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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 12 - Dec 2004
Volume 14, Issue 11 - Nov 2004
Volume 14, Issue 10 - Oct 2004
Volume 14, Issue 8 - Aug 2004
Volume 14, Issue 7 - Jul 2004
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Jun 2004
Volume 14, Issue 5 - May 2004
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Apr 2004
Volume 14, Issue 9 - Mar 2004
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Mar 2004
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Feb 2004
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jan 2004
Selecting the target year
Implementation of PPF Controller Using Analog Circuit and Microprocessor
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 455~462
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.455
This paper is concerned with the implementation of the active vibration suppression controller using analog circuit and microprocessor. The target active vibration controller is the positive position feedback(PPF) controller since it provides a simple algorithm suitable for both analog circuit and digital controllers. In this study, the analog PPF controller is realized using an operational amplifier and the digital PPF controller is realized using a low-cost micro-controller. The circuit diagrams are explained in detail. We then discuss the advantages and disadvantages of both methods from the view of practical implementation. Experimental results show that both implementation methods can be effectively used for the active vibration control but need to be chosen based on the mission objective.
Effects of Asymmetry of Bearing Damper Stiffness on the Stability of Rotors
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 463~469
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.463
In order to improve the instability of journal bearings, the leaf spring dampers (LSD) are introduced. The effects of LSD on the stability of journal bearings are investigated theoretically The stability of the journal bearing with LSD are compared with the results of the journal bearing without LSD. And the effects of the asymmetry of the stiffness of the leaf spring damper on the stability of rotors are also investigated.
High-performance Magneto-rheological Damper Design
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 470~477
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.470
This study shows the design process of a MR damper for semi-active suspension systems. Damping force characteristics of the designed damper was predicted through the flow analysis and magnetic analysis. The predicted results were compared with the experimental results and the initial design specification was modified according to the results.
Comparison Study on Mode and Response Localizations
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 478~485
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.478
Vibration localization characteristics of mistuned repeated structures are investigated. The mistuning often creates significant response discrepancies among subcomponents of a repeated structure. As the result of the discrepancies, critical fatigue often occurs in a repeated structure. Therefore, it is of great importance to predict the vibration response of the mistuned repeated structures accurately. In this paper, a simplified model is employed and dimensionless parameters that influence the localization characteristics are identified. Through parameter study, two localization phenomena are investigated and compared.
Vibration Control of Pretwisted Composite Thin-walled Rotating Beam with Non-uniform Cross Section
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 486~494
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.486
This paper addresses the dynamic modeling and closed-loop eigenvibration analysis of composite rotating pretwisted fan blade modeled as non-uniform thin-walled beam with bi-convex cross-section fixed at the certain presetting angle and incorporating piezoelectric induced damping capabilities. The blade model incorporates non-classical features such as transverse shear, rotary inertia and includes the centrifugal and Coriolis force field. A velocity feedback control law relating the piezoelectiriccally induced transversal bending moment at the beam tip with the appropriately selected kinematical response quantity is used and the beneficial effects upon the closed loop eigenvibration of the blade are highlighted.
Vibration Characteristics and Performance of Cantilever for Non-contact Atomic Force Microscopy
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 495~502
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.495
This paper presents the vibration analysis and the performance evaluation of cantilevers with probing tips for non-contact scanning probe microscopy. One of the current issues of the scanning probe microscopy technology is to increase the measurement speed, which is closely tied with the dynamic characteristics of cantilevers. The primary concern in this research is to investigate the relation between the maximum possible speed of non-contact scanning probe microscopy and the dynamic characteristics of cantilevers. First, the finite element analysis is made for the vibration characteristics of various cantilevers in use. The computed natural frequencies of the cantilevers are in good agreement with measured ones. Then, each cantilever is tested with topographic measurement for a standard sample with the scanning speed changed. The performances of cantilevers are analyzed along with the natural frequencies of cantilevers. Experiments are also performed to test the effects of how to attach cantilevers in the piezo-electric actuator. Finally, measurement sensitivity has been analyzed to enhance the performance of scanning probe microscopy.
Maximum Control Force of Velocity-dependent Damping Devices Using Response Estimation Models
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 503~511
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.503
In this study, for estimating responses of a controlled structure and determining the maximum control force of velocity-dependent damping devices, three estimation models such as Fourier envelope convex model, probability model, and Newmark design spectrum are used. For this purpose, a procedure is proposed for estimating actual velocity using pseudo-velocity and this procedure considers the effects of damping ratio increased by the damping device. Time history results indicate that actual velocity should be used for estimating accurate maximum control force of damping device and Newmark design spectrum modified by the proposed equation gives the best estimation results for over all period structures.
Free Vibration Characteristics of 5 × 5 Spacer Grid Assembly Supporting the PWR Fuel Rod
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 512~519
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.512
This paper described the free vibration characteristics of Optimized H Type (OHT) spacer grids (SG) supporting the PWR fuel rod. The vibration test and the finite element (FE) analysis are performed under the free boundary condition and the clamped at two points (or three points) in the bottom which is the same one as the experimental condition for the dummy rod continuously supported by spacer grids. A modal test is conducted by the impulse excitation method using an impulse hammer and an accelerometer, and the TDAS module of the I-DEAS software is used to acquire and analyze the sensor signals. The softwares related to the FE analysis are the I-DEAS for the geometrical shape modeling and meshing, and the ABAQUS for solving. The fundamental frequency of the OHT SG by experiment under a clamped condition at two points is 175.18 Hz, and shows a bending mode. We think there is no resonance between the fuel rod and the SG because the SG`s frequency is higher than that of the fuel rod existing in the range from 30 to 120 Hz. The fundamental frequency of the SG under the free boundary condition is 349.2 Hz showing a bending mode, and the results between the test and the analysis have a good agreement with maximum 7 ％ in error It is also found that the FE analysis model of the OHT SGs to analyze an impact, a buckling and vibration et al. has been generated with reliability.
A Study on the Noise Level of Residential Area in Gwangju
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 520~527
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.520
This study was carried out to investigate the present state of noise level including three general districts and two roadside areas at the Residential Area such as Sangmu, Pungam, Moonheung, and Ilgok Area. The noise level was measured quarterly. The results were shown that the noise level of day time was no great difference and that noise level of night time represented ranges between 44 to 48 dB(A). The noise level of day time was higher 4 to 7 dB(A) than night time. At the roadside areas, average noise level of day time was suitable to the requirements of environmental criteria. However. only one point of two points exceeded the noise level of environmental criteria. except Pungam Area. The noise level of night time in all areas was 58 dB(A), showing more 3 dB(A) than the environmental criteria (55 dB(A)). The difference of noise level between day time and night time was approximately 5 to 7 dB(A) in all Area. The noise level of day time was not dependent on all seasons, whereas that night time is dependent on season, especially showing lower noise level in winter. Showing the changes on the times in a day, it reached the highest at 16:00, mainly resulting in a lot of activities of people. The maximum noise level (Lmax) from 3 or 4 military aircraft showed almost the same. The noise level of aircraft in Sangmu Area was 71.5∼78.1 WECPNL,
Flow Visualization of Acoustic Streaming Induced by Ultrasonic Vibration Using Particle Imaging Velocimetry
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 528~535
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.528
Ultrasonic Vibrator is designed to achieve the maximum vibration amplitude at 30 kHz by in-cluding a horn (diameter, 40 mm), mechanical vibration amplifier at the top of the ultrasonic vibrator in the system and making the complete system resonate. In addition, it is experimentally visualized by particle imaging velocimetry (PIV) that the acoustic streaming velocity in the gap is at maximum when the gap between the ultrasonic vibrator and stationary plate agrees with the multiples of half-wavelength of the ultrasonic wave. This fact results from the resonance of the sound wave and the theoretical analysis of that is also accomplished and verified by experiment. It is observed that the magnitude of the acoustic streaming dependent upon the gap between the ultrasonic vibrator and stationary plate possibly changes due to the measurement of the average velocity fields of the acoustic streaming induced by the ultrasonic vibration at resonance and non-resonance. There exists extremely small average velocity at non-resonant gaps while the relatively large average velocity exists at resonant gaps compared with non-resonant gaps. It also reveals that there should be larger axial turbulent intensity at the hub region of the vibrator and at the edge of it in the resonant gap where the air streaming velocity is maximized and the flow phenomena is conspicuous than that at the other region. Because the variation of the acoustic streaming velocity at resonant gap is more distinctive than that at non-resonant gap, shear stress increases more in the resonant gap and is also maximized at the center region of the vibrator except the local position of center (r〓0). At the non-resonant gap there should be low values of vorticity distribution, but in contrast to the non-resonant gap, high and negative values of it exist at the center region of the vibrator with respect to the radial direction and in the vicinity of the middle region with respect to the axial direction. Acoustic streaming is noise-free due to the ultrasonic vibration and maintenance-free because of the absence of moving parts. Moreover, the proposed method by acoustic streaming can be utilized to the nano and micro-electro mechanical systems as a driving mechanism in addition to the augmentation of the streaming velocity.
Identification of Dynamic Joint Characteristics Using a Multi-domain FRF-based Substructuring Method
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 14, issue 6, 2004, Pages 536~545
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2004.14.6.536
A method of identifying structural parameters such as stiffness and damping coefficients at interfacial points of vibro-acoustic systems is suggested using an optimization technique. To identify the parameters using a numerical optimization algorithm, cost functions are defined. The cost function should be zero at the correct parameter values. To minimize the cost functions using an optimization technique, a design sensitivity analysis procedure is developed in the framework of the multi-domain FRF-based substructuring method. As a numerical example, a ladder-like structure problem is introduced. With known parameter values and different initial guesses of the parameters, convergence characteristics to the exact value are compared for the three cost functions. Investigating the contours of the cost functions, we find the first cost function has the largest convergent region to the correct value. As another practical problem, the stiffnesses of engine mounts and bushings in a passenger car are identified. The numerical examples show that the proposed method is efficient and accurate for realistic problems.