN WITH NORMAL OCCLUSION IN THE PRIMARY DENTITION
Suh, Moon-Sun ; Son, Heung-Kyu ; Baik, Hyung-Sun ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 109~118
In the field of pediatric dentistry, comparison and analysis of cephalogram values of children are important fir evaluation of growth and development, and are essential to evaluate the craniofacial form and growth pattern for early diagnosis of malocclusion. For this, cephalographic norm values are important, but not many studies on the primary dentition exist. To compare the past norm values of normal occlusion in the primary dentition with current norms, preschool children, 4 to 5 years of age, with normal occlusion in the primary dentition who visited our hospital were examined. Among these children, 46 children with normal facial form and developmental status were chosen for evaluation of cephalogram values. The following results were as follows: 1. For skeletal values, the angular values showed no significant differences between males and females, and the linear values were generally greater in males than females. 2. SNA was
, SNB was
and ANB difference was
. 3. The ratio for Mandibular body length to Anterior cranial base length was 0.9 : 1 for both male and female and the ratio for posterior facial height to anterior facial height was 61.4 % for male, 62.0 % for female. 4. For dental values, IMPA was
and UA to SN was
. 5. The upper lip to Ricketts esthetic line was positioned 2.6 mm anteriorly, and the lower lip to Ricketts esthetic line was positioned 2.5 mm anteriorly.
REPOSITIONING OF A LINGUALLY DISPLACED MANDIBULAR FIRST PRIMARY MOLAR BY TRAUMA
Lee, Myung-Sung ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Park, Jae-Hong ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 119~125
In the primary dentitions, the majority of dental injuries involve the anterior teeth, especially the maxillary primary central incisors. When injuries affecting primary and permanent teeth are compared, it appears that trauma to the primary dentition is usually confined to the supporting structures, i.e. luxation and exarticulation, while the largest proportion of injuries affecting the permanent dentition is represented by crown fractures. But, cases reporting trauma affecting primary molars are unusual in the literature and several reports describe fractures of posterior teeth. The main goal of this report is to describe the repositioning treatment using removable appliances to an uncommon case of lingual displacement of primary molar that happened to a 4 year 5 month-old female child.
PULP TREATMENT OF PRIMARY TEETH USING A COMBINATION OF ANTIBIOTICS
Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 126~131
The purpose of this study was to observe the potentiality of a mixture of antibiotics to relieve the endodontic and periapical infections in primary teeth. A mixture of metronidazole, ciprofloxacin, and minocyclin in distilled water or in a root canal sealer were used to disinfect the infected endodontic and periapical lesions. For application of this mixture, medication cavities were prepared at orifices of root canals by using the
burs(S S White, USA). The cavities and bottom of pulp chamber were filled with antibiotics mixture. In this cases, clinical symptoms were improved following a single application of that mixture. Gingival swelling, pain, and fistulae were disappeared within a week. More long term evaluation will be needed. Although there were no reports of side effects, care should be taken if children are sensitive to antibiotics. Within the limitations of this case, the mixture of 3 antibiotics provided an excellent improvement in treatment of infected primary teeth under the physiologic root resorption.
GLASS FIBER REINFORCED STRIP CROWN IN PRIMARY TEETH
Kim, Dae-Eop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 132~135
The purpose of this study was to propose the modified strip crown technique for esthetic restoration of primary anterior teeth using glass fibers. Celluloid crown form(3M, USA), Z100(P shade, 3M, USA). Aeliteflo(Bisco Inc., USA), and Clearfil SE Bond(Kuraray Medical Inc., Japan) were used for this technique. Mesh type of glass fiber(TESCERA Fiber Mesh, Bisco Inc, USA) was used for reinforcing material. After trimming the celluloid crown form, resin adhesive and flowable resin were applied on the pre-shaped glass fiber mesh. That mesh was placed on the lingual surface of inside of celluloid crown form and followed by light activation. Composite resin was filled into the celluloid crown form and put it on a prepared tooth and then light activated and finished the margin. The new modified strip crown technique can provide esthetics and increased durability for restoration of primary anterior teeth.
FLUORIDE RELEASE AND RECHARGE OF GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS
Bae, Ik-Hyun ; Kim, Jae-Moon ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 136~143
The replacement of dental restorations due to secondary caries is a continuing problem in restorative dentistry. The secondary caries can be partly prevented by using fluoride containing dental materials such as glass ionomer cement, which releases and be recharged with fluoride ion acting as a fluoride reservoir. For the purpose of investigating the behaviors of fluoride release and recharge of conventional and high viscosity glass ionomer cements, the experiment was performed on the seven specimens each from 4 kinds of materials ; 1 kind of conventional glass ionomer cement, 2 kinds of high viscosity glass ionomer cements and 1 kind of composite resin. The amount of fluoride release was measured over 7 days with pH/ion meter and fluoride specific electrode. After measuring daily fluoride release, the specimens were recharged with 2% NaF solutions for 4 minutes and measured for 3 days with recharging repeated two consecutive times. The results were as follows : 1. Significantly more fluoride was released at first day after recharge in all materials except Z-100. 2. High viscosity glass ionomer cements released more or nearly equal amount of fluoride after recharge compared with the initial release(P<0.05). 3. The fluoride release after recharge with 2% NaF solution was in order of Fuji IX, Ketac Fil, Ketac Molar, Z-100.
A STUDY ON THE ENAMEL EROSION BY CARBONATED BEVERAGE
Lee, Kyung-Ho ; Park, Soo-Jin ; Jung, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 144~151
Erosion is believed to be the predominant cause of teeth wear in children and young adults, although there will at ways be a contribution from attrition and abrasion. The pH of cola is known to be low and have, therefore, been implicated in the increasing incidence of erosion. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of cola on the progression of erosive demineralization in human enamel using demineralization model in vitro. Six groups of human enamel slap were immersed(5 min each bath) in fresh cola, with immersions taking place with or without agitation, and under 3 regimes of frequency intake(low intake, 1 immersion/day; medium, 5/day; high, 10/day). Quantitative assessments of surface erosion were done over an 8-day interval using surface microhardness testing. 1. The average pH of cola was 2.5, which was acidic enough to cause tooth erosion. 2. All the enamel specimen exposed to cola showed erosion like lesions and surface hardness decreased in proportion to the length of immersion (p<0.05). 3. The surface hardness of enamel decreased in proportion to the frequency of immersion (p<0.05). 4. Increased degassing from the drink by gitation accelerated the enamel softening compared with those without agitation.
HYPOPHOSPHATEMIA RICKETS : A CASE REPORT
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Jung, Hee-Kyoung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 152~157
Hypophosphatemia rickets, also known as Vitamin D-resistant rickets(VDRR) and refractory rickets, is a form of rickets which is resistant to the usual doses of vitamin D. VDRR is characterized by decreased renal tubular reabsorption of inorganic phosphate and is easily diagnosed by a normal blood calcium, hypophosphatemia, and slightly elevated alkaline phosphatase. Clinical features of Hypophosphatemia rickets included lateral bowing deformities of the legs, short stature, scoliosis, and enlargement of wrist and ankles. Dental finding in patient with VDRR were spontaneous dental abscesses in caries free teeth and other dental findings included delayed eruption, delayed apical closure, thin and hypoplastic enamel, absent or poorly defined lamina dura, enlarged pulp chambers, and numerous accessory canals and pulp horns that extend up and into the dentinoenamel junction. we reported the clinical feature and treatment of VDRR child who was referred from the department of pediatrics for early loss of primary teeth and its treatment.
DIVERSE DENIAL TRAUMA OF MAXILLARY ANTERIORS : CASE REPORT
Lim, Hye-Jeong ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 158~163
It is rare that the complete avulsion, intrusive luxation, and extrusive luxation occurred by trauma at the same time. In July, 2003, 10-year and 2 month-old-girl was referred to Department of Pediatric dentistry, Chonnam National University Hospital due to complete avulsion of upper right lateral incisor, intrusive luxation of upper right cental incisor and extrusive luxation of upper left central incisor. Traumatized teeth were surgically repositioned and fixated with resin-wire splint at the same day. Endodontic treatment of avulsed tooth was performed 2 weeks after trauma. A radiograph was taken 3 months after trauma, which demonstrated root resorption of both upper central incisors. External root resorption was arrested by the root canal therapy with calcium hydroxide. It showed good results for 1 year and 4 month but further follow-up is needed to check root resorption and ankylosis.
THE FISSURE PENETRATION AND MICROLEAKAGE OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT WITH MECHANICAL PREPARATION
Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Park, Ki-Tae ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Son, Heung-Kyu ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 164~173
Mechanical preparation has been introduced to provide the sealant retention. The objective of this study was to compare the fissure penetration and the microleakage of pit and fissure sealant using mechanical preparation(mechanical preparation + acid etching) and acid etching only. An additional objective of this study was to compare the fissure penetration and the microleakage of unfilled and filled sealant in both methods. Sixty human premolars extracted for orthodontic purpose were selected. Thirty teeth were acid etched alone and remaining thirty teeth were prepared with a
round bur and then acid etched. One-half of teeth in each surface treatment method were sealed with unfilled sealant and the other half were sealed with filled sealant. All of the teeth were thermocycled for 1200 cycles at
and immersed in 5% methylene blue for 24 hours. Each tooth was sectioned bucco-lingually at mesial pit and distal pit and examined under a Measurescope. In the case of mechanical preparation, fissure penetration of sealant was significantly increased compared with the case of acid etching only(P < 0.05). The filled and unfilled sealant using mechanical preparation showed significantly decreased microleakage when compared with the unfilled sealant using acid etching only(P < 0.05). No differences were found in fissure penetration and microleakage between unfilled and filled sealant in both methods. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that mechanical preparation and filled sealant are recommended when placing pit and fissure sealant. However, further clinical studies should be performed in regard to microleakage.
A STUDY ON THE ETIOLOGIC FACTORS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARIES IN 18-MONTH OLD INFANTS
Lee, Chang-Han ; Kim, Jae-Moon ; Kim, Shin ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 1, 2005, Pages 174~184
For the purpose of investigating the etiologic factors of early childhood caries in 18-month old infants which is an important period in pediatric dentistry, 234 infants of 18-month age and their first care-givers (mothers in most cases) who visited Ilsin Christian Hospital in Busan for the baby-care counseling and vaccination were examined. The oral examination was performed on the infants and their care-givers were individually interviewed about various items, and the data was statistically processed to yield the results as follows : 1. The prevalence rate of early childhood caries was 27.4%. 2. The percentage of the eldest child, the education level of the mother and monthly income were revealed lower in caries group infants. 3. The percentage of prolonged breast-feeding and the frequency of daily nursing was higher in early childhood caries group. 4. In early childhood caries group, the between-meal snacks were tend to be provided irregularly without predetermined time, and sugar containing snacks such as chocolates and candies were ranked in higher order whereas the fruits and milks were in lower ranks. 5. In early childhood caries group, the percentage of those performing the oral hygienic care was lower and the timing to start the toothbrushing was comparatively later. From the above results, it can be concluded that prolonged breast-feeding, poor snack habits and lower socioeconomic status act an important role in early childhood caries in 18-month old infants.