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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Sep 1988
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1988
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1988
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1988
Selecting the target year
Studies on Analysis of Food Additives- (I) Studies on the Determination of Nitrite in Foods
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 53~58
This study was carried out to discuss a colorimetric method for the determination of nitrite in meat products issued by the Ministry of Health and Social Affaires of Korea (1985). 1) The recovery rates of nitrite of test solution extracted in the room temperature were higher than those obtained by the heating extraction. 2) In the room temperature, samples prepared with the sUce were more effective than the blendina method and the distlled water as extractina solvent for nitrite was more effective tban tbe phospbate buffer solution. 3) The extracting time showed that thirty minutes were enough to extract nitrite and the diazotizingcoupling reagents, 30% of sulfanilamide and N-l-naphthylethyienediamine were better than others. 4) The nitrite in a test soiution greatly decreased when the solution was distilled. In this case, the test solution should be used as a control. 5) Ten minutes were enough to couple nitrite.
Detection of Adulteration of Sesame Oil(I) Chromatographic Determination for Soybean Oil, Linseed Oil and Perilla Oil in Sesame Oil
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 59~63
A technique of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was applied to tbe detection and estimation for composition of linseed oil, perilla oil and soybean oil in edible sesame oil. Tbe triglycerides were separated into five peaks in sesame 011, seven peaks in linseed oil, perilla oil and soybean oil by HPLC. From the resulls separated by HPLC on the basis of PN (partition number), tbese observations indicate tbat adullerants linseed oil, perilla oil and soybean oil in sesame oil for the ratio of minimum 4%, respectively can be detected. As a resull, it was suggested that tbe use of HPLC can provide more detailed Information concerning adulteration of sesame all.
Studies on Analysis Method of T-2 Toxin by ELISA
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 65~73
T-2 toxin is one of mycotoxins produced by fungi such as Fusarium spp. and possesses a potent cytotoxicity to eukaryotic cell. The contamination of mycotoxins in cereals and feedstuffs is one of the great concerns in health authorities. Therefore, the development of the specific, sensitive and simplified analysis method for T -2 toxin is required. During more than ten years, several chemical and biological analysis methods were proposed and applied for the detection and quantification of T-2 toxin. TLC, GLC-FID and GC-MS are widely employed, but these methods required numerous clean-up procedures before analysis, and the detection limit for T-2 toxin is more than 10 ppb. Biological analysis methods with dermal tissues and cultured cells are not specific to T-2 toxin, since T-2 toxin and other related derivatives possess a similar toxicological activity although their relative activity is different each otber. Based on tbe specific reaction between antibody and antigen, the authors tried to introduce the immunochemical methods for determination of T-2 toxin. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method using monoclonal antibody for T-2 toxin was applied to analyse T-2 toxin. The detection limit of T-2 toxin by ELISA method was 0.1 ppb. The correlation between ELISA and GC-MS method on these samples was very high. ELISA method developed for the detection and quantification of T -2 toxin in this paper possesses simplicity, high sensitivity and specific for T-2 toxin. Furthermore, the ELISA method with T-2 toxin monoclonal antibody was an excellent tool for the screening of Fusarium spp. which was suspected to produce T-2 toxin.
Purification of type B Staphylococcal enterotoxin
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 75~81
Various methods such as lel-mtration on Sephadex G-SO, 75, 100 Sephacry, and Ultro gel, and lon-exchanle chromatoaraphy on Amberilte and carboxymethyl (CM)-cellulose, and Fast Protein liquid Chromatolraphy (FPLC) were applied for the purification of enterotoxin B from Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 14458 and compared one another. lon-exchanle chromatography on Amberllte resin was good enough to remove non-entrotoxln materials in culture, convlnient to use and fast although tbe purity was less tban 70%. However, CM-cellulose showed to be better purity and yield tban those of Amberilte resin. The yields of these two resins for ion-exchange cbromatograpby were about 70% and 75%, respectively. When the gel-filtration methods on Sepbadex G-50, 75, 100, Sepbacryl, and Ultro lei were applied, the purities were about 90%. FPLC was found to be tbe most efficient metbod in terms of purity (96%) and speed. For the purification of sample with large volume, particularly, tbe combined metbod, gel-mtration after Amberlite can be also used efficiently. Tbe purified toxin was found to be identical to type B enterotoxin used for reference standard by Oucbterlony immunodiffusion test.
Immune Suppression and Stimulation of Antioxidants -Effect of Propyl gallate on Murine Humoral Immune Functions and Methemoglobin Content-
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 83~88
Propyl gallate used as an antioxidant was examined for its effects on murine Immune system and metbemoglobin content treated with anillne. As immunotoxicology assay parameters, we adopted circulating leukocytes and immunoorgan weights for pathtoxicology, IgM plaque forming cells and Artbus reaction for humoral immunity. Propyl gallate's effects were observed as follows; 1. Propyl gallate decreased circulating leukocyte counts, dose dependently. 2. Relative immunoorgan weigbts were not affected. 3. Propyl gallate diminisbed IgM PFCs/spleen cell and IgM PFCs/spleen. 4. Propyl gallate decreased Arthus reaction. 5. Propyl gallate did not affect metbemogiobin content treated wltb aniIIne.
The Effect of Oriental Herbs on Growth and Aflatoxin Production by Aspergillus parasititus R-176
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 3, issue 2, 1988, Pages 89~97
The possible effeets of some oriental herbs, whleh have been used to treat eaneerllke dllleue In Korea, on growth and afIatonn production by Aspergillus parasiticus R-716 were investigated. Zedoaria rhizoma, Curcuma longa, Cyperus rotundus, Angelica gigas, Paeonia albiflora, Paeonia mountan, Atractylis ovata, and Pulsatilla koreana were extracted with chloroform. Among them the extract of paeonia mountan was remarkably effective on the growth inhibition, and Curcuma longa, Zedoaria rhizoma, Cyperus rotundus, Paeonia albiflora, Atractylis ovata also inhibited the growth. The ertraet of Atractylis ovata and Curcuma longa, also Inhibited the afIatoxin production but the others showed no effect at all or sometimes stimulated effect. With the addition of O.2ml extract of Atractylis ovata in 30ml SLS medium, the growth was delayed for about 2 days, and after 9 days, mycellum weight was 0.953g, and total afatoxin was reduced 5O%(
)of that produced in the control(
). Aflatoxin per mycelium weight was decreased 32%(
) of that produced in the control(
), but NADPH oxidase was higher as compared to the control. The extract of Atractylis ovata appeared to have a inhibitory effect on the growth and the aflatoxin production of Aspergillus parasiticus R-716.