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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Fiber Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 47, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 47, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 47, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 47, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 47, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 47, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Needs and Sensibility of Functional Fabrics for Outdoor Sportswear
Lee, Sun-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Hwa ; Lee, Jung-Soon ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 163~172
This study examined the needs and factors that help explain the subjective texture and image sensibility of functional fabrics for outdoor sportswear. Twenty one checklist questions on the needs of functional fabrics for outdoor sportswear were answered by 340 consumers. In addition 14 different types of commercial functional fabrics for outdoor sportswear were assessed subjectively. The dimensions evaluating the texture and image sensibility of functional fabrics for outdoor sportswear were also developed using the multi-dimensional scaling method. Water absorbing & quick drying, absorption, hand, durability, wind proof, price, easy-care and color were important parameters to choose functional fabrics for outdoor sportswear. The texture sensibility was explained by the following five factors, thickness, surface, elasticity, durability and luster, as well as by three dimension scales, elastic-lustrous, thick-thin and smooth-rough. The image sensibility could be explained by six factors, attractiveness, diversity, mildness, functionality, modernity and impact, as well as by three dimension scales, functional-attractive, simple-diverse and impact-comfortable. A better hand was found in functional fabrics for outdoor sportswear with a thick, smooth and elastic texture. A higher preference was found in functional fabrics for outdoor sportswear with a simple, active, comfortable, attractive and luxury image. The correlation coefficient between the hand and preference was 0.349.
Analysis on the Tensile Property of Hanji (II) -Experimental Consideration-
Park, Tae-Young ; Joo, Chang-Whan ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 173~178
To evaluate the tensile behavior of Hanji, a preceding paper proposed a theoretical equation of the tensile properties of Hanji including some fiber factors and Hanji thickness. The theoretical values of the tensile strength of Hanji were compared with the experimental tensile strength. In the present work, the random-laid and parallel-laid Hanji sheets were prepared and the tensile behavior of Hanji tape yarn, 8 mm in width, was selected to measure the tensile strength of the fibers related to the fiber stress limit. By calculating all values of the fiber stress limit, curl factor, orientation distribution factor, Poisson's ratio, and two dimensional effects, the general pattern of the predicted breaking stress of Hanji was found to be slightly different from the experimental breaking stress. This difference was attributed to the lower calculated fiber strength than real value, and the difficulty in calculating the theoretical strain of the Hanji fiber at small deformation. Considering these facts, the results were used to assist in the engineering and manufacture of wet-laid nonwovens for specific end-uses.
Study of the 900 MHz RFID Passive Tag Embedded in the Cloths Using Conductive Ink
Lee, Jin-Seong ; Lee, Kyoung-Hwan ; Kim, Goo-Jo ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 179~183
This paper proposes a 900 MHz RFID passive tag embedded in T-shirts using conductive ink. The tag antenna size was
and simulated using MWS 2009 (CST Co.). It fabricated using a silk screen method. The tag antenna consisted of a loop part to match the imaginary value of the RFID Chip impedance, an antenna part to match real value of the RFID Chip impedance and a RFID chip bonding part. The operating frequency bandwidth at -3 dB of return loss was between 790 and 945 MHz and could be used in Europe, Middle Asia, China, Korea, and North America. The average sensitivity measured between 860 and 960 MHz was -9.96 dBm and the maximum reading range was 2.3 m. These parameters were measured at the Songdo RFID/USN Center. When wearing a T-shirt with the tag, the measured reading distance was approximately 2.0 m. The tag showed some problems in cases of washing, exposure to sunlight, ironing and wrinkling but it had satisfactory electrical properties such sensitivity, reading range and operating bandwidth.
Electrical Heating Effect and Water Repelling Property of Fabrics Spray-Coated with Mixed Solution of Carbon Nanotubes and Hyperbranched Polyurethane
Lee, Sun-Young ; Cho, Jae-Whan ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 184~190
Cotton and polyester fabrics were coated with a hyperbranched polyurethane (HBPU) solution including multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) using a spraying method. The MWNT-coated fabrics showed good water repelling properties at
and room temperature due to presence of well dispersed MWNTs on the fabric surface. The electrical heating effect of the MWNT-coated fabrics was demonstrated when a DC voltage of 10-30 V was applied to the fabrics, which was dependent on the electrical conductivity of the MWNT/HBPU composites. The MWNT coating on the fabric surface by spraying may be a good method for achieving electrical heating and water repellence.
Development of New Comfortable Materials Based on Cellulose Fiber (I) -Effect of Linen-like Finishing on Hand Value and Heat Transport Properties-
Jeong, Won-Young ; An, Seung-Kook ; Lee, Yang-Hun ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 191~197
Linen fabric is one of the most traditional fabrics for summer clothing because of its high permeability and cool feeling. However, it has some demerits such as low dyeability, poor dimensional stability, and high cost, which has encouraged the development of linen-like finishing based on cellulose materials. In this research, we evaluated the linen-like effects of cotton fabric on the objective hand value and heat transport properties with various concentrations of NMMO aqueous solution. Solvent bonding of cotton fabric through the treatment with NMMO aqueous solution was observed above 30% concentration. Primary hand values were calculated by KN-101-SUMMER equation for translating fabric mechanical parameters into hand values for summer suit fabrics. Stiffness(KOSHI) and anti-drape stiffness (HARI) remarkably increased with the concentrations of NMMO aqueous solution. It will provide a merit for summer clothing, which does not clinging to the skin during sweating.
Dyeability Improvement of Polypropylene Fibers by Poly(trimethylene terephthalate) Blending (I) -Preparation and Thermal Properties of PP/PTT Blend Films-
Park, Kyung-Chul ; Ham, Myong-Jo ; Kim, Young-Ho ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 198~204
To improve the dyeability of polypropylene (PP) fibers, PP/poly(trimethylene terephthalate) (PTT) blend fibers with various PTT contents were prepared using a commercial pilot spinning apparatus. The PP/PTT blend fibers were melt-pressed at
and quenched in ice-water to form PP/PTT blend films, and the thermal properties of the blend films were analyzed. DSC analysis showed that the melting temperature of the PP in the blends was unaffected by PTT blending and that PP and PTT crystallized independently. However, the melt crystallization temperature (
) increased slightly with increasing the PTT content in PP/PTT blends. Synchrotron WAXS analysis of the annealed PP/PTT blend films showed that the crystal structure of PP in the blend films was the
-form irrespective of the presence of PTT. SEM showed that PTT existed as spherical particles in the PP/PTT blends and that the particle size increased with increasing PTT content, which indicates that PTT was immiscible with PP. This immiscibility helped enhance the dyeing properties of the blend PP fibers.
Interfacial Adhesion Properties of Plasma Treated Aramid Fiber with Chloroprene Rubber
Lee, Tae-Sang ; Kim, Book-Sung ; Choi, Han-Na ; Lee, Kee-Yoon ; Lee, Seung-Goo ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 205~211
The interfacial adhesion between the chloroprene rubber (CR) and aramid fiber treated with cold plasma was investigated. The surface properties of aramid fiber and CR were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and dynamic contact angle (DCA) measurements. The surface morphology of the aramid fiber changed with the plasma treatment time, power and gas flow rate. The interfacial shear strength, between the plasma treated aramid fiber and CR, was calculated using the pull-out test results. The interfacial adhesion properties of the aramid fabric/CR composite were determined using a T-peel test. Consequently, the strong interaction between the plasma treated aramid fiber and CR matrix improved the interfacial adhesion strength of the composite.
Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Chitosan Fiber Using Cellulase and Papain
Lee, So-Hee ; Kim, Hye-Rim ; Lee, Bum-Hoon ; Song, Wha-Soon ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 212~221
The enzymatic processing conditions of chitosan nonwoven using cellulase and papain were optimized to determine the correlation between chitosan nonwoven and both enzymes. The hydrolytic activity and structural change in the chitosan fiber were evaluated. Chitosan hydrolysis by cellulase was maximized using 10% (o.w.f.) cellulase at
for 30 minutes under pH 5, whereas that by papain was optimized at a papain concentration of 10% (o.w.f.), and
for 60 minutes at pH 8. The degree of deacetylation of the chitosan decreased by 3.9% and 2.4% using cellulase and papain, respectively, which reduced slightly the level of acid dye adsorption of chitosan. DSC, XRD, FT-IR and GPC analysis confirmed no substantial changes in the molecular and crystalline structures of chitosan by the enzymatic treatment.
Assessment of Long-Term Behavior of Geotextile Composites for Waste Landfills
Chung, Youn-In ; Jeon, Han-Yong ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 222~227
PVA geotextiles/HDPE geomembrane composites were produced to evaluate their applicability as a water barrier liner for waste landfill. The engineering properties of these geotextile composites, i.e. the tensile and tear properties, AOS (apparent opening size) and hydraulic properties, were examined and compared with those of geotextiles generally used in waste landfill. The UV and chemical resistance tests showed that these geotextile composites exhibited improved applicability as a water barrier liner in waste landfills than the generally used geotextiles. Finally, these geotextile composites have stable long-term performance according to their creep behavior.
Interpretation of Creep Behaviors of Geosynthetics by Installation Damage Test
Chung, Youn-In ; Jeon, Han-Yong ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 47, issue 3, 2010, Pages 228~231
An installation damage test of geogrids and reinforced geosynthetics were performed at different installation depths (20, 30, 40, 60, 80 and 100 cm). A wide-width tensile test was used to evaluate both damaged and undamaged geosynthetics. The tensile strength of all geosynthetics decreased by 2~30%. The reduction factor was determined after evaluating the creep deformation behavior for 10,000 hours. The creep strain of damaged geosynthetics was approximately 1~2% higher than that of the undamaged geosynthetics under the same creep load conditions. These results may be used to predict the long-term performance of geosynthetics by estimating the reduction factor that accounts for construction-induced damage and creep deformation.