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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Sanitary Management Procedures of University and Industry Foodservice Operations in Pusan
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~10
The levels of sanitary management procedures in university and industry foodservices, in pusan, were investigated. The questionnaires were administed to ninety three dietitians who managed university (n=21) and industry (n=72) foodservices and then the data were statistically analyzed. When sanitary management procedures were evaluated by 5 scales method of Likers, total mean scores of time-temperature management in the process of meal production, personal hygiene, equipments and facilities hygiene in university and industry foodseryice operations were 3.48, 3.76 and 3.27, repectively. In time-temperature management, the scores for storage, purchasing and receiving, pre-preparation, cooking, assembly and service, and hot or cold holding were 3.77, 3.74, 3.55, 3.54, 3.28, 3.05, respectively, in descending order. The management levels for personal hygiene, equipments and facilities hygiene of foodservices had biger serving scale (over 901) were significnatly higher than those of lower sclaled foodservices(below 900). The scores of foodservices managed by higher aged dietitian(over 31 years) were significantly higher than those of foodservices conducted by lower aged group(below 25 years) in the management procedures of time-temperature, personal hygiene, equipments and facilities hygiene(p<0.05). The dietitian group had the regular sanitary education showed significantly higher scores than irregularly educated group in the management of time-temperature and personal hygiene.
Effect of Agarooligosaccharides on the Growth of Intestinal Bacteria
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 11~15
This research was carried out to improve the utilization of agar by evaluating the effect of agarooligosaccharides on the intestinal microflora. Medium containing 0.2% agarooligosaccharides remarkably enhanced the growth of Bifidobacterium infanits; however, agarooligosaccharides did not influence the growth of Clostridium perflingens. Agarooligosaccharides affected intestinal microflora to different extent by various pH and NaCl concentration. The growth of B. infantis enhanced over pH 4.5. Within 1% NaCl concentration, addition of agarooligosaccharides enhanced the growth of B. infantis. In contract, NaCl did not affect the growth of Cl. perflingens at all concentrations tested. Therefore, agarooligosacchariedes improved the benevolent intestinal microflora and depressed to the level of bacteria causing putrefaction and food poisoning.
Microbiological and Sensory Evaluations of Refrigerated Chicken in Summer
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 16~20
Microbiological and sensory evaluations of refrigerated chicken (average weight of 500g) legs treated with acetic acid (AA), lactic acid (LA), or citric acid (CA) during between June and August, 1998 were assessed. Chicken legs were immersed in solutions containing 1% individual acids for 10 min. Chicken legs treated with AA for 10 min during storage of 16 days at 4
had a significantly (P<0.05) lower levels of aerobic plate counts (APC) and gram-negative bacterial counts (APC) compared to those of LA or CA. AA had greater antimicrobial activity than LA or CA. Microbiological shelf-life of refrigerated chicken legs treated with AA increased eight-additional days compared to the controls. Sensory scores of chicken legs treated with acidulant were in the “liked less”to typical category during storage of days at 4
Cumulative Risk Assessment of Organophosphorus Pesticides in the Diet
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 21~26
Risk assessment traditionally are conducted on individual chemicals; however, humans are exposed to multiple chemicals in daily life. The organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are considered in a single risk assessment because they act by a common mechanism of toxicity, and there is likely to be expose to multiple OP pesticides simultaneously or sequentially. The OP pesticides act by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterasc (AChE) and have available extensive database. AChE is widely distributed throughout the body, most importantly in the nervous system. Inhibition of AChE results in accumulation of acetylcholine in the nervous system that results in clinical signs of cholinergic toxicity, including increased salivation and lacrimation, nausea and vomiting, muscle fasciculation, lethargy and fatigue, among others. To conduct an exposure assessment for pesticides in the diet, we need to know the food consumption patterns of the populations, and the pesticide residue levels in the foods that are consumed. This study was conducted to identify cumulative dietary risk due to multiple OP pesticides that can be exposed through various foods. Total 22 food samples including cereals, vegetables and fruits were collected randomly two times from food markets in several sites (4 cities). The subjected foods were selected by regarding of highly consumed foods to general Korean people. The 12 OP pesticides including Acephate, Azinphos-methyl, Chlorpyrifos, and Diazinon were monitored. For the exposure assessment, general adult group of 60 kg body weight was regarded as target population and food consumption data suggested by Lee et al. (2000) were used as consumed value of individual food. Analyses of samples for OP pesticides have been carried out according to the multiclass multiresidue analysis method and acephate and methamidophos analysis method of Korea Food Code. In general the levels of OP pesticides found in the food samples were very low or not detected.
Studies on Antibiotic Resistance and Growth Characteristics of Shigella Sonnei Isolated from Patients of Shigellosis
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 27~32
Antibiotic resistance of thirty strains of Shigella sonnei isolatedfrom patient of Shigellosis outbreke at Young Cheon area in 1998 was tested. Twenty-seven strains were resistant to Tr(Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazol) and Shigella sonnei SG-48 was resistant to Tr(Trimethopirm-Sulfamethoxazol), Ap(Ampicillin), Cp(Cephalothin) and Pi(Piperacillin). Shigella sonnei SG-49, SG-66, and SG-73 were senstive to all tested antibiotics. Physiological charactristics of isolated Shigella sonnei SG-48, SG-49, SG-57, and SG-73 such as effect of pH, NaCl concentration and temperature on the growth, survival in adverse condition and heat resistance were investigated Growth of the strains were inhibited at pH 4 and pH 9. All strains were grown in Tryptic soy broth containing 6% of NaCl but inhibited in TSB containing 9% of NaCl except Shigella sonnei SG-73 after incubation for 18hrs at 37
. Selected strains grew during storage at 10 but did not grow at 4. The strains were survived in 1% pepton solution for 15 days at 37
. Viable cell of selected strains were decreased 45 log cycle after heat treatment for 30 mins at 6
but did not detect by heat treatment for 5 mins at 7
Production Condition of Alkaline Pretense by V. parahaemolyticus ATCC 17802(II)
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 33~36
V. parahaemolyticus possessed an extracellular alkaline protease activity during the stationary growth phase. Various factors such as initial pH of medium, incubation temperature and shaking rate were investigated far optimizing the production of alkaline protease from V. parahaemolyticus ATCC 17802. Maximal activity of the protease was obtained when the bacteria were grown in 2% skim milk medium in 0.1M tris/HCl buffer (pH 7.6). Maximal activity of the protease was obtained when the bacteria were growls at initial pH of 7.6, incubation temperature 37
and shaking rate of 250 rpm.
Antimicrobial Effect of Mustard, Cinnamon, Japanese Pepper and Horseradish
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 37~40
Recently, consumer's demand for natural preservatives is increasing because of residual toxicity, mutagenicity and etc. of synthetic preservatives and th study of natural preservatives is being done. In this study, antimicrobial activity of spices was investigated. Fungi occurred in bread and d noodle without mustard after 3days and 4days, respectively. However, they didn't occured in bread and noodle with mustard ball. Temperature of the water used in mixing-up mustard powder didn't affect antimicrobial activity of mustard. Fungi occurred in bread with cinnamon, Japanese pepper or horseradish after 4days, 4days or 6days, respectively. However, there wasn't the occurrence of fungi in bread with mustard after 8days, yet. Mustard and horseradish of extracts by water of spices had a strong antimicrobial activity. But the extracts by ethanol had 1ow antimicrobial activity.
Effects of Green Tea Catechins on the Lipid Peroxidation and Superoxide Dismutase
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 41~47
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of green tea catechins (GTC) on the lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase (SOD). GTC showed the high SOD activity, while sitgnificantly inhibited the peroxide value of linoleic acid (93%) and lipid peroxidation (84%) from rat liver microsomal fraction induced by Fe
ascorbate system. The effects of GTC on the SOD and catalase activities, and lipid peroxidation after oral administration were investigated. GTC (50 mg/kg) significantly increased SOD (62%) and catalase activities (75%), while significantly inhibited the lipid peroxidation (52%) of rat liver microsome in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that GTC has the antioxidative effect which is rotated to the prevention of aging and cancer.r.
Studies of Gangjung(II) -Effect of undried Insam on the Lipid Oxidation and Sensory Evaluation of Gangjung-
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 48~52
As already pointed out increasing the concentration of dried insam with gangjung becomes progressing the antioxidant effect: 1. The antioxidant effect of gangjung with untried insam increased than gangjung and above 6.0% of undried insam is same of the storage stability, 6 months 2. The more increased acid value(AV) and the peroxide value(POV) of susaln gangjung the longer period of storage, but there was no significient difference with the kinds of adding methods. 3. Sensory evaluation of preference for flavor gangjung with increased according to increasing concentration of undried insam but 6.0% undried insam in maltose was the best among samples.
Assessment of Estimated Daily Intakes of Sorbates, Benzoates, and Esters of
Acid for Average Consumers in Korea
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 53~60
A study has been carried out to estimate the average daily intakes of sorbates, benzoates, and and esters of
-hydroxybenzoic acid commonly used in Korea. The estimation of daily intakes was based on individual dietary intakes in “National Health and Nutrition Survey in 1998”and the the contents of preservatives from 264 samples. Estimated daily intakes(EDI) of sorbates, benzoates, esters of
-hydroxybenzoic acid were 0.22, 0.015, and 0.004 mg/kg bw/day, respectively. When assuming the standard body weight of 55 kg for Korean, ratios to acceptable daily intake (ADI) of sorbates, benzoates, and esters of
-hydroxybenzoic acid were 0.88, 0.30, and 0.04%, respectively.
Determination of 3-Monochloro-1, 2-propanediol in Acid Hydrolyzed Soysauce(Ganjang) by Gas-Chromatography with Electron Capture Detector
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 61~65
To investigate the optimum condition of 3-monochloro-1, 2-propanediol(MCPD) analysis, gas chromatography with electron capture detector was used. Determination of MCPD derivatized with phenylboric acid was more effective than that of underivatized MCPD. In derivatization of MCPD with phenyl boric acid, there were no significantly different between boiling for 2min at 9
and vortexing for 5min at room temperature. Extrelut column was suitable for extraction of MCPD diluted in 20% NaCl solution and recovery rates were higher than direct extraction of MCPD with ethyl acetate. But, the method of direct extraction of MCPD with ethyl acetate was useful for rapid ants qualitative analysis. The sample extracted in soysauce(ganjang) was derivatized with phenylboric acid and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass selective detector. That was confirmed as MCPD-phenylboronate.
Attitudes to Safety of Genetically Modified Foods in Korea -Focus on Consumers-
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 66~75
A survey was conducted to investigate consumers'attitudes toward the foods developed by gene recombination techniques from December, 1999 to April, 2000. The questionnaires were mailed to 1,500 people, and the 1,101 people responded. The consumers were asked about knowledge, acceptance, intention of purchasing, and labeling information. Although the portion of the consumers (88.8%) knowing the genetically modified floods (GMF) was lower than that of the flood expert group (98.7%), many consumers had some knowledge on the GMF, which may be influenced by news released from mass media. Seventy-nine percent of the consumers responded that gene recombination technology is necessary in food production, which is similar to the findings on the survey of the expert group. The portion of the consumers responding that these foods are potentially hazard was 88.1%, which is a little higher than the data (80.9%) from the expert group. The consumers having greater knowledge less worried about a potential hazard of the gene recombinant foods (p<0.01). Although 62.9% of the consumers responded to be willing to purchase those foods, only 16.2% of them responded to purchase the foods with no conditions, which is lower to that from the expert group (23.5%). There was no statistically significant relationship between the knowledge and the intention of purchasing. The ninety point three percent of the consumers wanted the information on gene recombination to be labeled on the foods. The data from this survey suggest that knowledge of the consumers on the GMF are not accurate, so proper strategy for consumer education may need to be developed. In addition, it is necessary to improve safety assessment system and analytical techniques for genetically modified foods (GMF) and to build pre- and post-market surveillance system fur efficient implementation of the GMF labeling.
Germination Properties of Rice and Glutinous Rice Exposed to Gamma Irradiation
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 76~81
The germination test was used to detect biological changes in irradiated rice and glutenous rice at low doses. Grains were irradiated at below 0.5 kGy, husked and placed on distilled water moistend filter paper in a covered petri-dish. A germination test of 20 grains was carried out at room temperature for 5 days. The shoots and roots of non-irradiated rices grew well in comparison with those of irradiated rices above 0.3 kGy. The roots of rices were more sensitive to irradiation than the shoots, and the growth of roots was significantly decreased with the increasing doses. In glutinous rices, the growth of shoots and roots was retarded by irradiation at 0.2 kGy or more after 3rd days. We concluded that if the shoot or root length is 10 mm or longer within 5 day, the rices and glutinous rices are identified as non-irradiated.
Trial to Identify Irradiated Corn Powder by Viscometric and Pulsed Photostimulated Luminescence (PPSL) Methods
Yi, Sang-Duk ; Chang, Kyu-Seob ; Yang, Jae-Seung ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 1, 2001, Pages 82~87
A study was performed to establish detection methods by viscometric and pulsed photostimulated luminescence (PPSL) methods for irradiated com powder. Viscosity was determined using a Brookfield DV-rotation viscometer at 3
and operated at 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, and 210 rpm. All irradiated samples showed a decrease in Viscosity with increasing stirring speeds (rpm) and irradiation doses. Treatments at 1~3 kGy significantly decreased the viscosity. The photon counts of irradiated corn powder were measured by PPSL immediately after irradiation and exhibited an increase with increasing irradiation dose. The photon counts of irradiated com powder almost disappeared with lapse of time in room conditions, but detection of irradiation was still possible after one month at darkroom conditions. Consequently, these results suggest that the detection of irradiated com powder is possible by both viscometric and PPSL methods.