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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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Korean Society of Adult Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Construction and Application of Nursing Information System Using NANDA-NOC-NIC Linkage in Medical-Surgical Nursing Units
Ko, Eun ; So, Hyang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 365~376
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.365
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to construct, develop, and apply a nursing information system (NIS) using NANDA-NOC-NIC linkage in medical-surgical nursing units. Methods: This study consisted of three phases which were the construction of the database, development of the NIS, and application of the NIS. To construct the database, a questionnaire and nursing record review by an expert group were used. Collected data were analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 13.0 program. Results: In first phase, the database was made up of 50 nursing diagnoses, 127 nursing outcomes and 300 nursing interventions. In the second phase, NIS was developed according to its flow diagram and then tested. In the third phase, the developed NIS was applied to 130 inpatients. Nursing diagnoses frequently used were acute pain, delayed surgical recovery, and deficient knowledge (specify). Nursing outcomes for a nursing diagnosis of 'acute pain' were identified as pain control, pain level and comfort level. Nursing interventions for the nursing outcome 'pain control' were pain management, patient controlled analgesia assistance and medication management. Conclusion: The results of this study will facilitate the use of the newly proposed NIS in nursing practice and provide a guideline for evidence-based nursing.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychological Distress, Self Care and Quality of Life in Patients with Cancer: A Meta-analysis
Oh, Pok Ja ; Lee, Eun Ai ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 377~388
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.377
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on depression, anxiety, self care behavior and quality of life in cancer patients. Methods: Two thousand and eighty three abstracts were identified through six electronic databases (1980 to June 2012) in Korea. Seventeen studies involving 679 participants met the inclusion criteria for meta analysis. Two authors independently assessed trial quality by Cochrane's Risk of Bias and Methodological Items for Non Randomized Studies and extracted data. The data were analyzed by the RevMan 5.2 program of Cochrane library. Results: Overall, study quality was moderate to high. CBT was conducted for a mean of 4.2 weeks, 7 sessions and an average of 36.1-minutes per session. CBT was effective for depression (d=-0.85; 95% CI=-1.09, -0.61), anxiety (d=-0.52; 95% CI=-0.75, -0.29), self care behavior (d=-1.34; 95% CI=-1.93, -0.74), and quality of life (d=-0.42; 95% CI=-0.80, -0.04). Publication bias was not detected as evaluated by funnel plot and Egger's test. Conclusion: CBT has small to large effects on depression, anxiety, self care and quality of life. These finding suggests that various CBT interventions can assist cancer patients in reducing emotional distress and improving self care and quality of life.
The Influence of Cognitive Coping on Hope, Depression and Satisfaction with Life in Hemodialysis Patients
Cha, Jieun ; Yi, Myungsun ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 389~399
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.389
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between cognitive coping, hope, depression, and life satisfaction of hemodialysis patients based on the stress-coping model. Methods: For this cross-sectional survey, 142 participants were recruited from 10 local clinics in Seoul and Daegu during 2012-2013. The data collection instruments included the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the Herth Hope Index, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The cognitive coping scores were significantly related to hope, depression, and life satisfaction. The coping strategies explained 80%, 37%, and 38% of the variances in hope, depression, and life satisfaction, respectively. The most powerful coping strategy was positive refocusing, explaining 73% in hope, 25% in depression, and 25% in life satisfaction. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that cognitive coping plays an essential role for psychological adaptation of hemodialysis patients. Thus, interventions integrating positive refocusing would help instilling hope of hemodialysis patients in Korea.
Effect of Bed Side Exercising on Back Pain and Bleeding Complications after Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization
Nam, Sun Hee ; Kim, Young-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 400~408
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.400
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects of bed side exercising on back pain and bleeding during absolute bed rest in patients who had received transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. A total 46 patients were sampled from a gastrointestinal unit of a urban general hospital in Seoul. The control group received 8 hours of bed rest and conservative care. The experimental group received 8 hours of bed rest and bed side exercising every one hour from the time having absolute bed rest for 3 hours after TACE. Results: The experimental group with bed side exercising experienced significantly less back pain compared to the control group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of bleeding complications between two groups. Conclusion: The results indicate that a bed side exercising is associated with a reduction of back pain and with no increased risk of bleeding complications in patients after TACE.
Nursing Staffs' Experiences of Managing Medical Needs of the Elderly in Korean Long-term Care Facilities
Park, Min-Jeong ; Suh, Eunyoung E. ; Lee, Jung-Myen ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 409~421
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.409
Purpose: This qualitative study was designed to explore and describe the nursing staff reported experiences of managing the medical needs of nursing home residents in South Korea. Methods: Using a focus group interview method, qualitative data were collected from March to May 2012. Twenty five registered nurses and nurse aids working in nursing homes were recruited through a convenient sampling method. Participants participated in one of four focus group interviews lasted up to two hours in which their day-to-day experiences of taking care of the medical needs of the elderly residents. All interviews were recorded and transcribed in verbatim, and analyzed according to the qualitative thematic analysis method using MAXQDA software. Results: The overriding theme was 'experiencing differences between the requirements of the regulatory system and the actual reality of the work place.' The findings of differences between what were true and what is required was based in four subcategories. The nursing home residents had far more medical needs than what were reported. Another finding was that the family members were seen as non-supportive and negligent towards the residents. Conclusion: The findings of the study support the need for changes in the regulatory system. The regulatory limitations of current system with a shortage of resources pushed the participants to experience discrepancies between the required regulation and the reality. Additional research could contribute more exemplars to support changes.
Effects of an Infection Prevention Education Program in Infant and Child for Married Immigrant Vietnamese Women
Seo, Ji-Young ; Kim, Eun Young ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 422~431
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.422
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the impact of infection prevention program on the knowledge and performance among married Vietnamese immigrant women an infant or child. Methods: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were 53 Vietnamese women with an infant or a child in G city. The treatment (n=25) received an infection prevention program series that included eight sessions over a four week period with four time through telephone interviews a weekly intervals. Data were collected between October 26 and December 14, 2012, and were analyzed Chi-square, t-test, and repeated measure analysis of variance with SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: The treatment group reported significantly higher scores in infection prevention knowledge (F=43.98, p<.001) and infection prevention performance (F=92.61, p<.001) at four and eight weeks following the treatment as compared to the control group. Conclusion: Results suggest that an infection prevention program is beneficial in increasing knowledge and performance to prevent infection.
The Factors related to Dyslipidemia and Hypertension among Male Office Workers
Lee, Eun Kyung ; Kim, Ok Soo ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 432~443
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.432
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to dyslipdemia and hypertension among male office workers. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional survey. The sample was 204 male office workers aged 30 to 62 years without cardiovascular disease and not taking medication for hypertension and dyslipidemia. Data were collected from November, 2011 to March, 2012. Dyslipidemia was examined by checking serum lipid profiles. Results: Dyslipidemia was related to career (adjusted OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.03~1.51), time spent at desk (adjusted OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.03~1.51), job stress of Q25-49 (adjusted OR 2.72, 95% CI 1.24~5.93), inactivity (adjusted OR 6.86, 95% CI 2.62~17.93), and snack intake frequency (adjusted OR 1.57, 95% CI 1.03~2.38). Hypertension was related to career (adjusted OR 1.07, 95% CI 1.01~1.14), heavy drinking (adjusted OR 5.00, 95% CI 1.25~20.04), and snack intake frequency (adjusted OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.33~3.34). Conclusion: Work and lifestyle-related factors were associated with dyslipidemia and hypertension in male office workers. These findings suggest that lifestyle intervention and improvement of working conditions are integral parts of cardiovascular disease prevention.
Nutritional Intake and Timing of Initial Enteral Nutrition in Intensive Care Patients: A Pilot Study
Kim, Hyunjung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 444~453
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.444
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the differences between early and delayed enteral nutrition on nutritional intake. Methods: A pilot cohort study was conducted with 45 critically ill adult patients who had a primary medical diagnosis. Energy prescribed and received were collected during the four days after initiation of enteral nutrition. Adequate feeding was defined as the energy intake more than 90% of required energy. Results: A total of 23 patients (52%) were received early enteral nutrition (within 48 hours of admission). Energy intake of early enteral nutrition was less than intake of delayed enteral nutrition during the four days of the study. Although the difference on day one was significantly greater than the differences on day two, the differences on day two were not different from days three or four. No statistical differences in the adequacy of nutritional intake were found between patients in the early and the delayed group. Conclusion: In critically ill patients receiving early enteral nutrition, more aggressive administration from the beginning will improve the nutritional intake. Additional studies including a large multi-centre, randomized clinical trial are recommended.
The Effect of Exercise Program on Pain, Daily Living Disability, and Depression in Chronic Low Back Pain Patients Treated with Epidural Injections
Kim, Kyoung A ; Lee, Myung Ha ; Kim, Hyun Kyung ; Jeong, Seok Hee ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 454~463
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.454
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of exercise program on chronic low back pain, daily living disability and depression in chronic low back pain patients treated with epidural injections. Methods: The design of this study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest experiment. The sample was recruited among low back pain patients treated with epidural injections from an orthopedic specialty hospital. Participants were randomly assigned to a treatment group (n=25) or a comparison group (n=27). The treatment was a six week exercise program for low back pain. Data were collected from September to November 2011, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics,
-test, one-tailed t-test for independent samples, and Mann-Whitney U test using the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. Results: Patients in the treatment group reported statistically significantly lower levels of back pain on flexion and extension, less daily living disability, and less depression than those in the comparison group. Conclusion: The back pain relief exercise program could be an effective adjunct nursing intervention for low back pain patients treated with epidural injections.
Aging Anxiety and Related Factors of Middle-Aged Adults
Suh, Soon-Rim ; Choi, Hee-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 464~472
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.464
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify aging anxiety and influencing factors of middle-aged adults. Methods: Descriptive correlation design was used. Three hundred and three middle-aged adults participated in the study and completed the questionnaires in the period from September 11 to October 15 of 2011. The data was analyzed using independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheff
test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchial multiple regression analysis. Results: Aging anxiety of middle-aged adults was higher than a moderate level. Socio-demographic variables such as age, religion, education, economic level, perceived health status and experience of living with older adults influenced significantly on aging anxiety. In contrast, general self-efficacy, aging knowledge and attitude toward older adults were negatively correlated with aging anxiety. Hierarchial multiple regression analysis incorporating these variables showed an explanation rate of aging anxiety at 21%. And religion, perceived health status, attitude toward older adults, and general self-efficacy were statistically significant among variables that influence on aging anxiety. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that senior preparation programs that can enhance self-efficacy, induce positive attitude on older adults and promote health should be implemented to reduce aging anxiety of middle-aged adults.
The Effects of Structured Preoperative Instruction on Anxiety and Self-care Compliance in Patients with Cataract Surgery
Choi, Mi Jung ; Park, Jeong Sook ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 25, issue 4, 2013, Pages 473~482
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2013.25.4.473
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a structured preoperative instruction upon anxiety and postoperative self-care compliance. Methods: A randomized control group pre-post design was used. Sixty subjects undergoing cataract surgery were randomly assigned to one of two groups. The instruction consisted of cataract surgery procedure, sensory information, deep breathing, use of eye drop, and post op self-care regimen and was provided to the experimental group with control group receiving an usual treatment. State anxiety NRS, pulse, BP, and self-care compliance scale developed by Cho & Rho were used. Data were collected at two time periods: on the day of surgery in the clinic and prior to anesthesia in the operating room. The postoperative self-care compliance scores were measured at their second visits to the hospital after surgery. Data were analyzed using Kolmogorov Smirnov test, t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results: There were significant differences between the two groups in the postoperative state anxiety (t=-3.57, p=.001) and the postoperative self-care compliance score (t=3.92, p<.001). There were no significant difference between the two groups in the postoperative blood pressure and pulse rate. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the structured preoperative instruction could be a nursing intervention for cataract surgery patients.