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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
Growth Inhibition of Water Extract of Schizandra chinensis Bullion on the Bacteria
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 89~95
This study was conducted to find material having antibacterial activity. The effects of preservatives, antibiotics and oriental medicines on growth of teated microorganisms were investigated. The growth of all tested bacteria was inhibited by water extract of Schizandra chinensis. Antibacterial activity on the concentration of Schizandra chinensis extract was tested. The growth of Escherichia coli W3110, Enterobacter colacae MG82 and Salmonella typhimurium was extraordinarily inhibited by more than 0.2% concentration of Schizandra chinensis extract. The specific growth rate of Escherichia coli W3110, Enterobacter cloacae ME82 and Salmonella typhimurium under control conditin had mean values of 0.514(hr￣), 0.381(hr￣) and 0.489(hr￣), respectively. When 0.2% of Schizandra chinensis extract was added, specific growth rates of Escherichia coli W3110, Enterobacter colacae MG82 and Salmonella typhimurium wre decreased, compared to contorl, in 1.26, 2.23 and 1.50 fold, respectivley. Minimal inhibiotory concentration of Schizandra chinensis extract was 0.25% on the tested microorganisms The growth of Enterobacter cloacae MG82 was more inhibited by Schizandra chinensis extract than other tested microorganisms.
Hygienic Quality of Beef and Distribution of Pathogens during Cut-Meat Processing
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 96~102
Bacteriological quality of beef carcass and distributions of pathogens in beef processing environments were investigated to improve the hygienic quality of fresh beef. Total bacterial contamination of carcass surface in slaughtering process and cutting board in cut-meat process showed 10
in summer, respectively. The viable bacterial count of cotton glove was similar to that of cutting board during and entire period of year. Microbial contamination of carcass surface, cutting board, cotton glove and deboned meat showed the highest in summer and the lowest in winter during the year. Escherichia coli O157, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella. ornithinolytica, Staphylococcus aureus, E coli, Tatumella. ptyseos, Serratia odorifera, Aero-monas sobria, Enterobacter cloacae and Flavimonas oryzihabitans were isolated from carcass surface during slaughter treatments. S. aureus, Listeria grayi and L. monocytogenes were isolated from cutting board and L. grayi, Erwinia spp. Salmonella app. and S. aureus were isolated from cotton glove in cut-meat process environments. Citrobacter freundii; L. monocytogenes; and S. aureus were isolated from deboned meat.
Application of Predictive Food Microbiology Model in HACCP System of Milk
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 103~110
Predictive food microbiology(PFM) is an emerging area of food microbiology since the later 1980’s. It does apply mathematical models to predict the responses of microorganism to specified environmental variables. Although, at present, PFM models do not completely developed, models can provide very useful information for microbiological responses in HACCP(Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) system and Risk Assessment. This study illustrates the possible use of PFM models(PMP: Pathogen Modeling Program win5.1) with milk in several elements in the HACCP system, such as conduction of hazard analysis and determination of CCP(Critical Control Points) and CL(Critical Limits). The factors likely to affect the growth of the pathogens in milk involved storage fixed factors were pH 6.7, Aw 0.993 and NaCl 1.3%. PMPwin5.1 calculated generation time, lag phase duration, time to level of infective dose for pathogens across a range of storage (Critical Control Points) and CL(Critical Limits). The factors likely to affect the growth of the pathogens in milk involved storage temperature, pH, Aw and NaCl content. The factors likely to affect the growth of the pathogens in milk involved storage temperature, pH, Aw and NaCl content. The variable factor was storage temperature at the range of 4~15
and the fixed factors were pH 6.7, Aw 0.993 and NaC 1.3%. PMPwin5.1 calculated generation time, lag phase duration, time to level of infective dose for pathogens across a range of storage temperature.
The Effect of P-Toothpaste on the Mucosa of the Hamster Cheek Pouch
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 111~116
This study was carried out to evaluate the irritant potential of P-toothpaste in hamster cheek pouch. The test materials were applied once at the beginning of this study into right pouches of hamsters and maintained for 14 days. Animals were administered with P-toothpaste, Bamboo salt toothpaste, D.W. and control solution, respectively. In order to evaluate the irritant potential in mucosa of hamster cheek pouch, we observed clinical signs, morality, body weights and gross and histopathological findings for 14 days. In all groups, there were neither dead animals nor significant changes of body weights. In addition, there were no differences between D.W. and P-toothpaste treated group in gross and histopathological findings. Therefore, these results suggest that there was little irritant potential of P-toothpaste in hamster cheek pouch.
Protective Effect of Green Tea Extract, Catechin on UVB-Induced Skin Damage
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 117~124
The main constituent of green tea, catechins have been reported to have numberous biological anti-vites including antimutagenic, antibacterial, hypocholesterolemic, antioxidant and antitumor properties. In the present study, we examined the protective effect of catechin on UVB-induced skin damage. Catechin (3 mg/mouse) was topically treated to dorsal area of SHK-1 hairless mouse daily for 2 weeks. UVB (100 mJ/
) was also treated soon after application of catechin alone or with catechin for 2 weeks. Catechin reduced UVB-induced infiltration of inflammatory cells, fibrosis of cells and collagen-fiber formation. In addition, catechin also prevented UVB-induced DNA fragmentation and apoptosis cell number, but not changed p53 level. Furthermore catechin inhibited UVB-induced cell proliferation. There results showed that catechin have preventive effect aganinst UVB-induced skin damages. and these effects could contribute to the antitumor promoters activity.
A Study on the Biodegradability of Some Pesticides in Water
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 125~132
The present study was conducted to investigate biological degradability of phosphamidon and profenfos. In the biodegradation test of two pesticides by the modified river die-away method from May 20 to July 29, 1999, the biodegradation rate was determined in Nakdong (A) and Kumho(B) River. The residual percentages of phosphamidon were 74.9%, 68.8% and 62.7% in control, A and B samples 7 days after applicaton, respectively. Biodegradation constants and half-lives of phosphamidon were 25.1%, 21.9% and 11.9% in control, A and B samples 7 days after application. Biodegradation constants and half-lives of profenofos were 0.0005 and 58.4 days in A, 0.0013 and 21.6 days in B, respectively. The biodegradation rates of phosphamidon and profenofos were higher in the Kumho River (B) than in the Nackdong River(A). The strains of microorganisms for the degradation of phosphamidon and profenofos were identified as Klebsiella pneumoniae, Aeromonas hydrophila and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, all Gram-negative bacteria. In order to identify biodegradate products, the extracts of cultivates were analyzed by GC/MS. The mass spectra of biodegradate roducts of phosphamidon were at m/z 153 and 149, those of the profenofos were at m/z 208 and 240, respectively. It was suggested that the biodegradate metabolites of phosphamidon were O, O-dimethyl phosphate(DMP) and N, N-diethylchloroacetamide, those of profenofos were 4-bromo-2-chlorophenol and O-ethyl-S-propyl phosphate.
Toxicological Safety of Gamma-Irradiated Korean Soybean Fermentation Foods by SOS Chromotest
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 133~138
Toxicological safety on 20 kGy-gamma irradiated Kanjang (soy sauce), Doenjang (soybean paste), Kochujang (hot pepper paste) and Chunghukjang (soy paste) was determined by SOS Chromotest. As the strain of the SOS Chromotest, Escherichia coli PQ37 was used in the condition of presence or absence of an exogenous metabolizing system (S-9 mix). Water extract or organic solvent extract was prepared from samples, concentrated and tested by SOS Chromotest with S-9 mix or not. All irradiated samples were not different from non-irradiated one in the bacterial assay maintaining the below 1.5 of IF(induction factor) values in the adapted dose of 10,000
/assay. The results indicated that any mutagenicity was not observed in 20 kGy-irradiated traditional soybean fermented foods.
Germination properties of Wheat and Barley Exposed to Gamma Irradiation
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 139~144
A 5-day germination test is applicable to detect biological changes in irradiated wheat and barley at low doses. Seeds were irradiated at below 0.5 kGy, husked and placed on distilled water-moistend filter paper in a covered Petri-dish. Water was supplied everyday. To evaluate the growth rate, the length of shoots and roots was measured during germination. In wheat, the shoots of all samples grew well during 5 days, but the shoot length and the daily growth extent decreased with increasing doses. The roots of non-irradiated wheat showed the highest daily growth extent during 5 days and the root length was over 20 mm at 3rd day. In barley, the growth of shoots and roots was retarded at 0.3 kGy or more after 3 days. It was concluded that if the root length was 20mm or longer within 3 days, wheat and barley were identified as non-irradiated. The germination test was proved a promising screening method for the detection of irradiated wheal and barley.
Studies on Genetic Toxicity of Epoxidized Soy Bean Oil
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 145~151
EpoxidiBed soy bean oil (ESBO) is a plasticizer of PVC which is being widely used as a gaskets for the lid of glass jars including baby food. Using reverse mutation assay, chromosome aberration test and micronucleus test, ESBO were evaluated the mutagenicity. In the reverse mutation test, ESBO did not induced mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium TA98, TA100, TA1535, TA1537, TA102 with and without metabolic activation. In the chromosome aberration test using CHL cells, the results showed no increased structural and numerical aberrations in the concentration of sample producing cytotoxicity with and without metabolic activation. The in vivo induction of micronuclei was measured in polychromatic erythrocytes of bone marrow of young (3weeks old) and adult (6 weeks old) ddY mice of both sex. At 24 hours after treatment with ESBO 20, 10, 5, 2.5 g/B.W. kg/corn oil 10 ml by oral route animals were sacrificed and bone marrow cells were prepared for smear slides. The results showed no increased micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes regardless of sex and age. It was concluded that water soluble ESBO did not show certain genotoxicity within our studies conducted.
Survey of Consumer Awareness and Attitudes about Food Biotechnology in Korea
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 16, issue 2, 2001, Pages 152~158
A survey of consumers'awareness and attitudes about food biotechnology was conducted during May through August of 2001 with a random sample of 750 Korean consumers. More than 70% of the respondents was exposed to some informations related to genetically modified (GM) foods. The greatest benefit of the development of GM foods was thought to be the remedy for the food shortage in the future. More than 90% of Korean consumers wanted GM foods labeled. About 20% of the respondents would buy GM foods voluntarily, whereas over 50% would not until they found out more. More consumers responded that they would not buy herbicide-tolerant GM soybean but buy vitamin-enriched GM soybean. It seemed to be that many Korean consumers do not make decisions of acceptance or rejection of GM floods not on the basis of biotechnology but on the basis of the word(s) used to describe the products, such as herbicide and vitamin. Only 4% of Korean consumers responded that GM foods were the greatest safety-threatening factor of Korean foods and that the most interested information on food labels was whether the food was produced by biotechnology.