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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Textile Science and Engineering
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Fiber Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 50, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 50, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 50, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 50, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 50, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 50, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Synthesis and Application of Conducting Polyaniline-Fe
Nanohybrid by Click Chemistry Reaction
Yadav, Santosh Kumar ; Mahapatra, Sibdas Singha ; Cho, Jae Whan ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 345~350
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.345
A conducting polyaniline-
nanohybrid was synthesized via click coupling of iron oxide nanoparticles and 2-ethynylaniline. Covalent functionalization of the azide-functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles and the 2-ethynylaniline was confirmed with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and the coating of polyaniline on iron oxide nanoparticles was confirmed with field-emission scanning electron microscopy. The nanohybrid incorporated into a poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) matrix by solution casting showed excellent compatibility with the PVA. Consequently, the mechanical properties and electrical conductivities of the resultant composite films were improved remarkably. This click coupling protocol offers the possibility of completely combining the extraordinary performance of nanohybrids with PVA properties.
Effects of Fusible Interlinings on Mechanical Properties and Hand of Cotton Fabrics for Jackets
Kim, Myoung-Ok ; Park, Myung-Ja ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 351~358
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.351
This study aims to objectively evaluate cotton fabrics by varying the denier of fusible interlining. The author collected four types of cotton fabric (sateen, duck, twill, and corduroy) and three types of interlinings (10D, 20D, and 30D). Then they tested six mechanical properties and hand for sixteen specimens. Sateen was the representative cotton fabric used for this evaluation. The mechanical properties of sateen are as follows: mechanical properties of the fusible interlining fabrics increase as B, 2HB, and G as the denier increases in the interlining, which implies that garment stability increases. Furthermore, MIU, LC, and SMD increased slightly after fusing the interlining. The results of a sensibility evaluation of the sixteen specimens are as follows: Koshi increased after fusing the interlining, but Numeri and Fukurami decreased. The total fabric hand value decreased after fusing the interlining, but the interlining denier increased in ascending order of 10D, 20D, and 30D.
Knit Structure and Properties of High Stretch Compression Garments
Sang, Jeong Seon ; Park, Myung-Ja ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 359~365
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.359
This paper describes the first part of a study for obtaining useful data on the development of compression garments with high stretch knitted materials. Twenty types of compression garments sold in the domestic market were analyzed in terms of the knitting method and knit structure. After classifying these garment types into three elements of knit structure, a comparative analysis of the body part to which knit structure is applied was performed. Given the superior comfort of its finished product and seamless process productivity, the weft knitting technique was used more commonly than the warp knitting technique. All extracted knit structures were single-faced, and float and tuck were variously applied based on plain stitch. Plain stitch was applied on smooth body part surfaces, which do not require much compression. In the case of body parts that easily accumulate mass, such as the lower abdomen and sides, plain with float stitch was used by employing a mock rib structure to exert appropriate pressure on body and ensure a good fit. However, on body parts requiring a strong fit and pressure along with protection, plain with float stitch was used. Meanwhile, the structure in which float and tuck were combined based on plain stitch was applied for body parts with active muscles.
Characterization of Mechanical and Flammability Properties of Nonwoven Fabrics Containing Polyethylene Terephthalate and Polylactic Acid Hollow Fibers
Jeong, Won Young ; An, Hyo Jin ; Doh, Song Jun ; Im, Jung Nam ; Lim, Dae Young ; Choi, Yeong Og ; Kim, Ki Young ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 366~372
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.366
The purpose of this study is to develop a lightweight and environmentally friendly nonwoven fabric to substitute polyurethane (PU) foams in automotive interiors. Two types of hollow fibers-polyethylene terephthalate (PET) hollow fiber and polylactic acid (PLA) hollow fiber-and bicomponent binder fibers were used to manufacture the nonwoven fabrics for seat cushions by carding, needle punching, thermal bonding, and air through bonding processes. The ideal characteristics required for automotive seat cushions were evaluated, and the significant changes with the structural components were analyzed. The nonwoven fabrics showed better air permeability, compressional resilience, ball rebound resilience, and non-flammability in comparison with PU foams. The characteristics were affected by the manufacturing processes.
Synchronous Motion Control System for Center Distributed Embroidery Machine
Jeong, Seong-Hyun ; Park, Ju-Tae ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 373~379
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.373
This thesis proposes a center distributed embroidery machine with a maximum speed of 1,500 rpm, 52 productivity heads, and capability to produce large-sized embroidered goods. In addition, the use of a velocity and two-axis synchronous position controller with a DOB (disturbance observer) is proposed for minimizing disturbances due to needle cams. Specifically, for the center distribution experiment, we used two conventional, 26-head, 1,500-rpm embroidery machines and showed that the proposed controller can ensure stable operation of the simulated 52-head embroidery needlework at 1,500 rpm.
Elastic Textile Finishing of Cotton Knit Fabrics with Aqueous Poly(dimethyl siloxane)-modified Polyurethane Dispersion
Heo, Jun ; Yu, Young Chang ; Cho, Hang Sung ; Lee, Beom Soo ; Youk, Ji Ho ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 380~385
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.380
Treatment of cotton fabrics with elastic textile finishing agents (ETFAs) can render elasticity and softening characteristics to the fabrics. Usually, commercial ETFAs contain two or three components; further it is difficult to ensure homogeneous mixing during textile finishing. In the present study, an aqueous poly(dimethyl siloxane) (PDMS)-modified polyurethane (PU) dispersion (ETFA-1) was prepared as a one-component ETFA and used to treat cotton knit fabrics. The average size of the PDMS-modified PU particles was 179 nm. After treatment with ETFA-1, the stretch recovery rate of the cotton knit fabrics increased from 57.2% to 94.3%, and their softness was also improved.
Structure and Mechanical Properties of Thermoplastic Composites Using Microcrystalline Cellulose Nanofibers
Lee, Jin Ah ; Yoon, Min Ji ; Kim, Ki-Young ; Lim, Dae Young ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 386~392
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.386
In this study, cellulose nanofibers (CNFs), that is, nanosized cellulose fibers, are manufactured from micro-crystalline cellulose (MCC) by using a high-pressure homogenizer. The CNFs are used as reinforcing materials for thermoplastic composites. Polyamide (PA6) and polylactic acid (PLA) fibers are employed as the matrix in the thermoplastic composites. With an increase in the operation pass number and pressure of the homogenizer, the specific surface area (SSA) of the CNFs increases and the crystalline index (CI) decreases. After 30 passes of MCC through the homogenizer, the SSA increases from
, and the CI decreases from 0.78 to 0.70. The tensile strength of the CNF/PA6 composite is higher than that of the CNF/PLA composite. On the other hand, the modulus of the CNF/PLA composite is higher than that of the CNF/PA6 composite. As the CNF content in the composite increases, the total thickness of composite decreases but the tensile strength increases. The CNF/PA6 (3:7) composite has the maximum tensile strength (21.5 MPa) among the samples considered in this study.
Dyeing of meta-Aramid Woven Fabric with Vat Dyes
Kim, Mi Ri ; Lee, Jung Jin ;
Textile Science and Engineering, volume 50, issue 6, 2013, Pages 393~400
DOI : 10.12772/TSE.2013.50.393
Herein, 100% meta-aramid woven fabric was dyed with three vat dyes and their dyeing and fastness properties were investigated. Color yields of the vat dyes on the meta-aramid fabric were dependent on dyeing temperature, amount of reducing agent, and amount of salt. Dyeing behavior of the vat dye on the meta-aramid fiber was very similar to that on cellulose fibers. It was found that the meta-aramid fabric dyed with 1% owf of Indanthren Black 5589 satisfied the tolerance of the NIR reflectance spectrum of charcoal color in the Korean military standard. Wash and perspiration fastness was generally good, while rubbing fastness was moderate and light fastness was unsatisfactory.