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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
In vitro Antimutagenic Activity of Brown Rice and its Physico-Chemical Characteristics
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 133~138
In vitro antimutagenic activity of methanol extract from brrwn rice and its physico-chemical characteristics were investigated using Salmonella typhimurium reversion assay and SOS chromotest. Methanol extracts of brown rice were not mutagenic compared with direct and indirect, mutagenicities of 4NQO (4-nitroquinoline oxide), 2NF(2-nitrofluorene), Trp-p-1(3-Amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido-[4,3-b]indole), and Trp-p-2(3-Amino-1-methy-5H-pyrido-[4,3-b]indole). Antimutagenic activity against the indirect mutagenicties induced by Trp-p-1, Trp-p-2 and AFB1 (aflatoxin B1) was found in methanol extract. Even though antimutagenic activity showed dose-dependent, it remained constant at inhibition rate ranging 60~90% when the concentration was abov 3mg/plate in the S. typhimurium reversion assay and 0.2~0.6 mg/assay in the SOS chromotest. The antimutagenic activity of the methanol extracts was stable at various pH (2, 7 and 10), temperatures (60, 80 and 10
)and heation times (2, 4, 6, 8, 10 min at 10
Investigation of Optimum Extracting Condition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Extract from the Root Bark of Morus alba
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 139~145
In order to develop a natural food preservative, the root bark of Morus alba was extracted with several solvents, and then antimicrobial activity was investigated. The optimum extracting condition for the antimicrobial substance from the sample, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the extracted substance against microorganisms were also examined. The antimicrobial activity of the ethanol extract form the sample was stronger than those of the extracts by the other solvents such as water, methanol. ethyl acetate and acetone. The optimum extracting condition for antimicrobial substance from the sample was shaking extraction twice for 5 hours at room temperature in case of 7 times of absolute ethanol added to the crushed root bark of Morus alba. The ethanol extract from the root bark of Morus alba had strong B. cereus, L. monocytogenes and S. aureus. Especially, Bacillus species was the most susceptible to the extracted substance. The ethanol extract showed antimicrobial activity against Gram negative bacteria(MIC, 160~1600 ug/ml) and yeasts(MIC, 1600 ug/ml) such as C. albicans and S. acidifaeciens. The extract also showed growth inhibition against molds such as A. niger, A. parasiticus, A versicolar and T. viride.
Effects of Treatment with the Extract from the Root Bark of Morus alba on the Cell Composition and the Shape Change of Microorganisms
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 147~153
The ethanol extract from the root bark of Morus alba showed the strongest antimicrobial activity on the growth of almost all the tested microorganisms which were food-borne pathogens and food-related microorganisms. Therefore, fatty acid composition, amino acid composition and shape change of microorganisms treated with the ethanol extract from the root bark of Morus alba were examined. In effects of treatment with the ethanol extract on the fatty acid compositions of B. subtilis, S. aureus and E. coli, fatty aicd compositions such as hexadecanoic acid (16:0) and octadecanoic acid (18:2) of the tested strains were increased but pentadecanoic acid (15:0) heptadecanoic acid (17:0) and acid (16:1) and octadecenoic acid (18:1) of E. coli were decreased. The ethanol extract did not significantly affect the aminn acid composition of the tested strains. Transmission electron micrographs of microorgani는 treated with the ethanol extract exhibited morphological changes that irregularly contracted cell surface in S. aureus and destructed cell walls in B. subtilis and E. coli.
Safety Assessment of the Deep-fried Instant Noodles
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 155~161
In the study, attempts were made to investigate the safety of the deep-fried instant noodles. A total of 50 deep-fried instant noodles were puchased from a local supermarket. Acid value , peroxide value, preservatives, heavy metals and pesticide residues were determined. Acid value(AV) and peroxide value(POV) of deep-fried instant noodles were lower than the Food Law in force. Any preservatives were not detected in all deep-fried instant noodles. The level of all heavy metals and pesticide residues found in deep-fried instant noodles were fairly low, and pesticide residues in deep-fried instant noodles was almost removed after cooking. It was conclued from these results that deep-fried instant noodles may be no harmful in oxidative stability(AV, POV) and sanitary safety(preservatives, heavy metals and pesticides).
Effect of Garlic on Enzyme Activities of Rats Fed Lard and Alcohol
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 163~168
The present study has been undertaken to investigate the effects of garlic added to food on the activities of several enzymes in serum of rats fed lard and alcohol. Thirty-five males of Sprague-Dawley strains weighed about 130g were divided into 7 groups, each group receiving a different diet for 10 weeks; i.e. basal diet plus 15% lard, basal diet plus 5% alcohol, basal diet plus 0.5% garlic, basal diet plus 15% lard and 0.5% garlic. Determinations were carried out in the net weight gain, food efficiency ratio, weight of organs, and AST, ALT, lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase activities in serum of rats. The results obtained were as follows; Rats given feed containing lard and alcohol showed significant decrease in net weight gain, but garlic caused an increased in food efficiency ratio. Lard supplementation caused an increase in the weight of liver, kidney, spleen, but another groups did not, AST, ALT, ALP, LDH of serum were significantly increased in lard and alcohol containing group but garlic feeding decreased enzyme activities compared to lard and alcohol containing group. The above results suggest that garlic would prevent the metabolic disease of liver by improving hyperlipemia caused by high fat diet.
A Study on Quantitative Method of Piperine in Pure Ground Black Pepper
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 169~174
Piperine, component of pure ground black pepper, has strong stimulative and hot. Analytical method for piperine was developed by high performance liquid chromatography. Analytical conditions are as follows, mobile phase is 70% methanol, detector UV 343 nm (0.05 AuFs), column is Novapak 5 C18 (15 cm
4.6mm), flow rate is 1.0ml/min, chart speed is 0.25 cm/min and injection volume is 20 ul. Analytical results are as follows that relative standard deviation is 1.15%, calibration curve is y=170473.1x-7848.5 (R2=0.999) that shows good linearity. Standard solution of piperine is stable up to 10 hr and content of piperine in pureground black pepper is 4.97
0.86% Retention time of piperine in HPLC method is about 7 min. Therefore, the developed HPLC method including simple pretreatment of sample will be contribute to quality mangement.
Prediction of the Cause of Bacterial Contamination in Kimbab and Its Ingredients
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 175~180
The distribution of bacteria in kimbab and its ingredients have been investigated. The total bacterial counts were over 3
106/g(n=30) when the kimbabs were delivered to restaurant and it exceeded the legal level 1
106/g defined by the Code of Food Standard in 1991. The gram-negative coliforms were also detected 1.9
105. In order to study the cause of bacterial contamination in kimbabs, the ingredients used in kimbabs were examined. The bacterial counts were found 104-108/gfor kim (laver), 104-108/g for sausage, 104-106/g for boiled-spinach, 103-107/g for carrot, and 104-106/g for Danmuji, respectively. From these results it could be concluded that the bacterial contamination in Kimbabs was caused mainly by the ingredients such as kim, boiled-spinach, carrot, and sausage. Therefore, this suggested that the sanitary manufacture of kim, the storage at refrigerator temperature of the ingredients for kimbabs, and the proper treatment of equipments should be maintained in order to reduce the bacterial contamination for kimbabs. Furthermore, it should be required to obtain the basal data for establishment of the sanitary standard of kim and kimbab.
Estragole Identified and Extracts from Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze Inhibited Bacterial Growth
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 181~187
Water extract, and methanol extract, its chloroform and hexane fractions, and estragole from Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze were tested to find the inhibition effect on the growth of several microorganisms. The organisms used were Escherichia coli ATCC 1129, Staphylococcus aureus IAM 1011, Vibrio parahaemolyticus WP, Bacillus subtilis ATCC6633, Aspergillus oryzae KFCC 890, Aspergillus niger KCCM 11240. Water and methanol extracts at the concentration of 0.5%, and chloroform and hexane fraction at the concentration of 0.05% inhibited the growth of microorganisms from 1/5 to 2/3 of the control group. Estragole identified from the hexane faction as a major component, its authentic compound completely inhibited the growth of Vibrio parahaemolyticus completely at the concentration of 0.03%, and the other bacteria were at 0.05%.
Analysis of Synephrine and Octopamine in Citrus Fruits, Drinks, and Human Urine
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 10, issue 3, 1995, Pages 189~197
Analytical method for synephrine and octopamine in citrus fruits, drinks containing citrus fruit, and human urine was developed using gas chromatography / mass spectrometry(GC/MS), Silylation with MSTFA, acetylation with MBTFA, and trimethylsilylation with MSTFA followed by trifiuoroacetylation with MBTFA were compared. The selective derivatization of synephrine and octopamine was optimized with two derivatizing reagents ; MSTFA and MBTFA. The ion at m/z 267 was monitored to characterize the benzyl group of the both compounds. Synephrine was detected in the concentrations of 0.46∼1.88 ug/g for citrus fruits and 1.2∼8.1 ug/ml for drinks. The urinary excretion data of synephrine showed the highest concentration at the period of 8-20 hours after drinking orange juices and total amounts of its urinary excretion calculated as a parent compound was 11-14% of a dose during 48 hours. Octopamine was not detected in citrus fruits, drinks, and human urine.