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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 1993
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 1993
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 1993
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1993
Selecting the target year
식중독균 Listeria monocytogenes의 특성과 식품에서의 문제점
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 1~11
Contamination of Shellfish with Vibrio vulnificus the Present Situation and Countermeasures
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 13~21
Vibrio septicemia,, resulting in high mortality, has been caused by Vibrio vulnificus. Ingestion of marine products or contact with sea water contaminated with Vibrio vulnificus can cause septicemia. Vibrio vulnificus has been detected world wide and west sea area of Korea, Kum river estuary in particular, showed high detection rate. Higher detection rate of Vibrio vulnificus were reported in the bottom deposit with low depth of water, low salinity, and high COD. Man with the liver disease can easily come down with Vibrio septicemia and the main source is the sliced raw fish dish. The preventive measure for this disease is to wash raw fish material thoroughly with tap water and handle in sanitary conditions. Washing with sea water is strictly prohibited . It may be necessary to forbid the small-scale businessmen from selling the sliced ray fish dish in the vicinity of seashore. Man with the liver disease of diabetes should not swim or consume the raw fish dish in the contaminated area during summer.
Natural Occurrence of Fusarium Mycotoxins in Cereals
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 23~32
Species of the genus Fusarium are worldwide in their distribution. They are saprophytes as soil inhabitants and parasites of cultivated plants. Some isolates of certain species car capable of producing mycotoxins. Mycotoxicoses, including moldy corn toxicosis, alimentary toxic aleukia, fusariotoxicosis, and rel mold disease are known to be associated with trichothecene-producing fungi. Historically severe epidemic of cereal scab occred in the southern part of Korea in 1963. The epidemic caused a social problem because of not only heavy economic losses but also mycotoxicoses to humans and farm animals. However the toxic principles were remained unknown until some publications in 1980's indicated that trichothecenes and zearalenone were major mycotoxins in Korea cereals contaminated with Fusarium moniliforme have been found to be associated with human and animal disease such as leukoencephalomalacia in horses, pulmonary edema in swine and esophageal cancer in humans. High concentrations of fumonisins have been detected in corn samples from high espohoageal cancer risk areas of South Africa and China. Thus fumonisins have been implicated in the etiolgy of human esophageal cancer in those high incidence countries. Recently increase of imported cereals from foreign countries demands to assess the safety of mycotoxins in Korea. The informations on the natural occurrence of mycotoxins are needed to solve the toxicological problems in humans and farm animals associated with the consumption of moldy cereals.
우유의 위생학적 환경과 검사 현황
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 33~39
Study on the Stability and Fate of Vicine and Convicine in Fababean
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 85~90
The aglycones of vicine and convicine have been implicated as the causative factors for favism in fababeans. Thus, the presence of these compounds in fababeans is a potential obstacle to the use of fababeans and fababean preparations in foods. Investigations of vicine stability in fababeans and in pure solutions revealed that vicine is very stable, however, divicine derived from vicine by
action or by acid hydrolysis is highly unstable at conditions prevalent in food processing. Therefore, the possibility of incorporating of
in food products containing fababean preparations was suggested to overcome potential risks of favism related to the consumption of fababean fortified products.
Rapid Detection of Growth factors of intestinal Lactic Acid Bacteria
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 91~95
The growth of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus isolated from human interstinal bacteria were induced by water extract and U-step extract of soybean and carrot and the pH of these bacteria-cultured media were decreased. The increasing growth rates of these bacteria are related to the decrease of the pH of these bacteria-cultured media. When human intestinal flora as starter were inoculated into the medium containing water extract of soybean and carrot. the growth of lactic bacteria were also induced and the pH of the media were decreased. By measuring the pH of the media which were inoculated and cultured intestinal bacteria as a starter, it is possible to determine whether the food are the growth factors of intestinal lactic acid bacteria or not. By this method, the food which decreased pH of the medium were soybean, turnip, carrot. leek, garic, dropwork, wonnwood and onion. 'These foods may induce lactic acid bacteria in human in1estlne.
Acute Toxicity Study of Poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) in Rats and Mice
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 97~103
The acute toxicity of orally administered poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid), powerfully water-absorbent polymer, was el'aluated in Sprague-Dawley rats and feR mice. Rats and mice aging 6 weeks were gavaged with 0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.4, 6.7, or 10 g of poly(sodium acrylic acidacrylic acid)/kg in com oil. No animal died by treatment and any toxic symptom was not observed in the treated animals during 2 weeks. The body weight of the treated animals was not significantly different from the controls. The results of macroscopic examination on the organs of the treated animals revealed no abnormal findings. Therefore, it was concluded that poly(sodium acrylic acidacrylic acid) was practically non-toxic when it was orally administrated to rats and mice up to 10 g/kg, and its
was evaluated more than 10 g/kg in rats and mice.
Subacute Toxicity Study of Poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) in Rats
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 8, issue 2, 1993, Pages 105~117
The objective of this investigation was to characterize the subacute toxic potency of orally administered poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid), super absorbent polymer. Four groups of rats were maintained on diets containing 0, 1.25, 2.5 or 5% of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid). The mean dosages of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) were estimated to be 1025 mg/kg/day, 2009 mg/kg/day and 4728 mg/kg/day in the male groups. The estimated average dosages of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) in the female groups were 1011 mg/kg/day, 2088 mg /kg/day and 4576 mg/kg/day, respectively. Few test compound-related toxic effects were observed in body weight gain, clinical signs, hematological parameters and serum biochemical values. Urinalyses, gross necropsy and histopathology revealed no evidence of specific toxicity. Food and water consumption tended to increase in the animals fed the diet of 2.5% and 5%. Our data indicate that no-observed effect level of poly(sodium acrylic acid-acrylic acid) was estimated to be 1.25% in the diet (mean dosage: 1025 mg/kg/day in male rats, 1011 mg/kg/day in female rats).