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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Adult Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Factors Related to Posttraumatic Growth in Patients with Colorectal Cancer
Lee, Hyeon Ju ; Jun, Seong Sook ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 247~255
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.247
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the influencing factors on Posttraumatic Growth(PTG) in patients with colorectal cancer. Methods: Eighty patients who were diagnosed with colorectal cancer at least twelve months ago were recruited from the oncology outpatient clinic of university hospital in Y city. Participants completed four survey questionnaires: Korean versions of PTG Index, Korean versions of Cancer Coping Questionnaire, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, and a Resilience Scale. The data were analyzed by ANOVA, Pearson-correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis. Results: The mean score of PTG in these patients was 51.16 indicating relatively high growth. Posttraumatic Growth had significant correlations with coping, social support, and resiliency. In addition to the variables of age and education that are found to be associated with the PTG, the PTG was significantly influenced by resilience, coping, and importance of religion. Forty-nine percent of the variations in the PTG were explained by these three variables. Conclusion: The identified factors influencing colorectal cancer related to PTG could be considered in developing nursing interventions to promote positive psychological changes in response to adversity which colorectal cancer survivors might experience.
Differences of Upgrading Nurse Staffing in Nursing Care Activity, Work Performance Outcomes, and Job Satisfaction
Kim, Ju Yeun ; Lee, Young Whee ; Chung, Mi Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 256~265
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.256
Purpose: This study examined differences in nursing care activity, work performance outcomes, and job satisfaction associated with upgrading nurse staffing of a nurse-to-patients ratio. Methods: Descriptive design was used in this study. In total, 148 medical and surgical nurses were recruited from one university hospital. Three instruments were used for data collection: Scale of Nursing Care Activity, Nurses' Work Performance Outcome Measurement Scale and Nurses' Job Satisfaction Scale. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and paired t-test. Results: There were significant differences in nursing care activity (t=-5.06, p<.001), in work performance outcomes (t=-5.46, p<.001) and in job satisfaction (t=4.61, p<.001) when the grading for the nursing staff was changed from three to two indicating increasing number of nurses. Conclusion: The findings from this study showed that there were more nursing care activities, better work performance outcomes, and higher job satisfaction when numbers of nurses were increased. The changes in the scale to evaluate nursing staff influence nursing activities, work performance and job satisfaction.
The Effects of Reinforced Walking Exercise on Dyspnea-fatigue Symptoms, Daily Activities, Walking Ability, and Health related Quality of Life in Heart Failure Patients
Jin, Hyekyung ; Lee, Haejung ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 266~278
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.266
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of reinforced walking exercise on dyspnea-fatigue symptoms, daily activities, walking ability and health related quality of life (HRQoL) in heart failure patients. Methods: This study used a randomized controlled trial design. The participants (experimental group=16, control group=25) were recruited from a university hospital in Kyeong-nam area. Data were collected from March to September, 2015. The reinforced walking exercise included goal setting and feedback (telephone and text message) provided for 12 weeks. Dyspnea-Fatigue Index, Korean Activity Scale/Index (KASI), six-minute walking distance (6MWD) and HRQoL were measured. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Fisher's exact test,
test, and Kolmogrove-Smirnov test. Results: Prior to the intervention there were no differences in the research variables between two groups. The exercise compliance in the experimental group was 100% (walking for 50 minutes per day, 5 times per week). The experimental group had improved dyspnea-fatigue symptoms (t=8.63, p<.001), daily activities (t=-4.92, p<.001), longer 6MWD (t=-5.66, p<.001), and increased HRQoL (t=-9.05, p<.001) compared to the control group. Conclusion: The reinforced walking exercise could be a cost-effective intervention in heart failure patient, which could enhance patients' outcomes, such as improving dyspnea-fatigue symptoms, daily activities, walking ability, and quality of life.
Factors Influencing the Quality of Life in Families of Patients with Liver Transplantation
Kim, So Young ; Lee, Yun Mi ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 279~287
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.279
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing a family's quality of life (QoL) when one member has a liver transplantation. Methods: A total of 98 families were asked questions about characteristics, stress, social support and QoL. The instruments used for this study were the Stress Scale for Families of Liver Transplantation Recipients, the Personal Resources Questionnaire, the Korean version of QoL Simple Type Scale. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: The mean scores of stress was
and of social support was
. The mean of the QoL was
. Quality of life had significant correlations with stress and social support. Using multiple regression analysis, the QoL was significantly influenced by social support, stress and monthly average household income. Conclusion: The results suggest that social support, stress and income should be considered in developing the nursing interventions to improve the QoL of families of patients with liver transplantation.
Factors Influencing Maternal Depression: Secondary Data Analysis
Kim, Chul-Gyu ; Choi, Mi-Young ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 288~301
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.288
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify association between maternal depression and multiple contextual factors in 1,519 mothers in Korea who participated in the 2009 Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC). Methods: The second wave data which was a comprehensive longitudinal data set with a nationally representative birth cohort was analyzed using SAS 9.3 software. Kessler depression scale was used for this study. Results: Of the mothers, 23.0% reported being mild to moderate depression and 4.5% of the mothers reported severe depression. The factors influencing maternal depression include; mother's self-efficacy, mother's marital conflict, mother's social support, infant's and toddler's emotionality, mother's smoking and infant's feeding & eating of daily routine. These variables explained 39.5% of maternal depression. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the identified factors for maternal depression should be included in an intervention program to reduce the risk of depression.
Influence of Social Support and Negative Emotional Status on Self-care Adherence in Symptomatic Patients with Heart Failure
Yang, In-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 302~313
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.302
Purpose: The objective of this study was to identify factors related to self-care adherence in symptomatic patients with heart failure (HF). Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample 209 outpatient clinic patients were recruited at two medical centers. Between October 2011 and August 2012, data were collected using the structured questionnaire. Factors related to self-care adherence were examined using hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Mean age of participants was 67.71 years and a half of them (53.6%) were female. They showed relatively low self-care adherence with mean scores of
. Lower self-care adherence was reported in asking for low sodium items, weighing oneself, checking for ankle edema, and exercising for 30 minutes. The overall model significantly explained 23.9% of variance in self-care adherence. Among the predictors, education, New York Heart Association functional classification, and social support were statistically significant in influencing self-care adherence. The variable of negative emotional status such as anxiety and depression were not found to be significant. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that social support could help self-care adherence among symptomatic patients with HF. Thus, programs targeting self-care adherence in this population should consider the strategies improving social support.
Quality of Life in Patients with Multiple Myeloma
Jo, Kwan-Suk ; Ban, Ja-Young ; Yoon, Jee-Yeon ; Kook, Seung-Hye ; Yoon, Hyun-Sun ; Yoo, Yang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 314~322
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.314
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the quality of life reported by patients with multiple myeloma and secondly to identify the factors that impact the quality of life (QoL). Methods: 189 patients with multiple myeloma completed survey questionnaires. Quality of life was evaluated using European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core (EORTC QLQ-C) 30 and Multiple Myeloma (MY) 20. The data were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, Duncan test and the Mann-Whitney test. Results: The mean score for each subscale of EORTC QLQ-C30 was 53.35 for global health status, 73.37 for functional scale, and 31.29 for symptom scale. The mean score for each subscale of EORTC QLQ-MY20 was 60.49 for future perspective, 59.78 for body image, 20.25 for disease symptom and 24.99 for side effect of treatment. Quality of life was reported to be significantly lower among females, unemployed, dependence on a sibling for financial support for treatment, a diagnosis of anemia, having treatment, high score on Eastern Coorperative Oncology Group and high grade peripheral neuropathy. Conclusion: The results of the survey can identify characteristics impacting the QoL of patients with multiple myeloma. Developing appropriate educational strategies and nursing interventions would enhance their QoL.
Hemodialysis Patients' Experience of Adapting to Dietary Therapy
Yang, Eun Kyung ; Kim, Il-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 323~333
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.323
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the meaning of the experience of adapting to the dietary treatment for hemodialysis patients. Methods: The data were collected through in-depth interviews of ten hemodialysis patients who have been dialyzed for longer than five months. Giorgi's phenomenological method was used for data analysis. Results: The findings included five constituents and 16 sub-constituents. The five constituents concerning diet therapy were: 'suffering', 'undergoing trial and error', 'understanding the need', 'finding alternatives', and 'realizing the meaning of dietary therapy.' Conclusion: The findings contribute to understanding the process of adapting to diet therapy. The results of this study may be utilized in assisting patients to understand the diet therapy process.
Factors Influencing Self Determination for Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment of the Community Dwelling Elderly
Kim, Hyun Sook ; Jang, Hye Kyoung ; Shin, Sung Rae ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 334~342
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.334
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors that influence on self-determination for withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment in the community dwelling elderly. Methods: This study used a descriptive correlational design. A convenience sample of 201 elderly were recruited from a welfare center located in Seoul, Korea. Data collection was done from September 1 to September 18, 2015. Four survey questionnaires were used: Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Life Satisfaction Index-Z (LSI-Z), Attitude on Do Not Resuscitate (DNR), and Self-determination for Withdrawing Life-sustaining Treatment. Data analysis was done by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and hierrarchical multiple regression. Results: Hierarchial multiple regression showed that the factors predicting the level of self-determination for withdrawing life-sustaining treatment were educational level, DNR experience in family, life satisfaction, and DNR attitude. These factors explained 44% of the self-determination for withdrawing life-sustaining treatment in community dwelling elderly. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest developing educational programs aiming at changing elderly's DNR attitude positive ways so that they can enhance self-determination for withdrawing life-sustaining treatment. Further study is needed with more elderly population in extended areas.
Oxaliplatin-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy and Quality of Life in Patients with Digestive System Cancer
Kim, Hye Young ;
Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, volume 28, issue 3, 2016, Pages 343~353
DOI : 10.7475/kjan.2016.28.3.343
Purpose: This study aimed to identify the levels of oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy (OXLIPN) and the quality of life (QOL) related to OXLIPN in patients with digestive system cancer. Methods: A total of 83 patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN)-related symptoms participated in this study. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaire which were constructed to include general and clinical characteristics, EORTC QLQ-C30, Patient Neurotoxicity Questionnaire (PNQ), and EORTC QLQ-CIPN20. Results: The average scores of OXLIPN upper and lower extremity scale were 30.01 and 29.16, respectively. The average scores of PNQ sensory and motor scale were 2.11 and 1.70, respectively. The mean score of the QLQ-C30 global health status was 54.85, and the range of mean score of the functional and symptom subdomains was 34.85~73.29 and 17.67~53.54, respectively. The CIPN-related symptoms positively correlated with the global health status scale and all subdomains of functional scale, respectively and negatively correlated with fatigue, pain, dyspnea, insomnia, and financial problem subdomains of the symptom scale, respectively. Conclusion: Oncology nurses should pay attention and provide remedies for CIPN symptoms reported by their patients. Nursing interventions should be developed for patients with digestive system cancer to alleviate CIPN and enhance their QOL.