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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Food Science and Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1977
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1977
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1977
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1977
Selecting the target year
Microbial Production of Yeast Cell Wall Lytic Enzymes
Kang, Soon-Young ; Lee, Su-Rae ; Lee, Chun-Yung ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 97~105
1) In order to obtain a microbial strain having a strong yeast cell wall lytic activity, about 156 isolates capable of forming clear zones on baker's yeast-peptone-bouillon agar plate were obtained from soil, mud and water samples and a strain K-42 with the highest lytic activity was identified as Bacillus circulans. 2) Effect of carbon sources on the lytic enzyme production by the K-42 strain was in the decreasing order of maltose>glucan>xylose>control in 2-day culture and of lactose>galactose>glucan>control in 3-day culture. Effect of inorganic nitrogen sources was in the decreasing order of ammonium acetate>sodium nitrate>control in 2-day culture and of ammonium chloride>ammonium oxalate>control in 3-day culture, whereas organic nitrogen sources except milk casein showed an increase in 2-day culture and a decrease in 3-day culture. Synergistic effect of carbon sources and nitrogen sources was not observed. 3) The enzyme production by the K-42 strain was greatly affected by pH change of the culture medium, thus a high lytic activity could be maintained by keeping the pH range of
and adding carbon or nitrogen sources. 4) Optimum conditions for the lytic activity of the K-42 strain were obtained at
and the extent of hydrolysis toward heated yeast cell wall was 65%.
Development of Composite Flours and Their Products Utilizing Domestic Raw Materials -Part VI. Effect of Additives on the Bread-making Quality with Composite Flours-
Kim, Hyong-Soo ; Lee, Hee-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 106~115
In order to study the baking properties of various composite flours, naked barley flour, corn flour, potato flour, and sweet potato flour were added to the hard wheat flour respectively in a ratio of 3 : 7. Using above composite flours, effects of glyceryl monosterate (GMS), sodium stearyl lactylate (SSL), calcium stearyl lactylate (CSL), xanthan gum (XG) and polysaccharide (PS) were also examined in terms of sedimentation test, viscosity by amylograph and baking test. The results are as follows: 1) Sedimentation value decreased in the order of hard wheat flour (58), corn flour (47), potato flour (46), sweet potato flour (33). and barley flour (23). Significant effects of additives were observed for all of flours as well as for the composite flours. The most prominant result of additives was obtained with the composite flour of barley and wheat. Among the additives, mixtures of GMS and SSL at 1% final concentration and that of GMS and SSL at the same concentration increased the sedimentation value considerably. No sedimentation measurement, however, was possible for XG since the compound was precipitated by acid during experiment of sedimentation. 2) Effects of additives on the viscosity were determined by amylograph. The mixtures of GMS 1%+SSL 1% and GMS 1%+CSL 1% increased gelatinization point,maximum viscosity and cooling viscosity. GMS 1%+XG 1% or GMS 1%+PS 1% showed less effects. 3) GMS 1%+CSL 0.5% increased the specific loaf volume of bread produced from the composite flour of naked barley and wheat, and appearance, taste and texture of the product were very similar to those of the standard bread produced from wheat flour. GMS 1%+SSL 0.5%, however, increased the loaf volume of bread produced from the composite flours of corn, potato and sweet potato, and wheat. No effects were obtained with XG and PS, except slight improvement of the texture of bread. 4) No specific loaf volume of bread produced from the composite flour of barley and wheat was increased when 1% of SSL, CSL, XG or PS was used separately.
A Study on the Volatile Flavor Components in Kimchis
Yoon, Jin-Sook ; Rhee, Hei-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 116~122
The volatile flavor components of Kimchis were identified and the volatiles of fermented Kimchis (1.29% NaCl and 4.89 NaCl) were compared with those of raw Kimchi (1.29% NaCl). After the existence of carbonyls and sulfur compounds were confirmed by precipitation method, vacuum distillation was carried out to collect the volatiles of Kimchis in traps submerged in ice+salt, dryice-acetone and liquid N, respectively. The volatile flavor components were identified by GLC. The results were; 1. 17 volatile flavor components of Kimchis were identified by comparison of retention time with those of known compounds and acetaldehyde, acetone, ethanol, ethyl sulfide were positively identified by m.p., IR, UV, TLC. etc. 2. Ethanol was the most abundant volatiles of Kimchis and the content was much higher in fermented low salt Kimchi than in unfermented low salt Kimchi. 3. On the contrary, acetaldehyde and volatile sulfur compounds were reduced in fermented Kimchis, especially in fermented low salt Kimchi.
Functional Properties of Soy Protein Isolates Prepared from Defatted Soybean Meal
Byun, Si-Myung ; Kim, Chul-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 123~130
A laboratory study was made to develop a simple and economic model method for the systematic determination of functional properties of 'Soy Protein Isolates (SPI)' prepared from defatted soybean meal. These are required to evaluate and to predict how SPI may behave in specific systems and such proteins can be used to simulate or replace conventional proteins. Data concerning the effects of pH, salt concentration, temperature, and protein concentration on the functional properties which include solubility, heat denaturation, gel forming capacity, emulsifying capacity, and foaming capacity are presented. The results are as follows: 1) The yield of SPI from defatted soybean meal increased to 83.9 % as the soybean meal was extracted with 0.02 N NaOH. 2) The suitable viscocity of a dope solution for spinning fiber was found to be 60 Poises by using syringe needle (0.3 mm) with 15 % SPI in 0.6 % NaOH. 3) Heat caused thickening and gelation in concentration of 8 % with a temperature threshold of
protein concentration, gel was formed within
. It was, however, disrupted rapidly at
of overheat treatment. The gel was firm, resilient and self-supporting at protein concentration of 14 % and less susceptible to disruption of overheating. 4) The emulsifying capacity (EC) of SPI was correlated positively to the solubility of protein at
. At pH of the isoelectric point of SPI (pH 4.6), EC increased as concentration of sodium chloride increased. Using model system
, the maximum EC of SPI was found to be 47.2 ml of oil/100 mg protein, at the condition of pH 8.7 and
. The milk casein had greater EC than SPI at lower ionic strength while the EC of SPI was the same as milk casein at higher ionic strength. 5) The shaking test was used in determining the foam-ability of proteins. Progressively increasing SPI concentration up to 5 % indicated that the maximum protein concentration for foaming capacity was 2 %. Sucrose reduced foam expansion slightly but enhanced foam stability. The results of comparing milk casein and egg albumin were that foaming properties of SPI were the same as egg albumin, and better than milk casein, particularly in foam stability.
Studies on the Changes of N-Compounds during the Fermentation Process of the Korean Daenjang
Yoon, Il-Sup ; Kim, Hyun-Oh ; Youn, Se-Eok ; Lee, Kap-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 131~137
This study was conducted to examine the changes of pH, proteolytic enzymic activity, and every kind of nitrogen compounds during their fermentation of the three groups of meju for 90days. Among the three groups, the first group was conventional Korean meju which was proved to be good quality (sample J), the second group was prepared with soybean paste using B. subtilis (sample K), and the third group was an improved meju which was fermented with the soybean and wheat (7 : 3) mixtured paste with Asp. sojae (sample L). These groups were analyzed at an interval of 10 day and the results are summarized as follows: 1) The pH of the all three groups was lowered from
in just the 30 days and maintained the weak acidity during this fermentation. 2) The proteolytic enzymic activity was increased as soon as the three groups of meju were fermented and marked the maximum value in 30 days. The maximum value of the three groups of meju J.K. and L was 147, 112, and 52 respectively. The proteolytic enzymic activity of sample J and K was decreased to 23.5 and 20.5 in 20 days, while that of sample L was decreased to 18.0 in 40 days, and maintained the volues to the end of fermentation for 90 days. The conventional meju J and the improved meju K showed sparkling activity at the pH 7, while the activity of improved meju L was strong at the pH 10. 3) The PAA-N content of sample J and K was increased and reached to the peak point with 1.55% and 1.49% respectively in 60 days. But the sample L marked the maximum value with 1.28% after 80 days. 4) The amino-N content of sample J was increased and reached to 0.36% after 60 days, and that of sample K and L was increased and reached to 0.29% and 0.21% respectively after 40 days. After reaching to the peak point, the contents were decreased. 5) The content of ammonia-N was most abundant in sample K which was fermented with soybean paste using B. subtilis. 6) The peptide-N content of sample K and L was increased after decreasing in the middle of fermentation period, while that of sample J was increased gradually during fermentation. 7) The changes of nitrogen compounds were seemed to complete in 60 days of fermentation.
Physicochemical Properties of Buckwheat Starch
Kim, S.K. ; Hahn, T.R. ; Kwon, T.W. ; D'Appolonia, B.L. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 138~143
Physicochemical properties of buckwheat starch were investigated. Starch granules were in the range of
microns in size, the average being 7.8 microns. The starch had a water-binding capacity value of 103.7%, blue value of 0.35 and amylose content of 25%. The initial and final gelatinization temperatures were
, respectively. Amylograph data showed that the starch had an initial pasting temperature of
. The kinetic study of crystallization of buckwheat starch during aging at
suggested that the mechanism of starch crystallization is instantaneous nucleation followed by rod-like growth of crystals.
Cooking Properties of Waxy Varieties of Rice
Kim, Hyong-Soo ; Moon, Soo-Jae ; Sohn, Kyong-Hee ; Heu, Mun-Hue ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 144~152
The physiochemical properties of eight different cultivars or newly bred lines of glutionous rice were investigated and obtained following results; (1) The gelatinizing temperature, blue value and alkali number of starch separated from the sample cultivars or lines were similar to those of starch from conventional cultivar Olchal. The expansive power of three newly bred lines were somewhat weaker than that of starch from conventional cultivar, but the expansive power of other four lines were similar to that of conventional cultivar. (2) pH of cooked rice of the ten sample cultivars or breeding lines showed no discernible differences rangeing from 6.54 to 6.60. (3) The degree of gelatinization of cooked rice of newly bred lines were rather lower than that of conventional ones, but the degree of their retrogradation were somewhat higher than that of conventional cultivars. (4) In order to improve the palatability of cooked rice of Tongil (common rice), glutinous rice were mixed in different rate. The results showed that a mix ratio of six per cent glutinous rice was most favourable. The acceptability of common Tongil rice was improved when it was cooked with four to six per cent of glutinous rice mixed, and it showed no significant difference from that of Akibare alone cooked rice. Also no difference was noticed among newly bred glutinous lines in the acceptability when they cooked with common Tongil rice mixed. (5) Injolmi, Yaksik, Misitgaru, Twipap and Yugwa were prepared from glutinous rice of sample cultivars and or breeding lines to study their characteristics in processing and their acceptability. The results indicated that the acceptability score of newly bred lines were lower than that of conventional cultivar in cases of Twipap and Yugwa, but in cases of Injolmi, Yaksik and Misitgaru, identical score was obtained from both of newly bred lines and conventional cultivars.
Isolation of Sunflower Seed Protein and its Chemical Composition
Cho, Sung-Hye ; Kim, Jun-Pyong ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 153~156
We have investigated for amino acid composition and molecular weight of the sunflower main protein which was purfied by Sephadex column. The results were obtained as fellow. 1. The salt-soluble sunflower proteins were highly dispersible in 0.02M sodium phosphate buffer, containing 10% sodium chloride. 2. The sunflower proteins were characterized by comparatively high levels of essential amino acids. 3. Seven bands of component of sunflower proteins were found in disc electrophoretic gel column. 4. The sunflower main protein was purified by Sephadex G-150 and A-25 column chromatography 5. The molecular weight was estimated 86,000 for the sunflower main protein.
Effect of Metal Ions on the Oxidation of Soybean Oil and Its Fried Noodle
Choe, Myen ; Kim, Tae-Woong ; Lee, Yang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 157~164
In the present study, the proxidant effect of ferrous and cupric chlorides which added to soybean oil and its fried noodle in the same concentration of the city water and the physically refined underground water were determined. As the inhibitor of metal proxidation, BHA and citric acid which are used widely in oil industry as antioxidants were compared. In both cases of soybean oil and its fried noodle, the addition of cupric chloride and ferrous chloride showed prominent proxidant effect. Especially, cupric chloride marked more proxidant effect than ferrous chloride by 3 to 6 times with the elapse of time. In the inhibition activity of metal proxidation, citric acid was more effective than BHA. The 1ppm of Cu +0.01% of citric acid treated soybean oil showed less proxidant effect than the control at the later stage. The inhibition activity of citric acid on
in soybean oil was more effective than
in soybean oil.
Thermal Inactivation of Horseradish Peroxidase for the Range of Temperatures
Park, K.H. ; Stahl, R. ; Srimani, B.N. ; Loncin, M. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 165~169
An apparatus for continuous sterilization of fluids in which heating-up and cooling time are negligible enabled determination of the kinetics of thermal inactivation of peroxidase for the range of temperatures
. The enthalpy of activation was 146.4 kJ/mol; free energy of activation, 113kJ/mol; and the entropy of activation, 82.9J/mol.K. Comparisons of the experimental results with the thermal destruction time curves of microorganisms showed the possibility that the time required to inactivate peroxidase might be taken into account in evaluating thermal processes for commerciel HTST methods.
Effect of Washing on the Loss of Nutrients in Rice
Cheigh, Hong-Sik ; Ryu, Chung-Hee ; Jo, Jae-Sun ; Kwon, Tai-Wan ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 170~174
The comparative effect of washing on the loss of nutrients in rice was studied with regard to varieties of Japonica and Indica type and various polishing degrees. Washing procedure was made by usual method for the preparation of cooked rice. The average loss was 1-2% of total solid, 5-7% of protein, 18-26% of calcium, 19-47% of iron, 22-40% of vitamin
, 11-24% of vitamin
and 36-45% of niacin during washing in the 50-90% polished rice of Japonica and Indica varieties. The Indica rice had relatively higher loss of total solid, protein, calcium and iron than that of Japonica rice. The loss of total solid, N-free extract and vitamin in 70% polished rice was lower than that of 90% polished rice. Loss of lysine in 90% polished rice amounted to more than 6% and was higher than the loss of other amino acids.
Thermal Inactivation of Technological Important Enzymes
Park, K.H. ;
Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology, volume 9, issue 2, 1977, Pages 175~179