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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1990
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1990
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1990
Selecting the target year
Hazard Analysis of Packaged Meals (Dosirak) During Delivery
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 85~98
Microbiological quality of packaged meals (Dosirak) was assessed in three operations under the both conditions of actual food processing and simulated time-temperature. Time and temperature data indicated that all the phases after cooking were critical for microbiological quality control. Microbiological test results by simulated time-temperature conditions revealed that microbiological quality of packaged meals decreased as the storage time and temperature increase. Delivery practices without refrigeration in summer and hot-holding below
in supermarket were crucial in microbiological quality control.
Hazard Analysis and Microbiological Quality Control of Sauteed Beef or Pork in Hospital Foodservice Operations
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 99~110
Time and temperature, microbiological quality of sauteed beef or pork were assessed in five general hospital foodservice operations. The microbiological quality of basic ingredients was poor and strict temperature control of refrigeration was required during delivery, and storage after receiving. In pre-preparation and cooking phases, improper handling practices of employees such as reusage of wiping cloth, indiscreet use of cutting board, and food handling with contaminated hands were noticed. During cooking phase, internal temperature of sauteed beef or pork reached a temperature of
or higher and the microbiological quality was good in general except hospital A. In all but hospital B, cooked foods were held at too high temperature in humid kitchen environment where could have permitted considerable bacterial multiplication. The sanitary conditions of container, equipments, and supplies were poor and should be improved promptly. The critical control points identified were: Hospital A: basic ingredients, pre-preparation, cooking, and preservice holding; Hospical B: bll8ic ingredients, and pre-preparation; Hospital C: basic ingredients, pre-preparation, pre service holding, and service; Hospital D: basic ingredients, pre-preparation, preservice holding, and service; and Hospital E: basic ingredients, pre-preparation, pre service holding, and service.
Effect of Royal Jelly on the Immunotoxicity of Cyclophosphamide
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 111~120
Effects of royal jelly(RJ) on the immune system in normal and cyclophosphamide(CY)-treated mice were investigated. The results were as following: 1. Body weight, spleen weight, thymus weight, WBC, cell-mediated immunity (CMI, contact hypersensitivity to DNFB), humoral immunity (HI, Hemagglutinin-, Hemolysin-titer) were increased or decreased dependent on the day of administration of RJ in normal mice. But it showed no effect on liver weight and RBC. 2. Combined treatment with RJ in CY-treated mice on the day which RJ showed the increasing activities in normal mice inhibited the decrease of survival rate, body weight, spleen weight, WBC and CMI caused by CY, but no effect on the decrease of thymus weight and HI induced by CY.
Recent Problems on Food Contamination in Japan
Suzuki, Takashi ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 123~129
Development of Rapid, Safe Analytical Techniques of Aflatoxins and Their Current Regulation
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 131~138
Aflatoxins is a chemically diverse group of toxic secondary metabolites that are produced by fungi and often occur in agricultural commodities. Because of their wide range of toxic effects, Aflatoxins cause severe economic losses to farmers and livestock producers and pose a health to human consuming contaminated foods. Long term prospects for biotechnological control of Aflatoxins require elucidation of the specific steps and regulation of their biosynthetic pathways . Aflatoxin determinations can be approached many ways. It is essential to safely handle all experimental materials associated with aflatoxin analysis or aflatoxigenic fungi Visual screening of suspect samples, base on the presence of conidial head of the aspergillus flavus group, and screening samples for the presence of bright greenish yellow flourescence are not chemical tests and such screening techniques may allow aflactoxin contaminated lots into commerce. Microcolumn screening procedures should always be used in conjunction with a quantitative method. Several thin layer chromatography(TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) methods are suitable for quantitation and are in general use. Immunochemical Methods such as the ELISA or affinity column chromatography methods are being rapidly developed. The chemical and immunochemical methods can be reliable if care is taken, using suitable controls and personnel that are well trained . All analytical laboratories should stress safety and include suitable analytical validation procedure. Especially a worldwide enquiry was undertaken in recent to obtain up-to-date information about aflatoxin legislation in as many countries of the world as possible. The information concerns aflatoxin in foodstuffs. aflatoxin MI in dairy products, aflatoxins in animal feedstuffs. Limits and regulations for aflatoxin have been expended in recent with more countries having legislation on subject, more products, and more aflatoxins covered by this legislation.
Control of Chemical Residues in Animal Foods - Problems and their Countermesures -
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 139~158
Heavy resposibility is placed on the veterinarian and the livestock and aquatic animal producers to observe the period for withdrawal of a drug prior to marketing to assure that illegal concentrations of drug residues in meat, milk, egg, fish and other animal foods do not occur. This is essential from a public health standpoint because levels of residues in excess of those legalIy permitted in edible tissues may produce injurious effects when consumed over a long time span. With greater use of animal drugs of chemicals required in production of food crops, livestock and aquatic animals, the possibility of human being continuously exposed to drug and chemical residues for a life time is unequivocally evident. Korean authorities concerned Ministry of Agriculture and Fishery and Ministry of Health and Social Affairs, have recenly made their own regulations to control chemical residues in beef, pork and chicken independently. Consequently, inspection for the chemical residues also have been or will be carried out by the two authorities concerned without any cooperations. It is undoubtfulI to have a single regulation and national residue program for control residual chemicals in animal foods and that the tolerance levels should be established in milk, egg, and freshwater fish. Besides, we have no complete standard methods to analyze the residual chemicals and the methods have not been evaluated their efficiency, precise, accuracy and limit of detection. In this paper, the analytical methods and national residue programs in foreign countries are introduced and discussed and the status of animal food safety in this country is also reviewed.
Detection and Quantitation of Residual Antibiotics and Antibacterial Agents in Foods
Ryu, Jae-Chun ; Seo, Ja-Won ; Song, Yun-Seon ; Park, Jong-Sei ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 159~164
To detect and quantitation residual antibiotics and antibacterial agents in meats, we performed a biological assay employing the three microorganisms Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633, Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341, and Bacillus cereus var. mycoides ATCC 11778 for the screening purpose and developed a Gas Chromatography-mass Spectrometry(GC/MS) analysis for the confirmation and quantiation. In the biological assay (paper disk method), three test solution are used depending on the character of the residual antibiotics and antibacterial agents, follow by a simple clean up procedure which includes homogenization with Mcilvaine buffer, defatting with includes homogenization with Mcilvaine buffer, defatting with hexane, extraction with chloroform, clean-up by Sep-Pak
and Bakerbond SPE carboxylic acid column. The chloroform layer is used for the analysis of sulfa agents. macrolides antibiotics and antibacterial agents, Adsorbed materials in the Sep-Pak
were also employed for th analysis of penicillins and tetracyclines. Effluents from the Sep-Pak
were cleaned-up one more by Bakerbond 10 SPE COOH column and employed for the analysis of aminoglycosides. In the instrumental analysis by using the GC/MSD, residual antibiotics and antibacterial agent were quantitated by selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode after derivatization. A simultaneous analysis of six residual antibiotic and antibacterial agent such as oxytetracycline, penicillin, ampicillin, choliraphenicol and thiamphenicol was developed with simple cleanup procedures revealing good recovery and reproducibility. Also, simultaneous detection of macrolides antibiotics such as erythromycin, spiramycin, and oleandomycin was developed after acid hydrolysis due to their large molecular structures. Because of the high reproducibility and selectivity of these two methods, it is very desirable that the combination of the two methods be used in the bioassay for the screening of residual antibiotics and antibacterial agent and that GC/MSD analysis be used for the confirmation and quantitation.
A Survey of Mycotoxins In Commerical Foods and Fate of Mycotoxins During Food Processing
Kamimura, Hisashi ;
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 5, issue 3, 1990, Pages 165~169
The natural occurrence of mycotoxins in food and foodstuffs and the fate of mycotoxins during food processing were investigated. Aflatoxins and /or Fusarium mycotoxins(nivalenol, deoxynivalenol and zearalenone) were detected in commercial samples of various foods and foodstuffs collected at Tokyo markets. It was found that the mycotoxins were decomposed at high temperature, but some remained after heating at usual temperatures for an ordinary period for domestic cooking(boiling, deep-frying of grilling). Industrial food manufacturing processes were relatively effective for removing mycotoxins