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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Nov 2005
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 2005
Volume 32, Issue 2 - May 2005
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
THE EFFECTS OF EGF ON PROLIFERATION AND ATTACHMENT OF HUMAN PERIODONTAL FIBROBLASTS
Lee, Jong-Eun ; Kim, Chong-Kwan ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Kim, Yun-Tae ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 395~402
In considering the healing process of injured periodontal tissue, healing rate would be influenced by the cellular activity of periodontal fibroblasts(PDLFs). In addition, the reattachment among PDLFs should be induced for healing process. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of epidermal growth factor(EGF) on the proliferation and attachment of PDLFs and to verify the efficacy of EGF as a storage media or a pre-replantation conditioner of traumatically avulsed tooth. Human recombinant epidermal growth factor(hrEGF) and human periodontal fibroblasts from first premolar were prepared. At first, MTT assay was done to evaluate the toxic effect on human periodontal fibroblast and the maximum cellular growth of EGF. Cellular proliferation rate was then compared between control group and 10ng/ml EGF added group. Also, western blot was done to evaluate the expression of fibronectin in both groups. The results were as follows: 1. From MTT assay, EGF showed no toxic effect on PDL fibroblasts. The highest proliferation was shown at 10ng/ml EGF. 2. In 10ng/ml EGF added group, the degree of proliferation of PDLFs was significantly higher than that in control group. 3. Fibronectin expression of EGF added group was also significantly higher than that of control group. From this study we could conclude that EGF enhanced the regeneration rate of periodontal fibroblast, which could be used as a pretreatment agent or a storage media for traumatically avulsed teeth.
MULTIPLE ANKYLOSIS ON MAXILLARY AND MANDIBULAR PRIMARY MOLARS WITHOUT PERMANENT SUCCESSOR
Jung, Hwi-Hoon ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 403~408
Ankylosis is defined as a fusion of cementum or dentine with alveolar bone. Due to the loss of the periodontal ligament on the ankylotic area, the tooth is incapable of continued eruption and hence is unable to follow the normal vertical development of the neighboring teeth and alveolar process. A 6-year-old female was referred to the Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry for ankylosis of primary molars and congenital missing of permanent premolars on both jaws. She had neither specific past medical history nor trauma and infection history in oral and maxillofacial region. Radiographic finding is that the maxillary primary molars were the early onset of ankylosis and had fast root resorption rate. However the mandibular primary molars were ankylosed later and being resorbed slower than maxillary primary molars. The object of treating this case is to maintain the proper alveolar bone growth and retention of deciduous molars. The point of managing this case is as follows: Proper treatment (observation, restoration, or extraction) should be established after thorough consideration of the time of onset, the root resorption rate, progression of infraocclusion and the development of alveolar bone support. We should consider the timing of extraction of the ankylosed teeth without problem of neighbouring alveolar bone growth and tilting of adjacent teeth in the view of growth spurt. Early diagnosis is important to avoid many of the complications with infraoccluded primary molars.
CASE REPORT : FORCED ERUPTION FOR IMPACTED ANTERIOR TOOTH
Kong, Seok-Bae ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; Yoo, Seung-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 409~415
Impaction of permanent incisor occurs rare than the canine & third molar. But it's often observed in school age child. The causes of impaction are trauma, space deficiency, mesiodens, infections of root apex, etc. In spite of elimination of cause, normal eruption of impacted tooth is rare. Though eruption is normal, the position of tooth will be incorrect. Because the impacted tooth results in malocclusion, root resorption of adjacent tooth, pathologic cystic change, it should be confirmed the precise position by clinical and radiographic exam and found the correct location by appropriate treatment plan. In case of pathologic change of impacted tooth and injury to adjacent tooth, it will be extracted. But through orthodontic retraction, the function and esthetics of tooth can be restored. It is important that impacted tooth should be detected early and diagnosed correctly, and appropriate treatment plan should be made. Before impacted tooth is retracted, the considerations of space for alignment and anchorage should be preceded and through appropriate force and mechanics, the side effects, for example, a root resorption should be minimized. In this study, we guided impacted tooth to normal position by using a forced eruption.
THE COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE SEDATIVE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT INTRAVENOUS MIDAZOLAM DOSAGES FOR PEDIATRIC DENTAL PATIENTS
Kim, Eun-Young ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; You, Seung-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 416~426
Intravenous sedation have many advantages of rapid onset and recovery, ability of control sedation levels and duration through titration. Midazolam is most commonly used intravenous medication for sedation in pediatrics, endoscopy, oncologic procedures and so on. But in dentistry, midazolam intravenous sedation is usually for adult, and there are few reports for children. Todays, children who need sedation become more and older, intravenous sedation technique is going a matter of concern in pediatric dentistry. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficacy of sedation and clinical success for different initial dosage of midazolam in intravenous sedation for pediatric dental patients. 16 healthy children (male 10, female 6), mean age
months, who needed at least two separate treatment visits requiring local anesthesia were chosen for this study. Every children were taken 0.3mg/kg, maximum 5mg of midazolam by intramuscular route, and then 30~50%
for 10 minutes was given. On every visits, one of the following 2 different initial dosage was given by intravenous route : (1) Group I : 0.1mg/kg Midazolam (2) Group II : 0.2mg/kg Midazolam. Additional dosage was half of the first dose. Physiologic parameters (oxygen saturation, heart rate, respiratory rate, end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure) was recorded by ten procedure steps. Behavior was videotaped and rated using Ohio State University Behavioral Rating Scale and Automated Counting System by one investigator, blind to administered dosage. After the treatment, operator evaluated the clinical success. Physiologic parameters were stable and within normal range during treatment in both groups. The analyzed sedative effect, in behavioral evaluation, ratio of favorable Quiet was higher in group II, and clinical success rate of group II was better than group I. Induction time was rapid in group II, and recovery time was rapid in group I. And there was no statistically difference between two groups in every results.
CHANGES IN ADHESION OF STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS TO NANOCOMPOSITE RESINS AFTER ACIDULATED PHOSPHATE FLUORIDE GEL APPLICATION
Jung, Young-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 427~436
Topical application of APF gel can increase the surface roughness of resin composites and the roughened surfaces may allow increased bacterial accumulation and surface staining. Resin specimens of two proprietary resin composites, Filtek Z250(FZ) and Filtek Supreme Universal(FS), and experimental resin composites containing 0%, 3%, 6% nanofillers(E0, E3, E6) were fabricated and divided into two groups of the same number; APF treatment group and no treatment group. The amount of S. mutans adhered to specimens and the mean surface roughness(Ra) were measured. The results were as follows; 1. In no treatment group, the amount of S. mutans adhered to FS was the smallest. It was significantly different from those of FZ, E3, E6(p<0.05) although it was not significantly different from that of E0(p>0.05). 2. For all resin composites used, the amount of S. mutans adhesion in APF treatment group was significantly greater than that in no treatment group(p<0.05). 3. In APF treatment group, the amount of S. mutans adhesion was significantly different between materials(p<0.05), and increased in order of FS, FZ, E0, E3 and E6. 4. Difference of the surface roughness(Ra) between materials was not statistically significant in both no treatment group and APF treatment group(p>0.05)
ORTHODONTIC TRACTION OF IMPACED CENTRAL INCISOR WITH DILACERATED ROOT
Kim, Young-Jin ; Park, Ho-Won ; Lee, Ju-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 437~443
Dilaceration is most common in maxillary central incisor. Impaction by dilacerated tooth cause orthodontic problem such as tilting of adjacent tooth, midline deviation. Dilaceration is caused by trauma, cyst, other origin and tooth shape, degree of root curvature, location in the alveolar bone, ability of spontaneous eruption should be considered whether treat or not. Labially and lingually dilacerated tooth is difficult to spontaneous eruption. Thus, Prosthetic treatment alternative with extraction, auto transplantation, orthodontic traction with surgical exposure is included within the treatment alternative. These cases are about impacted central incisor with dilacerated root. We use closed eruption technique and guide impacted tooth into normal position by orthodontic traction.
A SURVEY OF SEDATION PRACTICES IN THE KOREAN PEDIATRIC DENTAL OFFICE
An, So-Youn ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Kwak, Ji-Youn ; Kang, Jeong-Wan ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 444~453
Sometimes the dentists encounter a child who can not be treated with traditional behavior management techniques (for example, reward, restraint, Tell-Show-Do, familialization). In such a case, the dentists use sedation technique. Recently, in Korea, the use of sedation by pediatric dentists is increased. But, the guideline and survey of sedation is very insufficient. Now, we need a survey of sedation practice in Korea. We carried out research on the actual condition about sedation with a questionaire to pediatric dentists in Korea. Followings are the conclusions 1. Sixty six percent of pediatric dentists use sedative agents in their practice. In this study, using sedation shows an increase as compared with the past. 2. Determinative factors of using sedation were orderly behavior management, number of visiting, guidian's opinion, amount of treatment, general condition. 3. Distribution of ages in patients sedated with agents was orderly 3 years, 4-5 years, under 2 years, 6-10 years, more than 10 years. 4. Particular sedative drugs were chloral hydrate 60-70mg/kg, hydroxyzine 10-40mg/kg(25mg/kg), and oral route was the most favorable route. 5. Observation of skin and nail color, pulse oximeter were the most frequently utillized monitoring method during sedation. 6. Only fifty six percent of pediatric dentists complete the cardiopulmonary resuscitation course.
EFFECT OF CITRIC ACID AND CALCIUM ON DENTAL EROSION
Song, In-Gyeong ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ; Kim, Dae-Eup ; Yang, Young-Sook ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 454~460
The purpose of study was to observe the effect of calcium and citric acid on the dental erosion of human premolar enamel. Enamel specimens were demineralized in 0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, or 1.0% citric acid solutions with 0.05%, 0.1%, or 0.2% calcium for 5, 15, 30, and 60 minutes, and then the surface microhardness of the enamel was measured. The hardness decreased as the concentration of citric acid and the demineralization time increased. Hardness after 5 minutes was 76~90% in case of no calcium and the inhibition of dental erosion by calcium addition was 2??15%. Hardness after 15 minutes was 65~84% in case of no calcium and the inhibition of dental erosion by calcium addition was 3~17%. Hardness after 30 minutes was 53~72% in case of no calcium and the inhibition of dental erosion by calcium addition was 6~22%. Hardness after 60 minutes was 43~66% in case of no calcium and the inhibition of dental erosion by calcium addition was 7~19%. The inhibition was the highest in 1.0% citric acid and 0.2% calcium. In 0.1% citric acid the inhibition increased as the demineralization time increased, but in 0.3% to 1.0% citric acid the inhibition was most high at 30 minutes and decreased a little at 60 minutes. These results suggest that calcium has a inhibitory effect on the citric acid induced dental erosion.
THE CEPHALOMETRIC STUDY OF SOFT TISSUE PROFILE OF CHILDREN WITH NORMAL OCCLUSION BETWEEN THE AGES OF 9 AND 11 YEARS
Lee, Chang-Hui ; Kim, Jung-Wook ; Kim, Chong-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 461~471
The purpose of this study is to develop soft tissue cephalometric standards in children with normal occlusion and to determine the differences between males and females and the differences according to age ranges of 9, 10 and 11 years. The lateral cephalometric radiographs of 169 children(82 boys, 87 girls) among the contestants in 2000-2004 Healthy Dentition Contest in Seoul were studied with several soft tissue profile analyses and cephalometric means and following results were obtained. 1. The sex differences were not statistically significant between males and females soft tissue parameters except for two soft tissue parameters(p>0.05). 2. Females had relatively more protrusive lower lip relative to the H line than males and middle third face height to lower third face height of females was larger than males(p<0.05). 3. The age differences in soft tissue parameters were not statistically significant according to age ranges of 9, 10 and 11 years(p>0.05).
A STUDY ON THE EFFECTIVE PENETRATION OF ETCHING AGENT IN OCCLUSAL PIT & FISSURE
Lee, Seong-Ryong ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Nan-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 472~480
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effective penetration methods of acid etching agents in the pit and fissures on the occlusal surface. Extracted maxillary first and second premolars were divided into 4 groups : to Group I only acid etching agent was applied, to Group II ultrasonic scaler as well as acid etching agent were applied, to Group III after fissurotomy acid etching agent was applied, and to Group IV after fissurotomy the same process performed with Group II. The comparison between the 4 groups by the use of scanning electron microscope showed the results as follows : 1. Comparing each groups with regard to the penetration rate(%) of acid etching agents, Group III and Group IV showed improved penetration rate(%) compared with Group I. Group II made no significant different results from Group I, but had somewhat better penetration rate(%). 2. Comparing each groups with regard to the penetration rate(%) of acid etching agents according to regions within fissures, Group III and Group IV showed more improved penetration rate than Group I in the mesial pit and distal pit. However, no significant difference between each groups was showed in the middle fissure.
EFFECT OF INCREMENTAL FILLING TECHNIQUE ON THE POLYMERIZATION SHRINKAGE OF COMPOSITE RESIN
Kim, Hyo-Suk ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Oh, You-Hyang ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 481~490
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the C-factor and shrinkage strain values of composite resin and examine the strain values in different incremental filling techniques. The strain gauge method was used for measurement of polymerization shrinkge strain. Experiment was divided two step. In a first experiment, we compared with strain value in three different depth (2mm, 3mm, 4mm) and microhardness of each samples after 24hours were measured. In a second experiment, we examined the strain values in five different filling techniques(Group 1: bulk filling, Group 2: oblique incremental filling, Group 3: horizontal incremental filling, Group 4: vertical incremental filling, Group 5: lining of flowable resin and bulk filling) The results of the present study can be summarized as follows: 1. Composite resin in acrylic molds showed the initial expansion at the early phase of polymerization. 2. Contraction stress was not revealed significant difference between depth of 2mm and 3mm(P>0.05). 3. Contraction stress in sample of 4mm was showed the lowest value(P<0.05). 4. Microhardness of specimen was revealed more difference between upper and lower surface in depth of 4mm than 2 and 3mm(P<0.05). 5. Lining of flowable resin and bulk filling (Group 5) was showed the lowest contraction stress, Group 2 and 3 was showed the highest contraction stress(P<0.05). On the basis above results, the stress that result from the polymerization shrinkage, when incremental curing techniques are used, showed that there is no advantage in incremental placement and curing.
EFFECT OF TIME ELAPSED FROM APPLICATION TO CURING ON THE PENETRATION OF SEALANT
Choi, Sun-Ah ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Nan-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 491~498
Occlusal fissures and pits are ideal places for the development of caries. Pit and fissure sealants are now considered as a very effective means to prevent dental caries. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effect on the sealant penetration of the elapse of time from the application of sealant until exposure to visible light, and to examine the effect of the filler content and tooth position on the sealant penetration. 192 extracted human premolars were used to this experiment. Following enamel conditioning, a light-polymerized sealant was applied and 4 different periods of time(3, 5, 10, 20 seconds) were allowed until exposure to the light source. The results obtained were as follows; 1. According to time, in both unfilled sealant and filled sealant penetration increases deeply through mindfulness. 2. Sealant that apply to mandiblar premolar penetrated deeply through than to maxillay teeth. 3. Penetration difference according to filler content, unfilled sealant penetrated deeply through than filled sealant. The result from this study indicated that unfilled sealant penetrated most deeply in mandible when at least 20s time elapsed.
EFFECT OF ADMINSTRATION METHOD OF FLUMAZENIL ON THE PLASMA CONCENTRATION AND THE REVERSAL OF SEDATION INDUCED BY MIDAZOLAM
Park, Seong-Kyu ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Oh, You-Hyang ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 499~508
The purpose of this study were to evaluate the effect on the reversion of sedation induced by midazolam with flumazenil and to determine the plasma concentration of flumazenil according to the method of administration. Intranasal and intravenous flumazenil were administered to sedated health volunteers aged from 23 to 25 years, in doses typical of those used clinically to induce sedation with midazolam and for reversal with flumazenil. Objective assessment for degree of sedation and vital signs, plasma concentration were made for 2 hours period. 1. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure,
were not changed by adminstration of flumazenil in sedated subject with midazolam, but pulse rate was increased temporarily. 2. Flumazenil showed the reversal of the sedative effect induced by midazolam regardless of administration methods. But intravenous administration showed more effect on the degree and the duration of reversion than intranasal administration with the exception of on set time. 3. Peak plasma concentration of flumazenil administered by intranasal route reached after 2 min and that of flumazenil administered by intravenous route was 4 min. Thus uptake of flumazenil did not showed any difference in accordance with the adminstration route. 4. Administration of flumazenil resulted in the temporary increase of midazolam plasma concentration.
A STUDY ON THE RELATIVE SHEAR BOND STRENGTH OF COMPOSITE RESIN TO COMPOMERS
Jeong, Song-Ran ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Song, Ho-Jun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 509~516
For the purpose of comparing the bond strengths of compomers to composite resin, composite Z250, and two polyacid modified composite resin, Dyract AP and F2000, were selected and investigated using universal testing machine for measuring the shear bond strengths. Additionally, the failure modes were examined by observing the fractured surfaces of each specimen. The following results were obtained. 1. The shear bond strength of Dyract AP to Z250 were higher than those of F2000, but there was no statistically significant difference between group 1 and group 3(p>0.05), and groups using fresh compomers showed higher bond strength than those using aged compomers(p<0.05). 2. After measuring the shear bond strength of each group, it was highest in group 5 and was lowest in group 9(p<0.05). 3. Although there was no statistically significant difference, groups treated with thermocycling showed lower bond strengths than those of non-thermocycling groups. 4. Overall compomer/composite resin failures were adhesive. Cohesive failures occurred mainly in groups using bonding agent. Based on these results, the application of a bonding agent on fresh polyacid-modified resin composite increases the bond strength between polyacid-modified resin composite and composite resin. Additionally, the surface of aged polyacid-modified resin composite has to be roughened mechanically and a bonding agent has to be used in combination with composite resin.
A COMPARISON OF THE SEDATIVE EFFECT ON CHLORAL HYDRATE DOSAGE IN THE SEDATION OF THE PEDIATRIC DENTAL PATIENTS
Rho, Seung-Chul ; Kim, Young-Jae ; Jang, Ki-Taeg ; Hahn, Se-Hyun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 517~524
Despite the widespread use of chloral hydrate with hydroxyzine in the sedation of children, there is little agreement among pediatric dentists regarding its therapeutic dosage for the management of very uncooperative young children. Also, increasing concern has been raised with respect to its frequent failure to provide adequate levels of sedation when used according to the manufacturer's recommended dosage. Therefore, there has been many suggestions with respect to sedative effectiveness and safety of varying drug dosage, and some pediatric dental articles have advocated dosages exceeding manufacturer's recommendations. This study was performed to compare the effectiveness and safety in behavior management of the manufacturer's recommended dose of chloral hydrate(50mg/kg) with those of a higher dose(70mg/kg) used together with hydroxyzine(2mg/kg) and nitrous oxide(50%) when young children were sedated for dental treatment. The following results were obtained; 1. II group(70mg/kg) displayed higher mean score compared to I group(50mg/kg) with regard to the degree of sleep, crying, movement and overall behavior. The difference was statistically significant(p<0.05). 2. In comparison of success rates for sedation between the two groups, I group and II group showed 38.7% and 71.0% success rates respectively. An analysis of variance was statistically significant(p<0.05). 3. Comparing the occurrence rate hypoxia between the two groups, there were 22.6% and 19.4% occurrence of hypoxia in I group and II group. An analysis of variance was not statistically significant(p>0.05).
IMPROPER USE OF RUBBER BANDS TREATING MAXILLARY MEDIAN DIASTEMA : A CASE REPORT
Choi, Won-Hyuk ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 525~530
Maxillary median diastema is the term used when there is spacing between maxillary central incisors. The space between maxillary central incisors are often observed during ugly duckling stage. In most of the cases, as maxillary permanent canines erupt, it gradually disappears. Maxillary median diastema needs to be treated when there is up to 2mm of space between the incisors even after eruption of permanent canines or when there is 3mm of space, at least, before the eruption of the canines. Particulary, for the latter case, orthodontic treatment is recommended because not only the esthetic point of view but also to regain the eruption space for maxillary lateral incisors and canines. The appliance used for orthodontic treatment are removable appliances, using finger spring and etc, and fixed appliances, using rubber elastics and coil spring. If rubber band alone was used to treat median diastema without any other appliance such as band, tube or bracket, it will gradually move downward along the root surface. Then it will destroy the peridontal ligament and causes tooth mobility, extrusion, and avulsion. This report presents cases of damaged tooth due to improper use of rubber band when treating maxillary median diastema.
SURGICAL APPROACH TO THE INFRAOCCLUDED TEETH BY USING SPACE REGAINING TREATMENT
Bang, Seok-Yun ; Kim, Eun-Jung ; Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Young-Jin ; Nam, Soon-Hyeun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 531~536
Infraclusion may be defined as teeth that stop their relative occlusal movement in the dental arches during or after the period of active eruption and then remain under the occlusal plane. Delayed exfoliation, malocclusion, increased susceptibility to dental caries and periodontal disease of both the neighboring teeth and retained molar, and dislocation of the successor are the consequencces of infraclusion of primary molars. Therefore, early diagnosis and appropriate treatments are necessary. The therapeutic approach of the infracluded teeth varied from preservation to extraction. The teeth with simple infraclusion without any signs of interference with occlusal and jaw development may be examined periodically with follow-up check and radiographically. However, if the infracluded tooth interferes with normal eruption of successor or shows any sign of delayed resorption, or the tipping of adjacent teeth or supraeruption of opposing teeth is expected, the teeth inflicted should be extracted and appropriate measures should be provided in order to maintain the normal development of occlusion and dentition. The adjacent teeth which have been collapsed over a infracluded deciduous teeth can disturb the arch length perimeter. In such cases, surgical approach might be necessary, although it would be difficult when teeth are severly leaned. However, an easier surgical access have been obtained by space regaining procedures, in young patients whose arch length has been shortened due to the infracluded teeth.
MOUTHGUARD FOR PREVENTING ORAL INJURIES IN CHILDREN
Kim, Kyoung-Hee ; Kim, Jong-Soo ; You, Seung-Hoon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 537~542
Dentofacial trauma can result in tooth fracture, avulsion, facial bone fracture. The Unites states and Japan mandated the use of mouthguards for contact sports. But, Korean didn't. Mouthguards divided into ready-made type and custom-made type. Mouthguards protect the lips, intraoral soft tissues, teeth and provide the mandible with resilient support to prevent jaw fracture and dislocations. Sports-related accidents have been reported to be one of the most common causes of dentofacial trauma. Sports trauma of involving teeth with incomplete root formation cause long chair time, multiple visit, economic considerations, additional dental services. So, mouthguards can offer considerable protection against sports-related trauma.
ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT OF THE DISPLACED UNERUPTED MAXILLARY CANINE : CASE REPORT
Lim, Hye-Jeong ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 543~549
The maxillary canine is especially important as it has the longest root, provides guidance for lateral movement of the mandible and masticatory function and is a key in esthetics due to its position. Maxillary canine has the longest time to develop and a complex route from the place of formation to the site of eruption, and so it is prone to impaction more than other teeth. The clinician should consider the various treatment options : (a) No treatment and observation, (b) surgical exposure and orthodontic traction (c) autotransplantation (d) extraction. Surgical exposure of the canine and orthodontic treatment to bring the tooth into the line of occlusion is considered the most desirable approach. This case presents the results of treatment for impacted maxillary canine by surgical exposure and orthodontic tooth movement.
THE ERUPTION GUIDANCE OF AN IMPACTED DILACERATED MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR
Kang, Keun-Young ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Kim, Seon-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 550~556
Tooth impaction is defined as a cessation of the eruption of a tooth at the level of the oral mucosa or alveolar bone by any causes. Any tooth in the dental arch can be impacted, but the teeth frequently involved in a descending order are the mandibular and maxillary third molars, the maxillary canines, the mandibular and maxillary second premolars, and the maxillary central incisors. In these teeth, impaction of maxillary incisor occurs in about 0.1-0.5% and major causes are trauma, supernumerary teeth and periapical inflammation of primary maxillary incisor. Delayed eruption of a maxillary central incisor results in midline shift, the space's being occupied by an adjacent tooth and different levels of alveolar height. Treatment options are observation, surgical intervention, surgical exposure and orthodontic traction, transplantation and extraction. These cases were about the patients with delayed eruption of maxillary central incisor. We surgically exposed impacted tooth and guided it into normal position by the orthodontic traction. At the completion of traction, the maxillary central incisor was positoned fairly within the arch and complications such as root resorption were not observed.
WEAR AND CHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF ESTHETIC RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Choi, Eun-Young ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Kim, Seon-Mi ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 557~568
The aim of this study was to evaluate the resistance to degradation and to compare the wear resistance characteristics of four esthetic restorative materials in an alkaline solution(0.1N NaOH). The brands studied were MetafilCX(Sun medical, Japan) Solitaire 2(Heraeus Kulzer, USA), Composan LCM(Promedica, Germany), DenFil(Vericom, Korea). The results were as follows: 1. The mass loss of each brand was 0.74~7.94% and highest value in Metafil(
). 2. The sequence of the degree of degradation layer depth was in descending order by Metafil, Solitaire 2, DenFil, Composan LCM. There were significant differences between Metafil and the others(p<0.05). 3. The sequence of the Si loss was in descending order by Metafil, Solitaire 2, Composan LCM, DenFil. There were significant differences among the materials(p<0.05). 4. On SEM, destruction of bonding between matrix and filler and on CLSM, the depth of degradation layer of specimen surface was observed. 5. The sequence of maximum wear depth was in descending order by Metafil, Solitaire 2, Composan LCM and DenFil. There were significant differences among the materials(p<0.05). 6. The correlation coefficient between Si loss and degradation layer depth (r=0.491, p<0.05) and Vicker's hardness number and maximum wear depth (r=-0.942, p<0.05) were relatively high. These results indicate that hydrolytic degradation and wear may consider as a evaluation factors of composite resins.
COMPARISON OF PLAQUE REMOVAL EFFICIENCY OF SONIC AND MANUAL TOOTHBRUSH IN YOUNG ORTHODONTIC PATIENTS
Kim, Ji-Youn ; Shin, Cheol-Hwan ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 569~575
The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of sonic and manual toothbrush in decreasing plaque accumulation in young orthodontic patients. Twenty one healthy orthodontic patients attending department of pediatric dentistry at Samsung Medical Center were chosen for the study. The subjects were randomly assigned to either sonic or manual toothbrush and instructed to brush for 2 minutes. Plaque score was assessed with the modified Visible Plaque Index (VPI) before and after brushing. Each brush was repeated twice. A mean plaque reduction of sonic toothbrush was 61.79%(
) compared to 69.19%(
) of manual toothbrush(p<0.05). With the sonic toothbrush, male presented a mean plaque reduction of 63.07%(
) while female presented 60.39%(
). For manual toothbrush, male presented 69.33%(
) and female presented 69.03%(
) reduction of plaque accumulation(p>0.05). There was no statistically significant correlation between age and plaque removal efficacy in this study(p>0.05). Manual toothbrush was significantly more efficient in removing plaque than the sonic toothbrush in young fixed orthodontic patients.
EFFECT OF THE NUCLEAR FACTOR I-C ON THE FORMATION OF HERTWIG'S EPITHELIAL ROOT SHEATH DURING ROOT DEVELOPMENT
Shin, In-Cheol ; Park, Joo-Cheol ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Oh, Hyun-Ju ; Park, Sun-Hwa ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Kim, Heung-Joong ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 3, 2005, Pages 576~583
Tooth formation is a complex developmental process that is mediated through a series of reciprocal epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. Several signal pathways and transcription factors have been implicated in regulating molar crown development, but relatively little is known about the regulation of root development. It was reported that NFI-C knockout mice showed abnormal root formation with normal crown. The aims of this study are to elucidate how the NFI-C regulate the determine of root shape and odontoblasts differentiation. We carried out immunohistochemistry using cytokeratin to investigate the role of Hertwig's epithelial root sheath and DSPP mRNA in-situ hybridization to conform the nature of root dentin during root development in NFI-C knockout mice. Cytokeratin reacted with all the HERS cells and the continuity of cytokeratin positive cells between the HERS cells and enamel epithelium was lost in the cervical region both wild and K/O types. After root dentin deposition cytokeratin positive-HERS cells showed irregularity and loss of polarity in the cervical region in K/O type. DSPP mRNA was strongly expressed in odontoblasts of crown and root dentin in wild type mice, whereas expression of DSPP mRNA was restricted in odontoblast of crown dentin in the K/O type. During root formation in NFI-C knockout mice, HERS normally grow out of the crown but fail to induce odontoblast differentiation in root portion. These results suggest that NFI-C may play important roles in odontoblast differentiation during root dentin formation.