Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 1991
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 1991
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 1991
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 1991
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 1991
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 1991
Selecting the target year
Effects of Ethanol and Tocopherol on Hepatic Peroxidation and Mitochondrial Respiration in the Rat
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 409~417
To investigate effects of chronic alcohol consumption and tocopherol on lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial respiration 48 male rats of Sprague-Dawley strain were divided into 4 groups. Each group received for 3 weeks one of 4 experimental diets: tocopherol deficient control (TDC), tocopherol deficient-ethanol (TDE), tocopherol-supplemented control (TSC) and tocopherol-supplemented-ethanol (TSE). Composition of the diets was based on the Lieber and Decarli liquid diet and
-tocopherol was supplemented at the level of 30mg/liter of diet, and ethanol supplied 36kcal%. TDC and TSC were pair-fed to TDE and TSE, respectively. Increase of body weight of tocopherol deficient-ethanol group was the lowest and the effect was diminished with tocopherol supplementation. Respiration of liver mitochondria was depressed in ethanol-administered groups and the effect became larger with tocopherol deficiency. Hepatic lipid peroxide level was not influenced by ethanol, but hepatic tocopherol content decreased with ethanol treatment. The result indicated that, although lipid perroxide level was unchanged with chronic ethanol consumption, oxidative stress exists in tissues of rate administered ethanol and may be relieved by tocopherol supplementation.
Effects of Fish Oil and Some Seed Oils on Fatty Acid Compositions of Liver and Brain Tissue in Rats
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 418~425
This study was designed to observe the effects of the fish oil and some seed oils on the improvement of the fatty acid compositions of liver and brain tissue in rats. In order to induce the hypertriglyceridemia in the rats of the Sprague-Dawley, 12% coconut oil and 3% each of olive oil, lard, fish oil, perilla oil, corn oil, red pepper seed oil and evening primrose oil were administered to the rats for 4 weeks. In the fatty acid composition of liver lipid, n-3 PUFA contents were most in the fish oil and perilla oil groups of phospholipid fraction, and n-6 PUFA contents were most in the corn oil, red pepper seed oil and evening primrose oil groups of triglyceride fractions. Fatty acid composition of liver lipid fractions were influenced from the fatty acid composition of the test lipids. In the fatty acid composition of brain phospholipid, n-3 PUFA contents (8.8~17.2%) were most in the fish oil group, and n-6 PUFA (34.6~38.2%), though it contains high percentage, showed little difference between groups.
The Effect of the Unsaturated Oil on the Normal Liver and Lipid Metabolism of Rats Fed Several Plant Oils
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 426~432
To investigate the effect of the unsaturated plant oil on the normal liver and lipid metabalism rats were fed the daily dose of 1.57ml/kg body weight of perilla oil (Iodine value 190~207), corn oil (Iodine value 115~130) and olive oil (Iodine value 80~85) respectively for 28 days. The results were as follows. For the 14 days the test groups showed normal weight gain with 7.86~20.89% increase rate. In the period of the 3rd and the 4th week the increase rate of the perilla oil group was decreased significantly under 17.53~13.8% of control level, but the remainders(corn oil, olive oil) keep normal. The feeding of corn and olive oil for 28 days did show any harmful effect on normal GOT, GPT activity, ALK-P, serum cholesterol and serum triglyceride value of rat. The perilla oil feeding for 21~28 days slightly increased the GOT, GPT activity as 174.87, 93.46u but decreased the cholesterol and triglycerids value as 54.6~0.36mg/dl compared to control. In the pathological finding of test group liver some rats in 28 days feeding group showed reactive vesicula nuclei in corn oil group and mild fatty metamorphosis in olive oil group. But most subjects did not show any characterized sign of acute or subacute liver damage.
A Study on Nutrient Intake of Rural Housewives
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 433~439
This nutritional survey was conducted from September 15 to 21, 1990, in order to investigate the nutritional status of housewives living in Andong city, rural area of Korea. The subjects of this survey were 222 rural housewives living in Andong area. The results were summarized as follows ; The daily food intake was 1133.1g and that of animal foods was 131.5g. The average intake of nutrients was above the RDA. Total calorie intake was 2123.7kcal. Perentages of energy from carbohydrate, protein and fat were 64.4, 18.1 and 17.5 respectively. The predicted percentages of deficiency was 19.8% in calorie, 10.0% in protein, 14.0% in Ca and 25.2% in Fe of total subjects. The correlation between the income level, food expenditure and protein intake was significant.
A Survey on Availability of Wild Vegetables
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 440~446
A survey on the availability of wild vegetables was investigated using questionaire of 421 women. It includes the number of known vegetables and using, eating site, using status, taste and estimated components. The well known vegetables were 24 kinds and the half of the respondents knew 16 kind of vegetables. Age was statistically correlated with knowing degree, obtaining method of wild vegetables. Education level was correlated with knowing and using degree, obtaining method, preference and expectation of using wild vegetables. Resident area also correlated with using degree, obtaining method, preference and taste of wild vegetables. The age and using degree, preference and preference and expectation, the resident area and knowing degree of wild vegetables were not correlated.
Effect of Garlic on the Digestion of Beef Protein during Storage
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 447~454
Chopped garlic was added to beef to determine its effect on the protein digestion during storage and heat treatment. The digestibility of raw beef without garlic was not significantly changed during storage at
, but increased as garlic added and aging time increased. The optimal aging time and amount of garlic added was varied with heating time. Trypsin inhibitor did not change the digestibility of beef due to its thermal inactivation. Gel chromatography revealed that the lower molecular weight peptides(2,200~6,150 dalton) were shown in beef-garlic mixture through aging and heating procedure. When aged beef with garlic was digested with four-enzyme system, the soluble portion was increased significantly in comparison with that from raw beef without garlic. Protein quality of beef, as measured by computed PER(C-PER), was improved from 2.14 of raw beef to 2.50 of aged beef with chopped garlic.
Electrophoretic Patterns of Sarcoplasmic Proteins in Mid-West Korean Sea Fishes by Thin Layer Polyacrylamide Gel Isoelectrofocusing
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 455~460
In order to identify hard distinct 12 fish species(shiba shrimp Metapenaeus joyneri, fleshy shrimp Penaeus orientalis, ridgetail prawn Palaemon carinicauda, yellow croaker Pseudosciaena manchurica, croaker Niber albiflora, Colichthyes fragilis, brown sole Limanda herzensteini, frog flounder Pleuronichthys cornutrs, Areliscus rhomaleus, stone flounder Kareius bicoloratus, harvest fish Pampus argenteus, flag fish Goniistius zonatus) by seeing with naked eye in Kunsan coastal area, sarcoplasmic protein in the supernatant was used for isoelectric focusing. For getting supernatant, fish muscle tissue was blended with two times deionized water and centrifuged (at
, 12,000rpm for 15min). Isoelectric focusing of sarcoploasmic protein carried out on a LKB Multiphor II using polyacrylamide gel plate (2mm thickness, pH
, pH 5~8 gradient, at
for 1.5, 3 hours). In case of uncertain protein pattern, pH gradient was modified to narrow pH gradiet, and excuted 2-D electrophoresis using conventional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Most of fishes except yellow croaker and Collichthyes fragilis were distingushed by isoelectric focusing. The protein maps of 2-D electrophoresis for analyzing two protein bands at aimilar positions(pH 5, 6) between the two fish species showed the diffeences of the estimated molecular weights, 11,700(pH5.0) and 87,000(pH6.0)
The Effects of Microwave Heating on the Fatty Acid Composition of Potato Flour in Storage
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 461~466
For the purpose of improving storability and process adaptability of potato, we carried out an experiment to investigate the effects of microwave heating on the total lipid content and fatty acid composition of the potatoes in storage. The samples were made by powdering potatoes exposed to the microwave energy in a 560W, 2,450MHz oven for 0, 60, 120 and 180 seconds respectively. From the examination of the samples stored at th temperature of
for 12 months, the following results were obtained. As an over-all tendency, the longer the samples were heated and the longer they were stored, the total lipid content decreased but the microwave-heated samples showed decreasing rates less than those of the controls for the whole storage periods. As major fatty acids of the potato flour, linoleic acid (30.92 %), palmitic acid (29.34 %), linolenic acid (8.90 %) and stearic acid (8.23 %) were detected from the samples. The longer the samples were exposed with microwave, unsaturated fatty acids like 18:2, 18:3 increased. generally with the lapse of storage time, saturated fatty acids increased while unsaturated ones decreased. But in the samples heated with microwave, we observed an apparent suppression of the increasing rate of the saturated fatty acids and the decreasing rate of the unsaturated fatty acids, and the suppressing effects turned out to be proportional to the length of microwave heating.
Changes of Lipids in Flint Corn by a Growth Process I. A Study on the Non-Polar Lipid
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 467~472
In order to investigate the changes of lipid ingredient and fatty acid content in flint corn by a growth process, total lipids from flint corn(Zea may l.) were extracted, purified and fractionated into three lipid classes (neutral lipid ; NL, glycolipid ; GL, phospolipid ; PL) by silicic acid column chromatography (SACC). Non-polar lipid ingredients and fatty acid contents were determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and gas chromatography (GC). And non-polar lipid ingredients were quantitatived by TLC scanner. The crude oil among proximare composition increased 2.74% to 4.43% and NL and PL were fractionated by SACC increased 48.5% to 86.02%, 1.01% to 2.73%, respectively. But GL decreased 50.4% to 11.25%. Neutral lipid ingredients identified monoglyceride, were 1.1~3.7%, 11.9~16.1%, 2.3~4.2%, 16.7~21.5% and 58.5~63.6%, respectively. The major fatty acids of NL were linoleic (48.9~61.0%), oleic(22.3~34.2%), palmitic (10.3~11.7%) acids and stearic, linolenic acids were also detected as minor components. The ratio of total unsaturated fatty acid to total saturated fatty acid presented a higher percentage of 5.87~6.34. The physico-chemical characteristics of flint corn lipids were presented as specific gravity presented 0.920, refractive index 1.468, saponification value 191.2, unsaponificable matter 0.97%, acid value 0.58 and iodine value 124.6, respectively.
Changes of Lipids in Flint Corn by a Growth Process II. A Study on the Polar Lipid
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 473~478
After the glycolipid(GL) and phospolipid (PL) of flint corn during a growth process were fractionated by silicic acid column chromatography (SACC), the GL and PL of polar lipids were separated by thin layer chromatography (TLC)and quantitative by TLC scanner and the fatty acid composition in polar lipids were determined by gas chromatography (GC). Of the GL in polar lipids were separated by TLC, monoglycosyl diacylglycerol (8.3~29.2%) was the major component, and monoglycosyl ceramide, monoglycosyl sterol were also found as minor components. Of the PL, phosphatidyl choline (27.2~29.5%) and phosphatidyl inositol (42.9~79.1%) were the major components, and phosphatidyl ethanolamine and cardiolipin were also persont in the PL. The major fatty acids in the GL were oleic(27.1~37.1%), linoleic (13.2~35.7%) and palmitic (22.5~25.6%) acids. The major fatty acids in the PL were palmitic (46.5~52.3%), heptadecanoic (23.0~25.1%) and oleic(7.2~14.6%) and GL contained a higher percentage of unsa-turated fatty acids, but PL presented that of the saturated fatty acids.
A Study on the Ingredients in the Sap of Acer mono MAX. and Betula costata T. in Mt. Jiri Area -On the Components of Mineral and Sugar-
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 479~482
The medical use of Acer mono MAX. and Betula costata T. sap has had the long history in Korea. So the mineral and sugar contents of these sap gathered in Mt. Jiri area at spring were analyzed to investigate the scientific base of folk remedies by using ion liquid chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. The values of chlorine and sulfate in Acer mono MAX. were 11.5 mg/l and 176.7 mg/l, and in Betula costata T. 26.5 mg/l and 162.4 mg/l, respectively. The values of potassium, sodium, calcium and magnesium in Acer mono MAX. were 67.9 mg/l, 5.6 mg/l, 73.8 mg/l and 4.5 mg/l, and in Betula costata T. were 152.1 mg/l, 9.7 mg/l, 39.2 mg/l and 5.7 mg/l, respectively. The values of copper, zinc and manganese in Acer mono MAX. were 0.057 mg/l, 0.483 mg/l and 5.071 mg/l, and copper, zinc, mangances and iron in Betula costata T. were 0.038 mg/l, 1.584 mg/l, 4.354 mg/l and 2.511 mg/l, respectively. The values of sucrose in Acer mono MAX. were 27.29 mg/l, glucose and fructose in Betula costata T. were 0.97 g/l and 3.05 g/l, respectively.
Ozone Treatment for Circulation of Fresh Poultry Meat
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 483~487
The utilization of ozone as a disinfectant for removing poultry meat microorganisms and then cleaning the poultry rinse water was investigated. When microbial suspensions were treated with ozone at 2, 500ppm/min for 40min, microorganisms were not detectable perfectly. The bacteriocidal effect of ozone by temperature was enhanced greater at 7
. All poultry meat microorganisms were killed by ozone treatment at 1, 530ppm for 50min. The pathogenic bacteria such as Salmonella sp. were more vulnerable and not detected by ozone treatment for 20min. Ozonation of the suspension for 20min and 50min increased light transmission at 500nm to 58% and 145%, respectively. The order of COD removal was ozone treatment(21%), coagulant((Al)2SO4) treatment(41%), ozone treatment after coagulant treatment(54%).
Characteristics of Plygalacturonase Produced from lactobacillus acidophilus
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 488~493
The characteristics of endogenous and exogenous polygalacturonase(PG) produced from L. acidophilus were investigated as one of the serial studies on the fermentation of Chinese cabbage kimchi using L. acidophilus. Apparent molecular weigth of endogenous and exogenous PG were estimated to be 420,000 and 500,000 daltons by the method of gel filtration and Vmax of the enzymes 8.0 and
galacturonic acid/ml/30min, respectively and Km of the enzymes were 4.0mg/ml. The optimum temperature, pH and salt concentration of the both enzymes were the same and appeared to
, 5.5 and 2~3%, respectively. The activities of the endogenous and exogenous PG all were severely decreased by increasing of temperature to
and its remained activities at
were 50%, 58%, and 19%, 5%, respectively.
Characteristics, Mass Transfer Coefficient and Effectiveness Factor of
-glucosidase Immobilized on the Diazotized Chitin in Bioreactors
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 494~502
Diazotized chitin(CHITN) as supports of immobilized enzyme, which was obtained by alkaline hydrolysed chitin with NaN3 and HCI was employed to produce CHITN-Gase with glutaraldehyde as bifunctional reagent. Activities of CHITN-Gase were determined with reaction of p-nitro-pheol-
-D-glucopyranoside(PNG) in plug flow reactor as a reference of CHITA-Gase. Their optimum temperature, pH, Km and Vmax, mass transfer coefficient (h), effctiveness factor(η)were plotted with variation of flow rate and H/D. Mass transfer coefficient(h) of those enzymes increased because of their flux, as flow rates were increased and controlled by reaction rate. Effectiveness factor(η) of both enzymes were nearly 1.0.
Effect of Drying Air Velocity on the Quality of Salted and Dried Mullet Roe
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 503~508
The salted and dried mullet(Mugil Japonicus) roe had about 42% of protein and 41% of lipid content as major compoments. Therefore the lipid oxidation and the deterioration of protein occurred during drying and storage periods. In order to keep the good quality of the dried roe, acid, peroxide, thiobarbituric acid value and the contitutional amino acid were studied in the different drying air velocities at the conditions of 60% R.H. and
of drying air temperature. The optimum air velocity showed 2m/sec, which was excellently superior to the lipid and protein quality than those of other air velocities on the dried mullet roe. The drying period shortened from 20 days in the conventional processing method to 7 days in the modified processing method that had 2m/sec of drying air velocity. The drying rate curve had only a falling-rate drying period and not to have a constant-rate drying period.
Measurement of the Viscosity of Semi-Soild Foods by Extrusion Capillary Viscometer
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 509~512
Rheological property and apparent viscosity(η)of several semi-solid foods were measured with extrusion capillary viscometer. Apparent viscosities of several semi-solid foods ranged from 0.2714 Pa.s to 2.6453 Pa.s Rheological property of spread type semi-solid foods was pseudoplastic (with yield value). Especially, as the moisture content and temperature of Chungkook-jang spread increased, apparent viscosity decreased. On the contrary, as the added soybean oil content of Chungkook-jang spread increased, apparent viscosity also increased.
Dietary Fats and Cancer
Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition, volume 20, issue 5, 1991, Pages 513~518
Evidence from recent studies in several laboratories indicates a relationship between type or level of fat in the diet and occurance of tumor at specific sites. The essential fatty acids in fat and degree of their unsaturation are important to determine the influence of a dietary fats on carcinogenesis. Alteration of dietary fat can also change carcinogenesis of cell in several tissues. Dietary fats appear to be important in both initiation and promotion stages of carcinogenesis. Several possible mechanisms have been investigated how dietary fat could affect to carcinogenesis at cellular level. One potential mechanism of dietary fat on carcinogenesis is through modulation of protein kinase C activity in the cell.