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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Science and Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1974
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1974
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1974
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1974
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A New Method of Colorimetric Determination of Piperine Using p-Nitrophenyl Diazonium Fluoborate in Pepper (Piper Nigrum L.)
Rhee, Seong-Kap ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 56~60
A survey of the available methods for the determination of piperine was made, and a new method, developed based upon alkaline hydrolysis at about
followed by colorimetric determination of the liberated piperidine. Piperidine on treatment with p-nitrophenyl diazonium fluoborate reagent gives a red colored complex which has an adsorption maximum at 530nm. The method measures the total pungency in pepper and applicaple to piperine of black pepper and oleoresin of black pepper. The advantage of the present method is that the pungent compounds can be determined in micro samples.
Studies on the Farinograph Test and Crude Protein Content of Wheat Flour
Kim, Hi-Kap ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 61~64
Six kinds of wheat flour were used for the assessments of the content of crude protein and the valorimeter value of Farinograph. Results obtained from these assessments are as follows. 1. In the case of common wheat varieties, a great differences are understood between Korean wheat and American wheat. The content of crude protein is negatively correlated to the valorimeter value in Korean wheat variefies, but there is a proportional tendency in American wheat varieties. 2. In the case of American wheat varieties, distinct differences are recognized between common wheat and durum wheat. The content of crude protein is directly correlated to the valorimeter value in common wheat varieties, but there is no proportional tendency in durum wheat.
Development of Composite Flours and Their Products Utilizing Domestic Raw Materials IV. Textural Characteristics of Noodles made of Composite Flours Based on Barley and Sweet Potato
Chang, Kyung-Jung ; Lee, Su-Rae ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 65~69
Noodles were made from composite flours based on barley or sweet potato/wheat flour and their quality was assessed to obtain the following results. 1) In noodle sheet and dried noodle formation, barley flour could substitute 100% and sweet potato flour, 70% of wheat flour and their textural characteristics were improved by addition of glyceryl monostearate and sodium polycrylate. 2) Textural parameters such as hardness, cohesiveness and gumminess of noodle sheet and dried noodle were decreased by admixture of barley of sweet potato flour whereas they were increased by use of the additives. Noodle sheet required hardness over 6.2 and gumminess over 430 while dried noodle needed hardness over 6.8. 3) In cooked noodle, replacement of wheat flour and use of additives tended to lower the textural parameters. With respect to the cooking quality, barley flour could substitute 60% and sweet potato flour, 40% of wheat flour. 4) In organoleptic evaluation of cooked noodle with respect to its color, taste and texture, 20% replaced composite flour was not different significantly at 5% level from wheat flour and the quality defect was mainly due to discoloration of the product.
Effect of Cooking Condition on the Enzymatic Digestibility of Meat Protein
Choi, H.M. ; Shin, K.S. ; Youn, J.E. ; Lee, B.W. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 70~74
The round muscle of Korean cattle and squid muscle were cooked with various methods which were followed digestibility test by use of pepsin in-vitro, determination of amino nitrogen in the course of digestion procedure by using Formol method (AOAC) and influence of ether treatment for preminary test also examined. The results obtained were summarized as follows: 1. The order of digestibility values were demonstrated as follows: In case of beef, it was autoclaving, frying, raw, freezing, roasting, boiling and in case of squid muscle, it was raw, autoclaving, boiling, freezing, dry heating and roasting. 2. The amounts of amino nitrogen for beef and squid muscle were increased in proportion to digestibility value. 3. There were no significances in the digestibility between treating with ether and none of any treatment of beef and squid muscle in raw condition.
Studies on Milk Protein of Korean Cattle I. Fractionation of Milk Protein on DEAE-Cellulose
Kim, Y.K. ; Chang, J.I. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 75~78
An experiment has been carried out in order to analyze the main components of Korean Cattles' milk, and fractionate the milk protein by DEAE-cellulose column. The results obtained were summarized as follow. 1) The average values of specific gravity, pH and acidity of Korean Cattles milk which were negative in alcohol test were 1,036, 6.4 and 0.21, respectively. 2) The average values of total solids, solids-not-fat, protein, lactose and ash contents of Korean Cattles milk were 11.61%, 9.53%, 2.08%, 3.99%, 4.76% and 0.86%, respectively. 3) Distribution of casein, whey protein, N.P.N., protein precipitated in 12% TCA, lactoglobulin and lactalbumin contents of the milk were 3.07%, 1.13%, 0.10%, 4.06%, 0.34% and 0.66%, respectively. 4) Acid casein obtained from Korean Cattles milk was fractionated into four fractions on DEAE-cellulose column with 0.005M tris-citrate buffer containing 6M urea, pH 8.6, and the ratio of the fraction I, II, III and IV was 3.24%, 52.67%, 26.22% and 17.87%, respectively. 5) Whey protein obtained from Korean Cattles milk was also fractionated into four fractions on DEAE-cellulose column with 0.04M phosphate buffer, pH 5.8, and the ratio of the fraction I, II, III and IV was 41.74%, 10.17%, 1.50% and 46.59%, respectively.
Studies on the Myofibrillar Proteins Part I. Phase Microscopy of Myofibrils from Rabbit Muscle
Yang, Ryung ; Kim, Chul-Jai ; Moon, Yoon-Hee ; Yu, Ju-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 79~85
To obtain further information concerning the nature myofibrillar proteins in a food system, an investigation has been conducted to compare the change in the biochemical property of the myofibril with the changes in the morphological structure of the myofibril. When myofibrils were prepared with 0.16 M KCl-0.04 M Tris-HCl, the band pattern was clear and distinct. There was a uniform thickening of A-band, a sharp appearence of Z-lines and a wide I-band. The band pattern of myofibrils was changed as the composition of extraction solution was changed. Also the ATPase activity of myofibril changed as the length of sarcomere changed. When myofibrils were treated with a low concentration of trypsin, myofibrils turned in the contracted state. With the progress of prolonged trypsin treatment, most of myofibrils exhibited a pattern of alternating light and dark bands, supercontracted pattern. Although myofibrils exhibited a supercontracted band pattern, the ATPase activity of myofibril continued to increase with the progress of trypsin treatment. An assumption was made that tropomyosin may be located in Z-line and that troponin-tropomyosin complex can inhibit the ATPase activity of myofibrils through the structural alternation of myofibril.
Studies on the Fatty Acid Composition of Amorpha-fruticosa Seeds
Whang, Byung-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Young ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 86~90
Quantitative analysis of the fatty acids contained in Amorpha-fruticosa seeds was carried out by means of gas chromatography with F.I.D. The general components and chemical constants have been performed with A.O.A.C methods. The results are summarized as follow: 1. General components of Amorpha-fruticosa seeds come out to be 17.65% moisture, 21.02% crude protein, 12.04% crude lipid and 5.37% ash. 2. Extraction of crude lipids were performed by soxhlet extractor for 14 hour. Amounts of the crude lipids were extracted 80.25% in ether, 80.00% in methanol, 77.34% in benzene and 69.96% in hexane. 3. Chemical constants of Amorpha-fruticosa seed oil were saponification number 178.67, acid number 3.11 and iodine number 54.27. 4. The fatty acid components of Amorpha-fruticosa seeds were quantitatively determined by gas chromatography to give 78.73wt% linoleic, 5.8wt% oleic, 5.68wt% palmitic, 4.8wt% stearic and 3.40wt% linolenic acid in ether solvent and to give 77.86wt% linoleic, 7.77wt% palmitic, 5.84wt oleic and 4.97wt% stearic acid in methanol solvent. The peak of capric acid was not found. Myristic, arachidic and lauric acids were very small.
Development of the Humanized Milk Part 1. Relative Nutritional Value, Preparation Chemical Composition of Humanized milk and Comparison of Commercial Products
Yoo, Y.J. ; Lee, T.L. ; Kim, S.H. ; Han, D.B. ; Koh, J.B. ; Jung, C.E. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 91~97
This paper was developed for production of the humanized milk, comprising similarly to the composition and characteristic of human milk. Humanized milk of superior quality can be made directly from the fresh raw milk mixed vegetable oil, corn syrup, whey powder,
, sugar, vitamin,
and minerals showing formulation of the humanized milk at table 2. The improving effects of adding vegetable oil and corn syrup are both more reformed the chemical and physical properties of humanized milk. The former enhanced the essential fatty acid and energy source in this product, the latter has the most solving function in water and induced amount of emulsion and stabilizer. The products contain about 13% protein, 23% fat, 58.3% carbohydrate, 2% ash and ensue reasonably balance of essential amino acid, poly-unsaturated fatty acid for the requirement of infants and controlled component of the humanized milk such as human milk.
Studies on the Processing of Chestnut (Castanea pubinervis Schneid) Part 1. Trials on the Raw Material Adaptability for Processing and Colored Products Development
Suh, K.S. ; Han, P.J. ; Lee, S.J. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 98~108
Fourteen varieties of Korean chestnut were subjected to the test of adaptability for processing and the possibilities of colored products development. The fruit size of Korean chestnut ranged
and these small fruits could not be expected to be utilized for the processing of Marron glaces which requires larger size as
. As the storge period is extended the discoloration tendency of chestnut flesh was increasingly developed, however, the fresh chestnut has shown layer-separating phenomenon and ragged surface of fruit which delivers disagreeable appearance to the finished product. The principal factors of discoloration occurred during processing were the behavior of tannin and darkening rate shown on flesh differed each other among varieties; the Chukpa and Yuma variety have exhibited the most serious discoloration and the Taab-b variety, the lightest. Taab-b variety in this connection could be expected to be available for Kanroni processing. For the industrialization of chestnut processing the flame-scorched peeling method is advisable. The capacity of this method is proportional to the square of scorching radius and highly flexible in controlling its performance. As for the processing of colored product, the sugar dehydration and coating and the sugar penetration method demand further study in basical views; however, the canned product of chestnut-redbean has shown the possibility of being utilized as a substitute for or paralleled use with the sugar-syruped canned product which so far has been considered as the only item of export to Japan.
Lysine Fortification of Milssal and Some Observation on the Fortified Product
Cheigh, Hong-Sik ; Pyun, Yoo-Ryang ; Kwon, Tai-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 109~115
Milssal is a polished, partially gelatinized pressed wheat grain and it is being consumed in Korea. This study was conducted to establish 2 practical means of providing needed lysine to the Korean population through fortification of Milssal. The results are summarized as follow: Lysine infusion of Milssal was significantly higher than polished wheat grain and affected by such factors as time and concentration of infusion solution. Cooking characteristics including water-uptake ratio and expanded volume were apparently better than polished wheat. After conducting the series of fortification experiments under actual manufacturing conditions. a reasonable process was chosen. In the developed process. lysine HCl solution was sprayed instead of water to the cleaned and debranned wheat grains during the regular wetting process. There was no differences in appearance and taste of Milssal before and after fortification. Fortification of the protein of Milssal with lysine has been found to bring a significant improvement in the growth rate of rats and the protein efficiency ratio. Stability remained relatively high throughout the storage period(90 days at
or 30 days at
Studies on Kimchi for its Standardization for the Industrial Production Part 1. Survey of Status Industrial Production
Yu, Tai-Jong ; Chung, Dong-Hyo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 6, issue 2, 1974, Pages 116~123
1) In Seoul, it was known that the season for preparing Kimchies (fermented vegetables) for the winter was from the middle of November to early in December, in which the preparing rates of Kimchies in the middle of November, the end of November and early in December were 32.7%, 41.3% and 12.5%, respectively. The time that the largest quantity of them was prepared was about the end of November. 2) The average cost of Kimchies prepared for the winter for a family of four, five, six and seven was
Won, respectively, and the cost did not increase in proportion to members of a family. In case of the family of
, the cost for Kimchies showed a wide range compared with those for the family of
3) The main raw materials of kimchi for one person for the winter required
heads of Chinese cabbages,
roots of radishes,
cloves of garlics and
of powdered red pepper. 4) The residents living in Seoul had prepared the several kinds of the pickles for the winter as follows; (1) Chinese cabbage Kimchi (98.9%), (2) Whole Chinese cabbage Kimchi (74.7%), (3) Kkakdugi (68.6%), (4) Dongchimi (66.4%) and (5) Chong-kak Kimchi (63.3%). It has, therefore. been considered that the five kinds of Kimchies mentioned above may be industrialized. 5) Uniqueness of the raw materials used for the most popular Chinese cabbage Kimchi was to use leeks, garlics, red peppers and gingers as spices, and it was also known that proper amounts of salted shrimp pickles and oysters was mixed to the Kimchies. Therefore, it had been considered that the characteristics of Chinese cabbage Kimchies for the winter had the hot taste with freshness. 6) For keeping the Kimchies during the winter about the half of the pickle jars was buried in the ground, and another half of them were wrapped in the straw bags or styropol and they were placed on the ground or kept in the basement, 7) In most case (80.9%), the salt concentration of pickling was adjusted by one's experiences, and only 19% of them was measured with the instruments. 8) Most of remaining kimchies were usually used for other cooks, but some of them were thrown away. 9) The ratio of the people who had ever bought the market Kimchies for their own edibility was 17.8% and most of them got it only in the spring and summer season. 10) About 18% of the residents living in the general houses in Seoul had ever bought the market Kimchies. It was also known that about 48% of the residents living in the general houses and about 79% of the residents living in the apartments wanted to purchase the market Kimchies if the production of the delicious Kimchies were industrialized. The season that the people wanted to get the market Kimchies was a little different each other among the residents. About 13.4% of the residents living in the general houses wanted to purchase the Kimchies during the summer, and 11.9% of them wanted to get it throughout the year. On the other hand, in case of the apartments, 25.2% of the residents wanted to get it during the summer and 24.4% of them wanted it throughout the year (4 seasons) and 19.9% of them wanted it during two seasons. The data mentioned above have shown that many residents hope strongly an industrial production of the Kimchies. It is also true that many residents living in both the general houses and apartments want to get the market kimchies throughout the year, and particulary during the summer season that most foods are very apt to be spoiled.