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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 12 - Dec 2002
Volume 12, Issue 11 - Nov 2002
Volume 12, Issue 10 - Oct 2002
Volume 12, Issue 9 - Sep 2002
Volume 12, Issue 8 - Aug 2002
Volume 12, Issue 7 - Jul 2002
Volume 12, Issue 6 - Jun 2002
Volume 12, Issue 5 - May 2002
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Apr 2002
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Mar 2002
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Feb 2002
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Jan 2002
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Seismic Analysis of an Axial Blower Using a Commercial FEM Code
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 181~186
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.181
A seismic analysis is one of crucial design procedures of an axial blower used in nuclear power Plants. The blower should be operated even in ar emergency such as an earthquake. The blower should be designed in order to stand against an earthquake. For the seismic analysis, Ive perform the modal analysis and then evaluate the required response spectrum (PRS) from the given floor response spectrum (FRS). A finite element model of the blower is established by using a commercial FEM code of ANSYS. After the finite element modeling. the natural frequencies. the mode shapes and the participation factors are obtained from the modal analysis. The PRS is acquired by a numerical approach on the basis of the principle of mode superposition. We verify the structura safety of the axial blower and confirm the validity of the present seismic analysis results.
Analysis of Dynamic Behavior of Piezoelectric Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 187~194
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.187
A seven-port impedance and admittance matrices of multilayered piezoelectric beam are derived for the analysis of piezoelectric AFM ( atomic force microscope) cantilever that is partially covered by the piezoelectric layer. The variational principle is used for deriving the extensional and flexural motional equations and the conjugate parameters. Overall impedance matrix of AFM cantilever can be obtained by combining two impedance matrices of the covered and the non-covered. she resonance and antiresonance frequencies and the effective electromechanical coupling factors are calculated using the derived matrices. The results and the three dimensional finite element solutions are compared with the experimental results in other publication.
Analytical and Experimental Study on Vibration Characteristics for Rectangular Tank Structure Filled with Fluid
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 195~203
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.195
In the engine room and the aft part areas of the ship, there exist so many tank structures contacting with fresh water or sea water or oil. If these structures exhibit excessive vibrations during the sea trials, it takes a lot of cost, time and effort to improve vibration situation because the reinforcement work requires emptying the fluid out of the tanks, additional welding and special painting. It is therefore very important to predict a precise vibration characteristics of the tank structures at the design stage, however it is not easy to estimate vibration characteristics of the structures because of difficulties for accurate evaluation of the added (or virtual) mass effect due to the fluid inside the tank. In this paper, numerical and experimental approaches have been performed to present same fundamental data necessary for anti-vibration design of tank structures contacting with fluid, by investigating vibration behaviors of rectangular tank structure for various water depths.
Analysis of Correlation with Evaluation Methods of Ride Comfort for the Railway
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 204~212
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.204
The ride comfort is one of the important dynamic performances of railway vehicle and is affected by the various factors, such as vibration, sound, temperature, humidity, etc. In general, vibration is known to be a major effect of rode comfort. There are many studies on the evaluation methods of ride comfort in the railway vehicle vibration. Each of the evaluation methods suggested by Spelling and in the standards recommends a different evaluation method and guidance. So users must review whether they can apply it to their railway system or not. In this study, we have suggested the relationship between several evaluation methods using the statistical vibration model based on the experimental data.
Numerical Analysis of the Unsteady Pressure fluctuation Generated from the Interaction between a Vortex Flow with a Forward Step
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 213~220
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.213
Modifying effects of the rectangular forward step for suppressing the unsteady pressure fluctuation during interaction between the upstream vortical flow and the edge are studied numerically. The vertical flow is modeled by a point vortex, and the unsteady pressure coefficient is obtained from the velocity and the potential fields. To investigate the effects of the edge shape the rectangular forward step is chamfered wish various angles. Calculation shows that the pressure peaks become decreased by increasing the vortex height as well as the chamfering angle. The pressure amplitudes are very sensitive to the change of the initial vertex height and its strength. From this study we can find out that the chamfered edge has two effects; the one is that it suppresses the pressure amplitude generated from the edge, and the other is that it decreases the time variation of unsteady pressure fluctuation. These modifying concepts can be applied to attenuate the self-sustained oscillation mechanism at the open cavity flow.
In-plane Vibration Analysis for an Axially Moving Membrane
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 221~227
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.221
The longitudinal and lateral in-plane vibrations of an axially moving membrane are investigated when the membrane has translating acceleration. By extended Hamilton`s principle, the governing equations are derived. The equations of motion for the in-plane vibrations are linear and coupled. These equations are discretized by using the Galerkin approximation method after they are transformed into the variational equations, j.e., the weak forms so that the admissible functions can be used for the bases of the in-plane deflections. With the discretized equations for the in-plane vibrations, the natural frequencies and the time histories of the deflections are obtained.
3-D Vibration Characteristics of Radial Tire for Passenger Car under Fixed Axle
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 228~235
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.228
Two kinds of experimental modal analyses have been performed on a radial tire for passenger car under fixed axle. One is the modal analysis to obtain three-dimensional modes of tire using accelerometers and the other is the one to identify cavity resonance frequency using a pressure sensor. From the first analysis, we have obtained three-dimensional natural modes and their decomposed 3-D modes in each direction, which make it possible to grasp the features of the modes that cannot be identified in the conventional 2-D modes and to classify the vibrationall modes into symmetric, non-symmetric, and antisymmetric modes in a simple way by using the experimental results. From the second experimental analysis, the cavity resonance frequency is found. Coomparing the results of the two analyses, we have Identified the three-dimensional mode of the cavity resonance. We also haute shown that natural frequencies of structural vibration depends on inflation Pressure while the cavity resonance does not.
Prediction of Highway Traffic Noise-calculation of Sound Attenuation during Propagation
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 236~242
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.236
This paper presents some advanced and supplemental methods to enhance the accuracy In case of calculating geometric divergence attenuation, attenuation by multiple screening structures, ground attenuation at unflat surfaces of sound during propagation outdoors by the methods specified in ISO 9613-2. Moreover, a calculation method for considering short-term wind effect, specified in ASJ Model-1998, is also introduced. To verity the accuracy of adopted methods, we have carried out highway traffic noise prediction and measurement at tile twelve locations appearing representative road shapes and structures, such as flat, retained cut, elevated, barrier-constructed roads. From the results, we have confirmed the predicted results show good correspondence with the measured at direct, diffracted and reflected sound fields within 30 m from the center of near side lane.
Modified Sliding Mode Control of Structures Using MR Dampers
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 243~250
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2002.12.3.243
Semi-active control devices have received significant attention in recent Years because they offer the adaptability of active-control devices without requiring the associated large power sources. Magnetorheological(MR) dampers are semiactive control devices that use MR fluids to produce controllable dampers. This paper applies sliding mode control method using target variation rate of Lyapunov function for the control of structures by use of MR dampers. The three-story building model under earthquake excitation is analyzed by installing a MR damper in the first-story. The performance of semi-active controllers designed by clipped-optimal algorithm and modified sliding mode control algorithm is compared to the performance of passive-type MR dampers. The results indicate that semi-active controllers achieve a greater reduction of responses than passive-type system and especially the controller by modified sliding mode control method shows a good applicability in the view of response control and control force.