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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Determination of Synthetic Food Colors
Om Ae-Son ; Lee Heon-Ok ; Shim Jae-Young ; Shin Dong-Hwa ; Kim Yong-Suk ; Lee Young-Hwan ; Bang Jeong-Ho ; Shin Jae-Wook ; Lee Tal-Soo ; Hong Ki-Hyoung ; Park Sung-Kwan ; Choi Duck-Jang ; Kim Hee-Yun ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 73~76
Center for Food Standard Evaluation, Korea Food and Drug AdministrationThis study was performed to compare analytical methods of nine synthetic food colors and six food color lakes in Korea, Japan, Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee of Food Additives (JECFA), and USA. The experimental protocol of this study consists of three parts: titration method with titanium chloride, gravimetric and spectrophotometric method. To measure the total contents of food colors, Korea and Japan used titration method with titanium chloride, USA used the average value of titration method with titanium chloride equipped with Kipp generator and spectrophotometric method. Also, JECFA used titration method with titanium chloride equipped with KiPP generator. However, All the low organizations used gravimetric method to measure the total content of coloring matter on Food Red No.3. Although all organizations use various methods for analysis of coloring matters, total contents of coloring matter on food colors tested fell into the standard showing
in synthetic food colors and
in food color lakes.
Niacin Upper Level Recommendation and Exposure Assessment of Foods and Multivitamin drugs
Park Shin Hee ; Lee Hyo Min ; Yoon Eun Kyung ; Min Chung Sik ; Kim Hyeon Jeong ; Jun Eun Ah ; Ze Keum Ryon ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 77~82
) is the generic term for nicotinic acid (pyridine 3-carboxylic acid) and nicotinamide (nicotinic acid amide), and coenzyme forms of the vitamin. Large doses of nicotinic acid are associated with a number of adverse effects in human. The effects include flushing, skin itching, nausea, vomiting and gastrointestinal disturbance. This study was conducted to estimate daily intake of niacin by ingestion of food and multivitamin, and to identify risk value related with side effects, which can be caused by large dose intake in population having a typical lifestyle. Induced risk values by comparing only dietary intake level and intake level from both food and multivitamin with upper level as 35 mg/day were 0.53 and
respectively. Hazard Index over 1 means that occurrence of side effects would be expected in some population. When people intake multivitamin and functional food including niacin, risk value may increase more than risk value identified in this study.
The Monitoring of Heavy Metals in Human Bloods of Middle School Students
Park Hee Ra ; Kim Meehye ; Kwun Ki-Sung ; Kim Soon Ki ; Heo Su-Jeong ; Kim Kwang_Jin ; Yum Tae-Kyung ; Choi Kwang Sik ; Kim Soo Yeon ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 83~88
This study was conducted to estimate the contents of heavy metals including lead, cadmium, zinc, copper as well as iron status(serum iron, total iron binding capacity, feritin etc)in blood samples of middle school students(n=300). The contents of heavy metals were determined using the GF-AAS (Graphite furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer). The microwave digestion method and dilution method were compared. The dilution method showed the better recovery and detection limit than microwave digestion method. The values of toxic metals in whloe blood of boys & girls were 3.46 & 3.05 for Pb,0.063 & 0.065 for Cd respectively (ug/dL). Also the values of trace metals in serum of boys & girls were 105.9 & 92.6 for Zn, 98.3 & 99.0 for Cu respectively (ug/dL). The prevalence of iron deficiency was
in 146 boys and
in 156 girls. The mean values of lead in girls were higher in iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia and anemia groups than normal group. The mean values of lead and zinc were higher in boys compared to those in girls(P<0.05), the mean values of cadmium and copper in boys were similar to those in girls. Our results of toxic metals such as Pb & Cd showed lower to CDC's(Centers for Disease Control) blood lead levels of concern for children, 10 ug/dL.
The Change in Fatty Acid and Oxidative Stability of Frying Cultured Eel Bone during the Storage
Hong Sun-Pyo ; Kim Sun-Young ; Jeong Eun-Jeong ; Shin Dong-Hwa ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 89~97
The influence of different storage temperature and packaging methods on the flying cultured eel bone were investigated. The acid values, peroxide values and fatty acid composition were measured during storage 20
for 60 days. The lipid oxidation was rapidly progressed with the increased temperature. The addition of oxygen absorber remarkably repressed lipid oxidation during storage of the living cultured eel bone at
, followed by
-tocopherol and control. The monounsaturated fatty acid content was the highest in the frying cultured eel bone, followed by saturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid. The major fatty acids were oleic acid, palmitic acid and linoleic acid. The saturated fatty acids increased with the rise of storage temperature and prolonging the storage period, while monounsaturated fatty acid and polyunsaturated fatty acid were decreased. The changes of fatty acid composition were the lowest in sample by packing with oxygen absorber, followed by packing
-tocopherol and control. from the result of sensory evaluation, sample by packing with oxygen absorber were rated as higher quality than the others.
Mineral Contents and Fatty Acid Composition in Bone and Flesh of Cultured Eel
Hong Sun-Pyo ; Kim Sun-Young ; Jeong Do-Yeong ; Jeong Pyeong-Hwa ; Shin Dong-Hwa ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 98~102
As a part of basic investigation for utilizing cultured eel and by-products as a food source, a mineral contents and fatty acid composition of bone and flesh were investigated. Flesh of cultured eel was higher in moisture and crude protein content, and lower in crude ash and lipid content than those of the bone. Mineral of bone were measured 220.72 mg/100 g of Ca, 169.87 mg/100 g of P, 117.05 mg/100 g of Na,92.75 mg/100g of K, 6.18 mg/100g of Cu,5.02 mg/100 g of Zn,2.56 mg/100 g of Fe, and flesh were measured 120.23 mg/100g of CL 150.36 mg/100 g of P, 136.36 mg/100 g of Na, 89.36 mg/100 g of K, 4.02 mg/100 g of Cu, 1.71 mg/100 g of Zn,2.03 mg/100 g of Fe. The major fatty acid in bone and flesh of cultured eel were generally oleic acid
, palmitic acid
, palmitoleic acid
, eicosapentaenoic acid
, myristic acid
in order. The fstty acid composition of total lipid was no significant difference among bone and flesh of cultured eel, However, bone of cultured eel revealed higher content in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid, while lower in polyunsaturated fatty acid than those of the flesh. It is shown that cultured eel contains various nutrients such as protein, minerals, unsaturated fatty acid, so cultured eel can be regarded as a highly nutritious food.
Comparison of Sanitary Codes of Retail Eood Establishments of Korea,
Roh Pyong-Ui ; Bin Sung-Oh ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 103~113
Sanitary codes of retail ffod establishment of Korea, Japan, China, and America were reviewed in order to figure out the differences of the codes. The codes of Korea & Japan are similar in many aspects. The code of America regulates food safety procedures in detail and are easy to interpret. The code of China is broad and not specific in the procedures. Korean code deals with many administration affairs and Japanese code deals with food test and business. Chinese code also deals with administration and standards. American code defines 90 different terms while the codes of rest of the countries define only few terms. For sanitization American code specifies the procedures in specific terms in detail but others do not specify the procedures. For facilities, the American code specifies location, material and procedures but other codes also specify the material but the contents of the codes are not so much specific to compare with American code.
Removal Efficiency of Residual Pesticides in Mini-Tomatoes by Using CaO(scallop-shell powder)
Lee Beom Gil ; Sin Dong Bin ; Ha Sang-Do ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 114~117
Although the removal efficiency of residual pesticides using tap water were ranged from -1.25 to
, the removal efficiencies of residual pesticides using both powder CaO and liquid CaO were
, respectively. And those results showed much higher residual effect of the CaO washing than tap water washing. Natural CaO made by burning of scallop-shell considered to be a good reducing agent for pesticides. Furthermore, liquid CaO showed much higher removal efficiency than powder CaO. However, powder CaO also can be used as a good natural eliminator of pesticides in Mini-Tomato.
Immunostimulntory Effects of Immu-Forte at 3 Months Post-Treatment in Mice
Jung Ji-Youn ; Ahn Nam-Shik ; Park Joon-Suk ; Jo Eun-Hye ; Hwang Jae-Woong ; Lee Seoung-Hun ; Park Jung-Ran ; Kim Sun-Jung ; Lee Yong-Geon ; Jeong Yun-Hyeok ; Chung Ji-Hye ; Lee Soo-Jin ; Lee Sang-Bum ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 20, issue 2, 2005, Pages 118~122
Immu-Forte (Dong-Ahm Bio's. Corp., Korea) was evaluated fir its effectiveness as a nonspecific immunostimulator in mice. The effects of Immu-Forte were determined by analysis of cytokines using ELISh and phenotype of leukocyte subpopulations using monoclonal antibodies specific to mouse leukocyte differentiation antigens and flow cytometry. CD4 T cells, CD8 T cells, macrophages, IL-12 and IFN-r in Immu-Forte EX-treated middle dose group increased in 3 months posttreatment and were significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of control at 3 months posttreatment. All T cells, all B cells, macrophages, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-12 in Immu-Forte EX-treated low dose uoup increased in 3 months posttreatment and were significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of control at 3 months posttreatment. In the Immu-Forte soy-treated group, CD4 T cells, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-12 were significantly higher in high dose-treated group, and CD 4 T cell, macrophages, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-12 were significantly higher in middle dose-treated group, and all T cell, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-12 were significantly higher in low dose-treated group. In the Itnmu-Forte A-treated group, macrophages, m cells and IL-12 in high dose-treated group and all T cells, macrophages, NK cells, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-12 in middle dose-treated group and NK cells in low dose-treated group were significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of control at 3 months posttreatment. In the Immu-Forte F-treated Group, all B cells, IL-4 and IL-12 in high dose-treated group and all T cells, aBl B cells, CD 4 T cells, CD8 T cells, macrophage, IL-2, IL-4, IL-12 and IFN-r in middle dose-treated group and NK cells and IL-12 in low dose-treated group were significantly higher (p<0.05) than that of control at 3 months posttreatment. In conclusion, the study has demonstrated that Immu-Forte had an immunostimulatory effect on mice through proliferation and activation of mouse immune cells.