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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Science and Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 1985
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 1985
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 1985
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 1985
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 1985
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 1985
Selecting the target year
-Amylase Activity of Barley during Germination by the Red Light Irradiation
Kim, Jin-Ku ; Kim, Soon-Dong ; Kim, Kwang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 237~239
The effects of red light on the
-amylase activity of barley during germination was studied. The
-amylase activity was highest at 5th day on germination, showing rapid increase from the 3rd-day of germination. The highest activity of
-amylase was shown among the groups treated by red light at 100 Lux luminous intensity for 3 hours a day. The
-amylase activity of barley during germination under the red light increased to 44% compared with that of barley during germination under the dark. The protein content was not increased by red light.
Properties of Crude
-amylase from Korean ginseng, Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer
Kim, Byung-Mook ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 240~244
-amylase was prepared by frationation of the water extracts from Korean ginseng, Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer, with 0.2-0.6 saturation of ammonium sulfate. The enzyme showed the typical properties of
-amylase, producing only maltase from starch. The enzyme preparation also showed no maltase activity. The enzyme was stable at the pH 5-9 and at the temperature below
. The enzyme showed the optimum pH at 5.0 and the optimum temperature at
. Its activities had proportional relations with substrate concentration below 12 mg%, showing Km V slues of 4.76 mg%. The enzyme was inhibited by
Effect of Polyphosphate on Firming Rate of Cooked Rice
Kim, Il-Hwan ; Lee, Kyu-Han ; Kim, Sung-Kon ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 245~247
The effect of a polyphosphate having
content of 67% on the firming rate of nonwaxy (Akibare and Milyang 30) and waxy cooked rice stored at room temperature was investigated. The phosphate retarded the firming rate of Akibare and Milyang 30 by 14.0 and 27:00, respectively. The phosphate reduced the starch components available for crystallization of cooked nonwaxy rice. The phosphate exerted no effect on the firming rate of cooked waxy rice.
Lipid Composition and Protein Pattern of Prunus Tomentosa Thunberg Seed
Yoon, Hyung-Sik ; Park, Jin-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 248~252
Prunus tomentosa Thunberg seed was investigated to evaluate its possibility for use as food resources of fats and proteins. The seed contained 40.38% of crude fat and 26.59% of crude protein. The lipid fractions obtained by silicic acid column chromatography were mainly composed of 95.49% of neutral lipids, whereas compound lipids were only 4.51%. Among the neutral lipid components by thin-layer chromatography, triglycerides were 89.86%, sterols, monoglycerides, sterol esters, free fatty acids and diglycerides were 4.14%, 2.98%, 1.77%, 1.07%, and 0.18%, respectively. Oleic acid (65.06-66.05%) and linoleic acid (26.56-28.40%) were the main fatty acids in the total lipid, neutral lipid and triglyceride fractions. In the glycolipid and phospholipid fractions, predominant fatty acids were oleic acid (40.55-51.46%), linoleic acid (20.26-30.89%) and palmitic acid (17.64-21.43%). The extractability of salt soluble protein of seed was 60%, and recovery rate of main protein fraction separated by Sephadex G-200 was about 46.5%. The electrophoretic analysis showed 7 bands in seed protein.
Effects of Phosphate Complex on the Functional Properties of Fish Meat Paste
Kim, Dong-Soo ; Kim, Young-Myung ; Kim, Il-Hwan ; Lee, Byung-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 253~257
Effects of four kinds of phosphate complex on the water holding capacity (W.H.C) and protein solubility of yellow-corvenia (Pseudosciance manchurica) and hair tail (Tichurus lepturus) meat paste were investigated. The formulations of four kinds of phosphate complex employed to this experiment were made by mixing several phosphates such as sodium polyphosphate, sodium pyro-phosphate, sodium acid pyro-phosphate, potassium pyro-phosphate, sodium tetra meta-phosphate, sodium ultra meta-phosphate and sodium hexa meta-phosphate, and monoglyceride at different mixture ratios. Among the four kinds of phosphate complex, phosphate B complex which was formulated by mixing sodium poly-phosphate 50%, sodium pyrophosphate 20%, sodium tetra meta-phosphate 20%, sodium acid pyrophosphate 5% and sodium ultra meta-phosphate 5% was most effective on enhancing the W.H.C and protein solubility of yellow corvenia meat paste, and in case of hair tail meat paste, phosphate C complex which was formulated by mining sodium poly-phosphate 40%, sodium pyro-phosphate 30%, potassium pyro-phosphate 15%, sodium tetra meta-phosphate 10%, and sodium hexa meta-phosphate 5% was more effective than other phosphate complex, and their optimum addition level was 0.4% respectively in weight of fish meat paste. Texture characteristics such as hardness, cohesiveness, and springiness value of Kamaboko (fish meat paste product) were evaluated as best when 0.3% of phosphate B complex was added. The optimum cooking condition of Kamaboko to get good texture was heating for 45 mimutes at
Saccharification and Ethanol Fermentation from Uncooked Starch using Aspergillus niger Koji
Han, Myun-Soo ; Chung, Dong-Hyo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 258~264
The energy for cooking starch prior to saccharification could be saved by fermenting raw starch into ethanol using Aspergillus niger koji of wheat bran. Optimum cultivation time to produce glucoamylase was 4 days in wheat bran medium. The rate of saccharification from uncooked corn starch were optimum at pH 3.3 and 40-
. Corn and sweet potato starch were saccharified more efficiently by wheat bran koji than other tested starch sources. 5 days of fermentation were required for optimum yield of ethanol using a mixture of AspergiUus niger koji and dried yeast. Final ethanol yields from raw corn, sweet potato, and rice starch with agitation at the rate of 100 rpm were about 95% at
Effect of Extraction Temperature and Time on Saponin Composition of Red Ginseng Extract
Sung, Hyun-Soon ; Yang, Cha-Bum ; Kim, Woo-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 265~270
The saponin yield and its compositional changes of red ginseng extract (RG-EXT) was investigated during extraction at various temperature for 5 times of 8 hours. The higher temperature resulted an increase in solids yield while the total saponin recovered was decreased, particularly at
. A relatively lower thermal stability was found for protopanaxadiol saponin, one of the saponin fractions, than protopanaxatriol saponin. The compositional ratio of saponin at ginsenoside level was little affected by extraction time. The yields data showed that more than 94% of total saponin was recovered by 3
4 times of 8 hours extraction. Extraction at
for 4 times of 8 hours were suggested for preparation of RG-EXT from the result of this work.
Changes in Lipid Components During Germination of MungBean
Choi, Kap-Seong ; Kim, Ze-Uook ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 271~275
This investigation was conducted to observe changes of lipid components (phospholipids, free sterols, free fatty acids, triglycerides and estrified sterols) and fatty composition in diethyl ether extract and 86% MeOH extract from cotyledon and seedling axis of mung bean which were germinated in the dark at 25-
for 7 days. The total lipid contents in cotyledonn and seedling axis gradually decreased during germination. The triglyceride content in total lipid from cotyledon decreased and free fatty acid content increased, but triglyceride content from seedling axis decreased slightly and free fatty acid content decreased. Free sterol, esterified sterol and phospholipid content in cotyledon increased continuously, but their content in seedling axis dcreased slightly. The major fatty acids in mung bean were palmitic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid.
Characteristics of Bitter Peptides from a Cheese and a Soybean Paste
Kim, Soo-Ho ; Lee, Hyong-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 276~282
To characterize bitter peptides in fermented protein foods, peptides were extracted with 2:1 (v/v) chloroform-methand from various samples and separated into fractions I, II, and III by Sephadex G-25 gel chromatography. Amino acid compositions of Mozzarella cheese, soybean paste, and each fraction from the two samples were analyzed to calculate the average hydrophobicity. All the solvent extracts of the food samples had strong bitter taste, although the original samples did not taste bitter. The yield of solvent extraction ranged from 0.08 to 62.50% of total nigrogen of food samples. The average hydrophobicity calculated from the amino acid composition of Mozzarella cheese was 1376 cal/mole, solvent extract 1,623 cal/mole, gel chromatography traction I, 1,797 cal/mole, fraction II, 2,454 cal/mole, and fraction III, 1,559 cal/mole. In the case of soybean paste, the average hydrophobicity of original sample, solvent extract, gel chromatography fraction I, II, and III wre 1,229, 1,654, 1,900,998 cal/mole, respectively. The important amino acids in bitter peptides were leucine, 2016, phenylalanine, proline, and voline.
Taste Compounds of Salted and Fermented Big Eyed Herring and Slimy
Koo, Jae-Keun ; Lee, Eung-Ho ; Ahn, Chang-Bum ; Cha, Yong-Jun ; Oh, Kwang-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 283~288
Fermented big eyed herring. Harengula zunasi, and slimy, Leiognathus nuchalis, were widely used and contributed in diet of people in southern coast of Korea. In this paper, in order to elucidate the taste compounds of fermented big eyed herring and slimy, the nucleotides and their related compounds, free amino acids, TMAO, betaine, total creatinine, and minerals were analyzed. In fermented big eyed herring, lysine, alanine, leucine, isoleucine and valine were dominant holding 88.6% of the total free amino acids while alanine, leucine, isoleucine and lysine in fermented slimy were dominant holding 84.4% of total free amino acids. In the nulceotide and their related compounds, hypoxanthine was the major component in both samples. The contents of betaine, TMA and total creatinine were 99.7mg%, 24.2mg% and 432.8mg% in fermented big eyed herring, 107.6mg%, 19.5mg% and 258.8mg% in fermented slimy, while the contents of TMAO appeared trace in both samples. In the minerals of both samples Na and Ca were dominant holding 37,471-45,100.8ppm, 14,117.1-19,948.1ppm, respectively. From the omission test and chemical analysis, it is concluded that the major taste compounds of fermented big eyed herring and slimy were amino acids such as alanine, lysine, leucine and isoleucine. Minerals, nucleotides and their related compounds, betaine and total creatinine acted as an auxiliary role in taste of both fermented samples.
Lipid Components of Sea Squirt, Halocynthia roretzi, and Mideuduck, Styela clava
Lee, Eung-Ho ; Oh, Kwang-Soo ; Lee, Tae-Hun ; Ahn, Chang-Bum ; Chung, Young-Hun ; Kim, Kyung-Sam ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 289~294
Total lipid (TL) content of sea squirt (Ureungsweng-ee), Halocynthia roretzi, and Mideuduck, Styela clava, were 2.0%, 2.1%, respectively. Reviewing the composition of each lipid fraction in total lipids of sea squirt and Mideuduck, it was found that contents of neutral lipids (NL) (36.6%, 36.3%) and phospholipids (PL) (46.2%, 44.5%) were high, while that of glycolipids (GL) (17.2%, 19.2%) was low. The NL of sea squirt and Mideuduck were mainly consisted of triglyceride (49.0%, 59.6%) and free sterol (25.8%, 22.0%), and followed by diglyceride (9.4%, 7.7%), monoglyceride (6.0%, 4.2%), free fatty acid (4.6%, 1.9%) and esterified sterol and hydrocarbon (5.2%, 4.4%). And main lipids in PL were phosphatidylcholine (48.6%, 46.7%) and phosphatidylethanolamine (32.4%, 35.0%), and followed by phosphatidylinositol (9.8%, 7.0%), phosphatidylserine (5.7%, 5.8%) and an unknown substance (3.5%, 5.5%). Fatty acid composition was not significantly different among TL, NL, PL and GL contained in sea squirt and Mideuduck. The major fatty acids of TL in sea squirt and Mideuduck were eicosapentaenoic (21.3%, 18.3%), docosahexaenoic (16.3%, 14.2%), palmitic (13.8, 16.3%) and oleic acid (8.5%, 7.0%), respectively. Fatty acid composition of PL and NL were similar to those of TL. In case of GL fraction the major fatty acids were gadoleic (15.7%, 14.7%), palmitic (13.5%, 14.7%), stearic (11.6%. 9.8%) and oleic acid (8.0%, 8.1%).
Detection of Aflatoxins in Soybean Food by HPLC
Kim, Young-Kook ; Roh, Jung-Koo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 295~303
were quantitatively detected by the high pressure liquid chromatography on a Micropak-CN column, with Hexane-THF-IPA-water, using a Lichrosorbpacked flowceil in the fluorometric detector. Under those conditions, the minimum detectable amount of aflatoxin
was 0.2 ng. HPLC was used in determining amount of aflatoxins in the commercially manufactured soybean food and home-made Meju. Aflatoxin producing abilities of strains used in the industrially fermented soybean food were also studied with the HPLC technique. Although aflatoxin-like substances were detected in a few samples on TLC, they were not identified with the HPLC retention times of standard aflatoxins. The commercial fungal strains used in Korea had no aflatoxin producing abilities.
Effects of Temperature and Sugar Addition on The Flavor of Ginseng Tea
Kim, Woo-Jung ; Sung, Hyun-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 304~310
Sensory comparison of the flavor of ginseng teas prepared from concentrated white or red ginseng extract was investigated by multipl comparison test and quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) on 12 selected descriptions. The white ginseng tea revealed higher intensities in odor and taste than those of red ginseng tea, particularly on earthy and sweet odor and bitter and astringent taste. Increase in sample temperature from
caused a general increase in aroma and bitter taste. When sucrose added into 3% ginseng tea solution, all of the taste descriptions, most significantly on bitterness and astringency, scored lower except sweetness while the aroma was affected a little.
Radurization and Radicidation of Spices
Byun, Myung-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 1985, Pages 311~318
This review was intended to develop the sterilization method of spices by gamma irradiation and the results are summarized as follows. Microbial load of spices was different according to the kind of spices and the number was ranged from
, gamma irradiation up to 4-10 kGy could decreased or sterilized to the microorganism of spices. In physicochemical properties of spices such as chemical components,essential oil and flavor, irradiated group with optimum dose was almost similar to the nonirradiated one, while fumigant treated group was remarkably deteriorated in the properties of spices compared with control, and free radicals produced by irradiation was disappeared during a few days storage. Irradiated spices should be an aptitude for good quality the storeability of processing food. Optimum dose irradiation below less than that proposed by FAO/IAEA/WHO Joint Committee and FDA was remarkably effect on the sterilization of spices and superior in wholesomeness and economic feasibiity compared with traditional methods. Irradiation might be an alternative to traditional sterilization methods of spices by fumigants such as ethylene oxide and ethylene dibromide because their treatments have been banned in U.S.A and other countries since 1982.