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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 12 - Dec 2006
Volume 16, Issue 11 - Nov 2006
Volume 16, Issue 10 - Oct 2006
Volume 16, Issue 9 - Sep 2006
Volume 16, Issue 8 - Aug 2006
Volume 16, Issue 7 - Jul 2006
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Jun 2006
Volume 16, Issue 5 - May 2006
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Apr 2006
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Mar 2006
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Feb 2006
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Jan 2006
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Analysis of the Crankshaft Behavior on In-plane and Out-plane Mode at the Firing Stage
Abu Aminudin ; Lee, Hae-Jin ; Lee, Jung-Youn ; Oh, Jae-Eung ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 319~328
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.319
This paper presents a method for analysis of the mechanical behavior of a crankshaft in a four-cylinder internal combustion engine. The purpose of the analysis was to study the characteristics of the shaft in which the pin and arm parts were assumed to have a uniform section in order to simplify the modal analysis. The results of natural frequency transfer function and mode shape were compared with those obtained by experimental work. The results obtained from the comparison showed a good agreement with each other and consequently verified the analysis model. Furthermore, a prediction of crankshaft characteristics under the firing condition, by using the model, was performed. This study describes a new method for analyzing the dynamic behavior of crankshaft vibrations in the frequency domain based on the initial firing stages. The new method used RMS values to calculate the energy at each bearing journal and counter weight shape modification under the operating conditions.
A Design Criterion for the Vibration Isolation of a Marine Diesel Generator Set
Brennan M.J. ; Mace B.R. ; Lee, D.C. ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 329~338
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.329
The resilient mounts of a diesel engine installed onboard a ship should be designed for both static and dynamic loads. If possible, the resonance frequencies of the six rigid body modes of the installation and the flexible modes of the engine support structure should not lie within the engine operation range. In this paper a design criterion is proposed to evaluate an isolation system which involves the summation of dynamic forces transmitted through the resilient mounts and elastic potential energy index stored in the mounts. A case study is also presented in which a diesel engine generator, which had an elastic foundation and was mounted in a 5500 TEU container vessel, was studied both theoretically and experimentally. The theoretical analysis of the test model was performed by using a single mass 6 degree of freedom system. Actual measurements of mechanical vibration of the engine and its foundation onboard were carried out, which showed the importance of including the flexibility of the engine support structure in the mode.
A Study on the Contribution of Each Mode in Vibration Response
Jung, Soon-Chul ; Lee, Jae-Eung ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 339~345
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.339
In this paper, a physically meaningful methodology which can assess the contribution of each vibration mode to various vibration response signals (displacement, velocity, acceleration) is developed. Based on these results, the problem of quantitative assessment of the relative importance of a structural system`s vibrational modes is discussed. In addition, a direct method which ran assess the relative importance of each mode from uniformly sampled experimental data is also proposed.
Effect of an Initial Displacement on a Nano-guiding System
Lee, Moo-Yeon ; Gweon, Dae-Gab ; Lee, Dong-Yeon ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 346~354
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.346
This study shows that the system performance of a positioning system composed of a piezoelectric actuator-driven flexure guide depends largely on the preload applied on the flexure guide and the driving input amplitude. We used a flexure guided system that had an original resonant frequency of 54 Hz. Our experiment showed that we could increase the driving bandwidth above the original resonant frequency, for a case involving a large preload and a small input amplitude. Results show that there is a specific `separation frequency` where the response of the moving mass of the flexure system decouples from the response of the piezoelectric actuator, and this specific separation frequency can be selected by a proper choice of the preload and the input amplitude. To find the separation frequency, sine sweep tests were performed. To confirm the increased system bandwidth frequency, open-loop sine tracking experiments were performed. Test results show that the system responds very well up to 130 Hz frequency higher than the original natural frequency (54 Hz).
Virtual Flutter Test of a Spanwise Curved Wing Using CFD/CSD Integrated Coupling Method
Oh, Se-Won ; Lee, Jung-Jin ; Kim, Dong-Hyun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 355~365
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.355
The coupled time-integration method with a staggered algorithm based on computational structural dynamics (CSD), finite element method (FEM) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has been developed in order to demonstrate physical vibration phenomena due to dynamic aeroelastic excitations. Virtual flutter tests for the spanwise curved ing model have been effectively conducted using the present advanced computational method with high speed parallel processing technique. In addition, the present system can simultaneously give a recorded data file to generate virtual animation for the flutter safety test. The results for virtual flutter test are compared with the experimental data of wind tunnel test. It is shown from the results that the effect of spanwise curvature have a tendency to decrease the flutter dynamic pressure for the same flight condition.
Simulation for Defect Diagnosis in Belt Transport System
Lee, Nam-Hoon ; Lyu, Sang-Heon ; Ihn, Yong-Seok ; Choi, Yeon-Sun ; Koo, J.C. ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 366~371
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.366
As functional requirements of automatic office machines like printers, Automatic Tellex Machines(ATMs), copying machines are on a trend for the higher speed and precision, extensive technical advances are being developed and implemented in the industry. Media transport system is a device to convey a sheet of paper in ATMs and printers. The stability of media transport system is a matter of concern as their operating throughput rapidly increases. And defects of belts or rollers in a transport system directly affect the level of stability of the system. Therefore an automatic diagnostic system for predicting various defects is necessary for the stable operation of the media transport system. A simulation based on multi-body dynamics has been done for a feasibility study of a system design for the defect anticipation.
Consideration of Static-strain-dependent Dynamic Complex Modulus in Dynamic Stiffness Calculation of Viscoelastic Mount/Bushing by Commercial Finite Element Codes
Kim, Kwang-Joon ; Shin, Yun-Ho ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 372~379
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.372
Little attention has been paid to static-strain-dependence of dynamic complex modulus of viscolelastic materials in computational analysisso far. Current commercial Finite Element Method (FEM) codes do not take such characteristics into consideration in constitutive equations of viscoelastic materials. Recent experimental observations that static-strain-dependence of dynamic complex modulus of viscolelastic materials, especially filled rubbers, are significant, however, require that solutions somehow are necessary. In this study, a simple technique of using a commercial FEM code, ABAQUS, is introduced, which seems to be far more cost/time saving than development of a new software with such capabilities. A static-strain-dependent correction factor is used to reflect the influence of static-strains in Merman model, which is currently the base of the ABAQUS. The proposed technique is applied to viscoelastic components of rather complicated shape to predict the dynamic stiffness under static-strain and the predictions are compared with experimental results.
Reduction of the Response Time of an ATM Gate Module
Suh, Jun-Ho ; Choi, Yeon-Sun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 380~386
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.380
ATM is a machine that receives and pays money. The gate module of ATM separates forgeries from bills and changes the transfer direction of bills. In this paper, the dynamic behavior of the gate was analyzed numerically and experimentally. The moment of inertia of the gate lever, the driving force of the solenoid and the spring force were measured, respectively. And the displacements of the plunger, the Input voltage and current were measured experimentally. The measured dynamic behaviors were simulated numerically using Maxwell program which can accommodate the electromagnetic problem of the solenoid. Through the analysis, the design factors were found to make a fast and reliable new ATM gate module.
Vibration Analysis of the Pipeline with Internal Unsteady Fluid Flow by Using Spectral Element Method
Seo, Bo-Sung ; Cho, Joo-Yong ; Lee, U-Sik ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 387~393
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.387
In this paper, a spectral element model is developed for the uniform straight pipelines conveying internal unsteady fluid flow. The spectral element matrix is formulated by using the exact frequency-domain solutions of the pipe-dynamics equations. The spectral element dynamic analysis is then conducted to evaluate the accuracy of the present spectral element model and to investigate the vibration characteristics and internal fluid characteristics of an example pipeline system.
Experimental Study on the Probability-based Equivalent Linearization of a Friction Damper-Brace System
Kang, Kyung-Soo ; Park, Ji-Hun ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 394~403
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.394
A new equivalent linearization technique is proposed for a friction damper-brace system (FDBS) idealized as a elastoplastic system. The equivalent linearization technique utilizes secant stiffness and dissipated energy defined by the probability distribution of the extremal displacement of the FDBS. In addition, a conversion scheme is proposed so that an equivalent linear system is designed first and converted to the FDBS. For comparative study, an existing model update technique based on system identification is modified in a form appropriate to update single element. For the purpose of verification, shaking table tests of a small scale three-story shear building model, in which a rotational FDBS is installed, are conducted and equivalent linear systems are obtained using the proposed technique and the model update technique. Complex eigenvalue analysis is conducted for those equivalent linear systems, and the natural frequencies and modal damping ratios are compared with those obtained from system identification. Additionally, RMS and peak responses obtained from time history analysis of the equivalent linear systems are compared with measured ones.
Current and Vibration Characteristics Analysis of Induction Motors for Vertical Pumps in Power Plant
Bae, Yong-Chae ; Lee, Hyun ; Kim, Yeon-Whan ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 404~413
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.404
Induction motors are the workhorse of our industry because of their versatility and robustness. The diagnosis of mechanical load and power transmission system failures is usually carried out through mechanical signals such as vibration signatures, acoustic emissions, motor speed envelope. The motor faults including mechanical rotor imbalances, broken rotor bar, bearing failure and eccentricities problems are reflected in electric, electromagnetic and mechanical quantities. The recent research has been directed toward electrical monitoring of the motor with emphasis on inspecting the stator current of the motor, The stator current spectrum has been widely used for fault detection in induction motor systems. The motor current signature analysis is the useful technique to assess machine electrical condition. This paper describes the motor condition detected by the current signatures Paralleled with vibration signatures analysis of induction motors with the roller bearing and the journal bearing type for large vertical pumps in power plant as examples to discuss for motor fault detection and diagnosis.
The Selection of the Scenery and Sound as the Environmental Friendly Elements
Kim, Hang ; Jeon, Ji-Hyeon ; Jang, Gil-Soo ; Kook, Chan ; Shin, Yong-Gyu ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 414~419
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.414
In this research, the test how the evaluation of the spacial image influenced by the environmental friendly elements included in the visual information, and how the selection of the sound changed depending on the characteristics of spacial image were carried out by the 40 subjects. Vast tracts of green land and the waterfront were highly preferred and impressive than the other spaces. The green music, signal with water sound and bird chirping sound were highly scored. In the frequency characteristics of the factors, the first factor was artificial sound (high at the low frequency band), the second was natural sound(uniform at all frequency band) and the third was water sound (high at the middle and high frequency band over 500 Hz) . This shows that the proposal of the sound which has the frequency characteristics fit to the spacial image should be selected for the soundscape of the target space.
Rotational Viscoelastic Dampers for the Mitigation of Wind Loads on Transmission Tower Transferred from Transmission Lines
Moon, Byoung-Wook ; Min, Kyung-Won ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 420~427
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.420
In this study, wind loads transmitted to a transmission tower from transmission lines are mitigated using rotational viscoelastic dampers. First, the wind load characteristics in a transmission tower is investigated considering the effect of the transmission lines through stochastic analysis. The assemblage of the transmission line and insulator are modeled as a double pendulum system connected to the SDOF model of the tower. From the result of the stochastic analysis, the background component of the overturing moment caused by the wind loads acting on the transmission lines are found to have considerable portion in the total overturning moment. Based on this observation result, a strategy Installing rotational viscoelastic damper (VED) between tower arm and transmission line is proposed for the mitigation of the transmission line reactions, which play a role as dynamic loads on a transmission tower. For the purpose of verification, time history analysis is conducted for different wind velocities and VED parameters. The analysis result shows that the rotational VED is effective for the mitigation of the background component rather than the resonance component of the transmission line reactions and achieves the reduction ratio of 50% even for higher wind speed.
Acoustic Amenity Factor of Urban Environmental Sound for the Ecological Soundscape
Kook, Chan ; Song, Min-Jeong ; Shin, Hoon ; Jang, Gil-Soo ;
Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 428~436
DOI : 10.5050/KSNVN.2006.16.4.428
The assessment of an urban site depends on the way whether it responds to multiple needs such as functionality, aesthetic and complex comfort of acoustic, thermal, lighting and air quality etc. This study aims to investigate the assessment of various urban soundscapes in the sense of acoustic amenity by the questionnaires. As a result, acoustic amenity assessment was influenced by the non-acoustic factors such as environment assessment of visual, thermal, air quality etc. In the sense of sound quality, urban environmental sound was interpreted as 3 factors of strength, evolution of time, spacial localization. So these factors would be considered in the new assessment method for acoustic amenity. And it was shown that the subjects tend to perceive the noise level less than
according to the urban landscapes under the similar noise exposure level.