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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Adult Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
The Reliability and Validity of Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) in Stroke Patients
Yoo, Sung-Hee ; Oh, Eui-Guem ; Youn, Mi-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 559~569
Purpose: This study was to examine the reliability and validity of Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) as a nutritional measurement for stroke patients. Methods: This was a methodological study performed from May 6 to June 10, 2009 at a tertiary university hospital in Seoul. For reliability of PG-SGA, inter-rater reliability was used for statistics. For concurrent validity, BMI and biomarkers were compared between PG-SGA 0 ~ 8 and
9. In addition, sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of PG-SGA compared with SGA were calculated using a contingency table. For predictive validity, hospital day, complications, and readmission within 1-month after discharge were compared between PG-SGA 0 ~ 8 and
9. Results: Correlation of PG-SGA score between two observers was 0.83, and kappa value for the agreement of severe malnutrition was 0.78(all
< .001). The scored PG-SGA showed high sensitivity and specificity (100% and 96.7%, respectively). Severe undernourished patients (PG-SGA
9) had significantly low TLC, protein, albumin, and prealbumin (all
< .01) compared with non-undernourished patients (PG-SGA 0 ~ 8). Also, in severe undernourished patients, complications and readmission (all
= 0.01) were more often represented, and hospital days (p = .013) were significantly delayed. Conclusion: PG-SGA is a reliable and valid measurement to assess nutritional status for stroke patients.
Knowledge and Management of Tracheal Tube Cuffs Among ICU Nurses in Korea
Chang, Sun-Ju ; Song, Mi-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 570~579
Purpose: The aim of this research was to determine knowledge and management of tracheal tube cuffs among nurses of ICU. Methods: This descriptive survey recruited 150 nurses working at 8 different adult ICUs within 2 tertiary hospitals in Seoul. A survey questionnaire was developed to measure cuff management. The internal reliability of the tool was examined by Cronbach's
. Descriptive statistics and multiple regressions were used to analyze data. Results: Among the 150 nurses, 94.0% replied that they would measure the pressure themselves. With regard to nurses' knowledge about tracheal tube cuffs, only 6% answered that they knew 'the appropriate cuff pressure'. The existence of a measuring device (p < .001), a guideline (p < .001), the level of knowledge on its related complications(p = .003), and clinical experience (p < .001) together accounted for 35.0% of the total variation in cuff management. They pointed out that the lack of time and the lack of education were major barriers to appropriate management; whereas education update was the most imperative factor for good management. Conclusion: ICU nurses have inappropriate knowledge and practice in cuff management. Therefore continuing education is necessary for better practice of tracheal tube cuff management.
Factors Related to Breast Cancer Screening using Mammography and Clinical Breast Examination of Korean Women Over 40 Years of Age
Eun, Young ; Gu, Mee-Ok ; Lee, Eunice L. ; Choi, Kyung-Sook ; Jun, Myung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 580~592
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to Breast cancer Screening using Mammography and CBE of Korean women over 40 years of age. Methods: The participants for this study were 183 Korean women living in 3 urban cities and aged from 40 to 75. The data were collected using structured questionnaires which included sociodemographic factors (11 items), frequency and regularity of mammography and clinical breast examination (7 items), knowledge (16 items), health belief model scale (28 items), and family support (4 items) about breast cancer and breast cancer screening. Frequencies, Chronbach's alpha for reliability, Chi-square, t-test and logistic regression with the SPSS/WIN 12 program were used to analyze the data. Results: The percentages of Korean women who had a mammography and CBE for breast cancer screening were 60.1 and 31.1, respectively. Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that regular check ups and perceived barriers were significant predictors of mammography and CBE use for breast cancer screening. Conclusion: In order to increase the frequency of breast cancer screening practices, educational support and a health care delivery system is needed to improve the chance of regular health check ups.
Influenza A (H1N1) Regional Base Hospital Nurse's Knowledge, Awareness and Practice of Infection Control
Yang, Nam-Young ; Choi, Jeong-Sil ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 593~602
Purpose: This study was to provide baseline data about nurses' Influenza A (H1N1) knowledge, awareness, and practice of infection control and to identify the significant factor affecting the level of practice. Methods: The subjects of this study were 144 nurses who worked at Influenza A (H1N1) regional base Hospital in D city. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaires during September 2009. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: The knowledge of Influenza A (H1N1) was statistically different according to age, unit, career and experience of seasonal influenza vaccination during the last year. The awareness of infection control was statistically different according to age, career, experience of seasonal influenza vaccination for last year and intention to get seasonal influenza vaccination for this year. The practice of infection control was statistically different according to unit, experience of seasonal influenza vaccination for last year, intention to get seasonal influenza vaccination for this year and intention to get Influenza A (H1N1) vaccination for this year. There was positive correlation among knowledge, awareness and practice (p < .05). Awareness was the significant factor affecting the level of practice. Conclusion: An educational program focusing on strategy to change nurse's awareness can be effective for infection control of Influenza A (H1N1) in regional base hospitals.
Types of Survival Attitudes among First-Generation Korean Immigrants in the United States: Q-Methodological Approach
Jo, Kae-Hwa ; Doorenbos, Ardith Z. ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 603~616
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the subjective opinions of first-generation Korean-Americans about survival. Methods: The Q-methodology which provides a method of analyzing the subjectivity of each item was used. The 34 selected Q-statements from each of 38 subjects were classified into a shape of normal distribution using a 9 point scale. The collected data was analyzed using a QUANL/WIN program. Results: Four types of survival attitudes from 38 first-generation Korean-Americans were identified. Type I was a satisfaction type based on belief, Type II was an effort type based on purpose, Type III was an isolation type based on ethnicity, and Type IV was a compromise type based on adaptation. Results of this study indicate that approaches to a minority's survival strategies need to be differentiated taking this typology and various subject characteristics into account. Conclusion: This information may provide a basic understanding for healthcare providers who work with first-generation Korean-Americans.
Relationships between Dementia Knowledge, Attitude, Self-Efficacy, and Preventive Behavior among Low Income Middle-Aged Women
Lee, Young-Whee ; Woo, Sun-Mi ; Kim, Ok-Ran ; Lee, Soo-Youn ; Im, Hye-Bin ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 617~627
Purpose: This correlational study was to examine the relationships between dementia knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy and preventive behavior of low income middled-aged women. Methods: The subjects for this study were 125 low income middle aged women living in I city. The data were collected using the questionnaires for dementia knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy and preventive behavior. The data analysis was done by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson product moment correlation and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean of dementia knowledge was 13.96 out of 20, attitude was 43.98 out of 60, self-efficacy was 54.07 out of 75 and preventive behavior was 25.98 out of 36. The positive correlations were revealed between dementia knowledge (r=.458, p=.000), attitude (r=.498, p=.000), self-efficacy (r=.573, p=.000) and preventive behavior. The influencing factors for dementia preventive behavior were self-efficacy, belief in Buddhism and attitude which accounted for 42.5% of the total variance. Conclusion: Dementia knowledge, attitude and self-efficacy were identified as variables that correlate dementia preventive behavior. Also, self-efficacy is the most influential factor affecting dementia preventive behavior. On the basis of these results, it is necessary for nurses to consider using dementia knowledge and mode of efficacy expectation in order to improve dementia preventive behavior.
The Effects of the Nursing Education Program on the Knowledge, Anxiety, and Coping Behavior of Mothers with Young Child Undergoing Cardiac Surgery
Koo, Mi-Jee ; Kim, Myung-Hee ; Hwang, Sun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 628~638
Purpose: This study was to develop a nursing education program for mothers with a young child undergoing cardiac surgery and determine effects of the program on her knowledge, anxiety and coping behavior. Methods: The research design was a nonequivalent control group non-synchronized design. 18 mothers were assigned to the experimental group and 18 to the control group. The effects were evaluated by measuring knowledge, anxiety, and coping behavior. The collected data was analyzed through independent t-test, and repeated measures ANOVA respectively using SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: The point of knowledge in the experimental group was significantly increased tan that in the control group. The point of subjective, physiological, and behavior anxiety in the experimental group was significantly decreased than that in the control group by time change. The point of coping behavior in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group. Conclusion: The nursing educational program for a young child with cardiac surgery is expected to be clinically applied as an intervention program for mothers with a young child undergoing cardiac surgery.
Stress of Mothers-in-Law from Multi-Cultural Families
Kim, Kye-Ha ; Park, Gyeong-Sook ; Sun, Jeong-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 639~651
Purpose: This study examined relationships among stress, stress coping strategies, and somatization in mothers-in-law from multi-cultural families in a rural area. Methods: Elderly mothers-in-law (n=227) living with foreign daughters-in-law completed a self-reporting questionnaire. Data were collected from April to August 2009. Questions related to stress (Visual Analog Scale, VAS), coping strategies (Coping Strategy Scale) for stress, and somatization (Symptom Check List 90, Revised). SPSS/WIN 12.0 program was used for descriptive analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analyses. Results: Subjects had a moderate level of stress (5.03). There were significant differences in stress level according to age, educational level, religion, chronic disease, health status, number of children, agreement of an international marriage of her sons, satisfaction in living with a foreign daughter-in-law, and family conflict. Stress showed a significant positive correlation with offensive coping strategy, passive strategy, and somatization. Stress, offensive coping strategy, and passive coping strategy affected the level of somatization. Conclusion: In a family situation involving co-habitation of mother- and foreign daughter-in-law, increased stress experienced by the mother-in-law can lead to increased offensive and passive coping strategies, and increased somatization. More effective means of stress reduction are needed for mothers-in-law from multi-cultural families.
Content Analysis of Male Hospital Nurses' Experiences
Ahn, Kyeong-Ha ; Seo, Ji-Min ; Hwang, Sun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 652~665
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify job experiences of male hospital nurses. Methods: Data were collected from 20 male nurses working at general hospitals, through semi-structured in-depth interviews. The interviews were recorded and subsequently transcribed verbatim. Using content analysis, data were coded and categorized. Results: The analyzed domains were motivations for choosing nursing, occupational experiences (3 subdomains), and attitudes toward the future. A total of 85 significant statements were selected from the data and classified into 32 categories. The nurses' motivations for choosing nursing were advantages of employment, their aptitude, scarcity value of men, professionalism and job security, good promotion, stable income, and family influence. In occupational experiences, they were assigned to special fields and dissatisfied with vertical relationship, promotion system, their salary, and gaps in military service time; they had difficulties in adapting to female-dominated groups and encountered gender role stereotype and preconception; they were satisfied with their distinguished performance, but had damaged self-esteem, and were stressed and disappointed in their work. In their attitudes toward the future, they considered their career changes, but tried to make professional and personal advancement. Conclusion: These findings have implications for recruiting and retaining male nurses in clinical settings.
Factors Influencing Family Functioning of Couples with Breast Cancer in the Middle Adaptation Stage: Trajectory of Chronic Illness
Yong, Jin-Sun ; Seo, Im-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 666~677
Purpose: This study was to test a theoretical model examining the relationships among social support, illness demands, marital adjustment, family coping and family functioning in couples more than three years after breast cancer diagnosis. Methods: A causal modeling methodology was used to test the specified relationships in the recursive theoretical model. A total of 60 couples with breast cancer were recruited from January to April 2005. Five standardized questionnaires were used to measure the theoretical concepts: social support (ISSB), illness demands (DOII), marital adjustment (DAS), family coping (F-COPES), and family functioning (FACESII). Results: Path analysis results from the wives and the husbands revealed different patterns. Three hypotheses were supported in the wife model as predicted: social support and family coping, family coping and family functioning, and social support and marital adjustment (trend). Five hypotheses were supported in the husband model as predicted: social support and illness demands, also social support and marital adjustment, illness demands and marital adjustment, marital adjustment and family coping, and family coping and family functioning. Conclusion: This study provides valuable information for developing various interventions with social support for improving family functioning of breast cancer couples in the middle adaption stage (more than three years after diagnosis).
A Study on Skin Health Status and Related Factors of Skin Hydration in Institutionalized Elderly
Won, Jong-Soon ; Han, Ae-Kyung ; Lee, Jong-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 678~690
Purpose: This study was performed to identify skin health status and the factors influencing skin hydration in the institutionalized elderly. Methods: The subjects were 139 elders living in 2 nursing homes in Seoul. Data for skin health status were collected by measurement of skin hydration, sebum, trans-epidermal water loss and pH using Corneometer, Sebumeter, Tewameter and Skin pH-meter on face, flank, arm and leg. Baseline data were collected by a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: Skin hydration and pH were relatively low especially on arms and legs but sebum and TEWL were not low, relatively. There were significant differences in skin health status according to gender, smoking, alcohol intake, and bath cleanser. There was significant positive correlation between skin-hydration and bath-time, TEWL and bath-frequency. Smoking, bath-cleanser, bath-time. pH and gender were identified as the significant influencing factors of skin hydration. Conclusion: Smoking, bath-time and pH need to be considered as important control factors for increasing skin health status in the institutionalized elderly.
Research Trends and Instrument for Assessment in Sleep Quality
Son, Youn-Jung ; Park, Jin-Hee ; Youn, Heun-Keung ; Kim, Sun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 691~704
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the research trends and instruments for assessment of sleep quality in Korea. Methods: 66 quantitative research reports published from 2000 to March 2009 in Korea were selected from 5 databases: RISS4U, KISS, KISTI, DBpia, and the National Assembly Library and were analyzed according to criteria such as publication years, type of journal, participants, study fields, research design, participants, key words and instruments for assessment. Results: Research in sleep quality has been rapidly increasing in recent years. More than half of the research analyzed was conducted in nursing. The majority of research methods were survey and correlational research. Patients with chronic illness and the elderly were the major subjects in those researches. Most research was performed based on hospitals and communities. The types of variables tested for their relation and influence on sleep quality were quite limited. With respect to the instrument used for assessing sleep quality, most studies did not consider whether or not the validity of their instrument had been established. Conclusion: It is recommended to conduct clinically applicable interventional research with an experimental design and to develop a reliability and validity established sleep quality instrument for Koreans.
Symptom Clusters in Patients with Breast Cancer
Kim, Soo-Hyun ; Lee, Ran ; Lee, Keon-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 705~717
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify symptom clusters in patients with breast cancer and to investigate the associations among them with functional status and quality of life (QOL). Methods: A convenient sample of 303 patients was recruited from an oncology-specialized hospital. Results: Two distinct clusters were identified: A gastrointestinal- fatigue cluster and a pain cluster. Each cluster significantly influenced functional status and QOL. Based on these two clusters, we identified subgroups of symptom clusters using K-means cluster analysis. Three relatively distinct patient subgroups were identified in each cluster: mild, moderate, and severe group. Disease-related factors (i.e., stage, metastasis, type of surgery, current chemotherapy, and anti-hormone therapy) were associated with these subgroups of symptom clusters. There were significant differences in functional status and QOL among the three subgroups. The subgroup of patients who reported high levels of symptom clusters reported poorer functional status and QOL. Conclusion: Clinicians can anticipate that breast cancer patients with advanced stage, metastasis, and who receive mastectomy, and chemotherapy will have more intense gastrointestinal-fatigue or pain symptoms. In order to enhance functional status and QOL for patients with breast cancer, collective management for symptoms in a cluster may be beneficial.
Phenomenological Research on the Experience of Weight Control Among Nursing Students
Kim, Yeong-Kyung ; Kim, Eun-Ha ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 718~732
Purpose: This study was conducted to discover the essence and the structure of the experiences of weight control by nursing students. Methods: Participants were 12 nursing students who had tried losing weight at C university in Busan, Korea. The data were collected from June 17 to August 6, 2006. For the purpose of this study, focus group discussions and in depth interviews were employed. Results: The collected data were analyzed by using Giorgi's method. As the results of the analysis, the following four components of experience were derived: My appearance looked abnorml; Measures for self-realization; Pursuit of my own way only; Feelings of accomplishment and self confidence. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop an effective weight control program with minimized side effects that are harmful to health, based on the components of the nursing students' experiences in weight control that were identified in this study.