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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Textile Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Fiber Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 45, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 45, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 45, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 45, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 45, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 45, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Scouring of Cotton/Chitosan Blend Fabrics by Pectinase
Song, Yu-Sun ; Song, Wha-Soon ; Lee, Bum-Hoon ; Kim, Hye-rim ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 199~207
An enzymatic treatment method was introduced using pectinase to scouring cotton fiber from a cotton/chitosan-blend fabric without damaging the chitosan component. The pectinase treatment conditions such as the pH, temperature, enzyme concentration, and treatment time were optimized by measuring the weight loss and the degree of reduction of the galacturonic acid in the cotton fabric. The changes in the weight loss, tensile strength, moisture regain, dyeability, pill formation, and surface morphology of the cotton/chitosan blend with the changes in the pectinase treatment conditions were evaluated. The optimum pectinase treatment conditions for cotton fabric were found to be a treatment temperature of
, a treatment time of 50 minutes, a pectinase concentration of 0.5% (owf), and a pH of 8.0. The pectinase treatment of the cotton/chitosan blend improved the fabric's moisture regain, dyeability, and resistance to pill formation due to the removal of the non-cellulose cotton, but did not affect the chitosan's weight loss, relative viscosity, and degree of deacetylation. The results showed that pectinase treatment of cotton/chitosan blends is an effective method of removing non-cellulose cotton without damaging chitosan.
Dyeing and Color Fastness Properties of Rayon-mimetic Fiber Dyed with Disperse Dyes
Kim, Eun-Mi ; Choi, Jae-Hong ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 208~213
The dyeing characteristics and fastness of rayon-mimetic (RMM) fiber were examined with some commercial disperse dyes compared to those of poly(ethylene terephthalate) fiber. Similar exhaustion yields were achieved at
which ranged from 90% to 99%. Critical adsorption range of disperse dyes on RMM fiber was lower than regular PET fiber about
. Exhaustion was saturated at 2% owf dye concentration. Color fastness of RMM was similar to those of PET dyeings including fastness to wash, rubbing and light.
Dyeing Properties and Antibacterial Activities of Sulfadiazine Type Reactive Dyes
Cha, Hee-Cheol ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 214~219
Dyeing properties of three sulfadiazine type reactive dyes (Re-Red, Re-Blue1, and Re-Blue2) synthesized newly from (silver) sulfadiazine, H-acid, and p-base were evaluated by dyeing cotton fabric with them. The synthesized reactive dyes showed somewhat lower build-up property and lower exhaustion ratio compared to those of a commercial dye. The fastness to light, washing, and crocking of the dyed cotton fabrics showed fairly good grade. However, the antimicrobial activities of the dyed fabrics tested using Staphylococcus aureus (AT.C.C. 6538) as a cultivating bacterium were excellent. The dyed fabrics also showed very good durability of the antibacterial activities to repeated launderings. Re-Blue1 synthesized from sulfadiazine is more effective than Re-Blue2 synthesized from silver sulfadiazine considering the manufacturing cost and antibacterial activity of the dyed fabric.
Environmentally Friendly Dyeing of PTT with Temporarily Solubilized Azo Diseperse Dyes
Jang, Hae-Kyoung ; Kim, Hae-Rim ; Lee, Jung-Jin ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 220~224
Temporarily solubilized azo disperse dyes containing
-sulfatoethylsulfonyl group were applied to PTT fabric and feasibility of dispersant-free dyeing was investigated. The color yields of the dyes on PTT fabric were found to be dependent on dye bath pH while not much on dyeing temperature. The optimum results were obtained at pH 5-6 and
. The dyes showed good build-up properties on PTT fabric. Washfastness were fair to moderate and lightfastness were somewhat poor. The COD levels of the dyeing effluent from the temporarily solubilized disperse dye were much smaller than those from commercial disperse dyes.
Measuring Electrical Conductivity and Comparing That with Using Existing Methods to Evaluate Rinsing Performance
Chung, Hae-Won ; Sa, Mi-Hyun ; Song, Wha-Soon ; Song, Yu-Seon ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 225~232
Drum-type washing machines are gaining in popularity because they have the advantages of a higher washing performance and water conservation. On the other hand, drum-type machines, which have a lower wash liquor-to-fabric ratio, call into question rinsing efficiency. Though rinsing performance is one of the most important factors in effective washing, a criterion method for measuring the rinsing performance has not yet been established. We have used existing methods to evaluate the rinsing performances. In addition, we suggest a method of measuring the electrical conductivity of detergent solutions and verify the relationships with the existing methods. The load was washed once and rinsed from 0 to 5 times. After rinsing, the load was moved to the higher spin extractor, and the extracted solution was measured for alkalinity (IEC 60456), PBIS concentration (AS/NZS 2040.1), LAS concentration, pH and the electrical conductivity of the NaCl solution (KS C 9608) to evaluate the rinsing efficiency. Moreover, LAS in the fabric after the rinsing process was extracted with water by soxhlet and measured. After each step in the laundering process, the load was spun at 600 rpm, 800 rpm or 1000 rpm. Except for the pH method, every other method, which was expressed per unit fabric weight, almost showed the same tendencies as the number of rinses increased. Though, the method of measuring the electrical conductivity of the detergent solutions especially showed the highest correlation with other methods, that method is labor efficient. Therefore measuring the electrical conductivity of detergent solution in this fashion was an efficient way to evaluate rinsing performance.
The Changes of Comfort Properties of Bamboo Knitted Fabrics after Loess Dyeing
Lee, Hyo-Jin ; Jee, Ju-Won ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 233~238
In this study, the comfort properties of bamboo knitted fabrics were evaluated and compared with those of cotton and bamboo-cotton blend knitted fabrics before and after loess dyeing. As a result, it was found that appearance density, air permeability, coefficient of thermal conductivity, and deodorization rate of bamboo knitted fabrics were greater than those of cotton knitted fabrics. After loess dyeing, W/T values of knitted fabrics increased due to adhesion of loess to the surface of fiber and pore filling. WC/W value of all knitted fabrics decreased representing that fabric become harder and less fullness. After loess dyeing, air permeability, warmth retaining property, and water absorption capacity of knitted fabrics were decreased and deodorization of knitted fabrics was improved. Overall, bamboo-cotton blends are good alternative for well-being textiles because they have the advantages of both cotton and bamboo fabrics.
Coating of PET Fabrics by Sol-Gel Processing
Jang, Jin-Ho ; Son, Jung-A ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 239~246
The photografted PET fabrics with MAPTMS immersed in aqueous titanium (IV) isopropoxide (TTIP) solution was gelled under acidic condition via hydrolysis and condensation reactions, which produce a nano coating of
on the PET fabrics less than a diameter of 200nm. With increase in gellation time, nano
-coated fabrics showed decreased reflectance at the visible region particularly at 440 nm. Also
-containing fabrics became more susceptible to thermal degradation above
. The PET fabrics containing
nanoparticles showed better photocatalytic properties such as the photobleaching of methylene blue and ammonia deodorization in comparison with the untreated and grafted PET fabrics. The UV-induced degradation occurred during photobleaching of methylene blue solution, which was more pronounced in the ases of grafted and nano-coated samples.
Synthesis and Characteristics of Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites Crosslinked with Polyurethane
Lee, Sun-Young ; Jung, Yong-Chae ; Cho, Jae-Whan ; Chun, Byoung-Chul ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 247~253
Polyurethane(PU)-crosslinked multi-walled carbon nanotubes(MWNTs) with different MWNTs content were synthesized, and their morphology and crystallization were investigated. The crosslinking of MWNTs with PU was achieved by reacting MWNTs treated chemically in the mixed acids with prepolymer obtained from a reaction of diisocyanate and polyol. The functioanlization of MWNTs with PU was confirmed by FT-IR, Raman, and XPS measurements, and their morphology was observed by SEM and TEM measurements. Optimum content of MWNTs for PU-crosslinked MWNTs was dependent on an amount of prepolymer and concentration of -OH group in MWNTs. The crystallinity of poly(
-caprolactone)-based PU decreased with an increase of MWNTs content, and it was ascribed to the confinement of crystallization of PCL molecules due to the crosslinking of PU with MWNTs.
Stab Resistance of LDPE Reinforced Aramid Fabric
Kim, Ho-Dong ; Nam, In-Woo ; Yoo, Joo-Hwan ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 254~261
The design of stab-resistant fabric requires identification of the threats, selection and combination of materials, and the analysis for the physical properties of unit components so that a final protective gear can effectively resist these threats. Therefore this study evaluates the stab-resistant property of aramid fabric and aramid/glass fiber hybrid fabric reinforced with LDPE thermoplastic resin. The stab-resistant strength for the different treatments was investigated, and the stab-resisting behavior depending on the shape of the impactor was also evaluated. In result the stabresisting behavior of aramid stab-resistant fabric reinforced with thermoplastic resin when impacted with a knife impactor is classified into a penetration step with maximum stab-resistant strength, cutting step, and the destruction step of accumulated fiber bundles. Also, when impacted with a spike impactor, all samples show a maximum stab-resistant strength on the initial penetration step and have low stab-resistant strength after initial penetration regardless of the reinforced resins. Therefore, in order to achieve maximum stab-resistant performance, it is concluded that optimizing the stab-resistant strength on initial penetration is essential.
Preliminary Studies on the Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Industrial Fabrics
Lee, Tae-Hyun ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Kang, Kum-Young ; Cho, Hyun-Hok ; Kim, Han-Seong ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 45, issue 4, 2008, Pages 262~267
In this study, the objective is the evaluation of the mechanical properties of industrial fabrics. There are several methods currently used ranging from the KES-FB System to the Fast System with the former used most widely. There are limitations, however, in employing the KES-FB system for evaluating thick fabrics used for industrial applications, such as shoes or seat covers. In this preliminary study, the fundamentals for a new system for objective estimation of industrial fabrics are established. The basic limitations of both the new system and the KES-FB system in the evaluation of very thick and strong fabrics are then compared and contrasted. Tensile, shear, and bending were the properties of focus, with the feasibility of development of the new system discussed.