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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Hygiene and Safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Simultaneous Determination of Residual Zeranol, Zearalenone and Their Metabolites in Beef by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~13
A Simultaneous determination method was improved for the determination and confirmation of zeranol, zearalenone, as well as their isomers and metabolites, in beef. The analytes were extracted from tissue by CH3CN, hydrolyzed enzymatically(for glucuronide conjugates), cleaned up by a strong basic anion exchange resin combined with a liquid/liquid partitioning, derivatized using MSTFA and confirmed, quantified by GC/MS/SIM with a internal standard, zearalane. The results were as follows : (1) all the estrogens were separated on the GC/MS chromatogram under the extraction method and the chromatographic conditions improved, the retention times of zearalane-TMS2, zearalanone-TMS2, zearalenone-TMS2, zeranol-TMS3, taleranol-TMS3, and
-zearalenol-TMS3, were 18.49, 19.44, 19.63, 19.71, 19.79 and 19.99, 20.08 minutes, respectively. (2) The calibration curves of residual zeranol, zearalenone and their metabolites showed constantly linear(r=0.99) in the range of 5~20 ng. The minimum detection concentration of residual zeranol, zearalenone and their metabolites was 1 ppb. (3) The total average recovery of residual zeranol, zearalenone and their metabolites from spiked beef was 60.2%(CV=29.7%) at the 1 ppb and 63.5%(CV=26.5) at the 2 ppb, 72.9%(CV=18.2%) at the 4 ppb. (4) The preservation method for 6 estrogens was improved for the fast running time(21 min) and MSTFA was utilized for derivatizing 6 estrogens for improvement of recovery, for good resolution, for characteristic mass spectra unlike Jose's method and Tina's method. The utilization of zearalane as internal standard showed good quantification result for zeranol, zearalenone, as well as their isomers and metabolites, in beef.
Comparative Study on the Mutagenic Activity of Phenothiazines by UV-A Irradiations
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 15~21
The mutagenic activity of four phenothiazine derivatives such as chlorpromazine, perphenazine, trifluoperazine and thioridazine in conjunction with UV-A irradiation or not based on the Ames plate incorporation test in the presence and absence of liver microsomal enzyme(S9 fraction). None of these compounds and their photo-excited were detected as mutagen in the Salmonella microsome assay with TA 98 and TA 100.
Assay for Screening Anti-Platelet Aggregating Capacity of Natural Food
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 23~30
When three systems commonly used for screening(washed platelets suspended in uffer containing Ca2+, washed platelets in buffer without Ca2+and platelet rich plasma) are compared by studying the anti-aggregating capacity of garlic extract, platelet rich plasma was the least sensitive system. The most sensitive assay system, based on the IC50s of garlic extract and 2 other platelet aggregation-inhibiting agents(vitamin K3 and propranolol), was the platelet preparation without Ca2+in the suspension buffer. This system was confirmed as the most sensitive during subsequent investigation of garlic extract's capacity to inhibit platelet ATP release. These results suggest that applying the system with washed platelet without Ca2+is most effective to screen for the anti-affregating capacity of natural food.
Acute Toxicity of Recombinant Human Epidermal Growth Factor, DWP-401 in Rats
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 31~36
The acute toxicity of recombinant human epidermal growth factor, DWP-401 was evaluated in SD rats. Male and female rats aging 6 weeks were administered orally or subcutaneously with 0, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg of DWP-401. No deaths and no toxic symptoms related to the DWP-401 were observed. The body weights of treated animals were not significantly different from the controls. The results of necropsy revealed no abnormal gross findings of the organs in treated animals. LD50 values of DWP-401 for male and female rats were estimated to be over 2 mg/kg, which is approximately 2, 000 times of expected clinical dose.
Simultaneous Determination of Residual Sulfonamides in Meat Tissues by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 37~42
Four sulfoanmides ; sulfamerazine ; sulfamethazine, sulfathiazole and sulfadimethoxine from muscle, kindney, liver and heart tissues of pork and chicken by LC. Residual sulfonamides were extracted with dichloromethane and determined on a Sperisorb ODS-1 column(250mm
4.6mm id) with acetonitrile/water/acetic acid (30/70/0.3 v/v) as a mobile phase at 260nm. Recoveries from 4 tissues of pork and chicken samples fortified with 50 and 100 ppb were 71.2~87.2% and 73.7~89.6%, respectively. The detection limit was 0.03
/g in each drug. Sulfamethazine in 5 samples of pork. And sulfadimethoxine in 5 samples and sulfamethazine in 3 samples were also detected from 41 samples of chicken. The order of residue levels of sulfonamides in tissues was kidney>liver>heart>muscle, respectively. The residue levels of sulfonamides from kidney and liver were 0.03~0.15
/g in porks and 0.03~0.10
/g in chickens.
Determination of Ethylene Oxide Rexidue and its Secondary Products in Powdered Food
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 43~48
Instrumental determination was performed for the analysis of residues of ethylene oxide(EO), ethylene chlorohydrin(ECH) and ethylene glycol(EG) in white ginseng powders which were deaerated for 30 min after EO fumigation. Gas chromatographic data showed that EO residues were 570 ppm in the immediate samples after deaeration and 170 ppm in the stored ones for 8 days at 30
, respectively, showing a decreasing tendency with elapsed time. On the other hand, ECH and EG residues in samples as the secondary products of EO were 17, 650 ppm and 727 ppm stored for one month, and 9, 595 ppm and 221 ppm stored for 3 months, respectively.
A study on the Trace Metal Content in Breast Milk of Korean Lactating Women
Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 1994, Pages 49~56
This study was carried out to investigate the levels of copper, zinc, manganese, nickel, cadmium and mercury content in breast milk among urban, rural and industrial lactating women in Korea. A total of 59 samples, which were collected from 17 in urban, 20 in rural and 22 in industrial area, and from 21-38 years-old healthy lactating women, were analyzed by Rigaku Mercury Analyzer for mercury, and by atomic absorption apectrophotometry for the other metals. The results are summarized as follows : The mean trace metal contents in breast milk were determined to be 0.34
0.14 ppm for copper, 2.01
1.43 ppm for zinc, 8.49
5.11 ppb for manganese, 7.75
5.73 ppb for nickel, 1.65
2.42 ppm for cadmium, 34.45
26.71 ppb for lead and 0.90
0.68 ppb for mercury. For the trace metal content in breast milk by area, the highest of copper, zinc, cadmium and mercury content were in urban, the highest of manganese content was in industrial, and the highest of nickel and lesd content were in rural. For copper, zinc, manganese and lead content in breast milk by lactation period, the highest levels were found in under 4 weeks after lactating, and subsequently the levels declined as lactation progressed, but the levels of zinc and manganese content increased from over 25 weeks after lactating. For cadmium and mercury content in breast milk by lactation period, the lowest levels were found in under 4 weeks after lactating, the highest levels were found in 5-12 weeks after lactating, and subsequently the levels declined as lactation progressed.For nickel content in breast milk by lactation period, the highest level was in 13-24 weeks after lactating, the lowest level was in 5-12 weeks after lactating.