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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1986
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1986
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1986
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1986
Selecting the target year
Studies on the Nutritional Value of the Edible Earthworm (III)
Lee, Hyun-Ki ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 115~118
This study was carried out to obtain an information for the earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris) as total lipid, three lipid classes and their fatty acid compositions. Total lipids of earthworm consisted of 35.14% of neutral lipids, 41.74% of glycolipids and 23.12% of phospholipids. A wide variety of fatty acid esters ranging from
were identified and lower fatty acids than
detected but not identified. In the neutral lipid, the major fatty acids were lauric acid, oleic acid, myristic acid and caproenoic acid. The fatty acid composition in the glycolipid was specific, so caproic acid content was 25.8% and unknown lower fatty acids than that were 23.22%. In the phospholipids, the major fatty acids were oleic acid, caproic acid, linolenic acid and behenic acid. Unsaturated fatty acid contents in the phospholipids were higher than in the neutral and glycolipids.
Studies on the Viscometric Behavior of Mayonnaise
Lee, Yung-Yup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 119~127
The rheological properties of mayonnaise were studied with cylindrindrical viscometer. It was observed that mayonnaise showed pseudoplastic behavior, yield stress and time dependent characteristics. In the initial period of shear time, the decay of viscosity of mayonnaise was followed by a second-order kinetic equation. The influence of temperature on viscosity could be described by Arrhenius equation. The apparent viscosity of mayonnaise markedly increased with an rise in the concentration of egg yolk; and the emulsion was most stable at the concentration of 12%. At the concentration of
oil, the apparent viscosity was increased; the maximum value was reached at 75% oil, and above 75% oil, the remarkable decreased was observed. The size of oil drops was decreased with an increase in oil concentration of 75% oil. The apparent viscosity of mayonnaise was increased with an rise in water contents, while being decreased with one in the concentration of vinegar.
Studies on the Isolation of Albumin and Globulin from Wheat Germ Protein
Ho, Jeong-Kee ; Kim, Dong-Woo ; Shin, Doo-Ho ; Cho, Kwang-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 128~135
Wheat germ protein was extracted and isolated by a Modified Osborne fractionation method and some properties were investigated. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Approximate compositions of wheat germ were moisture 10.5%, crude protein 22.8%, crude fat 2.4%, crude ash 3.2%, crude fiber 1.5%, respectively. 2. Nitrogen solubilities on various solvents were the lowest as 45.58% by Osborne method and the highest as 79.49% after sequencial extraction of the
, 0.5M-NaCl, 70%-ethanol, 0.1N-NaOH. 3. Isolated proteins yielded albumin, globulin, globulin, gliadin and glutelin in the proportion of 20.22: 17.49: 42.58: 19.71, respectively. 4. Spectrophometric chromatograms of isolated protein by Regel-filtration were two peaks in albumin (I ; 8.2%, II ; 91.8%), one peak in globulin (92.8%), respectively. 5. Disc-PAGE patterns were showed about 14 bands in 0.5M-Cl soluble protein, 3bands in crude albumin, 1band in main albumin, 2bands in crude globulin, one band in main globulin under pH 8.3 buffer system (Ornstein and Davis method).
Effects of Lycii fructus extract on Experimentally Induced Liver Damage and Alloxan Diabetes in Rabbits
Sheo, Hwa-Joong ; Jun, Sung-Joo ; Lee, Myung-Yul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 136~143
These studies were carried out to investigate effects of Lycii fructus extract on experimentally CC14-induced liver damage and alloxan-induced diabetes in rabbits and acute toxicity using mice.
of Lycii fructus extract(L.F.E.) was 12.17g/kg by intraperitoneal administration in mice. L.F.E. showed more rapid recuperation compared to the control group in CC14-intoxicated rabbits and 800mg/kg was the most effective. Especially GPT activity and total bilirubin level showed an apparant decreasing effect within 6 days and 8 days, respectively in 800mg/kg. But any differences were not observed in alkaline phosphatase and total cholesterol between sample and control group. Large amount administered group exhibited more excellent hypoglycemic effect in alloxan-induced diabetes of rabbits, that is, it was significant to the control group after 4 days and adjacent to the normal level on 12th day. And GPT activity was gradually decreased and showed clear decreasing effect after 6 days. It is suggested that L.F.E. can be administered not only as therapeutic agents (such as liver tonics or antidiabetetics) but also a natural food to shorten the recovery time of hepatic function in liver diseases and decrease the abnormally elevated blood glucose such as Diabetes Mellitus.
Changes in Cooking of Marine Products Polluted with Mercury -(I) Fishes-
Kim, Young-Hee ; Park, Young-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 144~147
This research is to investigate the changes in Mercury content of fishes, washed with times by the flowing water or immersed into the acetic acid solutions with different densities (1%, 3% and 5%), after contaminating them artificially on purpose, in the solutions with inorganic mercury. The results were summarized as follow: 1. Average values of mercury content in sand-fish and sardine, as a dried ones, which had not been treated by the mercurial solutions, were 0.027 ppm and 0.020 ppm, respectively. 2. According to the changes, with times, in contained by the flowing water, after immersed into 1 ppm
solution for 24 hours, The sand-fish washed for 9 minutes had the least of Mercury, which is about 25% of contained quantity of Mercury of those not cleansed. While the sardines cleansed for 3 minutes had the least of Mercury, which is about 77% of contained quantity of Mercury of those not cleansed. 3. According to the changes in contained quantity of the samples treated by the acetic acid solutions with different densities, the sand-fish treated by 3% acetic acid solution had the least value of remains, which was reduced by 64%, in comparision with that of fish cleansed for 1 minute, while the sardines, treated by 1% acetic acid solution had the least amount of remains, which was reduced by 16% in comparision with that of fish, cleansed for 1 minute.
Changes in Cooking of Marine Products Polluted with Mercury -(II) See weeds-
Park, Young-Sun ; Kim, Young-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 148~151
The typical sea-weeds such as laver, Sea tangle, tangle have been artificially polluted to measure the contents of mercury through the cooking methods of washing and immersion in acetic acid. The content of mercury of non-mercury treated laver sold in the market is
, sea tangle,
, and tangle,
. Tangle showed the highest degree of pollution after 24 hours immersion in the 1ppm mercury solution, to be followed by sea tangle and laver. The effect of solution and dehydration in economic sense is in the order of Sea tangle, tangle and laver. In case of initial immersion in 1ppm
solution to be reimmersed in 1%, 3%, and 5% of HAC solution the residue mercury does not show much effect in density in laver, sea tangle and tangle.
Changes in Protein and Amino Acid Composition of Native Meju During Fermentation
An, Bong-Jeun ; Son, Gyu-Mok ; Choi, Cheong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 152~157
Changes in protein, amino acids composition and protein activity of native Meju were investigated at various time intervals over 6 weeks of fermentation by using, gel filtration, and amino acid analyzer. From the quantitative fractionation of native Meju proteins, albumin content (36.4%) was the highest at 4 weeks. During Meju fermentation, albumin increased gradually but glutelin decreased up to 4 weeks. Globulin and prolamin content did not change substantiantiall. When albumin was fractionated by Sephadex G-200, two main peaks were fractionated and a new peak appeared after 4 weeks. Its molecular weight was extimated to be 66,000 by the gel filtration method. Amino acid composition of albumin in native Meju appeared to be 17 kinds. Glutamic acid content (87.98-317.10) were the highest, followed by aspartic acid and glycine. The proleolytic enzyme activity increased when the native Meju was fermented and marked the maximum value at 4 week.
Some Properties of Polyphenol Oxidase from Apple (Golden Delicious)
Chung, Ki-Taek ; Seu, Seung-Kyo ; Han, Sung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 158~164
Polyphenol oxidase in apple (Golden Delicious) was extracted, partially purified and its properties were found as follows; Polyphenol oxidase showed optimum pH for activity at 6.5 and optimum temperature at
and high affinity to o-diphenol compounds. Cysteine, ascorbic acid and sodium metabisulfite appeared to be most effective inhibitors. EDTA showed a slight inhibition. During the enzyme was kept in test tube at
for a week, polyphenol oxidase activity decreased sharply during the first four days at
, then decreased slowly as the storage was prolonged. At
, the polyphenol oxidase activity appeared to be relatively stable during the first two days before activity began to decline sharply. Polyacrylamide disc gel electrophoresis indicated four bands with polyphenol oxidase activity. Three bands and one band of the active bands were observed after heating for 1hr at
respectively. The enzyme activity was observed 40% after treatment at
and 5% after treatment at
. Therefore, no difference in the thermal stability was observed between active bands and the enzyme activity.
Softening Related Changes in Cell Wall Polysaccharides of Hot Pepper Fruit
Kim, Soon-Dong ; Yoon, Soo-Hong ; Kang, Meung-Su ; Park, Nam-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 165~170
Various cell wall polysaccharides such as IAP(ionically associated pectin), CBP(covalently bounded pectin), HF(hemicellulosic fraction) and CF(cellulosic fraction) were fractionated by chemical method from hot pepper fruit cell wall during ripening and softening. And then, the composition of the polysaccharides were determined. The IAP and CBP were composed of
cellulose. And hemicellulose also contained
cellulose. The containing ratio of hemicellulose associated with the CBP was higher than IAP. All of the polysaccharides except CF decreased by the turning stage showed softening. The polyuronide made up IAP changed little but, that of the CBP increased during softening owing mainly to decrease of the hemicellulose that was bounded to the CBP and was mostly linked to galactose.
Softening Related Changes in Cell Wall Pectin of Hot Pepper Fruit
Kim, Soon-Dong ; Yoon, Soo-Hong ; Kang, Meung-Su ; Park, Nam-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 171~175
Pectic substance of hot pepper crude cell wall was fractionated during ripening and softening. The pectic substance was divided ionically associated pectin(IAP) and covalently bounded pectin with hemicellulose(CBP). And then, the composition and the modification of the pectic substance using gel filtration chromatography were studied. The polyuronide associated with the CBP increased owing to decreasing of pectin bound hemicellulose linked to galactose by the turning stage showed softening. The molecular weight profiles of IAP shifted from low molecular weight profiles of IAP shifted from low molecular weight to high molecular weight polymers. While, the CBP changed from high molecular weight to low molecular weight polymers during ripening. It is suggested that the changes in the pectic substance associated with fruit softening should involve the alteration of CBP-bound hemicellulose like galactan.
Electrogustometric Study on the Standard Threshold Values of Four Taste Qualities for the Korean College Women
Sim, Young-Ja ; Kim, Kyung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 176~180
A study was carried out to investigate the threshold values of four taste qualities by using electrogustometer for Korean female college students. The mean values of taste threshold before the treatments were for
, sweet taste area,
, salty taste area,
, sour taste area,
, bitter taste area and
, middle area, respectively. The thresholds of taste for the each area of tongue of the after-treatments were more sensitive than those of the before-treatments except the after-treatment with sodium chloride in which the sensitivity was much reduced. There were no significant differences between the thresholds of left and right side of the tongue. (p＜0.05). Taste qualities of electrical stimuli were also evaluated by using electrogustometer. The major tastes (Approx. 90%) of the feelings for the electrical stimuli were metallic, sour, bitter and salty.
A Nutrition Survey of Mountain Villagers
Cho, Young-Sook ; Koh, Moo-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 181~189
This nutrition survey was carried out twice(Spring and autumn) in Sam Chung-Ri, Song Kwang Myun, Soong Ju-Gun. The food intakes of 92 family members were measured by weighing method. Also 45 adults were examined for anthropometric, blood content and blood pressure. The results abtained were summarized as follows; In vegetable foods, the intake of rice was high, but that of legumina and other cereals was low. In animal foods, the intake of milk and eggs was low, and that of oils and fats was very low. However, the food intake between spring and autumn showed remarkable difference. The average intake of calorie, protein, Ca, Fe and vitamin
and niacin was below the RDAs. The percentage of carbohydrate, protein and fat for energy was 82.2, 11.6 and 6.2%, respectively. The results of anthropometry of height, weight and chestcircumference showed that both sexes Were below Korean Standards. The concentration of Hb & Hct was normal in both sexes, and the rate of anemia was low. The concentrations of plasma glucose, protein, lipids, and blood pressure were normal in both sexes. In case of male, the correlation between plasma albumin and nutrients intake was significant, but the case of female showed different tendency. In case of male, the correlation between weight, height and plasma protein was also significant but the case of female showed different tendency. The rate of parasite infection was very low
Some Factors Affecting Lipid Metabolism
Nam, Hyun-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 15, issue 2, 1986, Pages 191~200
It is now generally accepted that individuals at increased risk for cardiovascular disease may be identified by certain traits or habbits. The factors such as high blood pressure, elevated blood cholestrol, age, sex and obesity are associated with increseaed frequency of disease. The blood cholesterol level lowering will decrease cardiovascular disease risk. The regression of atherosclerosis can be achieved by lowering the level of circulating cholesterol. Those things are connected with the quantity and quality of protein, fats, carbohydrates, especially soluble and non-soluble fiber, magnesium and calcium. The lipoprotein and lipid metabolism are connected with the lipid transport. The factors on lipid absorption and blood serum lipid pattern of human are exist. The factors have a variety of materials with different chemical and physical properties. The soluble fiber diet make a low blood and liver lipids. Many kind of soluble fiber results in a lowering of blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The cholesterol lowering effects of dietery fiber may be a results of alterations of in intestinal handling of fats, hepatic metabolism of fatty acid or triglyceride acid metabolism of lipoprotein. It is investigated that the high density lipoprotein (HDL) is inversely related to coronary artery disease. It has been postulated that HDL may be an important factor in cholesterol efflux from the tissues, therby reducing the amount of cholesterol deposited there. Alternatively, the HDL may pick up cholestyl ester and phospholipid during normal VLDL lipolysis in the plasma. The HDL levels are relatively insensitive to diet. At present time, the cause-and -diet effect of HDL's inverse relation to CHD remains unclear.