Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Textile Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Fiber Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 48, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 48, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 48, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 48, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 48, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 48, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Operation Adjustment and Sliver Thickness Variation in Roller Drafting
Kim, Jong-S. ; Huh, You ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 203~213
Fibers' length distributions were shown to affect their linear density. They depended on processing conditions such as draft roller adjustment and draft ratio. Random variational signals were applied as input bundles and output linear densities were simulated at various draft roller adjustments and draft ratios using the dynamic model equipped with various velocity variance models for fiber length distribution. Draft roller adjustment and draft ratio led to process resonance and increased irregularity in the output linear density. Increasing draft roller adjustment reduced linear density in CV%, while process resonance occurred at draft roller adjustments of 1.1-1.25 times of the maximal fiber length. Length distributed bundles had lower fundamental frequencies (longer fundamental wavelengths) than uniform fibers. High draft ratios induced greater irregularities in the output bundles, with process resonance occurring at draft ratios of 20-30. Draft ratios above 30 led to output linear density including wide ranging regularly oscillatory components of irregularity that corresponded to integer multiples of the fundamental frequency.
Influence of Basalt Composition on the Tensile Properties of Basalt Fibers
Lee, Hyun-U. ; Lim, Jung-H. ; Huh, You ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 214~220
The tensile properties of basalt fibers were tested with respect to basalt composition. Basalt composition was controlled via the differences in its components' susceptibilities to microwaves, which led to different throughputs according to the employed take-up speed. Elongation at breaking and tensile modulus were strongly dependent on the contents of metals such as Fe, Mg, and Ti. The tensile breaking load or specific strength was dependent on the contents of nonmetals such as Si, Al, Ca, and K. Tensile properties were especially sensitive to Ti and K.
Effects of Filling Materials' Particle Size Distribution on the Installation Damage of Geogrids
Jin, Yuan-Chun ; Jeon, Han-Yong ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 221~225
Three types of geogrid were installed with differently sized filling particles. Residual tensile strength decreased only slightly when small particles were used. Larger particles greater affected the PET filaments, sharply reducing residual tensile strength. Particle size distributions affected the grids' average installation damage factors, while irregularly distributed large particles determined the actual installation damage. Installation damage reduction factors were calculated through analysis of the filling materials' particles; the results were compared with those from lab index testing.
Preparation and Characteristics of Carbon Nanofibers Using Phase Separation between PAN and PVA
Kim, Jee-Hoon ; Lee, Sung-Ho ; Ku, Bon-Cheol ; Chung, Yong-Sik ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 226~231
Polyacrylonitrile-based, submicron, sea-island, carbon fibers were prepared with polyacrylonitrile (PAN) islands in a polyvinly alcohol (PVA) sea. Mixtures of PAN and PVA were wet-spun and characterized. DSC thermograms showed phase-separated PVA and PAN, indicating the resultin fibers' sea-island structures. SEM images showed PAN fibers of 250~400 nm diameter remaining after removal of PVA by immersion in boiling water. The PAN fibers were stabilized and carbonized, their diameter decreased to 100~200 nm depending on the mixing ratio of PAN to PVA. XRD showed typical turbostratic structures of the carbon fibers.
Information Search and Expectations for Textile Materials according to Consumer's Textile Knowledge
Na, Young-Joo ; Shin, Yoo-Na ; Lee, Chang-Mi ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 232~239
The purpose of this study was to investigate college student's behavior when searching for textile information or identification. We also looked into their expectations for apparel material according to textile knowledge. 260 questionnaire were collected and analysed using factor analysis, reliability analysis, and a t-Test using SPSS. The questionnaire for search behavior when looking for textile information was divided into 4 sections: subjective, objective, sustaining, and before-purchasing search. 5 Textile expectations were defined as tactile comfort, pilling or wrinkle free, ease of washing or maintenance, and ease of body movement. The results showed college students have relatively high textile knowledge than the awareness of the importance of textiles. They usually use sustaining search for textile identification and have the highest expectations in terms of a fabric pilling or being wrinkle free. The greater their awareness of textile importance they have, the higher the textile knowledge they have. It showed that the search behavior for textile information differed according to material knowledge, and the participants in the high knowledge group used their accumulated subjective and experienced textile information. The student's material expectations are related to their cognition for textile importance rather than their textile knowledge. When looking at search behavior for textile information, textile identification is found to be related their expectations for textile material positively.
The Development of Bulletproof Materials with Narrow Fabrics
Jeong, Won-Young ; Yoon, Yi-Na ; Park, Jun-Ho ; Kim, Ju-Hea ; Lim, Dae-Young ; Yoo, Eui-Sang ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 240~245
Multi-layered woven fabrics are widely used in soft body armor to provide ballistic resistance. In this study, we suggest a method to increase the energy absorption by narrow fabric effect. Five kinds of ballistic panel were prepared by cutting, slitting, and so on. The width of the strips was determined based on the size of the induced trauma (back face signature on oil clay); they were stacked at either bias or warp directions. The ballistic performance (NIJ Standard-0101.04, Type IIIA) of narrow fabrics was compared to that of wide fabric panels. Lab-scale dropping projectile and NIJ Standard tests showed that the penetration depth of the trauma was less in narrow fabrics than in wide plain fabrics. The width of the trauma was also considerably smaller than the control. It is caused by free edge effect of relatively narrow strips of woven fabrics.
Stab Resistance of Woven and Nonwoven Aramid Fabric Composites
Tien, Duong Tu ; Kim, Yeon-Sang ; Chung, Gi-Soo ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 246~251
Various composite armors of woven and nonwoven fabrics were tested to develop an effective new, lighter and less expensive body armor. Woven and nonwoven aramid fabrics were prepared separately and their stab resistances were tested. They were then used to prepare pliable composites, whose stab resistances were tested. The optimal composite satisfied all the armor's requirements with reasonable weight and thickness.
Preparation of PVA/Wheat Gliadin Blend Fiber Using an Organic Solvent
Kwak, Hyo-Won ; Kim, Moo-Kon ; Oh, Han-Jin ; Lee, Jeong-Yun ; Yun, Hae-Sung ; Lee, Jong-Hwan ; Lee, Ki-Hoon ; Shin, Bong-Seob ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 252~257
In this study PVA/wheat gliadin blend fiber was prepared by wet spinning using DMSO as a solvent and acetone/methanol as a coagulant. The PVA content should be greater than 40% to demonstrate successful drawing. The maximum draw ratios of the blend fiber were 6, 7.5 and 8, when the PVA content was 40, 60 and 80%, respectively. The surface of the blend fiber became rougher and macrovoids were found when the content of gliadin was increased, this was due to the skin-core effect. The ultimate stress, breaking strain and modulus of the blend fiber were increased with an increase of the PVA content. The crystallinity of the blend fiber decreased when the gliadin content increased, the secondary structure of the gliadin however did not change in the presence of PVA. In order to increase the water stability of the blend fiber, further cross-linking was performed which also improved the mechanical properties of the blend fiber.
Fireproofing Performance of Silica Fabrics Coated with Silicone Resin Formulations
Na, Hae-Joon ; Bae, Jin-Hwa ; An, Seung-Kook ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 258~264
High-temperature fire-resistant materials are required to enhance the fire-related safety of high story buildings. In this study, the thermal protection performance of protective textiles was evaluated, and these materials were based on silica fabrics coated with silicon resins of different formulations. The fabrics with larger coating thickness had higher
and HTI values, as expectedly. In addition to the positive effect seen after vermiculite addition, the addition of aerogels in to the coating resin improved substantially the fire-proofing performance, even in very small amounts. However, the small additions to the resin caused a rapid rise in resin viscosity and caused spreading problems on the silica fabrics. Therefore, toluene was required as a solvent. All coated samples showed very high thermal stability with very small volume decreases even at temperatures as high as
. The coated silica fabrics with silicon resin are expected to be used as screen shutters in the case of fire.
Disperse Dyeing Properties of PET/Dyeable PP Blend Knit
Cho, Hang-Sung ; Lee, Beom-Soo ; Koh, Joon-Seok ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 48, issue 4, 2011, Pages 265~272
The dyeing properties of PET/dyeable PP blend fabrics were investigated with different types of disperse dye. The higher energy disperse dyes showed better build-up properties on both the PET and PP fibers and the dyeability gap between the materials was lower, especially at higher dyeing concentrations. Nevertheless, some color differences between the two materials were unavoidable. In terms of dyeing temperature, a higher dyeing temperature produced a bigger dyeability difference between the PET and dyeable PP due to the increased dyeing site capacity gap. The rongalite reduction clearing method showed a lower color yield in the PP compared with a conventional reduction clearing method using sodium hydrosulfite.