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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Mar 1973
Selecting the target year
Isolation and Characterization of Paramyosins of Marine Gastropods
Pyeun, Jae-Hyeung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 1~21
The muscle of abalone, Notohaliotis discus (REEVE), and top-shell, Turbo cornutus Solander, were examined for protein composition. Then paramyosins which are known as one of the important structural protein of the muscle fibrils were isolated from the both muscle and their physico-chemical properties such as solubility, salting-out behaviour, intrinsic viscosity, ATPase activity, etc. involving amino acid composition and N-terminal amino acid residues were investigated to elucidate phylogenie characteristics more intensively from the viewpoint of comparative biochemistry. The analysis of protein composition resulted in the following estimations: abalone muscle; water-soluble protein of 22 %, salt-soluble protein, 34%, alkali-soluble protein, 20%, and stroma protein, 24%, and top-shell muscle; water-soluble protein of 16%, salt-soluble protein, 30%, alkali-soluble protein, 29%, and stroma protein, 25%, respectively. It is demonstrated in sedimentation analysis that paramyosin and myosin-actomyosin account for approximately 65% and 35% of the salt-soluble protein of abalone, and that the composition of both sediments in top-shell was approximately 70% and 30%, respectively. The ultracentrifugally homogenous paramyosins isolated essentially according to Bailey's ethanol-dried method from both of the muscle showed a
of 3. 14s for abalone and a
of 3.50s for top-shell. The both paramyosins were commonly rich in arginine, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid, while scarcely contained proline and tryptophan, in rough accord with the other paramyosins thus far reported. It is clear that these gastropod paramyosins showed of having the characteristic N-terminal amino acid residues such as N-aspartic acid, N-valine, N-serine, and N-threonine in common. The abalone paramyosin completely salted in with KCl beyond
and the top-shell paramyosin beyond
. The abalone paramyosin was salted-out between 18% and 30% saturation of ammonium sulphate and the top-shell paramyosin between 22% and 29% saturation. The intrinsic viscosities at abalone and top-shell paramyosins at
were estimated respectively to be 3.1 dl/g and 2.6 dl/g showing somewhat higher than the values for some other paramyosins from lamellibranchs. In regard with the ATPase activity, the para myosin specimens did not exhibit any significant activity over through the pH conditions of 5 to 9.5. irrespective of the presence of
. So was the case with the abalone paramyosin prepared by a slightly modified Bailey's wet-extraction method.
Improving the Nutritional Value of Mixed Diet of Rice and Buckwheat(2) - Growth Gain and the Level of Free Amino Acids in Plasma and Liver of Rats Fed on Rice Diet Adding Buckwheat -
Lee, Hyun-Ki ; Rhee, Sook-Hee ; Jun, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 23~30
Wistar strain male rats were divided into four different diet groups and the control group was fed on 7-percent casein diet (C), the second with a mixture of 80% of rice and 20% of buckwheat (RW), the third with rice only (R), and the fourth with a mixture of rice and buckwheat of equal nitrogen level (RWS). Each diet group consisted of 6 rats was fed for three weeks by the ad libitum feeding method. The results of the experiment, i.e., the growth gain and change in the level of free amino acids in the plasma and liver determined by the micro-bioassay method were as follows. 1. The group C showed the largest growth gain and the rest did in the order of RW group, R group. and RWS group. 2. Rats fed on diet of high protein score showed high level of free amino acids tryptophan, lysine, and threonine in the plasma and liver except for the case of lysine in the liver. 3. Protein score would be estimated by the level of free amino acids in the liver and plasma.
Improving the Nutritional Value of Mixed Diet of Rice and Buckwheat (3) -Branch-Amino Acid Level in the Liver of Rats-
Lee, Hyun-Ki ; Jun, Young-Soo ; Rhee, Sook-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 31~34
The livers of the wistar strain male rats which had been mentioned in our study were analyzed by the micro-bioassay method for comparison of the levels of free branch-amino acids(valine, leucine, isoleucine) and phenylalanine, methionine, tyrosine. Rats which were fed on diet of higher protein score contained correspondingly higher level of free branch-amino acid in their liver while the levels of phenylalanine, methionine, tyrosine showed unrecognizable relationship with the protein score of the diet used.
Nutrition Value of Chlorella (I)
Park, Chun-Ung ; Cho, In-Ho ; Hwang, Ho-Kwan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 35~40
Though many papers have reported the nutrition value of Chlorella their results are all different because of the differences in processing method. To investigate its processing and nutrition value we provided the white rats with the Chlorella that were treated with boiling methanol. The results obtained in this investigation are summarized as follows: Two groups. which were fed with 20% Chlorella protein and 10% Chlorella plus 0.37%
gained less weight than the 10% egg protein group but equaled the 20% egg protein group in weight gain. The digestion rates calculated from ordinary N-balance method were 83.6% for 20% Chlorella, 81.7% for 10% Chlorella, and 84.9% for 10% Chlorella plus methionine group. This value is lower than 20% Egg (93.8%) and 10% Egg group (89.6%) Biological values from this method were 78.3% for 20% Chlorella and 79.1% for 10% Chlorella group, being lower than 20% Egg (85.2%), 10% Egg (93.2%). But the biological value of 10% Chlorella group was markedly enhanced to 92.2%, a value comparable to that of 10% Egg group, by adding methionine.
Non-Enzymatic Browning Reactions in Dried Alaska Pollak Stored at Different Water Activities
Kim, Mu-Nam ; Choi, Ho-Yeon ; Lee, Kang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 41~47
In the present work, the quality stability of sun-dried Alaska pollack, Theragra chalcogramma, was discussed in the aspects of non-enzymatic discoloration as a function of relative humidity during storage at room temperature
. Frozen Alaska pollack was dressed, filleted, dried for 48 hours in the open air, and finally stored in cylindrical acrylic chambers which contained saturated specific salt solutions proposed by Rockland(1960) for humidity control. The color development of the product was analyzed by spectrophotometry at 10 day-intervals during the storage. Lipid oxidation was measured as TBA value at wavelength of 538nm. And browning pigments were extracted, divided into two fractions and measured at 460nm: one was chloroform-methanol (2:1 v/v)soluble fraction attributed to lipid oxidation, and the other was water dialyzed fraction caused by so called Maillard reaction. The TBA value showed a maximum on 30 day storage, hereafter, intended to decrease gradually. On the other hand, the rate of brown pigment development in water dialyzed fractions as well as in chloroform-methanol soluble fractions was lower at 34 to 45%RH than at any other case, and propagation of lipid oxidation was also diminished at the same levels of humidity. From the facts described previously, it is recognized that storage at 34 to 45%RH provides higher quality stability for sun-dried Alaska pollack.
Effect of Preservative, Ever-Fresh, on Fish and Shrimp Freshness during Ice Storage
Lee, Eung-Ho ; Kang, Hoon-I ; Kim, Jung-Gun ; Yang, Syung-Taek ; Pyeun, Jae-Hyeung ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 49~54
In this paper, the effect of Ever-Fresh, a kind of preservatives for fish and shellfish, on fish and shrimp during ice storage were investigated. The results are as follows: 1. K value representing the ratio of optical densities of inosine and hypoxanthine fraction and total nucleotide fraction at 250nm could be useful as an index to measure the freshness of fish and shrimp during ice storage. 2. Volatile basic nitrogen could be also useful as an index to measure the freshness of shrimp during ice storage. 3. Ever-Fresh treatment of conger eel, half-beak, and shrimp appeared effective on keeping freshness during the early stage of ice storage. 4. Ever-Fresh treated shrimp showed lower thiobarbituric acid value as compared with the control during the early stage of ice storage.
Studies on the Processing Characteristics of Poultry Meat -1. Water Holding Capacity of Chicken Muscle-
Sung, S.K. ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 55~59
This experiment was carried out to improve on the simple and conventional processing method by studying the characteristics of poultry meat. For the experiment, 20 hens culled and 20 broilers were slaughtered and divided into the following five groups; whole carcass, skinned carcass, debonned carcass, thigh muscle and breast muscle. Each group was ground by the super grinding machine. The results tobtained are summarized as follows; (1) The percentage of the ready-to-cook of cull hens and broilers was
, and of the water uptake,
, respectively. (2) In the chemical composition, broiler meat showed high moisture content and a little low fat content, as compared with cull hen meat. By groups, whole carcass ground meat contained lower maisture content, and higher fat and ash content than thigh muscle and breast muscle. (3) Thigh muscle and breast muscle group was higher than the other and whole carcass group was lower for the relative WHC and water retention.(4) The higher temperature the higher cooking loss percentage in all groups, and whole carcass group was the highest cooking loss percentage among the all groups.(5) The significant difference was little observed for the relative WHC, water retention and cooking loss percentage by groups between cull hen and Broiler.
농산폐자원의 발효기질화 또는 직접 이용에 관하여
Bae, Mu ; Kim, Byeong-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 61~66
양(養)의 영양호(榮養乎).영양호(營養乎)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)
Lee, Seong-U ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 67~72
A survey on the habit of dieting and food constrained by superstition
Lee, Geum-Yeong ; Suh, Myung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 2, issue 1, 1973, Pages 73~80
1. Generally speaking, our people have been carrying out the government policy of using grains other than rice comparatively well. But it is desirable that the government heirs the whole nation as well as the farmers to understand better the scientific meaning of using foods made from the flour of various grains. This will greatly improve the nation's eating habits, for it will make people discard the habit of eating only boiled-rice, which will not only improve our national health but will also increase the national income. 2. For the purpose of improving health and developing intellectual faculties of our mind, we had better, if possible, get much protein from plants(especially beans) which we can obtain more readily than from animals. However if we must use animal protein, we should dependonly on livestock. Pregnant women and new-born children must not be in ill health because of malnutrition caused by following groundless superstitions about foods: for example, some religions forbid the use very healthful foods or some traditional conventions do the blend of certain foods together with other victuals. 3. It is good that we conquer the difficulty of living in the season of spring poverty by having other substitute for regular victuals. But it requires us to pay a careful attention to the food and to do research on many foods problems such as food pollution. Farmers should cooperate with each other and help those who have very little arable land, or even those who have no place for cultivating, to grow miscellaneous cereals on the land which other farmers don't use that year. 4. On the whole, farmers have a good appetite for any, food, whatever it is. Neverthless, because they aren't econmically well-off, they generally eat hot meals only for breakfast and supper in the busy faming season. They eat a tepid lunch which, they think saves time and cooking fuel. In conclution, I feel sorry that many village farmers still steeped in conventional thought and superstition are inclined to have an unbalanced diet of boiled-rice and that they continue not to use the floor from other grains all the year round. when these unscientific dieting customs mentioned above are discarded, we will be able to enjoy good health, better knowledge or intellegence, and higher income. Then we will ba able to make our present lives more self-reliant and self-supporting.