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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Nov 2005
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Aug 2005
Volume 32, Issue 2 - May 2005
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
A CASE OF INTRAORAL SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR CHILDREN WITH HEMOPHILIA
Lee, Joon-Kyun ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 589~594
With the progress of medical treatment techniques of bleeding control, dental care of the patient with hemophilia has become more convenient. So many surgical treatments can be performed with out-patient. 2 cases of intraoral surgical treatment of children, one with hemophilia 3, sever, the other with hemophilia A, severe. While the former was treated under general anesthesia, the latter was treated under local anaesthesia. There are principles : 1. When a patient with hemophilia need dental treatment, the dentist must consult to his physician, pediatrician, or hematologist before dental treatment. 2. When the dentist make a treatment plan, there should be consideration of the general condition, cooperation of the patient and risk of the treatment needed. 3. Minimize the number of times of coming for dental treatment so that reduce the times that need replacement therapy of coagulation factor. And during the treatment, dentist should care for infection and bleeding.
EFFECT OF CAVITY DISINFECTANT ON THE BOND STRENGTH AND MICROLEAKAGE OF DENTIN BONDING AGENTS
Song, Seung-Ho ; Lee, Ju-Hyun ; Park, Ho-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 595~603
Incomplete removal of bacteria contaminated dentin or enamel associated with caries is a potential problem in restorative dentistry Secondary or residual caries, pulpal inflammation and hypersensitivity may result from bacteria left after the initial preparation, especially if an adequate seal against microleakage is not obtained. A possible solution to eliminate residual bacteria left in a cavity preparation would be to treat the cavity with cavity disinfectant wash. But a potential problem with using a cavity disinfectant with dentin bonding agents could be their interference with the ability of the resin to bond to the tooth micromechanically. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 2% chlorhexidine containing cavity disinfectant (
) on shear bond strength and microleakage of dentin bonding agents,
Single Bond and
Sixty and sixty sound human third molar teeth, respectively, were used for shear bond strength and microleakage test. For experimental group, cavity disinfectant was applied before dentin bonding agents, and was not applied for the control group. The result from the this study can be summarized as follows ; 1. Use of 2% chlorhexidine containing cavity disinfectant(
) does not significantly affect the shear bond strength of dentin bonding agents. 2. Use of 2% chlorhexidine containing cavity disinfectant(
) does not significantly affect the microleakage of dentin bonding agents.
MICROLEAKAGE IN RESIN COMPOSITE POLYMERIZED WITH VARIOUS LIGHT CURING UNITS
Park, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Dae-Eup ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 604~610
This study was to evaluate the effects of several light curing units on the microleakage of composite resin restorations in primary teeth. The types of curing units were traditional low intensity halogen light(Optilux 360), plasma arc light(Filpo) low heat plasma arc light(Aurys) and high intensity LED(Freelight 2). After preparing cavities on sound primary teeth, cavities were filled with composite resin(Z100) using the same resin bond agent(Scotchbond Multi-Purpose) and were cured with each curing light system. After storing each specimen in sterile water for 24 hours, thermal circulation was done 1,000 times followed by pigmentation using 2% methylene blue solution. Each specimen was sliced and the degree of pigmentation was graded. When microleakage is graded, the average of Aurys was 0.95 which was the lowest and Freelight 2(1.05), Filpo(1.25), Optilux 360(1.30) followed. But values were not shown statistically significant difference (P>0.05). The results suggest that the newly developed curing units which has advantage in children by decreasing discomfort and procedure time can increase the microleakage of the composite resin.
A COMPARISON OF FLUORESCENCE EFFECT OF VARIOUS LIGHT SOURCES IN EARLY ENAMEL CARIES
Jeon, Jeong-Hoon ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 611~619
The aim of this study was to apply the quantitative light-induced fluorescence(QLF) and use of fluorescein-enhanced QLF method for quantitative assessment of early enamel demineralization in vitro, comparing effectiveness of light sources : argon laser, halogen lamp, light emitting diode (LED) and plasma arc lamp. Sixty extracted teeth were used, prepared by gentle pumicing and coating in an acid-resistant nail-varnish, except for an exposure to a demineralizing solution. Teeth were removed at regular intervals (24, 48 and 72hrs), air-dried and QLF image were taken. Mineral loss, as measured by difference of optical density, was recorded. For dyeenhanced QLF a 0.075% sodium fluorescein dye was applied after QLF examination and mineral loss was recorded. The following result were obtained : 1. Comparing with mean difference of optical density, plasma arc lamp was higher than other light sources in all group (p<0.05). 2. Comparing each group with mean difference of optical density, there was significant different using plasma are lamp and halogen lamp. 3. For use of dye-enhanced QLF, comparing with mean difference of optical density, plasma arc lamp were higher than other light sources in all group(p<0.05). 4. With this model dye-enhanced QLF compared with QLF in optical density, dye-enhanced QLF was higher than QLF in optical density. From the results presented in this paper, it was concluded that plasma light source was more effective compared with other light source for the detection and the quantification of early enamel caries.
PRE-ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT WITH MYOFUNCTIONAL APPLIANCE
Kim, Min-Soo ; Yoo, Seung-Hoon ; Kim, Jong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 620~627
The purposes of early orthodontic intervention are to correct obvious problems, to intercept developing problems and prevent them from becoming worse. Myofunctional influence on facial growth and the dentition change in muscle function and initiate morphologic variation in the normal configuration of the teeth and enhance an already existing malocclusion. Myofunctional therapy has been advocated since 1960's as the treatment for tongue thrust and other oral habits. Pre-orthodontic
is introduced as functional device usable in children of mixed dentition to correct functional problems concerning soft tissue, tooth and skeleton. The most common cases to treat with Pre-orthodontic
are lower anterior crowding, anterior open bite, Class II malocclusion and deep bite. Also, it can be used as correction of oral habits. Patients in this cases visited Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of dentistry, Dankook University for orthodontic treatment. Pre-orthodontic treatment with Pre-orthodontic
was carried out for correction of the oral habits.
THE INDUCTION OF BONE REGENERATION AT FURCATION LESIONS WITH PULPECTOMY AND FURCATION CURETTAGE IN PRIMARY MOLARS
Lee, Seung-Hyun ; Woo, Youn-Sun ; Kim, Jae-Moon ; Jeong, Tae-Sung ; Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 628~633
Deep caries in primary molars without early intervention frequently induce a pulpal disease and consequent furcation lesion with fistulous openings Up to now, majority of the textbooks on pediatric dentistry and literatures have described that extraction of the inflicted teeth is indicated for these cases and in reality these teeth have usually been extracted in the dental clinics. However when we recognize the excellent capacity of bone regeneration in children and the presence of numerous accessory canals at furcation areas, the removal of infection source in pulp by pulpectomy and inflammatory granulation tissues at furcation areas by furcal curettage might open the possibility of rapid healing at the furcation regions. In this report, 10 cases of primary molars in 3 to 6-year-old children with fistulous openings and furcation lesions in moderate size of 2 to 4mm in depth radiolucency at furcation lesion have been chosen. After pulpectomy and furcal curettage, evident bone regeneration was detected radiographically in all cases. Through the cases, we came to realize that all the cases previously described are not the indications of extraction and this approach could make many cases with pulp and furca combined lesions survive and remain healthy in the children's dental arches. However, in order for this approach to acquire objective appropriateness, it is thought that more scrupulous evaluation is desirable on the various factors regarding the indication such as the extent of furcation lesions, absorption status of teeth, amount of covering bone on succeeding teeth and so on.
THE EFFECTS OF VARIOUS CURING LIGHT SOURCES ON THE MICROHARDNESS OF LIGHT-ACTIVATED RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
Choi, Nam-Ki ; Yang, Kyu-HO ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Choi, Choong-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 634~643
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of blue light emitting diode (LED) Light Curing Units (FreeLight 2, L.E.Demetron I, Ultra-Lume 5) on the microhardness of three resin composites (Z250, Point 4, Dyract AP) and to determine their optimal curing time. Samples were made using acrylic molds
of each composite. All samples were prepared over a Mylar strip placed on a flat glass surface. After composite placement on the molds, the top surface was covered with another Mylar strip and a glass slab was gently pressed over it. The times of irradiation were as follows: Elipar TriLight, 40 s; Elipar FreeLight 2. L.E.Demetron I, and Ultra-Lume 5, 10s, 20s, 40s, respectively. Mean hardness values were calculated at the top and bottom for each group. ANOVA and Sheffe's test were used to evaluate the statistical significance of the results. Results showed that FreeLight 2, Ultra-Lume 5, and L.E.Demetron I were able to polymerize point 4 in 20 seconds to a degree equal to that of the halogen control at 40 seconds. FreeLight 2 and L.E.Demetron I were able to polymerize Z250 in 10 seconds to a degree equal to that of the halogen control at 20 seconds. FreeLight 2 and L.E.Demetron I were able to polymerize Dyract AP in 10 seconds to a degree equal to that of the halogen control at 40 seconds. The commercially available LED curing lights used in this study showed an adequate microhardness with less than half of the exposure time of a halogen curing unit.
A CASE OF SUPERNUMERARY TEETH IN THE MANDIBULAR INCISOR REGION :
Park, Jung-Ah ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Jang, Hee-Suk ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 644~648
Supernumerary tooth was resulted from excessive proliferation of dental lamina and associated with familial tendency and a congenital syndrome such as Cleidocranial dysostosis or Gardner's syndrome. Incidence reports identify a range of
in primary dentition,
in permanent dentition with males being affected twice as frequently as females, maxilla nine times as frequently as mandible. The most common supernumerary tooth is the mesiodens, which located between the maxillary central incisors, and the next common site is the fourth molar and lateral incisors. Supernumerary teeth are uncommon in the mandible, but premolars are the most common supernumerary teeth and occurrence is very rare in the incisor region of the mandible and the incidence is 2%. We need a early diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan because of possiblilty of diastema and eruption failure displacement, rotation of the associated permanent teeth, root resorption and dentigerous cyst with presence of the supernumerary teeth. In this two case, one supernumerary tooth located in the mandibular incisor region, the other supernumerary tooth located in premolar region. We could get normal alignment of mandibular dentition by extraction and orthodontic treatment.
STUDY ON LATERAL CEPHALOGRAM OF CHILDREN WITH NORMAL OCCLUSION IN THE PRIMARY DENTITION
Kim, Ji-Youn ; Kwon, Jang-Hyuk ; Kim, Kyung-Ho ; Park, Ki-Tae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 649~656
The present study was designed to formulate cephalometric norms of normal occlusion for usage in orthodontic diagnosis of malocclusion in Korean children. Thirty two children, aged 4 to 6, with normal occlusion were chosen for this study, Sagittal and vertical relations were analyzed using lateral cephalogram and clinical photos and the measurements were compared with those of adults. On skeletal sagittal analysis, the mean values of the SNA and SNB angles were
. It showed that the mandible was retrognathic and retropositioned in comparison to those of adults. On skeletal vertical analysis, the mean values of the genial angle was
. This showed high angle pattern in children and reduction of genial angle due to counterclockwise rotation of the mandible is expected with growth. On soft tissue analysis, children showed convex pronto, obtuse nasolabial angle. On dental analysis, the mean values of the U1 to SN and IMPA were
. This showed retroclined upper and lower deciduous teeth in comparison to adults. For skeletal values, the liner values were generally greater in males than females.
NECROSIS OF ALVEOLAR BONE BY FORMOCRESOL : CASE REPORT
Park, Cheol-Hong ; Lee, Chang-Seop ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Nan-Young ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 657~661
Various chemotherapeutic agents have been recommended for pulpotomy of primary teeth, and there are formocresol, ferric sulfate, and calcium hydroxide. Of those, formocresol has fixation effect of pulp tissue and high clinical success rate, so it is most commonly used agent. But formocresol has strong cytotoxic effects, thus many articles reported displacement and loss of permanent successor, amelogenesis imperfecta, mutation by general absorption, possibility of cancer induction. Recently, it has been reported that leakage by imperfect temporary sealing when FC-soaked cotton was inserted into the root canal caused necrosis of surrounding tissues. and that necrosis of alveolar bone related to the use of excessive formocresol. In this case, 2nd primary molar of upper left jaw was treated using formocresol in local clinic, but extracted because of lasting pain. Furthermore, symptoms didn't disappear so patient was refered to us. The patient was 8-year-old male, had foul odor from oral cavity and circular alveolar bone necrosis around the permanent successor' crown. Thus sequestrectomy was operated and observed through 19 months after operation, we found normal root development of permanent successor but no complete regeneration of alveolar bone defect and attached gingiva. Lesion of periodontal tissues by formocresol is irreversible, so we have to confirm the indication in using formocresol and pay attention to complete temporary sealing.
EXPRESSION OF DSPP AND BSP MRNAS DURING ODONTOBLAST DIFFERENTIATION IN THE NFI-C (-/-) MICE
Jung, Hyun-Ku ; Lee, Sang-Ho ; Lee, Nan-Young ; Kim, Heung-Joong ; Park, Joo-Cheol ; Lee, Chang-Seop ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 662~669
Nuclear factor I (NFI) exists in the odontoblast and osteoblast. NFI-C null mice demonstrated aberrant odontoblast differentiation, abnormal dentin formation, and molar lacking roots. The purpose of this study was to examine phenotype of the aberrant odontoblast in NFI-C null mice and to evaluate the expression of DSPP and BSP mRNAs in NFI-C null mice with in-situ hybridization. The results were as follows: 1. In the NFI-C (-/-) mice, the crown dentin of molar showed normally formation, but there was no root dentin. 2. In the NFI-C (-/-) mice, the labial dentin of mandibular incisors showed relatively a lot of dentin formation, but the lingual dentin showed defect. 3. In the NFI-C (-/-) mice, the odontoblast of mandibular incisors revealed abnormal shape and trapped in osteodentin-like mineralized tissue. 4. In the NFI-C (-/-) mice, the odontoblast in the crown dentin of molars showed strong expression of DSPP, the odontoblast in the root dentin of molars was not expression of DSPP. In the NFI-C (-/-) mice the odontoblast in the mandibular incisors showed weekly expression of DSPP 5. In the wild mice, the odontoblasts of mandibular incisors were not expression of BSP, but in the NFI-C (-/ -) mice the odontoblast of mandibular incisors showed strong expression of BSP These results suggest that odontoblast in the NFI-C (-/-) mice changes the phenotype into osteoblast.
MESIODENS IN THE VAULT OF THE PALATE
Min, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Seong-Oh ; Lee, Jae-Ho ; Kwak, Ji-Youn ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 670~674
Supernumerary tooth develops as a result of abnormal proliferation of the dental lamina during the initiation stage of dental development. It could be a sporadic occurrence or a hereditary transmission. Supernumerary tooth occurs with a frequency of 1 to 3%. Generally, there is a 2:1 preference for boys. It is usually found in the anterior portion of the maxilla and may be associated with complications such as impaction, malposition of permanent teeth, formation of diastema, cysts and eruption into nasal cavity, The position of supernumerary tooth found in the anterior portion of the maxilla is determined by the axis of the tooth. One third of supernumerary tooth in the anterior portion of the maxilla has no possibility of eruption due to its invertedly impacted position. However, as long as the coronal part of the follicle remains intact, migration of supernumerary tooth is possible. The migration may occur into the palate, the premolar region, the sinus or the nasal cavity. Also, growth of vertical dimension of maxilla could make surgical approach difficult as time goes by For this reason, we have found invertedly impacted mesiodens moved to the vault of the palate in the two cases, and extracted supernumerary tooth surgically.
ORTHODONTIC MANAGEMENT OF CLASS III MALOCCLUSION WITH HORSESHOE APPLIANCE
Han, Ji-Hye ; Baik, Byeong-Ju ; Yang, Yeon-Mi ; Seo, Jeong-Ah ; Kim, Jae-Gon ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 675~681
The Horseshoe appliance was introduced by Dr. Schwarz, and it is used to correct sagittal relationships by elastic force in class III malocclusion. It minimizes the increment of lower anterior facial height and allows the mandible to be repositioned harmoniously with the soft tissue and muscle matrix of the jaw It has the advantages of better patient cooperation, easier construction, and more effective modification. In the patients who were treated with Horseshoe appliance, forward growth of maxilla and counterclockwise rotation of occlusal plane with labioversion of maxillary incisors and linguoversion of mandibular incisors were obtained. Minimum downward and backward rotation of mandible was accepted, so increasing of lower anterior facial height was minimized.
INCONTINENTIA PIGMENTI (BLOCH-SULZBERGER SYNDROME) WITH DENTAL PROBLEMS : CASE REPORT
Lee, Sang-Yup ; Kim, Dae-Eop ; Lee, Kwang-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 682~686
Incontinentia pigmenti(IP), so called Block-Sulzberger syndrome is a rare genodermatosis that occurs almost in female infant; usually lethal in males, X-linked dominantly inherited disorder. IP is characterized by abnormalities of mesodermal and ectodermal tissues including eye, tooth, skin, nail, breast and hair as well as neurological deficiencies. Dental problems are congenital missing of teeth, delayed eruption, abnormal crown shape and so on. Here is a case of 6 year-old female with IP. She had congenital missing of primary and permanent teeth, delayed eruption, maxillary deficiency and extra cusps, resulting in unstable occlusion. Systemically, she had a history of operating eyes due to problem of retina and hyperpigmented macules on her trunk and extremities as typical character of IP.
SURGICAL REPOSITIONING OF AN IMPACTED INCISOR IN MIXED DENTITION
Choi, Su-Mi ; Lee, Keung-Ho ; Choi, Yeong-Chul ; Park, Jae-Hong ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 687~692
Delayed eruption of a maxillary incisor results in midline shift, the space occupied by adjacent teeth and different levels of alveolar height. Extraction or surgical/orthodontic therapy is the most common treatment for a impacted maxillary incisor. Surgical repositioning provides another option for treatment of this problem. The advantages of this approach include immediate esthetic improvement, use of a single and simplified surgical procedure, simple and short orthodontic therapy, a normal gingival margin and the possibility of the developing root adapting to the new position. Autotransplantation of an immature tooth provides for possible adaptation of the developing root apex to the new position. A root with an open apex has good chance of pulp revascularization after transplantation.
TIMING AND SEQUENCE OF ERUPTION OF PERMANENT TEETH IN A SAMPLE OF CHILDREN FROM YONSEI DENIAL HOSPITAL
Kang, Tae-Sung ; Choi, Byung-Jai ; Kwon, Ho-Keun ; Son, Heung-Kyu ; Choi, Hyung-Jun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 693~702
Accurate timing and sequence of eruption of permanent teeth are indicies of growth and essential for pediatric dentistry and pediatric clinical orthodontics. From the children brought to the Yonsei Dental Hospital during 2001 to 2003, 654 boys and 542 girls, ranging in age from five to fourteen years, were selected and analysed. The following was concluded. 1. Eruption time of maxillary teeth is 6.81 years in boys, 6.78 years in girls for central incisor, 8.30 years in boys, 7.98 years in girls for lateral incisor, 10.28 years in boys, 10.04 years in girls for canine, 9.74 years in boys, 9.90 years in girls for first premolar, 10.87 years in boys, 10.41 years in girls for second premolar, 6.25 years in boys, 6.54 years in girls for first permanent molar, 12.21 years in boys, 12.03 years in girls for second permanent molar 2. Eruption time of mandibular teeth is 6.00 years in boys, 6.06 years in girls for central incisor, 6.99 years in boys, 6.74 years in girls for lateral incisor, 9.83 years in boys, 9.17 years in girls for canine, 9.92 years in boys, 9.75 years in girls for first premolar, 10.66 years in boys, 10.39 years in girls for second premolar, 5.99 years in boys, 5.75 years in girls for first permanent molar, 11.92 years in boys, 12.17 years in girls or second permanent molar. 3. The following eruption sequence was observed the first permanent molar erupted first, followed by the central incisor, the lateral incisor, the first premolar, the canine, the second premolar and the second permanent molar in the maxilla. The first permanent molar erupted first, followed by the central incisor, the lateral incisor, the canine, the first premolar, the second premolar and the second permanent molar in the mandible.
CLEIDOCRANIAL DYSPLASIA : REPORT OF A CASE
Lee, Yeon-Ho ; Yoo, Seung-Hoon ; Kim, Jong-Soo ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 703~708
Cleidocranial Dysplasia(CCD) is a congenital disorder of skeletal and dental anomaly with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. CCD Shows a generalized defect in intramembranous bones, such as the skull, clavicles, and endochondral bones, such as the long bones and the remainder of the skeleton. The specific clinical feature of CCD is an aplasia & hypoplasia of one or both clavicles, frontal & parietal bone bossing, incomplete fontanels and sutures closure of cranial bone. Generally, relative mandibular prognathism is seen, because maxillar is underdeveloped. Dental anomalies of CCD are prolonged primary teeth, delayed eruption of the permanent teeth and multiple supernumerary teeth. Almost patients of CCD can not recognize their dental abnormality until the permanent teeth eruption was begining. So it is difficult to decide the proper timing of the treatment of patients of CCD. Pedodontists should understand the development of the dentition in CCD patient and start the treatment of CCD patient in proper time.
MAXILLARY ADVANCEMENT USING RIGID EXTERNAL DISTRACTION(RED) IN CLEFT LIP AND PALATE PATIENT : CASE REPORT
Yu, Nan-Young ; Kim, Sung-Min ; Lee, Ju-Hyun ; Seo, Hyun-Woo ; Park, Ho-Won ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 709~716
Patients with cleft tip and palate present severe maxillary hypoplasia due to scar of lip and palate, often accompanied by compromised mastication, speech abnormalities. Sometimes maxillary hypoplasia persist even though active orthodontic treatment was done. In theses cases, patients born with cleft lip and palate will be potential candidates for maxillary advancement with bone grafting after growth to correct the functional deformities and improve aesthetic facial proportions. But, maxillary advancement using standard surgical approaches has several limitations : increased relapse tendency after maxillary advancement, necessity of additional bone graft and mandibular setback surgery. Distraction osteogenesis is current treatment modality to overcome these limitations, thus has become popular for treatment of maxillary hypoplasia associated cleft lip and palate, craniosyntosis. Especially, rigid external distraction, contrary to internal device, has advantages : better vector control of osteotomized segment, effective traction of the bony segments, the ease of the application and removal the distraction device. This study showed that relatively successful result could be generated by using rigid external distraction osteogenesis(RED) in the case of cleft lip and palate with severe maxillary hypoplasia, 6 years 7 months old.
PERIODONTOPATHIC BACTERIA IN DOWN'S SYNDROME
Kim, Seon-Mi ; Yang, Kyu-Ho ; Choi, Nam-Ki ; Oh, Jong-Suk ; Kang, Mi-Sun ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 32, issue 4, 2005, Pages 717~725
It is widely known that individuals with Down's syndrome(DS) often develop early onset severe periodontal diseases. In this study, We examined the prevalence of periodontopathic bacteria in DS patients to compare controls with mental disabilities(MD) The subjects were 27 DS patients (7 to 19 years old) and 27 age-matched controls with MD. Plaque index and gingival index were measured. And 5 pathogens, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum, were surveyed in subgingival plaque samples using a polymerase chain reaction. No significant difference in plaque index and gingival index were observed between the DS and control group. The prevalence in DS was 96.3% for F. nucleatum, 74.1% for T. forsythia, 63.0% for P. gingivalis, 55.6% for A. actinomycetemcomitans. 40.7% for T. denticola. No significant differences were observed in the prevalence of periodontopathic bacterias between the DS and control. Prevalence of P.g(16.7%) at age
is lower than other age group in DS, but its prevalence increased with age. Prevalence of A.a(83.3%) is peak at age
in DS. These results suggest that various periodontopathic pathogens can colo nize in the very early childhood of DS and MD patients. But no significant difference was observed in the prevalence of periodontopathic bacterias between the DS and control.