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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Adult Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Body Image, Self Esteem, and Health related Quality of Life in Patients with Crohn's Disease
Lee, Young Jin ; Oh, Eui Geum ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 383~392
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.383
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the degrees of body image, self esteem and Health Related Quality Of Life (HRQOL), and to identify factors related to these variables in patients with Crohn's disease. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional survey design was used. The 148 participants were the patients with Crohn's disease, recruited conveniently from one metropolitan hospital located in Seoul, Korea. The collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN program. Results: Patients with severe illness activity reported significantly lower body images than those of the others. Education levels and working states affected self-esteem positively, while the number of operations and illness activity affected self-esteem negatively. Hospitalization and illness activity affected HRQOL negatively. Body image, self esteem, and HRQOL were positively correlated to each other with statistical significance. Illness activity was a common factor to affect body image, self esteem, and HRQOL. Body image was an influential factor on HRQOL as well as illness activity in patients with Crohn's disease. Conclusion: As a result, this study suggested a necessity for developing an intervention study to lower the illness activity and heighten the body image among the patients with Crohn's disease.
The Risk of Dysphagia and Dysphagia-specific Quality of Life among Community Dwelling Older Adults in Senior Center
Kim, Min-Su ; Park, Yeon-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 393~402
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.393
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the risk of dysphagia among older adults in senior centers and to find the relationships between the risk of dysphagia and dysphagia-specific quality of life. Methods: The participants were 260 community-dwelling older adults, aged 65 years in two senior centers. Data were collected by self-report questionnaires or face to face interviews. The instruments were the modified dysphagia risk assessment scale for elderly and dysphagia-specific quality of life questionnaire. The data were analyzed using t-test,
-test, logistic regression, and pearson's correlation. Results: 162 older adults (62.3%) were classified as having the risk of dysphagia. Severe dry mouth (OR=15.677, CI=2.986~82.297), neurologic disease (OR=10.125, CI=1.092~93.899), gastritis (OR=5.731, CI=1.482~22.173), denture discomfort (OR=2.969, CI=1.016~8.677), teeth discomfort (OR=2.61, CI=1.311~5.196) were the significant factors predicting the risk of dysphagia. There is a significant correlation between the risk of dysphagia and dysphagia-specific quality of life. Conclusion: Dysphagia could be a major health problem among community dwelling older adults. It can affect the dysphagia-specific quality of life. Older adults having severe dry mouth, neurologic disease, or gastritis should receive dysphagia risk assessment and proper management on a regular basis. An effective nursing intervention needs to be developed for the older adults with risk factors of dysphagia.
Validity of Korean Version of Clinical Decision Making Short Form Scale
Kim, Myoung Soo ; Jung, Hyun Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 403~412
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.403
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate the Korean version of shortened Nursing Decision-Making Instrument developed by Lauri &
(2002). Methods: The subjects were 247 nurses working in eight hospitals of Korea. Data were collected by questionnaires from June to July, 2012 and were analyzed by Principal Component Analysis for construct validity and Cronbach's
coefficient for reliability. Results: Factor loadings of the four subscales ranged from .32 to .73. The explained variance from the four factors was 48.54% of the total variance. The factors were named 'implementation of plan, monitoring and evaluation', 'plans of action', 'data collection', and 'data processing and identification'. The first factor consisted of 6 items which explained 13.21% of the total variance and the second factor contained 8 items. The Cronbach's
coefficients of the four subscales were from .64 to .81. Conclusion: The Korean version of the shortened Nursing Decision-Making Instrument has satisfactory construct validity and reliability. However, that the scores of the analytic items weren't reversed unlike the analysis method of the original tools is the biggest limitation of this study. In addition, based on the fact that there were several discrepancies for item interpretation of Korean comparing to the findings of the instrument development study, repetitive researches would be suggested.
Identification of Major Nursing Diagnosis, Nursing Outcomes, and Nursing Interventions (NNN) Linkage for Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy
Song, Su Mi ; So, Hyangsook ; An, Minjeong ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 413~423
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.413
Purpose: This study was aimed to identify NANDA-NOC-NIC linkage in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Methods: This study was a descriptive study conducted in three steps. First, nursing diagnoses were identified from the electronic nursing records. Second, content validity of nursing diagnoses and outcomes were evaluated. Third, major nursing interventions associated with expected nursing outcomes were collected from 97 nurses who worked in the oncology unit. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Four major nursing diagnoses were identified: acute pain, knowledge deficit, health seeking behaviors, and ineffective protection. Associated with each respective diagnosis, 3 major outcomes (pain level, pain control, and comfort state) for acute pain, 8 major nursing outcomes (diet, disease process, treatment regimen, illness, ostomy care, prescribed activity, health behavior, and infection management) for knowledge deficit, 4 major outcomes (health promoting behavior, health promotion, health belief, and knowledge: health resource) for health seeking behaviors, and 3 major outcomes (fatigue level, immune status, and nutritional status) for ineffective protection were identified. In addition, nursing interventions frequently used in clinical practice for each major nursing outcome were identified. Conclusion: The identified NANDA-NOC-NIC linkage can contribute to improving the applications of nursing process and care plans.
The Effects of Position Change on Low Back Pain, Discomfort, and Bleeding after Transarterial Chemoembolization
Yun, Mi-Jeong ; Min, Hye Sook ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 424~433
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.424
Purpose: This study was to test the effects of the positional change on low back pain, discomfort, and bleeding complications during the period of bed rest following transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methods: The research design for this study was a non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design. The participants were 23 patients for the experimental group, and 23 patients for the control group. The experimental group received positional change of taking the semi-Fowler's position and the 30-degree lateral position alternatively during the period of bed rest after TACE for 4 hours at one-hour intervals. The control group maintained the supine position continuously during the period of bed rest after TACE. Results: There were statistically significant differences in low back pain and discomfort between the experimental and the control group after intervention. And no significant difference was found in bleeding complication between two groups. Conclusion: The results of the study suggest that the positional change is an effective nursing intervention to reduce low back pain and discomfort without increasing the risk of bleeding after TACE.
Factors Influencing Adherence to Vestibular Rehabilitation Exercise Program in Patients with Dizziness
Lee, Hyun Jung ; Choi-Kwon, Smi ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 434~443
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.434
Purpose: This study investigated the level of adherence to vestibular rehabilitation exercise program(VREP) and evaluated how health belief model (HBM) variables are related with adherence to VREP in patients with dizziness. Methods: The data were collected from 150 individuals, who agreed to participate in the study between December, 2012 and May, 2013. Adherence to VREP, severity of dizziness, health belief variables (health belief scale) and self-efficacy (self-efficacy scale) were measured. Results: The result of this study showed poor adherence to VREP. The mean adherence score to VREP was
(1-5). In multivariate analysis, severity of dizziness (p<.001), taking sedative medication (p<.001), high self-efficacy (p<.001), high perceived seriousness (p=.019) & benefit (p=.036) were independent predicting factors explaining 57.7% of adherence to VREP. Conclusion: Adherence to VREP was poor among these patients. To improve the patient's adherence to VREP, strategies to increase perceived seriousness, benefit, or self-efficacy and to decrease barriers are urgently needed.
Factors Influencing Quality of Life of People with Noncongenital Spinal Cord Injury
Hwang, Hye Min ; Yi, Myungsun ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 444~454
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.444
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among pain belief, perceived social support, coping strategies, and quality of life of people with noncongenital spinal cord injury and to identify factors influencing quality of life. Methods: A correlational predictive design was used. The data were collected from 197 people with noncongenital spinal cord injury with questionnaires in 2012 in Korea. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 18.0. Results: Pain belief, perceived social support, and coping strategies were correlated significantly with the quality of life. As a result of stepwise multiple regression analysis, pain belief, perceived social support, coping strategies, damaged area, and time since injury were discovered to account for 59.1% variance of the quality of life. The variable that most affected the quality of life was pain belief followed by perceived social support and coping strategies. Conclusion: The results of the study clearly demonstrate the importance of pain control, social support, and coping skills in order to improve quality of life among people with noncongenital spinal cord injury.
Factors Affecting on Cancer Prevention Behaviors in Adult Women
Kim, Il Ok ; Yeom, Gye Jeong ; Shin, Sun Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 455~465
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.455
Purpose: This study was to identify relationships between the levels of perceived stress, cancer-related knowledge, attitude and prevention behaviors, and to explore factors influencing cancer prevention behaviors of adult women in Korea. Methods: This study was a descriptive research, using a cross-sectional survey. A convenience sample of 314 women aged 20 to 64 was selected. A self-administered questionnaire was used to measure perceived stress, cancer-related knowledge, cancer-related attitude, and cancer prevention behaviors. The data were analyzed with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: Cancer-related knowledge significantly differed according to age, marital status, education level, and occupation. While correlations between cancer-related knowledge, cancer-related attitude, and cancer prevention behaviors were positive, correlations between perceived stress and cancer prevention behaviors were negative. The hierarchical regression analyses revealed significant positive relations between cancer prevention behaviors and age (
, p=.003), perceived health status (
, p<.001), periodic checkup (
, p=.002), and cancer-related attitude (
, p<.001). Perceived stress on the other hand was negatively related to cancer prevention behaviors (
, p<.001). Conclusion: Interventions targeting women, especially young adults should focus on enhancing cancer-related attitude in order to improve cancer prevention behaviors. Thus, there continues to be a need to reduce perceived stress in adult women.
The Experience of Self-help Group Activities among Women with Breast Cancer in Korea
Yi, Myungsun ; Ryu, Young Mi ; Hwang, Eunkyung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 466~478
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.466
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore and describe the experience of breast cancer self-help group activities in Korea. Methods: The data were collected via individual in-depth interviews with 8 women with breast cancer, who participated in self-help groups during 2012~2013. All interviews were audio-taped and transcribed, and they were analyzed using a phenomenological method. Results: Six theme clusters were identified. "Breakthrough toward survival" describes how the participants identified self-help groups and got involved in the activities. "Genuine comfort obtained by 'misery loves company' deals with the emotional relief and catharsis. "New life fully recharged" demonstrates the changed belief system and the joy for life and living. "Rebirth in family" deals with how family dynamics has been changed. "Societal change by raising collective consciousness" illustrates many activities to improve their rights and advocate employment issues. "Obstacles to the group harmony" illustrates the major difficulties including interpersonal conflicts the participants encountered during their participation. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that participating in self-help groups was mostly beneficial for women with breast cancer. Therefore, oncology professionals need to encourage them to participate in self-help groups and also need to provide professional support to self-help groups for their harmonious interpersonal relationships.
Living for the Children: Immigrant Korean Mothers' Re-creation of Family after Marital Dissolution
Oh, Seieun ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 26, issue 4, 2014, Pages 479~487
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2014.26.4.479
Purpose: This study was a grounded theory research aimed at generating a substantive theory that accounts for the explanatory social processes in which immigrant Korean single-mother families were engaged in the United States. Methods: In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 immigrant Korean single mothers who were living with children under 18 years of age at the time of the interviews. Data collection guided by theoretical sampling and concurrent constant comparative analysis of the transcribed data was conducted to identify the core social process. Results: The emerged core social process was "living for the children," which represented the driving process by which these women made transition to their new lives as single-mother families. The major task throughout the entire transition was re-creating their families. The women's transition involved practical and psychological transitions. The practical transition involved three stages: assuring family survival, struggling between the father role and the mother role, and stabilizing. The psychological transition involved becoming strong and settling in with a new supportive network. Conclusion: Study results added to the literature by elaborating the women's emphasis on maternal identity and the resilience-provoking nature of the women's transitions.