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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Science and Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1975
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1975
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1975
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1975
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Changes of Heavy Metal Contents During Storage Period of Commercial Canned Peach
Lee, S.K. ; Youn, J.E. ; Hur, Y.H. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 1~6
The changes of heavy metal amounts (Sn, Pb and Fe) in the Commercial white peach can between lacquered and plain can were investigated according to storage period which indicated as follows. 1. Lacquered and plain can, both of can got on increasing on all of heavy metal with expanding storage period. 2. Lacquered can showed that the heavy metal were on the decreased than plain can, while amounts of tin was considerably decreased. 3. Amounts of iron was proportionally increased with the increasing of detinning amounts. 4. Amounts of hazardous metal in all of the 6 commercial products were not reached at harmfull level of Korean food sanitation law.
Formation of Aflatoxins on Stored Grain Contaminated with Aspergillus flavus
Lee, Kwan-Young ; Kim, Young-Bae ; Lee, Su-Rae ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 7~10
A series of experiment was undertaken to pursue the possibility of aflatoxin accumulation in stored grains which were artificially contaminated with A. flavus var. columnaris isolated from deteriorated rice in Korea. In storage of rice grain, aflatoxin formation needed relative humidity over 80%, once accumulated aflatoxin was degraded by other microbial growth maintaining 50% level and the absence of other microoganisms brought about the remarkable accumulation of aflatoxin. The formation of aflatoxin in grains was increasing in the order of soybean, peanut, corn, wheat, barley, foxtail millet, rice, polished wheat, mung bean and great millet and it appears to be affected by the size and oil content of grains.
A Study on the Nutritive Effect of Ginseng Meal in Laying Hen
Ju, H.K. ; Lee, K.U. ; Choi, B.K. ; Bak, M.Y. ; Hong, S.P. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 11~14
This work was carried out to determine that ginseng cake (meal) could be substituted for 10% level of chicken feed. The feeding experiment was held with 180 laying hens for 8 weeks. And the results were as tin the followings, 1. Protein content of the ginseng cake was lower (4.25%) than that of the control feed (18.72%: commertial chicken feed), and crude fiber of the ginseng cake was higher (14.73%) than that of the control (9.39%). 2. Slight increasings of body weight were observed in the group of the control feed (10 g) and the group of the feed containing 10% of the ginseng meal (24 g), significant increasing (50 g) was seen in the group of the feed containing 5% of the ginseng meal (p<0.05). 3. The feed efficiency of the ginseng group was slightly higher than that of the control group, but significant defferences were not recognized. 4. Egg laying ratio of the 5% ginseng group was somewhat higher than that of the other groups, and egg weight of each group was almost same. With all the results of this experiments, it was identified that ginseng cake is able to be substituted for the feed of laying hen within 10% level.
Studies on Soong-Neung Flavor 2. Identification of Some Volatile Pyrazine and Carbonyl Compounds of Soong-Neung (extract of cooked and roasted rice)
Cheigh, Hong-Sik ; Nam, Joo-Hyung ; Kim, Taeck-Jae ; Kwon, Tai-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 15~21
Soong-Neung is a Korean traditional beverage served after meals and is made from cooked and roasted rice produced on the bottom of the container during the rice cooking process. The volatiles from the extract of cooked and roasted rice were separated into pyrazine and carbonyl fractions and qualitatively investigated. The pyrazine fraction was characterized by gas chromatography and combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and five pyrazines were positively identified. Pyrazine compounds identified are 2-methylpyrazine, 2,3-dimethylpyrazine, 2,5-dimethylpyrazine, 2-ethyl-5-methylpyrazine and 2-ethyl-3-methylpyrazine. Carbonyls were converted to their 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones and identified by gas chromatography, combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and thin layer chromatography. Acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde, iso-butyraldehyde and iso-valeraldehyde were positively identified in the carbonyl compounds. The aroma of the fractions indentified as 2,3-dimethylpyrazine and 2,5-dimethylpyrazine had a nut-like or roasted cereal-like flavor, which is one of the characteristic flavors of Soong-Neung.
Production of Mushroom Mycelium (Agaricus campestris) in Shaking Culture
Lee, Jeong-Sook ; Lee, Su-Rae ; Yu, Tai-Jong ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 22~29
Conditions for submerged culture of Agaricus campestris var. bisporus and the chemical composition of its mycelium were investigated. In shaking culture with TGY basal medium at
, pH tended to increase upon culture period, mycelial growth was the highest on 12th day, with relatively high nitrogen content of 7% and sugar in the medium disappeared almost at the end of culture period. As a nitrogen source, ammonium phosphate (dibasic) gave relatively high mycelial yield and the addition of yeast extract gave rise to better results. As a carbon source, glucose was the best, fructose, maltose, lactose and sucrose gave the same results, and soluble starch was utilized slightly. Mushroom mycelium contained 48% of protein, 8 free amino acids including arginine, histidine, lysine, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine, proline, tyrosine and its protein consisted of most essential amino acids, with relatively high contents of lysine and threonine. Therefore, mushroom mycelium deserves to be a high quality protein food.
Studies on the Extraction of Natural Compounds from Plants and Microorganisms Part 2. Extraction of Orange-yellow Pigment from Defatted Gardenia
Yu, Ju-Hyun ; Yoo, Seung-Kon ; Yang, Ryung ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 30~36
The extraction efficiency of orange-yellow pigment from the Gardenia was greatly depended upon the extraction time, extraction temperature, volume of solvent used and fat contents of the Gardenia. From the experimental results, the amounts of extracted pigment (P) was proportional to the
of extraction time
of extraction temperature
of volume of solvent
, and the -4X of fat contexts of sample
for 10 minutes. Finally, the modified empirical equation was derived as follow;
In addition to that, the most optimum conditions of pigment extraction were determined as 30 minutes of operation time,
of temperature. Deffated Gardenia was more productive than natural Gardenia in the pigment extraction.
Comparison of the Antioxidant Activity of Absolute Ethanol Extracts and 90% Ethanol Extracts obtained at Successive Stages of a Maillard-type Browning Reaction Mixture
Lee, Sung-Soo ; Rhee, Chul ; Kim, Dong-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 37~42
The color intensity (Absorbance at 490nm) and the antioxidant effects of absolute and 90% ethanol extracts obtained from a Maillard-type browning reaction mixture (0. 5M glucose and 0. 5M glycine mixture, heated at
) were determined. The color intensity of the absolute and 90% ethanol extracts were compared with the length of reaction time and the antioxidant effects of the extracts of both types were compared one another. The results obtained are as follows. 1. The color intensity of the absolute ethanol extracts remained almost unchanged as the browning reaction proceeded. The color intensity of the 90% ethanol extracts appeared to increase nearly in proportion to the length of reaction time. 2. The absolute and the 90% ethanol extracts seemed to possess significant antioxidant activity on the autoxidation of an edible soybean oil. which was kept at
for 21 days. It was noteworthy that the absolute ethanol extracts showed stronger antioxidant effects than those of the 90% ethanol extracts, which contained a far greater amount of brown-colored pigments. Since the PVs of the controls in both groups, after the end of the storage period, did not differ much from one another, the possibility of residual water playing some prooxidant role in the substrates containing the 90% ethanol extracts should be ruled out. Extracts of both types obtained at earlier stages of the brownig reaction demonstrated less but comparable antioxidant activity to that of extracts taken at later stages of the reaction. 3. The results of the present study appeared to suggest that the effective antioxidant compounds, produced in the Maillard-type browning reaction, were probably intermediate products such as reductones formed at fairly earlier stages of the browning reaction.
Comparison of the Antioxidant Effects of Ethyl Alcohol Extracts of a Maillard-type and a Caramelization-type Browning Reaction Mixtures
Lee, Dong-Ill ; Heo, Tae-Ryeon ; Kim, Dong-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 43~50
The antioxidant effects of the alcohol extracts obtained from a Maillard-type and a caramelization-type browning reaction mixtures were determined and compared. The Maillard-type reaction mixtrue contained 0. 2 M glucose and 0. 2 M glycine while the caramelization-type reaction mixture contained only 0. 2 M glucose and both were heated at
. The results obtained are as follows. 1. The color intensity of the Maillard-type reaction mixture appeared to increase in proportion to the length of reaction time. However, the antioxidant activity of the extracts did not seem to increase in proportion to the length of reaction time. The antioxidant activity of the extracts from the reaction mixture heated for 16 hours was not much greater than that of the extracts from reaction mixture heated for 2 hours. 2. The color intensity of the caramelization-type browning reaction appeared to increase in proportion to the length of reaction time. The antioxdant activity of the extracts did not seem to increase in proportion to the length of reaction time. 3. It appeared that the antioxdant effects of the alcohol extracts from the Maillard-type browning reaction mixture were far greater than those from the caramelization-type browning reaction mixture, compared on the basis of the same length of reaction time. Substrates, containing the alcohol extracts of the caramelization reaction mixture taken after 4 and 120 hours, developed peroxide values of 88. 9 and 33. 0 after a 20 day storage period (control, 135. 0) whereas substrates, containing the alcohol extracts of the Maillard-type reaction mixture taken after 1 and 16 hours, developed peroxide value of 9. 5 and 7. 5 after the same storage period.
Effects of NaCl Concentration on the Rancidity Development of Sample Ramyon Products, Deep-Fried Instant Noodles
Kim, Tae-Woong ; Heo, Tae-Ryeon ; Kim, Dong-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 51~56
The effects of various concentration of NaCI, i.e., 1, 2, 2. 5, 3, and 4%, on the rancidity development of samples of Ramyon, deep-fried instant noodles, were studied. Dough for the samples, which was composed of wheat flour, distilled water, and pure NaCI, was prepared at a commercial plant but the deep-frying p개cess for the dough was performed in the laboratory. The products thus obtained were incubated for 50 days at
. Peroxide and TBA values were determined every 5 days throughout the storage period. The results obtained are as follows. 1) Control and the samples containing 1, 2, 2. 5, and 3% salt had POVs of 8. 7, 9. 1, 9. 0, 9. 2 and 9. 7 respectively after 25 days. The control showed a POV of 19.1 after 45 days whereas the sample Ramyons containing 1, 2, 2. 5, 3, and 4% salt had POVs of 12. 6, 13. 2, 14. 6, 15. 3, and 15. 8 respectively after 30 days. 2) TBA values of Control and the sample containing 1, 2, 2. 5, 3, and 4% salt were 5. 8, 6. 1, 6. 2, 6. 4, 6. 7, and 6. 6 respectively after 15 days. But the control developed a TBA value of 11. 4 after 40 days. The samples containing 1, 2, 2. 5, and 3% salt showed TBA values of 10. 2, 14. 3, 15. 8, and 15. 3 respectively after 30 days whereas the sample containing 4% salt had a TBA value of 13. 8 after 25 days. 3) The relationship between the POVs and the TBA values was linear. However, the regression curves of the POVs and the TBA values indicated progressive increase in the gradients(POV/TBA) with increase in the salt content. 4) From the results of the present study, it was found that although the acceleration of rancidity was not in proportion to the amount of NaCI, definite progressive increase in the rancidity development was observed with increase in the salt content of the sample Ramyons.
A Report on the Abstracting Service on Food Literature in Korea
Lee, Su-Rae ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 7, issue 1, 1975, Pages 57~58