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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jan 1981
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A STUDY ON THE DENTAL CARIES OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN CHUNGJU
Cha, Moon-Ho ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 15~19
As a pilot survey of Water Fluoridation in Chungju, Fluoride content in the water of that city was examined, and 1563 K primary school children aged from 7 to 13 were surveyed on their oral hygiene status. The results were as followings: 1. Fluoride content...0.1 ppm. 2. dmf rate...80.04 % DMF rate...45.17 % 3. dmf t rate/index...28.29 % / 2.18 dmf s rate/index...14.14 % / 5.44 4. DMF T rate/index...6.62 % / 1.07 DMF S rate/index...1.87 % / 1.51.
DIFFERENCE IN THE PATTERN OF ECTOPIC ERUPTION BETWEEN MAXILLA AND MANDIBLE : REPORT OF CASE
Sohn, Dong-Su ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 21~24
The author observed a case of ectopic erupted maxillary second premolars and impacted mandibular second premolars due to premature loss of the primary second molars. The treatments were done as follows: 1. In the maxilla, the teeth arrangement problem was corrected with removal of the ectopic erupted second premolars. 2. In the mandible, normal dentition was established with surgical removal of the left second premolar and removal of the permanent first molar in right side combined by orthodontic therapy.
A LONGITUDINAL STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF DENTAL ARCHES IN KOREAN CHILDREN
Hur, Man-Wook ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 25~36
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to measure and analyze the width and length changes of dental arches at age 7 to 9. 66 children were selected for this study. Stone models obtained from these children were measured and analyzed annually. The results were as follow. 1. The widths of upper arch increased by age both in males and females except the region of second deciduous molars. 2. The widths of lower arch increased by age significantly both in males and females. 3. The lengths of dental arches increased by age both in males and females at anterior portion. ; did not increase at Posterior portion. 4. The upper widths of males were wider than those of females at age 9, but no significant difference were present at age 7 and 8. 5. The differences of the lower widths between males and females were not present except the region of the second deciduous molars (E-E) at age 7. 6. There were few differences between the lengths of males and females except the posterior lengthes at age 7. 7. The widths and lengths of upper arches were difinitely wider and longer than lower arches.
A Histopathological Study of Pulp Tissue Reactions to Glutaraldehyde and Formocresol in Puppy's Primary Teeth
Hur, No-Jeong ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 37~46
This study was undertaken to evaluate the pulpal responses to the pulp-capping materials such as glutaraldehyde and formocresol in pulpotomy technique, especially in the primary dentition. Mandibular primary canines and molars of 5 dogs (aged about 8-9 weeks)were selected for this study. The intervals of observation for histologic study of pulpotomized primary teeth with 2% glutaraldehyde, formocresol and calcium hydroxide in the usual manner ranged from 2 hours, 1 week, 2 weeks, 3 weeks and 5 weeks after experiments respectively. Each specimens were fixed with 10% formalin and decalcified in 5% nitric acid. All slides were stained with Hematorylin-Eosin and examined histopathologically. The results were as follows; 1. In calcium hydroxide groups, formation of dentin bridge was initiated in 1 week after experiments and completed in 5 weeks after experiments. 2. Formation of dentin bridge was not seen, whereas necrosis of pulp tissue was noted, in formocresol and glutaraldehyde groups. 3. Duration of tissue reactions and tissue changes were similar, in formocresol and glutaraldehyde groups. 4. In formocresol and glutaraldehyde groups, amputation surfaces of the pulp were covered with blood clots, beneath which coagulation necrois was noted, but inflammatory cells were not prominent, in 2 hours and 1 week after experiments. But coagulation necrosis was proceeded to the apical portion, accompanied by infiltration of inflammatory cells, since 2 weeks after experiments. And suppuration or gangrene of the pulp tissue were noted in 3 weeks and 5 weeks groups. 5. Suppuration or gangrene of pulp seemed to provoke the resorption of dentin wall, and inflammatory changes and resorption of roots were noted in the periodontal membrane near the periapical region. 6. As compared with calcium hydroxide groups, resorption of the root was pronounced in form or cresol and glutaraldehyde groups. Effects of medicaments to the succedaneous tooth germ were not seen.
STUDY WITH SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE ON THE EFFECTS OF BISCUIT SOLUTION DISSOLVED IN NATURAL SALIVA ON THE ENAMEL SURFACE OF PRIMARY TEETH
Lee, Dong-Hee ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 47~53
Author have studied with electron microscope on the effect of biscuit solution dissolved in natural saliva on the enamel surface of the primary teeth. Four of the teeth were natural primary teeth and the other four teeth were treated in acidulated phosphate fluoride during four minute. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The pH value of the solution was decreased according to the time passed, and gradually became 3.75 at the end of 48 hours. 2. Natural teeth appeared normal enamel surface appearance during first 12 hours, and at 24 hours, it appeared some degree of decalcified appearance near the enamel rods and surfaces. 3. The decalcified appearances of the enamel surfaces of the fluoride treated teeth were not significant compared with the fluoride untreated teeth. 4. Streptococci of the enamel surface were increased according to the time passed.
THE EFFECTS OF FORMOCRESOL AND GLUTARALDEHYDE ON THE PERFORATED INTERRADICULAR TISSUES AND TOOTH GERMS OF PRIMARY TEETH IN DOGS
Choi, Byung-Jai ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 55~63
The purpose of this study is to observe the effect of formocresol and glutaraldehyde to tooth germs and periapical tissues after perforation of interradicular portion of pulpal floor and application of physiological saline solution in control groups, formocresol and glutaraldehyde in experimental groups. The following results were obtained 1. In control groups, normal healing processes were seen, and, on the sixteenth day, the epithelization of injured areas was completed. Inflammatory reactions were limited to the injured surface, and the underlying alveolar bone were normal and successive tooth germs were normal. 2. In both formocresol groups and glutaraldehyde groups, tissue reactions were identical. Inflammatory reactions were slightly compared with control groups, but the surface epithelizations were delayed compared with control group. 3. In both formocresol and glutaraldehyde groups, necrosis was seen in superficial tissue of bone marrow, and, at 24th day, center area of bone marrow on the successive tooth germs were losed and replaced with connective tissue, and superficial soft tissue of the injured area was connected with soft tissue on the successive tooth germ. In remaining alveolar bone, osteoclastic reaction was remarkable. 4. In both formocresol and glutaraldehyde groups, there is no injury to the successive tooth germs. 5. In both formocresol and glutaraldehyde groups, periodontal membrane was normal, but the partial resorption of cementum and dentin near the injured area were seen.
STATISTICAL STUDY OF THE PULP RESPONSES TO THE ELECTRIC PULP STIMULATOR IN THE PRIMARY POSTERIOR TEETH
Shin, Won-Kyou ; Lee, Jong-Gap ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 65~75
The author have studied on the pulp responses to the electric pulp stimulator (Pyo-Cure)(R) in the primary molar age from 4 to 11 of the 186 children (male 100, female 86). The total numbers of teeth used in this study were 1096. The results were as follows ; 1. The difference in responses between the teeth of the male and female was not statistically significant. 2. The difference in responses between the teeth of the right and left sides was not statistically significant. 3. The difference in responses between the teeth of the upper and lower jaws was not statistically significant. 4. The responses of the teeth in the older age is higher than its of the early age. 5. Inspite of advanced root resorption of the primary molars, except severe root resorption, the responses of the teeth was higher according to increasing the age. 6. The responses of the teeth were decreased severely in the primary molars as it becomes exfoliation time.
A STUDY OF ORAL STATUS OF MENTAL RETARDED CHILDREN
Jhee, In-Ae ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 77~88
The purpose of this study was to make a comprehensive study & evaluation of the oral status of mental retarded children. The auther examined intraorally 486 (male; 311, female;175) mental retarded children. The result was as follows; (General mental retarded children means the children who live in their parent's home, & orphan mental retarded children means the children who live in orphanage.) 1. The dft rate was 31.6% in general mental retarded children (G.m.r.c.) & 20.7% in orphan mental retarded children (O. m. r. c.). The dft index was 3.73 in G.m.r.c. & 2.15 in O.m.r.c. 2. The DMFT rate was 24.6% in female G.m.r.c., 16.7% in male G.m.r.c., 12.7% in female O.m.r.c., 8.4% in male O.m.r.c. The DMFT index was 4.94 in female G.m.r.c., 4.01 in male G.m.r.c., 1.40 in male O.m.r.c., 2.75 in female O.m.r.c. 3. The malocclusion prevalence was 57.3%. the class I malocclusion was 14.2% Class II malocclusion 19.3%, Class III malocclusion 23.5%. The children with Down's syndrome had 60.0% of class III malocclusion prevalence. 4. The dental calculus index was 1.97 in male O.m.r.c., 1.81 in female O.m.r.c., 1.30 in male G.m.r.e., 1.13 in female G.m.r.c. 5. The dental plaque index was 3.06 in female G.m.r.c., 3.00 in male Gm.r.e. 2.70 in male O.m.r,c., 2.32 in female O.m.r.c.
A Study on the dmf and distribution of dental caries in primary dentition of children living in Kyungki-do farm villages
Kim, Shin ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 89~102
1147 preschool children aged from 3 to 6 living in some farm villages in Kyungki-do were surveyed on dmf and distribution of dental caries in primary dentition. The results were as follows: 1. dmf rate ... 92.76 % boy ... 94.52 % girl ... 90.5.5 % 2. dmf t rate ... 37.07 % dmf t index ... 7.09 3. dmf s rate ... 13.74 % dmf s index ... 13.14 % 4. df t index ... 6.94 5. Each percentage of d, m & f per dmf teeth d rate ... 89.96 % m rate ... 7.24 % f rate ... 2.67 % 6. Most frequent site of dental caries in each tooth
occlusal 7. Order of caries susceptibility
8. All the values in caries criteria showed a marked increae from those of 1968.
A STUDY ON dmf & PREDILECTION SITES OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN SEOUL.
Ko, Sung-Hee ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 103~117
The data about dental caries obtained from 1438 preschool children (male 797, female 641) in Seoul aged from 3 to 6 were analyzed by their sexes, ages, jaws and teeth surfaces. The results were as follows. 1. dmf rate : 92.63% 2. dmft index : 6.06 dmft rate 30.81 % dmfs index : 11.82 dmfs rate 12.02 % 3. d,m & f rate d rate: 79.45% m rate: 8.15% f rate : 12.40 % 4. dft index : 5.94 5. The order of caries susceptible tooth 1. Lower deciduous 2nd molar 2. Lower deciduous 1st molar 3. Upper deciduous 2nd molar 4. Upper deciduous lateral incisor 5. Upper deciduous cental incisor 6. Upper deciduous lateral incisor 7. Lower deciduous canine 8. Upper deciduous canine 9. Lower deciduous central incisor 10. Lower deciduous lateral incisor 6. Predilection sites of each tooth A) Deciduous central incisor ; Max. : Mesial cavity Mand. : Mesio-distal cavity B) Decidous lateral incisor ; Max. : Mesial cavity Mand. : Distal cavity=Mesial cavity C) Deciduous canine; Max. : Labial cavity Mand. : Distal cavity D) Decidous 1st molar ; Max. : Disto-occlusal cavity Mand.: Disto-occlusal cavity E) Deciduous 2nd molar ; Max. : Linguo-occlusal cavity Mand.: Occlusal cavity 7. All the values in caries criteria in 1981 were somewhat lower than in 1968, but m & f rate were increased.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FROZEN-SLAB MIXING TECHNIQUE FOR ZINC-PHOSPHATE CEMENT USED IN KOREA
Jung, Ho-Kil ;
THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY, volume 8, issue 1, 1981, Pages 119~125
The Purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of frozen slab mixing technique on physical property of zinc phosphate cement used in Korea. Standard consistency, setting time, film thickness, solubility of cement prepared in frozen slab and room temperature slab were tested. The obtained results were as follows. 1. Amount of powder required for standard-consistency for all cements tested could be increased. 2. Setting time for all cements tested could be decreased. 3. No significant difference in film thickness. 4. Solubility for all cements tested could be decreased.