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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Antioxidative Effect of Silmarin Purified from Silybum Marianum on Modificaion of Human Low Density Lipoprotein
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~8
This study was performed to evaluate the antioxidant activity of silymarin against human low density lipoproteins(LDL) oxidation. Silymarin extracted from Silybum marianum was successively purified with solvent fractionation and followed by silica gel column chromatography. The active substances were separated by HPLC and the isolated active substances, silymarin were identified by IR, NMR, GC-MS as silymarin. Silymarin inhibited at the 5
M Cu2+-mediated oxidation of human low density lipoprotein (LDL) in a dose dependent manner. Silymarin completely inhibited LDL oxidation at 50
concentration. These findings suggest that silymarin may protect LDL against oxidation in atherosclerotic lessions.
Physiological and Ecological Characteristis of Hemolytic Vibrios and Development of Sanitary Countermeasure of Raw Fisheries Foods. 2. Physiological and Psychrotrophic Characteristics of Vibrio mimicus SM-9 Isolated from sea Water
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 9~14
Vibrio mimicus is a closely related species with V. cholerae, and has been reported to be associated with gastrointestinal infections. Although extraintestinal infections of these vibrios have also been reported in Japan and Southeast Asia. But little research papers on V. mimicus was reported in Korea. Therefore, we tried to isolate V. mimicus from the environmental sea water from April to July in Pusan, Korea. Among the isolated strains, we selected the strongest hemolytic strain and then named V. mimicus SM-9. In this paper, we checked the antibiotic susceptibility and psychrotrophic characteristics of the isolated strain. Hemolytic activity of the hemolysin produced by the isolated strain was also measured. V. mimicus was not detected from the sea water samples in April and May, but its detection rate was relatively high in June and July in Pusan, Korea. The bacteriological characteristics of V. mimicus SM-9 were Gram-negative rods, motile, oxidase positive, Voges-Proskauer negative and sucrose negative. In 23 kinds of antibiotics susceptibility test, V. mimicus SM-9 showed susceptibility to the most of antibiotics submitted while it was resistive against lincomycin, oxacillin, rifampin and vancomycin. Hemolytic activity of the hemolysin produced by V. mimicus SM-9 was highest in stationary phase of the growth curve in BHI broth at 37
and its activity was reached 18 HU per
of culture supernatant. For checking the psychrotrophic property of V. mimicus SM-9, the decreasing rate of the strain in phosphate buffer solution and yellowtail flesh homogenate was examined during the storage at 4, 0, -4 and -2
. The decreasing rates of the selected strain stored in phosphate buffer solution were greater than those in fish homogenate. Decreasing rates of V. mimicus SM-9 stored in phosphate buffer solution were not significantly different by the storage temperatures. The viable cell counts of the strain were decreased as 5 log cycles after 120 hours at all the tested temperatures. While decreasing numbers of the strain in fish homogenates were 2*4 log cycles after 120 hours. The decreasing pattern of the strain numbers were very slow after 200 hours at all the stored temperatures.
Stability of Monascin Pigment Isolated from Monascus purpureus
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 15~19
The stability of monascin yellow pigment isolated from Monascus purpureus was determined over a period of storage for the wide range of pH, various metal ions and antioxidants. The absorption maximum of monascin pigment was 385 nm. Monascin pigment was more stable in acid solutions than in alkaline (pH 9 and pH 11) during storage period. It was also observed the reduction of absorption was occur after 3 days storage. The stability of monascin pigment was not changed by adding the various metal ions of the concentration of 10-4 M, however, it was unstable by adding the Zn2+, Al3+ and Fe3+ of 103- M concentration. The antioxidants. BHA, BHT, cysteine and L-ascorbic acid, have no effects on the stability of monascin yellow pigment. Thus, it may be concluded that the monascin pigment is stable and useful food additives as the natural colorant except for the alkaline food and food containing the Zn2+, Al3+ and Fe3+.
Normal Flora and Effect of Storage Temperature and Period in the Commercial Fish and Shellfish
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 20~25
In order to investigate bacterial sanitary condition of fish and shellfish, we examined the normal flora in the 25 species of commercial fish and shellfish, and also proportional change of normal flora by storage period and temperature. Isolated 334 wereisolated in the normal fish and shellfish and predominant genera were Pseudomonas (25.2%), Staphylococcus(10%), Acinetobacter (7.2%), Vibrio (6.9%), Micrococcus (5.4%), Aeromonas (5.2%), and Enterobacter (5.2%). In accordance with storage period and temperature, Pseudomonas grew on high ratio at 1
steadily, but Proteus had increased proportionally at 2
. Additionally, Yeast, and Micrococcus had decreased by period.
A Study on the Shelf-life of Hams and Sausages in Refrigerated Storage
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 26~38
The quality changes of hams and sausages in refrigerated storage were investigated. Seven types of hams and six types of sausages produced in Korea were collected from markets and stored at 1
according to the Food Code of Korea, and then chemical, microbiological, textural and sensory characteristics were evaluated at 30, 40 and 50 days. The proximal analysis showed considerable variation in fat with less variation in moisture and protein. The pH values of hams and sausages slightly changed with no consistent difference. Water activity values of all samples except one type of sausage were consistent over time in refrigerated storage. No purge losses of hams were observed except two types of samples in the intial stage. Several types of sausages showed purge losses with no consistency and one type of sausage showed consistent purge losses (0.44~11.29%) during the storage. The volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) content of hams and sausages was still within 20 mg% (Standard and Specification of Korea) on the 50th day, although the VBN of all samples significantly increased over time (p<0.05). The thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values of hams and sausages were well below 1.0 during the storage, although the TBA values of all samples significantly increased (p<0.05). However it was noticed that one type of ham and two types of sausages showed TBA values of 0.945, 0.928 and 0.978, respectively. All the standard plate counts (SPCs) of hams during the storage period showed a level below 30 CFU/g except one type of sample with 103 CFU/g at 50 days. All the SPCs of sausages showed a level below 50 CFU/g except one type of sample with 102 CFU/g and two types of samples with 104 CFU/g on the 50th day. Coliform groups were not counted in all samples during the storage. Instrumental texture analysis showed that springiness, cohesiveness, chewiness, gumminess and adhesiveness slightly changed with no consistent difference. The hardness of the hams showed a decreasing tendency, and the hardness of the sausages an increasing tendency with no significant difference. Sensory evaluation for color, flavor, taste, texture and overall acceptability showed decreasing tendencies over time (p<0.05). The scores of the five sensory characteristics maintained the medium level of quality at the termination of the experiment. Although the results indicated that the ham and sausage samples were acceptable after the 50 days' storage at 1
, the shelf-life of the samples should be determined considering the rapid growth of bacteria and the high TBA values at 50 days.
Removal of Phenthoate Residues During the Preparation of Dietary Fiber and Bioflavonoid from Mandarin Peels
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 39~46
Mandarin orange fruits were artificially contaminated with an organophosphorus insecticide phenthoate by dipping and the residue level of phenthoate was investigated during the purification steps of dietary fiber or bioflavonoid. The removal rate of phenthoate at 8 and 0.5 ppm levels was 98% in the total dietary fiber, 99% in the insoluble dietary fiber and 99.8% in the soluble dietary fiber preparations. Kuring the preparation of biflavonoid from peels at a 5 ppm pesticide level, the removal rate was 90% in the intermediate extract and 99.9% in the final extract. In conclusion, phenthoate residues in the peels of mandarin orange were mostly removed during the preparation processes of dietary fiber of bioflavonoid and its residue level would not raise any problem in safety aspects of the purified products.
Lipid and Microbial Changes of Fried Foods at Market during Storage
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 47~54
Fried vegetable mix, fried fish mix and fried chicken which prepared as convenient style at traditional market in Chonju were collected and evaluated their chemical composition, lipid and microbial changes during storage at different temperaturefor confirming those fried food stability. The POV and AV of oil in samples and total bacterial count during storage at 5, 15, 20 and 3
were monitered. The POV, AV and total bacterial count tested of each sample, shelf-life can be suggested as within 1 day at 3
, 2~3 days at 15~2
and over 5 days at 5
Changes in Microbiological and Chemical Properties of Natural Water with the Storage Time and Temperature
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 55~62
This study was carried out to investigate the microbiological and chemical properties of natural water during storage. The water samples were taken at the time of purchase and the opened bottles and unopened bottles stored at the temperature of 4
, and 3
. The bacterial content normally rose to 2.06
for the unopened bottles and 2.91
for the opened bottles after 2 weeks of storage, and 1.21
102, respectively, after 24 weeks of storage. The number of viable cells of bacteria peaked more rapidly at the storage temperature of 3
. But the total samples were found to be negative for coliforms test during the study period. The average range of pH value was from 7.39 to 7.76. The results showed that the nitrates and chlorides satisfied the Korea Drinking Water Quality Standards during the storage period of 24 weeks. However, the undesirable changes of the taste and odor were detected within 2 weeks and 3 weeks, respectively.
The Effect of Estragole Identified and Extracts from Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze on the Fungal Growth and Metabolism
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 63~70
The extracts from Agastache rugosa O. Kuntze, their chloroform and hexane fractions, and estragole identified from hexane fraction were tested to investigate the effects on the growth and metabolic activities of several true fungi. The fungi used were: Aspergillus oryzae KFCC 890, Aspergillus niger KCCM 11240, Saccharomyces cerevisiae IAM 4597, Saccharomyces ellipsoideus PNU 2215. The growth of S. Cerevisiae by treatment of water extract(1%), hexane fraction (0.05%), and estragole (0.05%) were inhibited 93%, 50%, and 33% respectively, and S. ellipsoideus was also inhibited markedly with delaying the alg phase maximum 12 hrs. The growth of A. oryzae was inhibited by treatment of extracts and fractions. The echanol production by S. cerevisiae was increased more than two times in the highest value around 42 hrs incubation by water extract, but chloroform fraction inhibited its production. The glucoamylase actibities by A. niger were strongly inhibited by hexane and chloroform fractions (0.05%). The invertase activity by S. cerevisiae using estragole (0.05%) reached to 57.5% of control group. S. cerevisiae treated with the estragole was damaged the cell wall and cell membrane, leaked the protoplasm, and observed broken pieces of cell.
Determination of Sulfamethazine Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography and Several Screening Methods
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 71~77
Sulfonamides, a therapeutically important group of antimicrobial drugs, are widely used to treat and prevent the acute systemic and skin infections in dairy cattle. They also pose an economic hazard through inhibition of growth of dairy starter cultures. This study was carried out to compare four screening methods for detection of sulfamethazine in milk and determine the positive milk sample by HPLC method. Sulfamethazine was used to spike at five levels of sulfamethazine. The Lac-Tek test and CharmII test were also consistent better than TTCII test and Delvo SP test in sulfamethazine detection. Analysis probabilities of obtaining a positive response with TTCII test and Delvo SP test assay at 50 ppb sulfamethazine level in milk samples were only 14%, 42% each. Whereas using the Lac-Tek test and CharmII test would have resulted in 100% identification of the five levels. Determination of sufamethazine using the HPLC method in the spiked milk were 10.64, 19.30, 30.76,38.83 and 50.23 ppb, respectively.
Isolation of Verocytotoxin Producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 Due to Fcal Contamination on Carcass Surfaces
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 78~82
Surface swab samples from beef (188), pork (240) and chicken (95) carcasses were collected from slaughterhouse in Kangwon and Kyunggi areas from March through July 1996. The samples were examined on the level of E. coli biotype I relevant to fecal contamination due to unsanitary processing control and the existence of verocytotoxin-producing E. coli (VTEC). E. coli biotype I were confirmed from 38.8% of beef, 40.0% of pork, and 69.5% of chicken carcasses. Little variation was noted among three sampling points; rump, flank and neck of beef, ham, belly and jowls of pork. coli O157:H7 was only confirmed from 2 of 188 beef carcasses. E. coli biotype I. All the isolated E. coli O157 showed positive for vero cell cytotoxicity test. Isolation rate of E. coli O157 in summer was higher than in spring. In case of pork and chicken carcasses, E. coli O157 was isolated in summer only.
Effect of Fermented Milk on the Blood Cholesterol Level of Korean
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 12, issue 1, 1997, Pages 83~95
This study showed the effect of fermented milk on the cholesterol level of Korean. 130 persons among the teachers of elementary, middle and high schools, professors and graduate school students were divided into two groups according to their cholesterol level and provided with fermented milk 300
dairly from Sep.25 to No. V3. They were given blood test at 20 days and 40 days after drinking fermented milk, and surveyed about their ordinary life style and the change of fecal condition. Cholesterol, LDL and the ratio of LDL and HDL in blood were significantly decreased in both high cholesterol group and normal group while HDL cholesterol was notably increased. TG showed slightly tendency of decrease in normal group while no changed in high group. There is no significant change in cholesterol level after drinking fermented milk among groups which are divided by factors of dringking, smoking, caffeine, B.M.I. and family history. The research also showed that drinking fermented milk improved the fecal frequency and fecal condition.